What is a Bridge in an Essay | Examples
When it comes to crafting an exceptional essay, the way you transition from one idea to another can greatly impact the overall readability and coherence of your writing. This is where a “bridge” in an essay plays a crucial role.
A bridge in an essay is a connecting element that links different sections or paragraphs together. It serves as a transition, guiding readers from one idea to the next while maintaining a logical flow of thoughts. Essentially, a bridge helps readers navigate your essay smoothly, preventing abrupt shifts that could lead to confusion.
Imagine embarking on a journey through a captivating landscape, where each step unveils new vistas and perspectives. In the realm of essay writing, the reader’s experience parallels this voyage, with each idea and argument leading them through a unique intellectual terrain. But how do we ensure this journey remains smooth and engaging? The answer lies in the art of creating bridges within an essay.
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The Significance of Bridges:
Bridges are like literary connectors that hold the various parts of your essay together, creating a harmonious reading experience. They allow you to introduce new concepts, provide evidence, or transition between arguments without disorienting your audience. Without effective bridges, an essay can feel disjointed, making it challenging for readers to follow your line of reasoning.
Crafting Effective Bridges: Tips and Techniques
Creating impactful bridges requires finesse and attention to detail. Here are some expert techniques to help you master the art of crafting seamless transitions:
1. Identify Key Ideas :
Before writing your bridge, pinpoint the main ideas in the upcoming section. This will help you establish a clear connection between the current and future content.
2. Use Transitional Phrases :
Incorporate transitional phrases like “Moreover,” “On the other hand,” and “In addition” to signal a shift in focus. These phrases prepare readers for what’s to come.
3. Refer to Previous Points :
Referencing a previous argument or idea within your bridge can remind readers of your essay’s overarching theme and keep them engaged.
4. Foreshadowing :
Provide a sneak peek of the upcoming content without giving away too much. This creates anticipation and encourages readers to continue reading.
5. Rhetorical Questions :
Pose thought-provoking questions that relate to your next point. This encourages readers to ponder the upcoming content and its relevance.
6. Cohesive Vocabulary :
Use vocabulary that naturally bridges the gap between paragraphs. Synonyms, antonyms, and connecting words enhance the flow.
7. Maintain Consistent Tone :
Ensure the tone and style of your bridge align with the rest of your essay. Consistency maintains the reader’s sense of familiarity.
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Examples of Effective Bridges:
Let’s explore a few examples to better understand how bridges function in essays:
Original Paragraph: “Climate change has led to numerous environmental challenges.”
Bridge: “Furthermore, the consequences of these environmental challenges extend beyond ecological concerns.”
In this example, the bridge “Furthermore” smoothly transitions the reader from the discussion of climate change to the broader consequences.
Original Paragraph: “Advancements in technology have revolutionized various industries.”
Bridge: “Considering these advancements, it’s evident that our daily lives have undergone a significant transformation.”
Here, the bridge “Considering these advancements” links the discussion of technology to its impact on daily life.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions):
How do i know if my bridge is effective.
An effective bridge connects the current and upcoming content seamlessly. If readers can follow the flow without confusion, your bridge has done its job.
Can I use bridges in different types of essays?
Absolutely! Bridges are versatile and can be used in various essay types, including argumentative, descriptive, and narrative essays.
Should I overuse transitional phrases in my bridges?
While transitional phrases are helpful, using them excessively can make your writing appear mechanical. Strike a balance for a natural flow.
Can a bridge be more than one sentence?
Yes, depending on the complexity of the transition, a bridge can span multiple sentences to ensure clarity and coherence.
Is it essential to write bridges in every essay?
While bridges enhance the reading experience, they may not be necessary in very short essays or those with a single, focused argument.
Should I write the bridge before or after the rest of the essay?
It’s generally advisable to write the bridge after completing the essay’s body. This way, you’ll have a clearer understanding of how to transition smoothly.
Mastering the art of creating effective bridges in your essays can elevate your writing from good to outstanding. By connecting ideas, using transitional techniques, and maintaining a consistent tone, you’ll guide your readers through a seamless journey of exploration. Remember, a well-crafted bridge not only enhances your essay’s coherence but also showcases your expertise in delivering a compelling narrative.
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What Is a Bridge Sentence and How to Write a Transition in an Essay
22 December 2023
Bridge sentences are important in connecting two independent phrases, expressions, word combinations, or arguments in a paragraph or an essay. Basically, this guideline on how to write a good bridge sentence in an essay or a research article is worth reading because it entails practical ways to write connecting statements. Moreover, the article entails examples of various types of bridge statements, which mean linking phrases that provide concise information on how to ensure a proper flow of ideas in any paper using connecting statements. They allow writers to communicate effectively throughout their essays. The different types of bridge statements include topic, transitional, and concluding sentences with pointers. In this case, topic phrases introduce the main ideas in a passage, while transitional statements create a unique connection between ideas or thoughts. Besides, concluding sentences contain a clear flow of concepts and link them to other sections. However, one must select appropriate transitioning words to create appropriate bridge sentences.
General Aspects of How to Write an Outstanding Bridge Sentence in an Essay
Good essays must have a permanent quality to their content, with a unique flow of ideas and concepts. In this case, bridge sentences are useful in connecting two independent clauses, phrases, word combinations, statements, or claims . Hence, the guideline focuses on how to write a bridge sentence with its definition and meaning and provides clear examples that one can follow to create different types of essays . In turn, people should bother reading this guideline as it focuses on crucial aspects of creating various types of papers , reports, and articles. Because essays are central to advancing knowledge, one must use bridge sentences effectively to ensure effective communication.
Definition of a Bridge Sentence and Its Meaning
From a simple definition, a bridge sentence is a general term that refers to a set of phrases that link ideas and create a smooth transition between concepts in an essay or a research paper . Some examples of bridging phrases include topic, transitional, concluding statements, and pointers. In turn, a single essay or research paper may contain all these types of connecting phrases. Hence, a bridge sentence means many phrases that enable readers to relate all ideas presented in a paper because of an enhanced flow of information and logical order of ideas. A deeper explanation of different types of bridge sentence include:
- Topic Sentence : Topic sentences reveal the main message explained in a single paragraph and its relationship to a central thesis statement . Every paragraph must begin with a single topic sentence that relates to an initial argument of a paper as a sub-theme. This bridge sentence must contain a single main concept discussed in the section.
- Transitional Sentence: Transitional sentences create a smooth connection between ideas presented in one passage. A good paragraph in an essay should have a chronological and logical flow of ideas. These bridge sentences allow a sequential presentation of thoughts.
- Concluding Sentence: Concluding sentences summarize information and provide a link between two paragraphs, such as a current passage and a next one. In this case, good paragraphs contain a clear summary of all presented ideas. A concluding statement should appear at the end of a single passage as a bridge sentence to tie all the thoughts together.
- Pointer Sentence : Pointers are useful in clarifying the main claim by guiding readers through the structure and argument of an essay or a research paper. For example, pointers refer readers to the previous claim, paragraph, argument, or thesis statement. In this case, they allow the audience to relate concepts and gain better insights into the presented ideas.
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Unique Features of Writing Bridge Sentences in Essays or Research Papers & Examples
Bridge sentences are different, with unique features. What comes after a hook in an essay introduction is a transitional word. For example, a scholarly article or an academic essay may have various connecting statements. Their features depend on the purpose and location within a particular passage. Besides, authors may choose linking phrases to invoke unique thoughts or create desirable emotions. The following are descriptions and examples of different bridge sentences.
🔹 Transitional Sentences & Bridge Example
Transition sentences are unique because they show readers how different sections of an essay connect. Transition sentences are useful in linking the college essay introduction , body, and conclusion paragraphs to create a well-organized flow of information. Placing this bridge claim at the beginning of a new paragraph helps to link it to the previous one. An example of a transition sentence is:
Further evidence supporting the hypothesis is that psychological well-being promotes student performance due to increased concentration levels.
This sentence contains information that complements the previous paragraph by providing more support for the same concept.
🔹 Topic Sentences & Bridge Example
Topic sentences are unique because they indicate the paragraph’s subject and central point. Every paragraph in an essay must begin with a topic sentence. This opening statement in a paragraph may provide a connection between the main ideas and indicate how they connect to one of three themes of a 3-point thesis . Besides, this bridge sentence forms the foundation of the supporting evidence. An example of a topic sentence is:
Existing research has consistently shown that the meat industry is unsustainable due to its detrimental environmental impacts.
This phrase introduces the passage’s main point and focuses on the meat industry’s negative environmental impacts, like other thesis statement examples . The entire paragraph should expound on this issue by using and citing credible sources .
🔹 Concluding Sentences & Bridge Example
A concluding sentence is unique because it acts as an indicator that a specific paragraph is coming to an end. This bridge sentence contains a summary of the information presented in a section. However, a conclusion does not include any new information. A practical example of a concluding statement to end a paragraph in an essay is:
Evidently, the meat industry contributes to greenhouse emissions due to methane released from animal manure.
This assertion summarizes the facts presented in a single paragraph on how the meat industry affects the environment, like other conclusion examples .
🔹 Pointers & Bridge Example
Pointers refer to information that enables readers to understand a situation or a piece of information. These bridge statements work as topic sentences for entire sections of an essay or a research paper. In this case, they inform readers that a paper is taking a turn in its core argument. For instance, a pointer may indicate that the writer is delving into a related topic, like a counterargument, stepping up its claims with complex details, or pausing to give important historical or scholarly background. Moreover, these bridge sentences remind readers about what an essay is about and why it is written. An example of a pointer is:
For people to understand the causes of riots, it would be useful to apply sociological theories, like psychoanalytical social contagion.
This sentence points the readers to a change in the explanation strategy to include sociological theories to understand the main subject.
🔹 Classical Bridge Sentences & Bridge Example
A classic bridge sentence is unique because it helps authors to point to previous paragraphs and introduce the topics for a new paragraph. This bridge statement is useful when writing texts with multiple passages having related information. An example of a classic bridge sentence structure is:
This advantage makes transformational leadership effective in promoting employee collaboration. However, besides enhancing communication and cooperation, it is important to mention that transformational leadership allows people to set goals and higher expectations, eventually achieving higher performances.
This phrase, which consists of two sentences, points to the previous paragraph by mentioning the advantage of transformational leadership. Furthermore, this bridge claim introduces the theme for the next passage by mentioning how this leadership style empowers employees to create achievable goals.
🔹 Question-Answer Sentences & Bridge Example
Question-answer bridge is unique because it points to the previous paragraph and introduces the main argument of the next passage. In this case, questions serve as the pointer to the previous section, and the answer connects and introduces the theme for the current passage. An example of a question-answer bridge sentence structure is:
But does transformational leadership promote employee collaboration? Surely yes, because this leadership enhances communication and cooperation among employees. When comparing transformational leadership to other management strategies, it allows people to set goals and higher expectations to achieve higher performances.
🔹 Reiteration Sentence & Bridge Example
A reiteration bridge sentence is unique because it allows writers to use repetition to transition between ideas. This type of bridge statement allows people to emphasize important concepts that the audience should acknowledge in an essay. For instance, a reiteration bridge sentence may involve the incorporation of opposite meanings. An example of a reiteration bridge is:
Demonstrations and picketing lead to unity and victory on the one hand and defeat and loss of life on the other.
This bridge sentence has phrases with contrasting meanings that point to the previous passage and provide a link to the current one. The first part points to the previous passage on the advantages of protests and strikes. The second part introduces the information presented in the current paragraph, which relates to the negative impacts of the dissent march.
🔹 Complication Sentence & Bridge Example
A complication bridge sentence is unique since it contains a pointer, a transition word, a reference to a previous paragraph, and states the main point of the current paragraph. An example of this bridge sentence structure is:
Such advantages of transformational leadership encourage employees to cooperate in making important decisions; however, it is not as effective in democratic governance in enabling leaders to engage their subordinates in addressing emerging and existing issues.
This example has a pointer, “such,” as a bridge claim that refers to the previous paragraph. The transition word, “however,” signals to readers that transformational leadership is ineffective compared to other governance styles. Finally, it references the previous paragraph and states the main argument for the current passage that democratic leadership is better.
Schematic Examples for Writing Purposeful Bridge Sentences in an Essay
- Making an example: (The next idea) clearly illustrates / indicates / suggests / means / underlines that (the previous idea) by / in / from / on / with / within … (explanation).
Enhanced employee productivity clearly illustrates that management by walking around is better than autocratic governance because it enables leaders to identify and address problems.
- Showing a cause-effect relationship: (The previous idea) led to / results in / has allowed / improved / significantly impacted / directly caused / was the reason / (the next idea) … (explanation).
Implementing peer support to new employees improved department cooperation and innovation .
- Giving a counterexample: Even though / although / even if (the previous idea) is ‘describing the situation,’ (the next idea ) … (explanation).
Even though rewarding employees is the accepted way to enhance productivity, allowing them free time to work on interesting concepts promotes innovativeness and efficiency.
- Emphasizing a point: (The previous idea) is important / significant / crucial / essential / vital / or cannot be omitted / denied / ignored because / since (the next idea) … (explanation).
Engaging workers in identifying and addressing problems is essential in management because it enables them to feel acknowledged by the company’s top leadership.
- Contrasting: (The previous idea) differs from / can be contrasted with / is not the same as (the next idea) in how / because / since … (explanation).
Disciplining children through corporal punishment differs from empowering them because it instills fear instead of encouraging them to engage in constructive behaviors.
- Comparing: (The previous idea) is similar to / can be compared with / is the same as / has some vivid similarities with (the next idea) because / since … (explanation).
Brachytherapy resembles external beam radiotherapy because it mainly aims to shrink cancerous tumors.
- Bridge sequencing: (The previous idea) comes before / starts with / comes after (the next idea) … (explanation).
Establishing strategic goals for a company comes before performance appraisals and signing performance contracts.
- Proving: (The previous idea) means / suggests / indicates / proves / states / implicates that (the next idea) … (explanation).
Declining academic performance among adolescents indicates an inability to cope with emerging social challenges.
- Complicating: Yes / sure / arguably / indeed, (the previous idea), but because of that / however / on the other hand, (the next idea) … (explanation).
Yes, academic advancements among staff members should lead to promotions, but because of that, many people may obtain academic papers fraudulently.
- Adding a bridge precision: The researchers / authors / scholars / experts / professionals explain in more detail / provide more insight / analyzed / included (the previous idea) in their paper / article / work / investigation / study / research regarding (the next idea ) … (explanation).
The authors explain in more detail that using renewable energy sources lowers the cost of manufacturing products in their paper regarding sustainable management.
- Clarifying: Yes / sure / arguably / indeed, (the previous idea) is sometimes ‘describing the situation,’ but this aspect / feature / concept / element / characteristic doesn’t mean / work / result in (the next point) … (explanation).
Poor prognosis is sometimes the case in chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments, but this aspect does not mean cancer is incurable.
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Writing Types of Transition Elements in Bridge Sentences
💠 sequential bridge transitions.
Bridge sentences that contain statements on order and sequence of information should have sequential transitions. These transitioning words or bridge phrases allow one to organize essays or research papers by numerical sequence. Moreover, they indicate a continuation of thoughts or actions by referring to previously mentioned information, indicating excursions, and concluding or summing up ideas. Sequential connecting words allow readers to understand the logical development of concepts presented in an essay. Some examples of sequential transitions include:
- further on,
💠 Comparative Bridge Transitions
Comparison transition words in an essay establish a relationship between things or ideas. In this case, comparative bridge words and phrases are essential in explaining what two things have in common. Writers can use comparison words to demonstrate similarities between thoughts, objects, or concepts. Moreover, these bridge elements focus on similitudes only as opposed to variations in a sentence. Some examples of comparative transitions include:
- in the same way,
- at the same time,
- in like manner,
- compared to,
💠 Contrastive Bridge Transitions
Contrastive bridge words indicate the difference between ideas or objects. These bridge sentence transitions are important when presenting polar, different, or conflicting ideas. Contrastive transitions allow authors to connect opposing ideas and thoughts understandably. Including conflicting thoughts or ideas in an essay can enhance its quality by allowing readers to evaluate them critically. In an essay, contrastive bridge elements become crucial in presenting contradictory thoughts and opinions. Some examples of contrastive transitions include:
- in contrast,
- on the contrary,
- on the one hand,
- contrasted with,
- even though
💠 Summing-Up Bridge Transitions
Summing-up bridge transitions are useful in drawing the reader’s attention to the main argument. In this case, one must use appropriate transitions to summarize a discussion or a paragraph. For instance, outstanding essays should have a summary of the main ideas in their conclusions. Summing-up bridge sentences are common when writers use statements to conclude a paragraph or summarize an essay. Some examples of summing-up transitions include:
- in conclusion,
- summing up,
- in other words,
- the main point is,
- this boils down to,
- in this case,
- as a result
- for that reason,
Examples of Transition Elements
- Introduce the next idea: as such, essentially, therefore, for instance, basically, in particular, notably, hence.
- Referring to the previous idea: indeed, moreover, furthermore, also, according to, additionally, so.
- Introducing a conclusion paragraph: in summary, in conclusion, thus, summing up, to conclude.
- Showing a similarity: in like manner, equally, likewise, at the same time.
- Showing a contrast : contrarywise, opposite to, dissimilarly, nonetheless, but, instead.
- Giving an example: such as, perhaps, for example, to demonstrate, to suppose, to consider.
- Showing a bridge causation: consistent with, because of, owing to, by reason of, subsequently, given that.
- Showing time relations: subsequently, then, later, next, formerly, each time, whereas.
- Showing space relations: directly above, flanking, under, outside, at this point, opposite, neighboring, reverse.
Summing Up on How to Write a Perfect Bridge Sentence in an Essay or a Research Paper
- Bridge sentences help to connect two independent phrases, expressions, or arguments.
- Writers must provide concise information to ensure the organic flow of information in an essay using connecting sentences.
- Effective use of bridge statements allows writers to communicate effectively throughout their essays or research papers.
- Topic sentences reveal the main message explained in a single paragraph and its relationship to a central thesis statement.
- Transitional sentences create a smooth connection between ideas presented in one passage.
- Concluding sentences summarize information and provide a link between two paragraphs.
- Bridge sentences require an appropriate selection of transitioning words for writing an essay.
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Bridge Sentences — Types and Examples
Imagine a world without bridges, and we mean the bridges that connect pieces of land together for us to travel from one place to another. The bridge could be as short as those build over rivers or as long as the Golden Gate Bridge along the Pacific, yet their purpose remains the same. In a similar sense, bridge sentences in writing and speech serve as transitions to connect two similar or opposing ideas together. In this article, we will discuss the basic function of bridge sentences in communication.
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Defining Bridge Sentences
A bridge sentence, also known as a paragraph bridge, is a type of topic sentence that helps connect an old paragraph or idea to a new one. It conveys what the new paragraph is about and how it relates to the one introduced prior to it. The trick to doing so is to create a smooth shift of thoughts by bringing these ideas closer together. If the bridge isn’t constructed properly, then it will fail to convey the right message to its readers. These transitions can sometimes be found in the first line of the paragraph, but you can also find them at the end of a paragraph in some cases.
1. The Purpose of Bridging Paragraphs
While writing an essay or any academic or business paper, using transitional devices such as bridge sentences is essential in connecting similar thoughts together. This serves as an escort from a previous topic being discussed to a new one.
For example, the bridge sentence of an introductory paragraph is typically found between the ‘hook’ and the thesis statement . The hook is crafted to draw attention, while the bridge sentence is used to slowly introduce the thesis statement to readers. They serve as a clue for readers to understand what was being mentioned in a given article or study, what will be discussed next, and how the two topics relate to one another.
The function of a bridge sentence within multiple paragraphs of an essay writing is also similar to the one previously stated. But, instead of starting each paragraph with a topic sentence, the bridge is used to create a smooth transition of thoughts. Here, the speaker briefly discusses the previous point given in order to tie it to a new point.
2. Types of Transitions
When it comes to writing a paper, bridge sentences are generally referred to as transitional statements. These statements may consist of a few words or they can make up a whole sentence outline or paragraph. But, keep in mind that these transitions would depend on the relationship being conveyed in the write-up. To understand the proper use of these transitions, you can study the following types:
- Sequential Transitions – Bridge sentences with sequential transitions that demonstrate a logical flow of ideas in a write-up. For example, words such as ‘thus’, ‘therefore’, and ‘then’ show a relationship between the past and the current point being discussed.
- Comparative Transitions – This type of transitional words and phrases can come in handy, especially when the relationship between two ideas isn’t so obvious. These words serve as an effective instrument in drawing analogies that are difficult to comprehend at first. Examples of such include words and phrases like ‘also’, ‘just as’, ‘like’, and ‘similarly’.
- Contrastive Transitions – For instances when you’re neither looking at similarities nor describing relationships but instead focusing on contrasting qualities, these transitions can be extremely useful. Not only can these transitions help emphasize central ideas in a compare-and-contrast essay, but they can also help debunk a claim or point out the opposite side of an issue. Examples that fall under this category include ‘though’, ‘but’, ‘however’, ‘nevertheless’, ‘nonetheless’, ‘then again’, ‘on the other hand’, and ‘at the same time’. You may also see Short Sentence Example .
- Summing Up Transitions – After proving your point, you’d want to throw in that one last thought, to sum up, every important detail provided. To ensure that readers don’t miss the main idea of your paragraph or article, these transitional sentences can help in introducing your final thought in a quick yet appropriate manner. Transitional words in this category include ‘essentially’, ‘basically’, ‘ultimately’, ‘in short’, and ‘in other words’.
3. Examples of Bridge Sentences
Listed below are brief samples of paragraphs consisting of bridge sentences. The bridge sentence in these examples have been italicized for your reference: You may also see Cumulative Sentence Example .
Sandra and her father played out in the rain despite the strong protest coming from her mother. They danced to the tune of the rain and watched as each droplet fell from the dark skies. She smiled, thinking of the days when she and her father listened helplessly to the endless rants of her mother as their soaking bodies form small puddles of water inside the house. You may also see Balanced Sentence Examples .
Now, thirty years later, Sandra looks back to these memories with tears filling her baby blues.
The documentary concluded its feature with North Korean soldiers dumping corpses onto a military truck.
Why would any news program carry such gruesome footage? Surely they knew what the consequences were for doing so… Instead, representatives from the news network considered it newsworthy because the clips featured exclusive content and startling visual images that viewers were interested in . You may also see Complex Sentence Example .
The World Health Organization began forming a highly-classified group of scientists to study the outpouring origins and effects of disease X. Though the disease remains unknown to society, it is likely to be a hybrid of past diseases that have been carried by animals. The team of scientists was tasked to discover the possible symptoms of the disease, along with the regions it is likely to spread in first. You may also see Compound Sentence Examples .
In other words, disease X is an existing, scientifically-generated epidemic that is yet to sweep a mass number of the earth’s population in the near future.
Ultimately, the main objective of a bridge sentence is to help promote clear communication. By defining the relationship between two separate ideas, readers are able to grasp the connection that exists between them. This creates a smooth flow of thoughts to provide an exceptional reading experience for individuals. You may also see Parallel Sentence Example .
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Writing advice from the harvard college writing center tutors, building bridges between your paragraphs.
by Kenneth Mai
Your essay doesn’t flow. Add some transitions.
Those words – along with comments such as “Needs better transitions,” “Where’s the transition?,” or simply “TRANSITION!!!” – plague many a paper that may perhaps otherwise be brilliant.
See, it’s like this. Pretend that the many ideas you’re churning out within a paper are islands in the ocean. (That’s a metaphor! Sometimes metaphors work nicely in papers! ) Some islands are bigger than others. Some are closer to each other, whilst some may seem to be drifting off far away from all the others. Similarly, some ideas are smaller bits a cohesive whole, while others require a bit more effort to reel in. Your task is to gather these islands into a sort of kingdom that you rule. But in order to make sure that you have full control over everything, you need to connect the islands to each other. Now, it’s fine that each island isn’t directly connected to every other island, especially when they’re far enough away from each other to not really be related at all. But ultimately you want all the islands connected to make up a unified whole. So what do you do?
You build bridges!
In the context of writing a paper, these bridges are your transitions. You have two ideas that are related— islands that are close enough that you can build a bridge between them—but ultimately distinct. In order to help your readers across that gulf, then, you need to put in a transition.
But what exactly is a transition? Is it one of the sequential words – “first,” “second,” “finally,” etc. – that were the gold standard of midde school writing? Well…perhaps. But you have many more options now. The kind of transition you use depends on the relationship that you’re trying to build between two ideas, and those relationships can be quite complex. Transitions can be as short as a word or a couple of words to something as long as a sentence or even an entire paragraph. What’s important isn’t so much the shape of the transition as the underlying connection that is being made.
Here are a few useful types of transitions to keep in mind.
- Sequential Transitions: Here, we’re not talking so much about “first, second, third.” Rather, this kind of transition points more towards the ideas that logically follow each other. Words such as “therefore” or “then,” or phrases like “This indicates that…”, show a relationship between the ideas. These transitions are used when one idea is the premise on which the next idea depends or when the second idea comes as a deduction from the first. Examples: Thus, Therefore, Then; It follows that, This indicates that, This implies that; From this we can see that, What this means is that…
- Comparative Transitions : Sometimes, it’s not so much that one idea is derivative of another, but rather that they share some sort of property. This is especially useful when the relationship between the two ideas isn’t obvious. This type of transition is useful in comparative essays (for obvious reasons) but also instrumental when you are using analogies to make a point about some sort of topic (such as talking about islands to make a point about transitions!) Examples: Like, Also, Similarly; Just as, In the same vein; This idea can also be seen in…, A similar phenomenon is found in …
- Contrastive Transitions: There are times when you’re neither describing premise-conclusion relationships nor looking at similarities, but instead focusing on contrasts: “This author says this, but that author says that.” “This appears to be the case, but in reality, it’s something else.” These transitions are useful not only in compare-and-contrast essays, but also whenever you’re trying to debunk a claim or to show another side of an issue. These words can also help you to move on to an entirely different issue. Examples: But, Though, However, Nevertheless/Nonetheless; Then again, On the other hand, At the same time; This ignores, It’s not…but rather, The difference between…and…is that…
- Summing Up Transitions : You’ve established an idea and thrown lots of brilliant evidence our way. Now what? In order to make sure your readers won’t miss important information, it’s a good idea provide the quick and dirty version of the ideas you just laid out before introducing your big, final insight. Examples: Essentially, Basically, Ultimately; In short, In other words, That is to say; This boils down to, The main point is…
Ultimately, the goal of these tools is to bring a sense of cohesion to your paper by showing the logical progression of your thoughts; they’re signposts telling your reader which bridge to cross and what the two islands linked by that bridge have to do with each other. These signposts ought to be everywhere within your paper, moving your reader between phrases and sentences in addition to paragraphs or larger chunks. Sometimes multiple signposts are needed to guide a reader across the bridge, because of the complex relationship of those two ideas. The primary goal to keep in mind, though, is to make sure your reader has a smooth trip. That’s how you make your paper flow.
In my next post, I’ll offer some examples of transitional sentences and paragraphs.
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What Is A Bridge In An Essay | Types With Examples
A bridge is used to make transitions between ideas. It’s like a transition, but it’s more sophisticated and organized (and usually longer). A writer might use one to:
Introduce new information that cannot be logically connected to the previous sentence or idea. For example: “Many people believe that we should be kind to animals; however, we must not forget that they are often capable of making their own decisions.” The idea of kindness to animals likely came up previously in the paragraph.
Now, this writer is saying there is another way of looking at things—that sometimes animals can make their own decisions—and so he needs a bridge because he wants you to onto both ideas simultaneously and see that they are not contradictory.
Introduce a related or contrasting idea that does not connect logically to the previous sentence or idea, but has some relationship to it. For example: “I’m not perfect at math tests; however, I will always do my best.” The first part of this statement could be introduced without a bridge because it is a simple fact about me and something you can observe firsthand—my poor performance at math tests.
However, the second part introduces a contrast between what is happening in reality (that I try hard even though I’m bad at math) and how people might perceive this situation. Introducing the bridge here creates an elegant transition between two ideas that don’t really connect.
Reforce an argument developed in earlier parts of the paragraph . For example: “I believe that school uniforms should not be required at all; however, I’m open to hearing arguments for their use.”
The idea expressed in this bridge is a restatement of what was being asserted previously—that school uniforms are not necessary. This time, though, the writer asserts it because someone might have argued against it before and now he has prepared you for his response.
Introduce an opposing argument to something developed earlier in the paragraph. For example: “We can’t put plastic bags into recycling bins; however, given how much they pollute waterways and oceans, we should consider reducing our dependence on these objects.”
This statement expresses an idea that seems contradictory—plastic bags pollute waterways and oceans and we should also consider reducing our use of them. However, the writer is using a bridge to prepare you for his conclusion that this idea isn’t actually contradictory because plastic bags are bad in so many ways.
Introduce a new setup before presenting an opinion or claim. For example: “We don’t need to put labels on clothing with washing instructions anymore; however, I believe that it’s still important to do so.”
The author first presents two different things—ways to label clothes (with washing instructions) and ways not to label clothes (no more pins or tags). He then presents something else entirely—his belief that it is still worth doing the first thing even though the second way has become unnecessary.
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Home » Writers-House Blog » English Homework: Bridge Statements
English Homework: Bridge Statements
Writers use bridge sentences, or bridge statements, to connect ideas and to create a smooth transition between them. To make an essay easy to read, you need to connect your ideas, ensuring a smooth flow. Bridge sentences can be used instead of topic sentences at the beginning of a paragraph to explain how previous ideas relate to the new idea that you’re going to introduce in the next paragraph. Learn more about bridge statements with WritersHouse expert opinion.
How to Use Bridge Statements
A bridge statement in the introductory paragraph is especially important because it sets the context for your readers. Usually, the opening statement acts as a hook that grabs attention and makes your audience want to read more. A bridge statement follows the hook, explaining why the opening is relevant to your thesis statement. The last sentence of the introduction must contain the thesis statement, explaining what your readers should expect from the rest of the paper.
You can start each paragraph with a topic sentence, or you can use a bridge to create a smooth transition to the next paragraph. It is also called a transition sentence or transition idea. Usually, it focuses on the previous point and leads readers to the next point, connecting them logically. Your goal is to make a seamless transition so that your essay will look natural and be easy to read. Bridge sentences help connect different concepts so that you can make sure that your essay makes sense.
The Purpose of Bridge Sentences
Bridge sentences are similar to topic sentences because they perform the same functions in the essay structure. They help readers remember what the writer has mentioned before, connecting this information to the new facts and ideas that will come up next. Simply put, these sentences help explain how different topics relate to each other. Bridge sentences can be used in different essays. For example, expository essays are one of the most common types of writing assignments that are aimed to inform readers or to explain a certain topic based on facts. Argumentative or persuasive essays should convince the audience to agree with the author’s opinion by addressing different perspectives and refuting the opposite opinion. Quite often, writers do it in a bridge statement. When writing an expository essay, your bridge statement may simply add some new information to what you have already presented. In persuasive essays, bridge statements can address a counterargument.
Various transitional words can help you indicate the relationship between different ideas. For example, such words as “accordingly,” “therefore,” and “consequently” illustrate a cause-effect relationship. “Similarly,” “in addition,” and “furthermore” can help you expand your idea, while “nevertheless,” “although,” and “whereas” can establish a contrast.
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What Is a Bridge Statement in English Homework?
How to Write a Thesis & Introduction for a Critical Reflection Essay
A writer uses a bridge statement, or bridge sentence, to link one idea to another and create a smooth transition between ideas. John Trimble explains in "Writing with Style: Conversations on the Art of Writing" that essays should maintain a steady flow by "bridging" ideas for the reader. Instead of starting each paragraph with a topic sentence, you can use a bridge sentence to show how the previous idea relates to the idea your article is about to introduce.
Using Bridge Statements
One of the most important bridge statements in an essay, within the introductory paragraph, sets the scene for the reader. The opening statement usually functions as a "hook" or attention grabber to draw in the reader. After this comes your bridge statement, which explains how the opening is relevant to the thesis. The last sentence of the introductory paragraph contains the thesis statement, which demonstrates or sets the stage for what the reader can expect from the rest of your paper.
Instead of starting with a topic sentence for each paragraph, the writer uses a bridge to make a smooth transition into a new paragraph. Also called a transition idea or transition sentence, it usually discusses the previous point and how it ties in to the new point. The goal is to weave words and ideas together to create a seamless rhetorical tapestry. Your essay should not be a patchwork quilt of jumbled ideas. Bridge sentences provide the chain link between one concept and the next.
Purpose of Bridge Sentences
Bridge sentences resemble topic sentences in the essay structure. They clue in the reader to what the article just mentioned and what will come up next, and how the two topics relate to each other. Expository essays -- the most common essay assigned to students -- inform the reader or give an explanation of a topic based on fact. Persuasive or argumentative essays aim to convince the reader to agree with your point of view by addressing both sides of an argument and refuting the opposition, often in a bridge statement. All essay types make use of bridge statements. For instance, bridge statements in expository essays build a foundation of knowledge by slowly adding on to what has already been presented. Persuasive essays may use bridge statements to introduce a counter argument to hold the reader's attention.
The words you use in your bridge sentences help define the relationship between the paragraphs or ideas you seek to connect. Words such as "consequentially," "therefore" or "accordingly" demonstrate a cause-effect relationship. Words like "whereas," "although" or "nevertheless" establish a contrast between concepts, while "furthermore," "in addition" or "similarly" help you further expand an idea.
How to Write an Introduction to a Reflective Essay
How to write an essay with a thesis statement.
The Functions of Conjunctions in English Argumentative Writing
Ideas for an Imaginative Essay
Comparative Phrases for Essays
How to Write an Introduction to an Analytical Essay
What Is a Diagnostic Paragraph?
How to Write a Comparative Analytical Essay
- Writing Center at Harvard University; Topic Sentences and Signmosting; Elizabeth Abrams; 2000
- The University of Oklahoma: Bridge Sentences
- Long Beach City College: Writing Introductory Paragraphs For Essays
- Purdue University Online Writing Laboratory: Writing Transitions
- DeAnza College: Writing with Style by John R. Trimble
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How to Build a Paper Bridge
Last Updated: December 11, 2023
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Building a paper bridge is a great way to explore physics and engineering principles in a fun and creative way. You will need sheets of copy paper, textbooks to be the supports of the bridge, and some small objects to test how much weight each paper bridge can hold. Make a flat bridge first, before moving on to creating a pleated bridge. This will let you see how the design differences have an impact on how much weight each bridge is able to hold
Making a Flat Bridge
- Start building your paper bridge on the ground on or a table.
- Use a sheet of 8.5 in × 11 in (22 cm × 28 cm) copy paper, which may be labeled as "A4" size, or a piece of regular notebook paper will work just as well.
- You can also use wooden building blocks that are the same size instead of textbooks if you like.  X Research source
- Try adjusting the distance between the textbooks if the bridge cannot hold a pencil. Making the distance smaller may give the bridge the support it needs to hold more weight.  X Research source
- Small coins such as pennies or dimes are ideal.
- Paper clips are also another option.
- Try looking around you to find other small objects that you can use to test your bridge!
Folding a Pleated Bridge
- When the paper is unfolded, you will see 2 “M” shapes when you look at it from the side.
- You may have to bring the textbooks slightly closer together so that the paper can reach both supports.
- Pleated paper bridges can support more weight than flat paper bridges. This is because the weight of the objects is spread out over the pleats, and each pleat spreads the weight down to the foundation.
- For an extra challenge, work out how the placement of the objects affects how much weight the bridge can hold. The paper bridge will be able to support evenly distributed weight more effectively, rather than if all the weight is in 1 spot.  X Research source
- If this activity is done in a classroom, have a discussion after making the paper bridges. Ask the students why the pleated bridge can hold more weight than the flat bridge.  X Research source Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
Things You’ll Need
- Textbooks or blocks
- Wooden toothpicks, coins, or paper clips
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- ↑ http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/educator/act_paper_ei.html
- ↑ https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/paper-bridges/
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- How to write an argumentative essay | Examples & tips
How to Write an Argumentative Essay | Examples & Tips
Published on July 24, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.
An argumentative essay expresses an extended argument for a particular thesis statement . The author takes a clearly defined stance on their subject and builds up an evidence-based case for it.
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Table of contents
When do you write an argumentative essay, approaches to argumentative essays, introducing your argument, the body: developing your argument, concluding your argument, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about argumentative essays.
You might be assigned an argumentative essay as a writing exercise in high school or in a composition class. The prompt will often ask you to argue for one of two positions, and may include terms like “argue” or “argument.” It will frequently take the form of a question.
The prompt may also be more open-ended in terms of the possible arguments you could make.
Argumentative writing at college level
At university, the vast majority of essays or papers you write will involve some form of argumentation. For example, both rhetorical analysis and literary analysis essays involve making arguments about texts.
In this context, you won’t necessarily be told to write an argumentative essay—but making an evidence-based argument is an essential goal of most academic writing, and this should be your default approach unless you’re told otherwise.
Examples of argumentative essay prompts
At a university level, all the prompts below imply an argumentative essay as the appropriate response.
Your research should lead you to develop a specific position on the topic. The essay then argues for that position and aims to convince the reader by presenting your evidence, evaluation and analysis.
- Don’t just list all the effects you can think of.
- Do develop a focused argument about the overall effect and why it matters, backed up by evidence from sources.
- Don’t just provide a selection of data on the measures’ effectiveness.
- Do build up your own argument about which kinds of measures have been most or least effective, and why.
- Don’t just analyze a random selection of doppelgänger characters.
- Do form an argument about specific texts, comparing and contrasting how they express their thematic concerns through doppelgänger characters.
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An argumentative essay should be objective in its approach; your arguments should rely on logic and evidence, not on exaggeration or appeals to emotion.
There are many possible approaches to argumentative essays, but there are two common models that can help you start outlining your arguments: The Toulmin model and the Rogerian model.
The Toulmin model consists of four steps, which may be repeated as many times as necessary for the argument:
- Make a claim
- Provide the grounds (evidence) for the claim
- Explain the warrant (how the grounds support the claim)
- Discuss possible rebuttals to the claim, identifying the limits of the argument and showing that you have considered alternative perspectives
The Toulmin model is a common approach in academic essays. You don’t have to use these specific terms (grounds, warrants, rebuttals), but establishing a clear connection between your claims and the evidence supporting them is crucial in an argumentative essay.
Say you’re making an argument about the effectiveness of workplace anti-discrimination measures. You might:
- Claim that unconscious bias training does not have the desired results, and resources would be better spent on other approaches
- Cite data to support your claim
- Explain how the data indicates that the method is ineffective
- Anticipate objections to your claim based on other data, indicating whether these objections are valid, and if not, why not.
The Rogerian model also consists of four steps you might repeat throughout your essay:
- Discuss what the opposing position gets right and why people might hold this position
- Highlight the problems with this position
- Present your own position , showing how it addresses these problems
- Suggest a possible compromise —what elements of your position would proponents of the opposing position benefit from adopting?
This model builds up a clear picture of both sides of an argument and seeks a compromise. It is particularly useful when people tend to disagree strongly on the issue discussed, allowing you to approach opposing arguments in good faith.
Say you want to argue that the internet has had a positive impact on education. You might:
- Acknowledge that students rely too much on websites like Wikipedia
- Argue that teachers view Wikipedia as more unreliable than it really is
- Suggest that Wikipedia’s system of citations can actually teach students about referencing
- Suggest critical engagement with Wikipedia as a possible assignment for teachers who are skeptical of its usefulness.
You don’t necessarily have to pick one of these models—you may even use elements of both in different parts of your essay—but it’s worth considering them if you struggle to structure your arguments.
Regardless of which approach you take, your essay should always be structured using an introduction , a body , and a conclusion .
Like other academic essays, an argumentative essay begins with an introduction . The introduction serves to capture the reader’s interest, provide background information, present your thesis statement , and (in longer essays) to summarize the structure of the body.
Hover over different parts of the example below to see how a typical introduction works.
The spread of the internet has had a world-changing effect, not least on the world of education. The use of the internet in academic contexts is on the rise, and its role in learning is hotly debated. For many teachers who did not grow up with this technology, its effects seem alarming and potentially harmful. This concern, while understandable, is misguided. The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its critical benefits for students and educators—as a uniquely comprehensive and accessible information source; a means of exposure to and engagement with different perspectives; and a highly flexible learning environment.
The body of an argumentative essay is where you develop your arguments in detail. Here you’ll present evidence, analysis, and reasoning to convince the reader that your thesis statement is true.
In the standard five-paragraph format for short essays, the body takes up three of your five paragraphs. In longer essays, it will be more paragraphs, and might be divided into sections with headings.
Each paragraph covers its own topic, introduced with a topic sentence . Each of these topics must contribute to your overall argument; don’t include irrelevant information.
This example paragraph takes a Rogerian approach: It first acknowledges the merits of the opposing position and then highlights problems with that position.
Hover over different parts of the example to see how a body paragraph is constructed.
A common frustration for teachers is students’ use of Wikipedia as a source in their writing. Its prevalence among students is not exaggerated; a survey found that the vast majority of the students surveyed used Wikipedia (Head & Eisenberg, 2010). An article in The Guardian stresses a common objection to its use: “a reliance on Wikipedia can discourage students from engaging with genuine academic writing” (Coomer, 2013). Teachers are clearly not mistaken in viewing Wikipedia usage as ubiquitous among their students; but the claim that it discourages engagement with academic sources requires further investigation. This point is treated as self-evident by many teachers, but Wikipedia itself explicitly encourages students to look into other sources. Its articles often provide references to academic publications and include warning notes where citations are missing; the site’s own guidelines for research make clear that it should be used as a starting point, emphasizing that users should always “read the references and check whether they really do support what the article says” (“Wikipedia:Researching with Wikipedia,” 2020). Indeed, for many students, Wikipedia is their first encounter with the concepts of citation and referencing. The use of Wikipedia therefore has a positive side that merits deeper consideration than it often receives.
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An argumentative essay ends with a conclusion that summarizes and reflects on the arguments made in the body.
No new arguments or evidence appear here, but in longer essays you may discuss the strengths and weaknesses of your argument and suggest topics for future research. In all conclusions, you should stress the relevance and importance of your argument.
Hover over the following example to see the typical elements of a conclusion.
The internet has had a major positive impact on the world of education; occasional pitfalls aside, its value is evident in numerous applications. The future of teaching lies in the possibilities the internet opens up for communication, research, and interactivity. As the popularity of distance learning shows, students value the flexibility and accessibility offered by digital education, and educators should fully embrace these advantages. The internet’s dangers, real and imaginary, have been documented exhaustively by skeptics, but the internet is here to stay; it is time to focus seriously on its potential for good.
If you want to know more about AI tools , college essays , or fallacies make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples or go directly to our tools!
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An argumentative essay tends to be a longer essay involving independent research, and aims to make an original argument about a topic. Its thesis statement makes a contentious claim that must be supported in an objective, evidence-based way.
An expository essay also aims to be objective, but it doesn’t have to make an original argument. Rather, it aims to explain something (e.g., a process or idea) in a clear, concise way. Expository essays are often shorter assignments and rely less on research.
At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).
Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.
The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .
The majority of the essays written at university are some sort of argumentative essay . Unless otherwise specified, you can assume that the goal of any essay you’re asked to write is argumentative: To convince the reader of your position using evidence and reasoning.
In composition classes you might be given assignments that specifically test your ability to write an argumentative essay. Look out for prompts including instructions like “argue,” “assess,” or “discuss” to see if this is the goal.
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The Low-Income Lens
Students from low-income backgrounds may not realize that they have a unique perspective to present to admissions officers. If your identity has been shaped by financial difficulties and other obstacles, consider writing about these challenges in your essays so that admissions officers understand the full context of your successes and academic accomplishments.
Bring us into your world. We want to know you. We want to know your truth. - Ashley Pallie, Executive Director of Undergraduate Admissions, California Institute of Technology
You may describe specific challenges that you have risen above, such as:
You hold significant responsibilities in your household, such as providing care for an ill family member, babysitting siblings, or preparing family meals.
You have a part-time job to pay for school activities or household expenses.
You live with people other than your immediate family or have been in foster care.
You experienced homelessness or other temporary housing situations.
A parent has passed away or is not present in your life.
You commute a long distance to attend school.
Your family or community is not supportive of your educational goals.
You faced obstacles because English is not your first language.
If you choose to write about challenges in your life, be careful to avoid using overly critical or negative language. This is a good opportunity to emphasize your emotional maturity and how challenges in your life have helped you grow as a person. You may compromise that impression if your tone is resentful or excessively dramatic.
Giving admissions officers a window into difficult experiences can present your story in your college application, but there are other topics that can also make for a strong essay (e.g. a favorite book, a community service project). Whichever angle you select to tell your story, highlight the most important things that have shaped and continue to shape your identity.
Brainstorm, Outline, and Draft
Writing a college essay can seem daunting at first, but it doesn’t have to be. Watch our webinar, Write a College Essay that Stands Out , and download our worksheet as a template and foundation to help you craft a strong college essay. This may help you write your essay in a manner that goes beyond just a chronological explanation of your life or an expansion of your resume.
Feedback and Revisions
Ask teachers, mentors, family, or friends for feedback on your essay. Reach out well in advance of any deadlines, and give them at least two weeks to provide feedback. Ask them in person if you can, but if you cannot, send them an email. If they agree to take a look, you can send them a message with your essay. Download a sample message below.
After receiving feedback, revise! You should plan on going through a few drafts. Here are some things to keep in mind:
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Edits and revisions should not remove your voice or completely alter your writing style.
Pay attention to spelling, grammar, punctuation, and even formatting.
It may help to read your essay out loud to catch mistakes you might otherwise skim over.
Read your essay from an admissions officer’s perspective.
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Home — Essay Samples — Entertainment — Bridge — Bridges: Most Important Things In Structure
Bridges: Most Important Things in Structure
- Categories: Bridge Ruby Bridges
About this sample
Words: 585 |
Published: Mar 1, 2019
Words: 585 | Page: 1 | 3 min read
- Bridge Structure. (2019, June 13). Federal Highway Administration, US Department of Transportation.
- Bridge Types: Tied Arch Bridges. (n.d.). National Steel Bridge Alliance.
- Engineering Bridges. (n.d.). Science Reference Services, Library of Congress. https://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/tracer-bullets/engineeringbridgesTB.html
- How Are Bridges Built? (2017, July 26). Live Science.
- How Do Engineers Design Bridges? (2019, November 5). Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2019/11/05/how-do-engineers-design-bridges/?sh=736cd986250b
- Introduction to Bridge Engineering. (2018, April 2). The Constructor. https://theconstructor.org/structures/introduction-bridge-engineering/18398/
- Materials Used in Bridges. (2013, December 14). What-When-How.
- The 10 Most Amazing Bridges in the World. (2016, October 14). Engineering.com.
- Types of Bridges Based on Span, Materials, Structures, Functions, Utility, and Position. (2011, February 4). Brighthub Engineering.
- Woodford, C. (2022, January 17). Bridge Engineering. Explain that Stuff!.
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How do we bridge our divides as the presidential primary season begins?
Greetings, ladies and gentlemen:
I was on the job at The Tennessean for less than 10 days when I first met Brian Reisinger.
It was Dec. 3, 2014, and Reisinger was then press secretary for former U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander, Republican of East Tennessee. He was in Nashville from Washington, D.C., and came to The Tennessean's old (and now demolished) building at 1100 Broadway so we could get to know each other.
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We talked some shop and he recommended what he considered the city's best burger made by Rotier's , an establishment that is now closed.
Reisinger introduced me to Alexander at the now defunct Noshville in the Midtown neighborhood where we discussed higher education policy over chocolate milkshakes.
A lot has changed in Nashville. Many closings and openings. Today, Reisinger is now back in his home state of Wisconsin, contributing columns and videos to our sister publication, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel's Ideas Lab . His latest column about the urban-rural political divide mentions his experiences relative to Tennessee, from working as a journalist here to serving on Alexander's team.
He told readers that when he was a business journalist, he encountered a Nashville banker who reminisced about the pre-Great Recession "really good years."
"I remember thinking when the hell were those? as the skyscrapers around me got taller, his office miles away got bigger, and I started to get really, suddenly, pissed," Reisinger wrote. "What I was experiencing was America’s rural-urban divide, which is getting worse and now ranks as one of our country’s biggest splits , alongside race, education and class."
I recommend reading the essay, reflecting on it and working to engage in meaningful conversation, and even respectful disagreement, with family, friends and neighbors. It is especially fitting as we near the start of the presidential election primary season.
Our ability to connect with each other and to govern ourselves is key to sustaining and protecting our democratic republic.
I thought about this previous concept as I was watching the premiere of "A Citizen's Guide to Preserving Democracy" on PBS Tuesday night.
The hourlong show hosted by PBS NewsHour anchor Hari Sreenivasan examines efforts on civility and democratic participation in different parts of the country.
On Wednesday, I wrote an email to PBS to congratulate them for the show but offered one quibble: Why was the South omitted from this program?
There are many examples of challenges to democracy and efforts to motivate citizens to participate more in their communities, among them being the USA TODAY Network's 6-year-old Civility Tennessee campaign, which seeks to promote, encourage and model respectful discourse.
One example is referenced in my most recent column , which features a beauty salon owner and domestic abuse survivor who successfully pushed for a law in Tennessee to require all barbers, stylists and beauty professionals to take an online course on domestic violence awareness.
"Americans should be encouraged and inspired by citizens such as Susanne Shepherd Post who saw a problem and successfully fought for a solution – someone who didn’t just complain that 'There ought to be law,' but actually worked to get one passed," I wrote.
I offered to help PBS on the next episode and I will let you know if I receive a response.
What else you'll find in this newsletter
- Career Thrivers CEO Brittany N. Cole wrote an essay about the barriers to success for Black female leaders in the wake of the resignation on Tuesday of Claudine Gay as president of Harvard University .
- Harvard College graduate Nathaniel Moore shared a personal essay of his experience of being Jewish in the midst of the Israel-Hamas war and how his life is much more than his suffering.
- Brian Mounce, a federal public defender in Memphis, argues that former President Donald Trump is entitled to due process before he is removed from state presidential primary ballots.
- In case you missed it, on Sunday, we announced the People of the Year of 2023 : The five Nashville policemen who entered The Covenant School after the mass shooting on March 27. The officers reflected on their actions and how it has affected them and their families to this day.
What do you think? Send your feedback, reactions and opinions to me at [email protected] .
Thanks so much for your support. Again, please subscribe to one of our publications if you have not already. Support local journalism, and send me your comments, thoughts and ideas.
David Plazas is the director of opinion and engagement for the USA TODAY Network Tennessee. He is an editorial board member of The Tennessean. He hosts the Tennessee Voices videocast and curates the Tennessee Voices and Latino Tennessee Voices newsletters.. Call him at (615) 259-8063, email him at [email protected] or tweet to him at @davidplazas .
This article originally appeared on Nashville Tennessean: How do we bridge our divides as the presidential primary season begins?