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4 midterm mistakes to avoid.
Midterm season can be a stressful time. You’ve made your study guide, attended study groups, and flipped through your flashcards one last time. However, on exam day, there are mistakes students often make when tackling the test. These mistakes can cost you points that may affect your overall grade in the course. Midterm exam mistakes can include poor time management, spending too much time on individual questions, and not showing your work. Your midterm exam grade can be crucial to your success in the course. So set yourself up for success—here are four midterm mistakes to avoid: Midterm mistake #1: Failing to read th ... Read More About 4 Midterm Mistakes to Avoid
5 Books to Read With Your Family to Celebrate World Book and Copyright Day
Did you know that World Book and Copyright Day falls on Thursday, April 23? Hosted by the United Nations, World Book and Copyright Day celebrates the joys and connections of reading and literacy. Here are five books to read with your family to join in on the worldwide celebration: 1. Last Stop on Market Street by Matt de la Peña Written by Matt de la Peña and illustrated by Christian Robinson, Last Stop on Market Street chronicles a bus ride through the city with CJ and his grandmother. It’s a rainy Sunday. CJ is inquisitive; no question is too big or too small for him. “How come we gotta wait for the bus in all thi ... Read More About 5 Books to Read With Your Family to Celebrate World Book and Copyright Day
8 Books to Read With Your Kids While Social Distancing
As many schools have closed in response to COVID-19 and nearly everyone is social distancing, we’re all reworking our routines and reimagining what it means to learn from home. There are excellent online resources for students—a number of zoos and museums have opened their virtual doors, for example. But for an analog break, consider creating a reading list with your child. Here are eight books to get you started. Books to read with elementary school students Reading is built into elementary-age students’ school days, and it’s important for them to incorporate it into their home learning in order to keep up with fluen ... Read More About 8 Books to Read With Your Kids While Social Distancing
How to Stay Focused When You’re Working from Home
If you’re accustomed to doing your job in an office setting, transitioning to working from home can feel unexpectedly difficult. Often, it’s easy to envision how simple working from your home might be. Once you start to do it, however, you may find yourself struggling to stay focused and to keep up with your work at the same pace as you could before. With the uncertainty COVID-19 brings in regards to when you’ll return to the office, it’s vital to find strategies to thrive while working from home. Here are five: Choose a specific work area It can be tempting to sit on your couch or in bed while working from home. This ... Read More About How to Stay Focused When You’re Working from Home
Caltech Admissions Information
CalTech, a world-renowned institution for science and technology, has a highly competitive admissions process. Here is important information about the admission process for CalTech. When to Apply and Early Application CalTech operates on a regular decision application deadline for most applicants. The regular decision deadline is typically in early January, with admissions decisions released in late March. CalTech also offers Restrictive Early Action (REA), which is a non-binding early admissions process for students who are confident that Caltech is their first-choice university. REA applications are due in early November and applicants wil ... Read More About Caltech Admissions Information
Columbia University Admissions Information
Columbia University is a highly esteemed institution with a competitive admissions process. To give you a comprehensive overview of the admissions process for Columbia University, here are the key details you need to know: Application Deadlines: Columbia University operates on a regular decision application deadline for most undergraduate programs. The deadline for regular decision applications is typically in early January. However, it's important to note that Columbia also offers an Early Decision (ED) program for students who have a strong preference for attending Columbia and are ready to commit to enrolling if admitted. The Early Decisi ... Read More About Columbia University Admissions Information
Duke University Admissions Information
Duke University is a highly selective institution with a competitive admissions process. When applying to Duke, it's important to showcase your academic achievements, personal qualities, and fit with the university. Here's some comprehensive information about the admissions process for Duke University: Application Deadlines: Regular Decision: The regular decision deadline is typically in early January. Admissions decisions are released by late March. Early Decision: Duke offers an Early Decision (ED) program, which is binding. The deadline for ED is usually in early November, and decisions are released by mid-December. Application Require ... Read More About Duke University Admissions Information
Princeton Admissions Information
As a highly competitive Ivy League institution, Princeton University is known for its rigorous academic environment and prestigious reputation. The admissions process is thorough and selective, and it's important to approach it with both preparation and genuine passion for what Princeton has to offer. When to Apply Princeton University has two main admissions cycles: Early Action and Regular Decision. The Early Action deadline is typically November 1st, and this is non-binding, meaning you can still apply to and accept offers from other universities if you're accepted. The Regular Decision deadline is usually January 1st. Application Requir ... Read More About Princeton Admissions Information
Swarthmore College Admissions Information
Swarthmore College is a highly selective liberal arts institution known for its rigorous academics and diverse intellectual community. To provide you with a comprehensive overview of the admissions process for Swarthmore College, here are the key details you need to know: When to Apply and Early Application: Swarthmore College operates on a regular decision application deadline for most applicants. The regular decision deadline is typically in early January, with admissions decisions released in late March. However, Swarthmore also offers an Early Decision (ED) program, which is a binding commitment to enroll if admitted. The Early Decision ... Read More About Swarthmore College Admissions Information
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Finishing your PhD thesis: 15 top tips from those in the know
Trying to complete a PhD thesis in time for the October deadline? We share some advice on getting over that final hurdle
- The key to a successful PhD thesis? Write in your own voice
Many PhD students are now in the final throes of writing their thesis. Turning years of research into a single, coherent piece of work can be tough, so we asked for tips from supervisors and recent PhD graduates. We were inundated with tweets and emails – and @AcademiaObscura helpfully created a Storify of the tweets. Below is a selection of the best tips.
1) Make sure you meet the PhD requirements for your institution “PhD students and their supervisors often presume things without checking. One supervisor told his student that a PhD was about 300 pages long so he wrote 300 pages. Unfortunately the supervisor had meant double-spaced, and the student had written single-spaced. Getting rid of 40,000 extra words with two weeks to go is not recommended.” ( Hannah Farrimond, lecturer in medical sociology, Exeter University)
2) Keep perspective “Everyone wants their thesis to be amazing, their magnum opus. But your most important work will come later. Think of your PhD as an apprenticeship. Your peers are unlikely to read your thesis and judge you on it. They are more likely to read any papers (articles, chapters, books) that result from it.” ( Dean D’Souza, PhD in cognitive neuroscience, Birkbeck, University of London)
3) Write the introduction last “Writing the introduction and conclusion together will help to tie up the thesis together, so save it for the end.” ( Ashish Jaiswal, PhD in business education, University of Oxford)
4) Use apps “ Trello is a project management tool (available as a smartphone app) which allows you to create ‘boards’ on which to pin all of your outstanding tasks, deadlines, and ideas. It allows you to make checklists too so you know that all of your important stuff is listed and to-hand, meaning you can focus on one thing at a time. It’s satisfying to move notes into the ‘done’ column too.” ( Lucy Irving, PhD in psychology, Middlesex University)
5) Address the unanswered questions “There will always be unanswered questions – don’t try to ignore or, even worse, obfuscate them. On the contrary, actively draw attention to them; identify them in your conclusion as areas for further investigation. Your PhD viva will go badly if you’ve attempted to disregard or evade the unresolved issues that your thesis has inevitably opened up.” ( Michael Perfect, PhD in English literature, University of Cambridge)
6) Buy your own laser printer “A basic monochrome laser printer that can print duplex (two-sided) can be bought online for less than £100, with off-brand replacement toners available for about £30 a pop. Repeatedly reprinting and editing draft thesis chapters has two very helpful functions. Firstly, it takes your work off the screen and onto paper, which is usually easier to proof. Secondly, it gives you a legitimate excuse to get away from your desk.” ( James Brown, PhD in architectural education, Queen’s University Belfast)
7) Checking is important “On days when your brain is too tired to write, check quotations, bibliography etc so you’re still making progress.” ( Julia Wright, professor of English at Dalhousie University, Canada)
8) Get feedback on the whole thesis “We often get feedback on individual chapters but plan to get feedback from your supervisor on the PhD as a whole to make sure it all hangs together nicely.” ( Mel Rohse, PhD in peace studies, University of Bradford)
9) Make sure you know when it will end “Sometimes supervisors use optimistic words such as ‘You are nearly there!’ Ask them to be specific. Are you three months away, or do you have six months’ worth of work? Or is it just a month’s load?” ( Rifat Mahbub, PhD in women’s studies, University of York)
10) Prepare for the viva “Don’t just focus on the thesis – the viva is very important too and examiners’ opinions can change following a successful viva. Remember that you are the expert in your specific field, not the examiners, and ask your supervisor to arrange a mock viva if practically possible.” ( Christine Jones , head of school of Welsh and bilingual studies, University of Wales Trinity St David)
11) Develop your own style “Take into account everything your supervisor has said, attend to their suggestions about revisions to your work but also be true to your own style of writing. What I found constructive was paying attention to the work of novelists I enjoy reading. It may seem that their style has nothing to do with your own field of research, but this does not matter. You can still absorb something of how they write and what makes it effective, compelling and believable.” ( Sarah Skyrme, PhD in sociology, Newcastle University)
12) Remember that more is not always better “A PhD thesis is not a race to the highest page count; don’t waste time padding.” ( Francis Woodhouse, PhD in mathematical biology, University of Cambridge)
13) Get a buddy “Find a colleague, your partner, a friend who is willing to support you. Share with them your milestones and goals, and agree to be accountable to them. This doesn’t mean they get to hassle or nag you, it just means someone else knows what you’re up to, and can help to check if your planning is realistic and achievable.” ( Cassandra Steer, PhD in criminology, University of Amsterdam)
14) Don’t pursue perfectionism “Remember that a PhD doesn’t have to be a masterpiece. Nothing more self-crippling than perfectionism.” ( Nathan Waddell, lecturer in modernist literature, Nottingham University )
15) Look after yourself “Go outside. Work outside if you can. Fresh air, trees and sunshine do wonders for what’s left of your sanity.” ( Helen Coverdale, PhD in law, LSE)
Do you have any tips to add? Share your advice in the comments below.
Join the higher education network for more comment, analysis and job opportunities , direct to your inbox. Follow us on Twitter @gdnhighered.
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17 Things to do If You can’t Finish Your Dissertation On Time
There are several reasons students may find themselves with stalled progress on their dissertation. Some may have lost interest in their project, some may have been faced with unforeseen obstacles or time-consuming illnesses, and some students find that they need to do more research before they can even start writing.
Whatever your reason for not finishing your dissertation on time, there are many steps you can take to get back on track. This guide from MyEssayGeek will provide you with some steps you should take to get back on track and finish your dissertation.
1. Don’t panic
Other students have found themselves in the same boat as you have, and if they were able to get back on track, so are you. To make sure your dissertation is finished on time, it is important to keep a level head and avoid panicking. Prioritize and evaluate your options before making any hasty decisions.
2. Look at your time management skills
You may find that one of the reasons you are having problems finishing your dissertation on time is poor time management or a complete lack of it. If this is the case, try to implement some helpful time management techniques to ensure you’re making the most of your day.
Schedule Time to Write. If you’re trying to finish your dissertation, you need to schedule a time to write. Whether this means setting aside 2 hours a day or scheduling times in the night when you can write, you must take the time to get everything done. Even if it’s just for 15 minutes at a time, make sure that you’re writing every day so that things don’t fall behind even more.
3. Talk to your dissertation supervisor
You may find that you do not see eye to eye with your supervisor and that this is why you’re having problems finishing your dissertation on time. If this is the case, it’s essential to talk through any disagreements you have with your supervisor before they develop into a full-blown crisis.
4. Look at other ways of writing your dissertation
If you’re having problems finishing your dissertation, it may be worth looking at other options. There are several different ways to complete your dissertation, including using a ghostwriter or even an online writing service.
5. Don’t give up!
If you’ve taken all the steps we’ve listed above, and you still aren’t able to finish your dissertation on time, it’s important to keep trying. There are multiple reasons you might not be able to finish your dissertation on time, and they don’t all have the same solution. Keep trying until you find one that works for you, and don’t give up until you do.
6. Talk to professionals
If all else fails, it’s important to seek professional help. Several organizations offer dissertation writing support, including friendly tutors who can help with dissertation planning.
It might seem like a tough thing to do, but if you’re struggling with finishing your dissertation, you need to find help. Try talking with a tutor , or try looking for other dissertation writing services that can help you take care of this before it’s too late. If you can’t find help, it might be time to call the dissertation advisors and speak with them about what’s going on.
7. Stop working on your dissertation
Well, sort of. Many students find that they can work better without the constant pressure of finishing their dissertation looming over them, so taking a temporary break from working on your dissertation can actually help you get it finished in double-quick time.
8. Try Something New
If you’re struggling to finish your dissertation, try something new that you’ve never done before. Whether this means speaking with a tutor or trying a new approach to writing your paper, you should do something that will help you stay focused in the long term. Just remember that this isn’t an excuse to procrastinate if you’re behind on your dissertation. It’s just about trying something new and getting a change of pace.
9. Take up a hobby or an interest
You may find that you’re being distracted by things unrelated to your dissertation, and this is delaying the process even more. Try to reduce the amount of time you spend on these activities, and instead take up a new hobby that will help you clear your mind and focus on finishing your dissertation on time.
10. Think about what else you can do
If all else fails in your quest to finish your dissertation on time, there may be other ways of completing the project. For example, you could always suggest doing a Ph.D. or even changing subjects.
11. Get Organized
You might think that being disorganized is normal, but this isn’t true. If you’re struggling with finishing your dissertation, you should find a way to get organized. The first step for writing an organized dissertation is to create an outline of what will be included in the paper and a detailed plan for how everything will be presented.
12. Stop Being Lonely
Sometimes, the stress of writing your dissertation can be overwhelming, especially if you’re struggling with any other aspects of life. Because of this, you must stop being lonely if you’re feeling overwhelmed. Ensure that you find people who can help you through these tough times so that nothing gets out of hand.
13. Find a Place to Write
It can be hard to work on your dissertation when your home or dorm room is distracting. Because of this, you must find a place to write where you can focus on what’s going on. Whether this means working at the library or finding a nice quiet restaurant to write, make sure that you do this is if it will give you the time and space to finish your paper.
14. Take Breaks Every Day
Taking breaks every day is important for your mental health, and it will help keep your mind fresh and ready to go about writing. Because of this, you must take time every day to write something else or enjoy a little bit of downtime. Ensure that you take the time for yourself, even if it means skipping one writing session.
15. Eat Healthily
Eating healthy can help with your mental health and keep your body active while writing your dissertation. You must eat healthy meals every day to ensure that you’re getting the right nutrition for what you’re trying to accomplish. Just make sure that you’re eating healthy snacks and meals regularly so that you’re writing is as good as it can be.
16. Sleep on the problem
Sometimes, the best way to solve a big problem is to sleep on it. Because of this, if you’re feeling stuck about something in your dissertation, try letting the problem rest for a few hours overnight and then starting fresh with your writing tomorrow.
17. Reconnect with why you started the dissertation process in the first place
Many students lose sight of why they started writing the dissertation in the first place, and taking a few minutes every day to think about this can help keep you on track. If you can remember why you started writing your dissertation, this will help keep you motivated and remind you why it’s essential to finish your dissertation on time.
Remember, there are several reasons why you could be struggling to finish your dissertation. If you have tried the steps we have listed but are still having trouble, seeking help from an outside source is important.
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Beating the Procrastination Demon: How to write that thesis
Procrastination refers to the act of delaying or postponing tasks or actions, often to the point of experiencing negative consequences. It is a common behavior that can result from a variety of factors, including lack of motivation, fear of failure, and poor time management skills. Procrastination can take many forms, such as engaging in distractions, constantly checking social media or email, or simply avoiding tasks altogether. It can lead to decreased productivity, increased stress, and missed deadlines, negatively impacting one's personal and professional life. Understanding the underlying causes of procrastination and developing effective strategies can be vital to achieving success and reaching goals.
It’s not uncommon for students to procrastinate. In fact, as many as 90% admit to doing it. A Google search for “I can’t write my thesis,” “thesis writer’s block,” or “how to stop procrastinating” returns scores of social media threads of desperate students asking if it’s possible to write 80 pages in a month or a week.
So to understand how to avoid procrastinating, it’s key to understand why we do it in the first place. Because while, of course, the newest show on Netflix or another weekend of drinking Marg towers with friends sounds more fun than writing your dissertation, procrastination brings a feeling of guilt and dread. It’s hard to fully enjoy yourself when your thesis hangs over your head like a sword of Damocles.
So why do we procrastinate, and how can we stop?
Why Do We Procrastinate?
There are many reasons people procrastinate, but for students, the two main causes are fear of failure and waiting to be motivated. Many people who fear failure are actually perfectionists. Some signs you might be a perfectionist include:
- You can’t start a task until you are sure you can execute it flawlessly
- You take much longer than usual to complete a task
- You focus on the final product instead of the process of creating it
- You don’t consider a task finished until it’s perfect in your eyes
Fear of failure can make it impossible to begin a task. If you don’t try, you can’t fail. Right? So instead of just getting started and writing a less-than-perfect thesis, many perfectionists find reasons to delay starting it. This fear causes perfectionism-induced procrastination, and it’s one reason many struggles with dissertation writing.
But perfectionism isn’t the only reason we procrastinate. It’s also easy to overestimate how motivated you will feel later. Maybe right now you are tired, hungry, or have other things to do, but you’re sure that tomorrow you’ll feel like writing that paper! You will not. You will find another reason not to write. Writing, especially a thesis, takes practice and should be done regularly, no matter how you feel. If you wait to feel inspired, you might never start writing.
So how do you overcome the desire to procrastinate? The drive behind your procrastination will slightly impact what techniques work best for you, but here are several that work pretty well regardless of why you’re finding it impossible to sit down at the computer and start writing.
- Minimize Distractions
Distractions come in many forms, as any procrastinator knows. By minimizing your distractions, you can make it easier to focus. For example, some people find it easier to concentrate at home, while others prefer the library or cafe.
Figure out what works for you and carve out a regular period each day to go there and work. To avoid online distractions that are present no matter where you work, consider temporarily blocking the websites most likely to distract you (social media, blogs, news, etc.)
Similarly, leave your phone in another room while you work, or turn it on silent and place it face down where you can’t see it.
- Break It Down
A significant driver of procrastination is the feeling that a task is simply insurmountable. However, b breaking down your thesis into small steps, you can make each part of writing into an achievable daily goal.
Make a schedule for yourself, then follow that as strictly as you can. Your calendar shouldn’t just say, “work on the thesis.” Instead, break it down into manageable chunks like “write three pages of the literature review” or “create two data tables for the methods section.” Then, just focus on the task you’ve been assigned today, and feel free to stop working for the day when you finish.
- Use Productivity and Writing Tools
Productivity tools are very popular— because many struggle with time management, not just thesis writers! A timer system like Kanban or Pomodoro blocks out time segments to be productive and then schedules breaks.
Source management products like Endnote are also helpful for students who need assistance organizing their research and sources. Finally, AI grammar checkers and online editing services can offer a shortcut for improved writing and fast editing when you don’t have the time or energy to expend.
- Get Feedback
Obviously, your advisor will provide you with feedback periodically, but it can help you move forward when you’re stuck on getting another pair of eyes on your work. You can ask a peer or colleague to review some of your work to hear some feedback and get a fresh perspective.
You can also use an editing service that provides substantive editing to see what suggestions they have for your work. Specialized academic editing services for thesis writing are particularly useful for this type of feedback. Online forums and social media can be another good way to find like-minded students researching and working on a dissertation. You can commiserate and share ideas.
Don’t Let Your Thesis Take Over Your Life
One of the most impactful things my (very frustrated) advisor said to me as I sat in his office for the thirtieth time, giving an excuse for why I didn’t have a draft, was, “this isn’t actually that important.” Honestly, I went home and cried after he said that to me.
I was spending hours researching and thousands of dollars a semester on tuition. So how could my thesis, the culmination of all of these efforts, be insignificant? But after I dried my tears, I realized what he meant.
A thesis is just a paper; you’ll probably write others, and the world will go on regardless. Two weeks later, I finally handed in my first draft. His words were the reality check I needed to get over the hump of perfectionism-induced procrastination.
Regardless of your technique, remember that you’re not alone in struggling to start, write, or finish your dissertation. Writing a thesis is a monumental task, which is one reason students must complete it in the first place to prove they have acquired the skills to succeed at a higher level. But others have done it, I did it, and so can you!
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An Insider’s Guide On How To Write A Thesis When You’re Short On Time
Written by Dora Farkas, PhD
I thought about quitting graduate school in the beginning of my 6th year.
I was almost certain that there was no way that I could graduate that year, or ever for that matter.
I started several dead-end projects, and most of my data was inconsistent and did not support any of my hypotheses.
I felt stuck and trapped in my own life.
The irony was that I actually created this life for myself because I thought that getting a PhD degree was the road to a better life and a career that I would be passionate about.
I finally summoned the courage to have “the talk” with my supervisor and clarify once and for all what I needed to do to graduate.
As I had expected, I could only use a very small portion of the data I had collected up to that point in my thesis.
My supervisor assigned me a new project, and I had to learn how to use three new instruments that I had no prior experience with.
If I wanted to graduate in a year, I had to make that project work.
In order to meet this ambitious deadline I decided to extend my 10-12 hour days to 15-hour days and learn the methods I needed for the new project.
After 5 months, I was finally able to generate some reproducible data with my new experimental setup.
I still had to run hundreds of samples through my system, but I finally had hope that I might be able to graduate that semester.
The problem was the thesis deadline was only 3 months away and I had no idea where to start.
Which section should I write first?
How should I organize my data?
When should I write?
7 Helpful Guidelines To Writing A Proper Thesis
My 15-hour days turned into 18-hour days fueled by junk food and soda.
Still, I wasn’t getting anywhere.
No one had taught me how to write a thesis.
To make matters worse, I was a perfectionist.
I spent countless hours writing and rewriting paragraphs and jumping back and forth between different chapters because none of the sections ever felt “good enough.”
Eventually, just as I was burning out and spinning into a dark cycle of depression, anxiety, and hopelessness, I finished my thesis.
As I turned the document into my thesis committee, I remember thinking…
There has to be a better way.
Over the next few years after finishing my thesis, I started studying the process and creating a more effective system for writing a thesis .
Since then, I’ve trained hundreds of PhD students on how to write their theses.
Here are 7 tips on how to write a strong thesis I’ve learned and continue to teach to other PhDs students…
1. Know What Questions You’re Asking
You always need to know what your hypothesis is or what questions your thesis is asking.
This may seem obvious, but so many graduate students fail to define their overall hypothesis before beginning their thesis.
You must be able to summarize your thesis in one sentence such as: “The purpose of this thesis is to….”
If you don’t know what your thesis question or hypothesis is, meet with your supervisor (See #3 below).
Over the years, I’ve encountered a few exceptions to this rule.
Some PhD students spent 8 or 9 years (full-time) in graduate school working on many small projects because no one project was viable enough for an entire thesis.
These students had what I call a “hodge-podge” thesis.
The only reason their thesis committees let these students graduate is because the students had been in school for so long.
While it is possible to pull a group of small projects together into one thesis, you don’t want to be at the mercy of your thesis committee.
It’s best to always know what question you are asking.
Your question will probably evolve over time, but the more clarity you have about the purpose of your thesis, the more efficient your research will be.
2. Break Your Thesis Into Defined Stages
Thesis writing is a process with well-defined stages
The details of each stage will vary slightly depending on your field, but for most thesis writers the stages are, first, idea collection, second, editing and data analysis, and third, polishing.
Perfectionists (like me) will particularly benefit from dividing their writing into discrete stages.
The purpose of the first stage of writing is to get as many ideas as possible on paper, without judging, editing or formatting your document.
By allowing yourself to collect your ideas without criticism, you can spark your creativity and overcome the fear of imperfection that may be holding you back from starting to write your thesis.
It is during the second stage, editing and data analysis phase, that you need to be rigorous with your writing and editing.
At the end of the second phase your goal is to produce a manuscript that has a clear structure and a logical flow of arguments so that you can submit it to your supervisor for review.
In the final polishing phase, you need address the feedback from your committee and fill in any gaps in the logic.
Polish, polish, polish, and polish some more until your document is ready to be handed in to your university’s library.
3. Don’t Rely On Your Academic Advisor
Your academic advisor will not give you all the answers.
Some advisors are either too busy to mentor you properly or are micro-managers who want daily updates on your progress.
Other academic advisors are simply bad mentors who don’t want you to graduate in the first place.
Either way, you shouldn’t rely on your mentor to give you all the answers.
You also shouldn’t rely on your advisor for a second reason…
Writing your thesis is your job and your job only.
The role of your advisor is to mentor you so you learn how to be an independent researcher, not to hold your hand for the rest of your life.
Your advisor may or may not be a good mentor, but you need to be in agreement regarding the direction of your research because you need their approval to graduate.
If you have disagreements with your advisor, or you have a dead-end project, it may take several meetings to determine the overall direction of your thesis.
The most effective way to meet with your advisor is to schedule meetings far in advance and come to every meeting with a clear agenda.
Students who plan proactively before talking with their supervisors have much more efficient meetings than those who don’t plan.
If your advisor is a difficult person, continue to be proactive about planning meetings and developing solutions to your problems.
Keep a record of every meeting you have or every meeting he or she refuses to have with you.
Finally, reframe your situation into a learning experience for your career.
4. Realize You Will Never Feel Like Writing
You will never feel like writing your thesis.
Even the most famous and prolific authors in history had daily battles with writer’s block.
You won’t be any different. There will be times when you sit down to write when you feel like you’re dying.
That’s okay—just start typing gibberish. Type sentence fragments. Type anything. Just get something down on paper.
Don’t wait to be inspired to write. Instead, go out and look for inspiration.
Listen to music that puts you in the mood to write. Watch a short video that motivates you to take action. Visualize all the things you will do once your thesis is done.
Warming up your “writing muscles” and seeking out inspiration are the only cures for writer’s block.
Once you’re warmed up and inspired, words will start to flow more naturally. They may even start to form cohesive sentences and paragraphs.
Overtime, your warm-up period will get shorter and shorter until clicking into writing gear becomes an automatic habit.
5. Don’t Write Your Thesis Chapters In Order
When I started writing my thesis, I thought I had to begin with the abstract, then the introduction, then an in-depth literature search, then chapter one, chapter two, on and on all the way to the conclusion.
This is the worst way to write your thesis.
Writing your thesis in order can lead to several months of agonizing writer’s block.
Don’t start writing your thesis by writing the abstract first.
Instead, the abstract of your thesis should be the last section you write
By definition, the abstract is a summary of the highlights of your thesis, and therefore you should only be able to write a quality abstract once you finish all of your chapters.
Don’t start writing your thesis by diving into the most difficult chapter either.
If you do, you will inevitably face writer’s block.
Starting your thesis by writing the most difficult chapter first is like trying to deadlift a 500-pound weight without any prior training.
You’ll keep trying to lift the heavy weight unsuccessfully until you’re completely exhausted. Eventually, you’ll give up entirely and label yourself as simply not good enough to do the exercise.
Instead, start writing your thesis by writing the easiest section first—the methods section.
The methods section is the easiest section to get started and the quickest to finish. Start here to get a few pages under your belt and boost your confidence before you try any heavy lifting.
6. Never Write “work on thesis” In Your Calendar
“Work on thesis” is too vague.
If you put this phrase in your calendar it will either lead to you taking a nap, surfing the web, or staring at a blank computer screen.
Even if you do manage to put some words on paper or analyze some data, you’ll do so randomly.
Instead, you need to turn your work hours into measurable progress.
You need to be very deliberate with how you allocate your time.
Once you decide on the order in which you will write your chapters, continue breaking them down into smaller chunks.
This will allow you to set up specific goals for every block of time you have.
Instead of inserting “work on thesis” into your calendar, insert measurable goals like “finish Figure 1” or “write two pages of Chapter 2.”
7. Write In Very Short Bursts
Writing in several short bursts is more efficient than writing in a few, long extended periods of time.
If you ever tried to write for several hours in a row, you may have noticed that your concentration becomes weaker after about 45-60 minutes.
Writing requires creativity, and it is difficult to sustain your focus for several hours in a row over the course of months (or even years) until you finish your thesis.
If you have a 3-4-hour block of time in your calendar, resist the temptation to glue yourself to the chair for the entire period.
You’re only fooling yourself if you think that more hours of writing leads to more progress.
Instead, break up your writing time into short blocks with rest periods in between.
I suggest alternating 45 minutes of writing with 15 minutes of rest.
These rest periods are crucial. Many students get sudden insights when they are away from their desks and they become more efficient when they return to work.
Turn off your email and phone alerts when you’re writing.
Don’t be tempted to check these updates during the rest periods. It’s far too easy for an update to distract you from your work and derail your next writing period.
Bad writing habits are tough to break. If you try to eliminate your bad habits overnight, your brain and body might rebel against you. A better strategy is to change your habits slowly and one at a time. Don’t take on all 7 of the above thesis writing guidelines at once . Instead, take on one, complete it or master it, and then move on to the next tip. The toughest part of writing is the beginning. The sooner you start writing your thesis, the easier writing it becomes . A good writer is not someone who never struggles, but someone who keeps writing even when they’re struggling.
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ABOUT DORA FARKAS, PHD
Dora Farkas received her Ph.D. from MIT in the Department of Biological Engineering and worked for several years in the pharmaceutical industry as a Senior Scientist. Dora is a thesis and career coach and the founder of the online Finish Your Thesis Program & Community, which has helped hundreds of graduate students finish their thesis.
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I Was Stressed and Burned Out…but, this is How I Finished My Thesis by Working Fewer Hours
November 20, 2021 by Dora Farkas, PhD 13 Comments
“The more you praise and celebrate your life, the more there is in life to celebrate.” – Oprah Winfrey
Why did I have to reduce my work hours to finish my thesis?
I cut down on the number of hours I worked in the beginning of my sixth (and last) year of graduate school.
I had piles of data, but no cohesive story.
I was burned-out from long hours at work, and there was little hope I could finish my thesis by the end of the school year.
So, why did I decide to work less? It was actually not a deliberate decision.
I had to cut down on my work hours per my doctor’s orders.
In my fourth year of graduate school I developed excruciating pain in my elbows from excessive typing and labwork.
For two years I was able to manage my condition through physical therapy and pain relievers.
So, I could still put in the 10-12 hours days which I thought were necessary to finish a doctoral thesis.
Perhaps it was a blessing in disguise, but by the beginning of my sixth year my condition worsened to the point that just 15 minutes of typing flared up the pain.
Simple tasks such as writing a check (not many, just one) or holding a book led to sharp aches in my arms and wrists.
Managing my pain through Western and alternative therapies nearly became a full-time job, which consumed most of my time and graduate student stipend.
I had to make a change – whether or not I was going to finish my doctoral thesis, I had to do something differently so I could regain my health.
First, I had to take two weeks off completely with no computer use at all! I actually asked my husband to read and reply to my emails for me.
That’s when I learned that in 15 minutes a day I could get most of my emailing done.
When I went back to work, I started with just 15 minutes of typing at a time and then I took a 1-2 hour break.
The goal was to prevent the pain before it started.
I slowly increased the number of hours I worked by reducing the length of my breaks (5-15 minutes instead of 1-2 hours), but I continued to only type for only 15 minutes at a time for the remainder of the school year.
It took a HUGE leap of faith to believe that I could finish my thesis (which was in bits and pieces) at this pace in the next few months.
How did fewer work hours speed up my progress?
As I reduced the time I spent in front of my computer, something interesting happened.
First, I spent more time outdoors.
As I began my recovery I walked for 1-2 hour along the Charles River every day, and as I increased my work hours I took 5-10 minute strolls on the MIT Campus.
Walking can have an amazing effect on your mind, especially when you are trying to piece together inconclusive data and design a new experimental setup.
After every walk I had a new insight – perhaps a new reference paper to look up or a different way of plotting my data.
In fact, whenever I was confused by my data or hit a roadblock, I decided to just let it go for the moment and let my creative mind take care of it during my next walk.
And most of the time, my new perspective during my walks did point me in the right direction.
Ever so slowly, I started making progress in developing a new experimental setup that would “save” my thesis and lead to an exciting publication.
By January of my sixth year, I had optimized my method (champagne please!) and was ready to collect the real data that I needed to wrap up my thesis.
Besides spending more time outdoors, I spent more time reading the literature, thinking about new strategies for my research, and optimizing my time-management.
I realized that I had wasted so much time previously (working 12 hours days) by running experiments or analyzing data without digging into the literature or having the big picture view of how my research contributed to my field.
In other words, my injury forced me to stop and REALLY think about my research.
And, that made all the difference in developing a novel method that helped us to gain a better understanding of the cells we were working with and an exciting publication.
What can you do to reduce your work hours and still be productive?
The most important step for me in finishing my thesis despite my reduced work hours was letting go of the belief that working longer hours means more progress.
I thought the more experiments I crammed into the day and the more hours I put into data analysis, the faster I would finish my thesis.
Clearly, this strategy did not work as by the beginning of my sixth year I had little to show for all my efforts.
At the same time, I knew some classmates who finished their theses in four years.
Some of my peers had challenging topics or difficult advisors, yet they still managed to get a doctoral thesis done in four years.
While I did not know how they did it, at least I knew it was possible.
Once you let go of the belief that more hours lead to more progress, you can actually begin to implement habits that will help you to make the most out of the hours that you do work.
For me the key elements in making tangible progress daily were:
- Spend time outdoors – Take a 20 minute walk if you can, or even a 5-10 minute breather during lunch hour. I heard a funny saying once: “Only smokers get fresh air during the day.” While I do not encourage smoking at all, one lesson I learned from coworkers who were smokers was that they always found a way to take several 10 minute breaks during the day – and they were still productive and published papers!
- Take frequent breaks from work. Alternating 45 minutes of work with 15 minutes of rest is ideal. Your creative mind works best when you are away from your desk. Ever wonder why you get your best ideas while working out or in the shower?
- Daily exercise – If a 20 minute walk is all you can fit in, then stick with that. If you can do any other exercise (taking the stairs instead of the levator, a quick jog in your lunch hour, 20 minutes of yoga in the morning), it can do wonders for your physical and mental health. You will find that the endorphins that your body releases during and after exercise make you happier and more focused.
- H av e a very clear idea at the beginning of the day of what you want to accomplish – Do you come to work knowing what you want to get done, or do you just let your day unfold depending on emails and other people’s agendas? That’s how I started graduate school, but by my sixth year, this strategy did not work. To reduce my pain, I eliminated all recreational computer use, and focused only on the tasks would move my thesis forward. Of course, some recreational computer use if OK (and even necessary to keep up with friends), but make your work a priority. Email and social media will still be there later in the day.
- Celebrate your success at the end of every week. One of the best decision I made as a freshman in college, was that NO MATTER WHAT I would take every Friday evening off and do something FUN: No studying and no time at the computer. Even as a young student fresh out of high school, I knew that celebrating once a week was essential for my health. It was easy to celebrate as an undergraduate – deadlines were short and I received constant feedback on my performance. In graduate school my deadlines were on the order of months, and sometimes weeks went by without any progress. Most of the time in graduate school I did feel like celebrating.
As I was recovering from my injury, I started celebrating every 15 minutes that I worked.
After all, just a few weeks earlier I could not even write a check without debilitating pain.
Start celebrating any small step you take – in fact, I encourage you to blow it out of proportion!
If you write 2 paragraphs of your proposal, give yourself the luxury of a nice dinner instead of Ramen noodles.
Oprah Winfrey’s wonderful quote at the beginning of this article, “The more you praise and celebrate your life, the more there is in life to celebrate,” literally changed my life.
More celebration leads to more confidence, motivation and, most importantly, productivity.
What if there is no way you can reduce your work hours?
I hear this a lot: “I am already spread so thin, with so many classes and responsibilities that there is no way I could work less and make time for myself.”
The reason that I smile when I hear this is that I’ve been there.
I worked for several years in the pharmaceutical industry, had a 1 hour commute in each direction, 2 young children, a household with lots of laundry, and I coached graduate students part-time.
Weekdays were busy with work, and weekends were even busier with grocery shopping, catching up with laundry, and chauffeuring 2 kids to 2 different sets of extracurriculars and birthday parties.
With so many responsibilities, how could I take time for myself?
The reality was that because I had to show up for so many people, I had to take care of my physical and mental health.
Is there a way to create extra time for exercise from thin air?
No, there isn’t, but if you are creative and proactive, you will find a way to take a break for yourself.
If you cannot make time for a formal exercise class or the gym, there are still opportunities to get breathers throughout the day. Here are a few of the things that I did to preserve my sanity:
- Took a walk during my lunch break – some of my coworkers chatted in the lunchroom, others ate their lunch in front of their computers while checking email. Neither option was refreshing for me. I usually ate my lunch in 15 minutes and walked for 15-20 minutes outside, even if it rained or snowed (after all, this is New England). The great thing about walking, was that when I got back to my desk and took a fresh look at my work, I found ways to make my reports or experiments better.
- Kept my gym bag in the car at all times – my company had a gym, and I also belonged to a local gym. Sometimes I took a 20 minute jog during lunch hour before eating. Other times, if a meeting was cancelled and I had the opportunity to leave early, I went to the gym.
- On days that were super-packed with meetings, I still took a 5-10 minute breather before driving home. If I didn’t have the opportunity to do that either (because I had to rush home to pick up my kids), I spent a few minutes on my back porch in silence before going to sleep.
- I planned refreshing activities to do with my kids. Sometimes I had to bring home work for the weekend. On those days, I woke up early to get it out of the way, and then I took my kids to the park or movies. (Yes, I saw kids movies in 3-D!).
- Simplified my life as much as possible to save time – I am very health conscious, and I used to think that I had to prepare home-made foods for dinner every night. Clearly this was not possible given my schedule. In fact, my carefully prepared “healthy” meals were usually not appreciated by my kids, and ended up being my lunch for the rest of the week. So, I simplified the types of foods I prepared, using some pre-made meals, and ordered out once in a while. I also started ordering everything online, including shoes and clothes and it worked out great. So, instead of spending hours at the mall, I had everything mailed to my house, which made it possible for me to have time for exercise on the weekends.
As I wrote earlier, the toughest part about becoming more productive is letting go of the belief that more hours at work means more progress.
Once you let go of this belief, you will notice opportunities all around you for recreation and exercise.
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