Top 150 Mechanical Engineering Research Topics [Updated]

mechanical engineering research topics

Mechanical engineering is an intriguing discipline that holds significant sway in shaping our world. With a focus on crafting inventive machinery and fostering sustainable energy initiatives, mechanical engineers stand as pioneers in driving technological progress. However, to make meaningful contributions to the field, researchers must carefully choose their topics of study. In this blog, we’ll delve into various mechanical engineering research topics, ranging from fundamental principles to emerging trends and interdisciplinary applications.

How to Select Mechanical Engineering Research Topics?

Table of Contents

Selecting the right mechanical engineering research topics is crucial for driving impactful innovation and addressing pressing challenges. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you choose the best research topics:

  • Identify Your Interests: Start by considering your passions and areas of expertise within mechanical engineering. What topics excite you the most? Choosing a subject that aligns with your interests will keep you motivated throughout the research process.
  • Assess Current Trends: Stay updated on the latest developments and trends in mechanical engineering. Look for emerging technologies, pressing industry challenges, and areas with significant research gaps. These trends can guide you towards relevant and timely research topics.
  • Conduct Literature Review: Dive into existing literature and research papers within your field of interest. Identify gaps in knowledge, unanswered questions, or areas that warrant further investigation. Building upon existing research can lead to more impactful contributions to the field.
  • Consider Practical Applications: Evaluate the practical implications of potential research topics. How will your research address real-world problems or benefit society? Choosing topics with tangible applications can increase the relevance and impact of your research outcomes.
  • Consult with Advisors and Peers: Seek guidance from experienced mentors, advisors, or peers in the field of mechanical engineering. Discuss your research interests and potential topics with them to gain valuable insights and feedback. Their expertise can help you refine your ideas and select the most promising topics.
  • Define Research Objectives: Clearly define the objectives and scope of your research. What specific questions do you aim to answer or problems do you intend to solve? Establishing clear research goals will guide your topic selection process and keep your project focused.
  • Consider Resources and Constraints: Take into account the resources, expertise, and time available for your research. Choose topics that are feasible within your constraints and align with your available resources. Balancing ambition with practicality is essential for successful research endeavors.
  • Brainstorm and Narrow Down Options: Generate a list of potential research topics through brainstorming and exploration. Narrow down your options based on criteria such as relevance, feasibility, and alignment with your interests and goals. Choose the most promising topics that offer ample opportunities for exploration and discovery.
  • Seek Feedback and Refinement: Once you’ve identified potential research topics, seek feedback from colleagues, advisors, or experts in the field. Refine your ideas based on their input and suggestions. Iteratively refining your topic selection process will lead to a more robust and well-defined research proposal.
  • Stay Flexible and Open-Minded: Remain open to new ideas and opportunities as you progress through the research process. Be willing to adjust your research topic or direction based on new insights, challenges, or discoveries. Flexibility and adaptability are key qualities for successful research endeavors in mechanical engineering.

By following these steps and considering various factors, you can effectively select mechanical engineering research topics that align with your interests, goals, and the needs of the field.

Top 50 Mechanical Engineering Research Topics For Beginners

  • Analysis of the efficiency of different heat exchanger designs.
  • Optimization of airfoil shapes for enhanced aerodynamic performance.
  • Investigation of renewable energy harvesting using piezoelectric materials.
  • Development of smart materials for adaptive structures in aerospace applications.
  • Study of vibration damping techniques for improving vehicle ride comfort.
  • Design and optimization of suspension systems for off-road vehicles.
  • Analysis of fluid flow characteristics in microchannels for cooling electronics.
  • Evaluation of the performance of different brake systems in automotive vehicles.
  • Development of lightweight materials for automotive and aerospace industries.
  • Investigation of the effects of friction stir welding parameters on joint properties.
  • Design and testing of a small-scale wind turbine for rural electrification.
  • Study of the dynamics of flexible multibody systems in robotics.
  • Development of a low-cost prosthetic limb using 3D printing technology.
  • Analysis of heat transfer in electronic packaging for thermal management.
  • Investigation of energy harvesting from vehicle suspension systems.
  • Design and optimization of heat sinks for electronic cooling applications.
  • Study of material degradation in composite structures under various loading conditions.
  • Development of bio-inspired robotic mechanisms for locomotion.
  • Investigation of the performance of regenerative braking systems in electric vehicles.
  • Design and analysis of an autonomous agricultural robot for crop monitoring.
  • Optimization of gas turbine blade profiles for improved efficiency.
  • Study of the aerodynamics of animal-inspired flying robots (bio-drones).
  • Development of advanced control algorithms for robotic manipulators.
  • Analysis of wear mechanisms in mechanical components under different operating conditions.
  • Investigation of the efficiency of solar water heating systems.
  • Design and optimization of microfluidic devices for biomedical applications.
  • Study of the effects of additive manufacturing parameters on part quality.
  • Development of assistive devices for individuals with disabilities.
  • Analysis of the performance of different types of bearings in rotating machinery.
  • Investigation of the feasibility of using shape memory alloys in actuator systems.
  • Design and optimization of a compact heat exchanger for space applications.
  • Study of the effects of surface roughness on friction and wear in sliding contacts.
  • Development of energy-efficient HVAC systems for buildings.
  • Analysis of the performance of different types of fuel cells for power generation.
  • Investigation of the feasibility of using biofuels in internal combustion engines.
  • Design and testing of a micro-scale combustion engine for portable power generation.
  • Study of the mechanics of soft materials for biomedical applications.
  • Development of exoskeletons for rehabilitation and assistance in mobility.
  • Analysis of the effects of vehicle aerodynamics on fuel consumption.
  • Investigation of the potential of ocean wave energy harvesting technologies.
  • Design and optimization of energy-efficient refrigeration systems.
  • Study of the dynamics of flexible structures subjected to dynamic loads.
  • Development of sensors and actuators for structural health monitoring.
  • Analysis of the performance of different cooling techniques in electronics.
  • Investigation of the potential of hydrogen fuel cells for automotive applications.
  • Design and testing of a small-scale hydroelectric power generator.
  • Study of the mechanics of cellular materials for impact absorption.
  • Development of unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) for environmental monitoring.
  • Analysis of the efficiency of different propulsion systems in space exploration.
  • Investigation of the potential of micro-scale energy harvesting technologies for powering wireless sensors.

Top 50 Mechanical Engineering Research Topics For Intermediate

  • Optimization of heat exchanger designs for enhanced energy efficiency.
  • Investigating the effects of surface roughness on fluid flow in microchannels.
  • Development of lightweight materials for automotive applications.
  • Modeling and simulation of combustion processes in internal combustion engines.
  • Design and analysis of novel wind turbine blade configurations.
  • Study of advanced control strategies for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
  • Analysis of wear and friction in mechanical components under varying operating conditions.
  • Investigation of thermal management techniques for high-power electronic devices.
  • Development of smart materials for shape memory alloys in actuator applications.
  • Design and fabrication of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for biomedical applications.
  • Optimization of additive manufacturing processes for metal 3D printing.
  • Study of fluid-structure interaction in flexible marine structures.
  • Analysis of fatigue behavior in composite materials for aerospace applications.
  • Development of energy harvesting technologies for sustainable power generation.
  • Investigation of bio-inspired robotics for locomotion in challenging environments.
  • Study of human factors in the design of ergonomic workstations.
  • Design and control of soft robots for delicate manipulation tasks.
  • Development of advanced sensor technologies for condition monitoring in rotating machinery.
  • Analysis of aerodynamic performance in hypersonic flight vehicles.
  • Study of regenerative braking systems for electric vehicles.
  • Optimization of cooling systems for high-performance computing (HPC) applications.
  • Investigation of fluid dynamics in microfluidic devices for lab-on-a-chip applications.
  • Design and optimization of passive and active vibration control systems.
  • Analysis of heat transfer mechanisms in nanofluids for thermal management.
  • Development of energy-efficient HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems.
  • Study of biomimetic design principles for robotic grippers and manipulators.
  • Investigation of hydrodynamic performance in marine propeller designs.
  • Development of autonomous agricultural robots for precision farming.
  • Analysis of wind-induced vibrations in tall buildings and bridges.
  • Optimization of material properties for additive manufacturing of aerospace components.
  • Study of renewable energy integration in smart grid systems.
  • Investigation of fracture mechanics in brittle materials for structural integrity assessment.
  • Development of wearable sensors for human motion tracking and biomechanical analysis.
  • Analysis of combustion instability in gas turbine engines.
  • Optimization of thermal insulation materials for building energy efficiency.
  • Study of fluid-structure interaction in flexible wing designs for unmanned aerial vehicles.
  • Investigation of heat transfer enhancement techniques in heat exchanger surfaces.
  • Development of microscale actuators for micro-robotic systems.
  • Analysis of energy storage technologies for grid-scale applications.
  • Optimization of manufacturing processes for lightweight automotive structures.
  • Study of tribological behavior in lubricated mechanical systems.
  • Investigation of fault detection and diagnosis techniques for industrial machinery.
  • Development of biodegradable materials for sustainable packaging applications.
  • Analysis of heat transfer in porous media for thermal energy storage.
  • Optimization of control strategies for robotic manipulation tasks in uncertain environments.
  • Study of fluid dynamics in fuel cell systems for renewable energy conversion.
  • Investigation of fatigue crack propagation in metallic alloys.
  • Development of energy-efficient propulsion systems for unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs).
  • Analysis of airflow patterns in natural ventilation systems for buildings.
  • Optimization of material selection for additive manufacturing of biomedical implants.

Top 50 Mechanical Engineering Research Topics For Advanced

  • Development of advanced materials for high-temperature applications
  • Optimization of heat exchanger design using computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Control strategies for enhancing the performance of micro-scale heat transfer devices
  • Multi-physics modeling and simulation of thermoelastic damping in MEMS/NEMS devices
  • Design and analysis of next-generation turbofan engines for aircraft propulsion
  • Investigation of advanced cooling techniques for electronic devices in harsh environments
  • Development of novel nanomaterials for efficient energy conversion and storage
  • Optimization of piezoelectric energy harvesting systems for powering wireless sensor networks
  • Investigation of microscale heat transfer phenomena in advanced cooling technologies
  • Design and optimization of advanced composite materials for aerospace applications
  • Development of bio-inspired materials for impact-resistant structures
  • Exploration of advanced manufacturing techniques for producing complex geometries in aerospace components
  • Integration of artificial intelligence algorithms for predictive maintenance in rotating machinery
  • Design and optimization of advanced robotics systems for industrial automation
  • Investigation of friction and wear behavior in advanced lubricants for high-speed applications
  • Development of smart materials for adaptive structures and morphing aircraft wings
  • Exploration of advanced control strategies for active vibration damping in mechanical systems
  • Design and analysis of advanced wind turbine blade designs for improved energy capture
  • Investigation of thermal management solutions for electric vehicle batteries
  • Development of advanced sensors for real-time monitoring of structural health in civil infrastructure
  • Optimization of additive manufacturing processes for producing high-performance metallic components
  • Investigation of advanced corrosion-resistant coatings for marine applications
  • Design and analysis of advanced hydraulic systems for heavy-duty machinery
  • Exploration of advanced filtration technologies for water purification and wastewater treatment
  • Development of advanced prosthetic limbs with biomimetic functionalities
  • Investigation of microscale fluid flow phenomena in lab-on-a-chip devices for medical diagnostics
  • Optimization of heat transfer in microscale heat exchangers for cooling electronics
  • Development of advanced energy-efficient HVAC systems for buildings
  • Exploration of advanced propulsion systems for space exploration missions
  • Investigation of advanced control algorithms for autonomous vehicles in complex environments
  • Development of advanced surgical robots for minimally invasive procedures
  • Optimization of advanced suspension systems for improving vehicle ride comfort and handling
  • Investigation of advanced materials for 3D printing in aerospace manufacturing
  • Development of advanced thermal barrier coatings for gas turbine engines
  • Exploration of advanced wear-resistant coatings for cutting tools in machining applications
  • Investigation of advanced nanofluids for enhanced heat transfer in cooling applications
  • Development of advanced biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine
  • Exploration of advanced actuators for soft robotics applications
  • Investigation of advanced energy storage systems for grid-scale applications
  • Development of advanced rehabilitation devices for individuals with mobility impairments
  • Exploration of advanced materials for earthquake-resistant building structures
  • Investigation of advanced aerodynamic concepts for reducing drag and improving fuel efficiency in vehicles
  • Development of advanced microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for biomedical applications
  • Exploration of advanced control strategies for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
  • Investigation of advanced materials for lightweight armor systems
  • Development of advanced prosthetic interfaces for improving user comfort and functionality
  • Exploration of advanced algorithms for autonomous navigation of underwater vehicles
  • Investigation of advanced sensors for detecting and monitoring air pollution
  • Development of advanced energy harvesting systems for powering wireless sensor networks
  • Exploration of advanced concepts for next-generation space propulsion systems.

Mechanical engineering research encompasses a wide range of topics, from fundamental principles to cutting-edge technologies and interdisciplinary applications. By choosing the right mechanical engineering research topics and addressing key challenges, researchers can contribute to advancements in various industries and address pressing global issues. As we look to the future, the possibilities for innovation and discovery in mechanical engineering are endless, offering exciting opportunities to shape a better world for generations to come.

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Top 50 Emerging Research Topics in Mechanical Engineering

Explore the forefront of innovation in mechanical engineering

Dr. Sowndarya Somasundaram

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Table of contents

1. additive manufacturing and 3d printing, 2. advanced materials and nanotechnology, 3. robotics and automation, 4. energy systems and sustainability, 5. biomechanics and bioengineering, 6. computational mechanics and simulation, 7. aerospace engineering and aerodynamics, 8. autonomous vehicles and transportation, 9. structural health monitoring and maintenance, 10. manufacturing processes and industry 4.0, top 50 emerging research ideas in mechanical engineering.

Mechanical engineering is a constantly evolving field that shapes our world, from the micro-scale of nanotechnology to the macro-scale of heavy machinery. With technological advancements and societal demands driving innovation, numerous emerging research topics are gaining traction in the domain of mechanical engineering. These areas encompass a wide array of disciplines, promising groundbreaking developments and solutions to complex challenges. Here, iLovePhD presents you a list of the top 50 emerging research topics in the field of Mechanical Engineering.

Explore the forefront of innovation in mechanical engineering with our curated list of the Top 50 Emerging Research Topics. From 3D printing to AI-driven robotics, delve into the latest trends shaping the future of this dynamic field

Multi-Material 3D Printing: Explore techniques for printing with multiple materials in a single process to create complex, multi-functional parts.

In-Situ Monitoring and Control: Develop methods for real-time monitoring and control of the printing process to ensure quality and accuracy.

Bio-printing : Investigate the potential of 3D printing in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Sustainable Materials for Printing : Research new eco-friendly materials and recycling methods for additive manufacturing.

Nanostructured Materials: Study the properties and applications of materials at the nanoscale level for enhanced mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties.

Self-Healing Materials: Explore materials that can repair damage autonomously, extending the lifespan of components.

Graphene-based Technologies: Investigate the potential of graphene in mechanical engineering, including its use in composites, sensors, and energy storage.

Smart Materials: Research materials that can adapt their properties in response to environmental stimuli, such as shape memory alloys.

Soft Robotics: Explore the development of robots using soft and flexible materials, enabling safer human-robot interactions and versatile applications.

Collaborative Robots (Cobots ): Investigate the integration of robots that can work alongside humans in various industries, enhancing productivity and safety.

Autonomous Systems: Research algorithms and systems for autonomous navigation and decision-making in robotic applications.

Robot Learning and Adaptability: Explore machine learning and AI techniques to enable robots to learn and adapt to dynamic environments.

Renewable Energy Integration: Study the integration of renewable energy sources into mechanical systems, focusing on efficiency and reliability.

Energy Storage Solutions: Investigate advanced energy storage technologies, such as batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells for various applications.

Waste Heat Recovery: Research methods to efficiently capture and utilize waste heat from industrial processes for energy generation.

Sustainable Design and Manufacturing: Explore methodologies for sustainable product design and manufacturing processes to minimize environmental impact.

Prosthetics and Orthotics: Develop advanced prosthetic devices that mimic natural movement and enhance the quality of life for users.

Biomimicry: Study natural systems to inspire engineering solutions for various applications, such as materials, structures, and robotics.

Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine: Explore methods for creating functional tissues and organs using engineering principles.

Biomechanics of Human Movement: Research the mechanics and dynamics of human movement to optimize sports performance or prevent injuries.

Multi-scale Modelling: Develop models that span multiple length and time scales to simulate complex mechanical behaviors accurately.

High-Performance Computing in Mechanics: Explore the use of supercomputing and parallel processing for large-scale simulations.

Virtual Prototyping: Develop and validate virtual prototypes to reduce physical testing in product development.

Machine Learning in Simulation: Explore the use of machine learning algorithms to optimize simulations and model complex behaviors.

Advanced Aircraft Design: Investigate novel designs that enhance fuel efficiency, reduce emissions, and improve performance.

Hypersonic Flight and Space Travel: Research technologies for hypersonic and space travel, focusing on propulsion and thermal management.

Aerodynamics and Flow Control: Study methods to control airflow for improved efficiency and reduced drag in various applications.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs): Explore applications and technologies for unmanned aerial vehicles, including surveillance, delivery, and agriculture.

Vehicular Automation: Develop systems for autonomous vehicles, focusing on safety, decision-making, and infrastructure integration.

Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Investigate advanced technologies for electric and hybrid vehicles, including energy management and charging infrastructure.

Smart Traffic Management: Research systems and algorithms for optimizing traffic flow and reducing congestion in urban areas.

Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Communication: Explore communication systems for vehicles to interact with each other and with the surrounding infrastructure for enhanced safety and efficiency.

Sensor Technologies: Develop advanced sensors for real-time monitoring of structural health in buildings, bridges, and infrastructure.

Predictive Maintenance: Implement predictive algorithms to anticipate and prevent failures in mechanical systems before they occur.

Wireless Monitoring Systems: Research wireless and remote monitoring systems for structural health, enabling continuous surveillance.

Robotic Inspection and Repair: Investigate robotic systems for inspection and maintenance of hard-to-reach or hazardous structures.

Digital Twin Technology: Develop and implement digital twins for real-time monitoring and optimization of manufacturing processes.

Internet of Things (IoT) in Manufacturing: Explore IoT applications in manufacturing for process optimization and quality control.

Smart Factories: Research the development of interconnected, intelligent factories that optimize production and resource usage.

Cybersecurity in Manufacturing: Investigate robust Cybersecurity measures for safeguarding interconnected manufacturing systems from potential threats.

  • Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing: Exploring novel materials, processes, and applications for 3D printing in manufacturing, aerospace, healthcare, etc.
  • Advanced Composite Materials: Developing lightweight, durable, and high-strength composite materials for various engineering applications.
  • Biomechanics and Bioengineering: Research focusing on understanding human movement, tissue engineering, and biomedical devices.
  • Renewable Energy Systems: Innovations in wind, solar, and hydrokinetic energy, including optimization of energy generation and storage.
  • Smart Materials and Structures: Research on materials that can adapt their properties in response to environmental stimuli.
  • Robotics and Automation: Enhancing automation in manufacturing, including collaborative robots, AI-driven systems, and human-robot interaction.
  • Energy Harvesting and Conversion: Extracting energy from various sources and converting it efficiently for practical use.
  • Micro- and Nano-mechanics: Studying mechanical behavior at the micro and nanoscale for miniaturized devices and systems.
  • Cyber-Physical Systems: Integration of computational algorithms and physical processes to create intelligent systems.
  • Industry 4.0 and Internet of Things (IoT): Utilizing IoT and data analytics in manufacturing for predictive maintenance, quality control, and process optimization.
  • Thermal Management Systems: Developing efficient cooling and heating technologies for electronic devices and power systems.
  • Sustainable Manufacturing and Design: Focus on reducing environmental impact and improving efficiency in manufacturing processes.
  • Artificial Intelligence in Mechanical Systems: Applying AI for design optimization, predictive maintenance, and decision-making in mechanical systems.
  • Adaptive Control Systems: Systems that can autonomously adapt to changing conditions for improved performance.
  • Friction Stir Welding and Processing: Advancements in solid-state joining processes for various materials.
  • Hybrid and Electric Vehicles: Research on improving efficiency, battery technology, and infrastructure for electric vehicles.
  • Aeroelasticity and Flight Dynamics: Understanding the interaction between aerodynamics and structural dynamics for aerospace applications.
  • MEMS/NEMS (Micro/Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems): Developing tiny mechanical devices and sensors for various applications.
  • Soft Robotics and Bio-inspired Machines: Creating robots and machines with more flexible and adaptive structures.
  • Wearable Technology and Smart Fabrics: Integration of mechanical systems in wearable devices and textiles for various purposes.
  • Human-Machine Interface: Designing intuitive interfaces for better interaction between humans and machines.
  • Precision Engineering and Metrology: Advancements in accurate measurement and manufacturing techniques.
  • Multifunctional Materials: Materials designed to serve multiple purposes or functions in various applications.
  • Ergonomics and Human Factors in Design: Creating products and systems considering human comfort, safety, and usability.
  • Cybersecurity in Mechanical Systems: Protecting interconnected mechanical systems from cyber threats.
  • Supply Chain Optimization in Manufacturing: Applying engineering principles to streamline and improve supply chain logistics.
  • Drones and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs): Research on their design, propulsion, autonomy, and applications in various industries.
  • Resilient and Sustainable Infrastructure: Developing infrastructure that can withstand natural disasters and environmental changes.
  • Space Exploration Technologies: Advancements in propulsion, materials, and systems for space missions.
  • Hydrogen Economy and Fuel Cells: Research into hydrogen-based energy systems and fuel cell technology.
  • Tribology and Surface Engineering: Study of friction, wear, and lubrication for various mechanical systems.
  • Digital Twin Technology: Creating virtual models of physical systems for analysis and optimization.
  • Electric Propulsion Systems for Satellites: Improving efficiency and performance of electric propulsion for space applications.
  • Humanitarian Engineering: Using engineering to address societal challenges in resource-constrained areas.
  • Optimization and Design of Exoskeletons: Creating better wearable robotic devices to assist human movement.
  • Nanotechnology in Mechanical Engineering: Utilizing nanomaterials and devices for mechanical applications.
  • Microfluidics and Lab-on-a-Chip Devices: Developing small-scale fluid-handling devices for various purposes.
  • Clean Water Technologies: Engineering solutions for clean water production, treatment, and distribution.
  • Circular Economy and Sustainable Design: Designing products and systems for a circular economic model.
  • Biologically Inspired Design: Drawing inspiration from nature to design more efficient and sustainable systems.
  • Energy-Efficient HVAC Systems: Innovations in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning for energy savings.
  • Advanced Heat Exchangers: Developing more efficient heat transfer systems for various applications.
  • Acoustic Metamaterials and Noise Control: Designing materials and systems to control and manipulate sound.
  • Smart Grid Technology: Integrating advanced technologies into power grids for efficiency and reliability.
  • Renewable Energy Integration in Mechanical Systems: Optimizing the integration of renewable energy sources into various mechanical systems.
  • Smart Cities and Infrastructure: Applying mechanical engineering principles to design and develop sustainable urban systems.
  • Biomimetic Engineering: Mimicking biological systems to develop innovative engineering solutions.
  • Machine Learning for Materials Discovery: Using machine learning to discover new materials with desired properties.
  • Health Monitoring Systems for Structures: Developing systems for real-time monitoring of structural health and integrity.
  • Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) in Mechanical Design: Utilizing VR and AR technologies for design, simulation, and maintenance of mechanical systems.

Mechanical engineering is a vast and dynamic field with ongoing technological advancements, and the above list represents a glimpse of the diverse research areas that drive innovation. Researchers and engineers in this field continue to push boundaries, solving complex problems and shaping the future of technology and society through their pioneering work. The evolution and interdisciplinary nature of mechanical engineering ensure that new and exciting research topics will continue to emerge, providing solutions to challenges and opportunities yet to be discovered.

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Dr. Sowndarya Somasundaram

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Mechanical Engineering Communication Lab

Thesis Proposal

Note: This article is partially based on the 2017-2018 MechE Graduate Student Guide (PDF) . Please check the latest guide for the most-up to date formatting requirements.

Criteria for Success

A strong thesis proposal…

  • Motivates your project and introduces your audience to the state-of-the-art for the problem you’re working on.
  • Explains the limitations in the current methods through literature review and/or original analysis. This should also explain why the limitations matter and why they’re the right ones to focus on.
  • Clearly explains your technical approach to make specific improvements to some part of the field.
  • Uses original analysis and literature to support the feasibility of the approach.
  • Describes what is original about your work.
  • Provides a practical outline for completing this research : a degree timeline laying out quantifiable hypotheses, experimental/numerical/theoretical techniques, and metrics for evaluation .

Structure Diagram

Meche-specific structure requirements.

Your thesis proposal should be limited to 6 pages including figures and references.

In addition, you need a cover page that (only) includes:

  • tentative title of the thesis
  • brief abstract
  • committee chair and/or advisor should be indicated
  • include their official titles, departmental affiliations, and email addresses

The purpose of your thesis proposal is to introduce your research plan to your thesis committee. You want the committee members to come away understanding what your research will accomplish, why it is needed ( motivation ), how you will do it ( feasibility & approach ), and most importantly, why it is worthy of a PhD ( significance ).

You intend to solve a real and important problem, and you are willing to dedicate years of your life to it, so use your proposal to get the committee excited about your research!

Analyze your audience

Unlike many of the papers and presentations you will write during graduate school, only a select few people will read your thesis proposal. This group will always include your PhD committee and your research advisor, and may include other interested MechE faculty or scientists and engineers at your funding source.

Therefore, you will typically have a good understanding of your audience before it is written. This can allow you to tailor your message to the technical level of your specific audience. If you aren’t sure what your audience could reasonably be expected to know, be conservative! Regardless, your audience is always looking to answer the questions: “ what is this research, how will you perform it, and why does it matter?”

While the small audience may make you less interested in committing time to your proposal, the exercise of motivating and justifying your work plan will be critical to your PhD.

Follow the standard structure for research proposals

While some variation is acceptable, don’t stray too far from the following structure. See also the Structure Diagram above.

  • Introduction . Provide only the necessary information to motivate your research, and show how it fits into the broader field. What is the problem you are trying to solve? By the end of the introduction, your audience should understand the basics of what you will do and why you will do it.
  • Background/Methodology . Describe the current state of the art and related research fields in sufficient technical detail. The goal is provide just enough detail to give the reader a sound understanding of the limitations and the need for new work. Do not go into detail that does not directly help in understanding your You are not trying to make your reader understand everything about the topic or demonstrate how much you know.
  • Objectives . Although not strictly necessary, this section lets you summarize concrete goals of your work, and can help to serve as a checklist for yourself as you move through the process. This is best for projects that tackle many interrelated problems. Think of this as a list of concrete (quantifiable) goals that you want to accomplish.
  • Proposed Work. Explain how your work will solve the problems that you have identified. How will you address the objectives above? Provide just enough technical specificity to leave the reader with a firm grasp of what you will do.
  • Provide a set of time-structured goals and deliverables. While this is not strictly necessary, your committee will want a timeline when you meet with them, so it can help to start planning now. You want to graduate, so make sure that you have a plan to do so!
  • This is a standard section listing references in an appropriate format (MLA, APA, etc.)

Consider the logical sequence of your sections. After the introduction, your audience should be intrigued by a key problem, and intrigued that you know how to solve it. Through the background, they learn that this problem is more difficult than they originally realized. Finally, in the proposed work they learn that your proposal addresses the additional complexity introduced in the background, and they have confidence that you can actually solve the problem.

Summarize the current research field

You need to have a strong grasp of the broader research community. How can you contribute, if you don’t know what is done and what needs to be done?

The point here is not to educate your audience, but rather to provide them with the tools needed to understand your proposal. A common mistake is to explain all of the research that you did to understand your topic and to demonstrate that you really know your field. This will bore your audience, who either already knows this information or does not see why they should care. It’s more important to show where current gaps are. Cut anything that doesn’t answer the what and why of what people are doing. Your depth of knowledge will come through in your thoughtful proposal.

Justify the significance of your work

Answer the question: “What happens if your work is successful?” Again, you are trying to convince your readers either to give you funding or to work with you for three (or more) years. Convince them that your project is worth it.

Your research doesn’t have to revolutionize your field, but you need to explain concretely how it will move your field forward. For example, “Successful development of the proposed model will enable high-fidelity simulation of boiling” is a specific and convincing motivation, compared to, “The field of boiling modeling must be transformed in order to advance research.”

Justify your research plan

Identify the steps needed to overcome your identified problem/limitation. Though your PhD will evolve over time, the tasks and timeline that you identify in your proposal will continue to help determine the trajectory of your research. A good plan now can save a lot of work a few years down the road.

A strong research plan answers three key questions:

  • g., “In order to engineer material properties using mesoscopic defects, it is necessary to characterize the defects, measure how they affect material response, and identify techniques to reproducibly create the defects at specific sites within a material.”
  • g., “In my PhD, I will focus on developing high-speed dynamic imaging techniques to characterize transient defect states in metallic nanowires. I will then use these techniques to measure the properties of nanowires fabricated with three different processes known to produce different defect structures.”
  • How will you evaluate success in each step? These metrics should be concrete and measurable! Putting the thought into metrics now will make it easier for your committee (and yourself) to check a box and say ‘you can graduate.’

Each of these questions should be supported by details that reflect the current state of the art. Technical justification is critical to establish credibility for your plan. Reference the material that you introduced in the background section. You should even use your research plan to tailor your background section so that your committee knows just enough to believe what you’re claiming in your plan.

Based on the tasks and metrics in your plan, establish specific reflection points when you’ll revisit the scope of your project and evaluate if changes are needed.

Include alternative approaches

You won’t be able to predict all of the challenges you will encounter, but planning alternative approaches early on for major methods or decision points will prepare you to make better game-time decisions when you come up against obstacles. e.g.,

I will develop multi-pulse, femtosecond illumination for high speed imaging following Someone et al. Based on the results they have shown, I expect to be able to observe defect dynamics with micron spatial resolution and microsecond temporal resolution. If these resolutions are not achievable in the nanowire systems, I will explore static measurement techniques based on the work of SomeoneElse et al.

Resources and Annotated Examples

Annotated example 1.

This is a recent MechE thesis proposal, written in the style of an IEEE paper. 1,022 KB


150+ Best Engineering Research Topics for Students To Consider

Table of Contents

Engineering is a wide field of study that is divided into various branches such as Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics, Chemical, etc. Basically, each branch has thousands of engineering research topics to focus on. Hence, when you are asked to prepare an engineering research paper or dissertation for your final year assignments, you might experience difficulties with identifying a perfect topic. But hereafter, you need not worry about topic selection because to make the topic selection process easier for you, here we have suggested some tips for choosing a good engineering research topic. Additionally, we have also shared a list of the best 150+ engineering research paper topics on various specializations. Continue reading this blog to get exclusive ideas for engineering research paper writing.

Engineering Research Paper Topic Selection Tips

When it comes to research in the field of engineering, identifying the best engineering research topic is the first step. So, during that process, in order to identify the right topic, consider the following tips.

  • Choose a topic from the research area matching your interest.
  • Give preference to a topic that has a large scope to conduct research activities.
  • Pick a topic that has several reference materials and evidence supporting your analysis.
  • Avoid choosing an already or frequently discussed topic. If the topic is popular, discuss it from a different perspective.
  • Never choose a larger topic that is tough to complete before the deadline.
  • Finalize the topic only if it satisfies your academic requirements.

Engineering Research Topics

List of the Best Engineering Research Topics

Are you searching for the top engineering project ideas? Would you have to complete your academic paper on the best engineering research topic? If yes, then take a look below. Here, we have suggested a few interesting engineering topics in various disciplines that you can consider for your research or dissertation.

Top Engineering Research Topics

Mechanical Engineering Research Topics

  • How does the study of robotics benefit from a mechanical engineering background?
  • How can a new composite substitute reduce costs in large heat exchangers?
  • Which will become the predominant energy technology this century?
  • Why structural analysis is considered the foundation of mechanical engineering?
  • Why is cast iron used in the engines of large ships?
  • What is the finite element approach and why is it essential?
  • Why is the flow of fluids important in mechanical engineering?
  • What impact does mechanical engineering have in the medical field?
  • How do sports incorporate mechanical engineering theories?
  • What is the process of thermal heat transfer in machines?
  • How can solar panels reduce energy costs in developing countries?
  • In what ways is mechanical engineering at the forefront of the field?
  • How do various elements interact differently with energy?
  • How can companies improve manufacturing through new mechanical theories?

Additional Research Paper Topics on Mechanical Engineering

  • Power generation: Extremely low emission technology.
  •   Rail and wheel wear during the presence of third-body materials.
  •  Studying the impact of athletic shoe properties on running performance and injuries
  • Evaluating teeth decay using patient-specific tools
  •   Nanotechnology.
  • Describe the newly developed methods and applications in Vibration Systems
  • Perspective or general Commentaries on the methods and protocols relevant to the research relating to Vibration Systems
  • Software-related technology for Visibility of end-to-end operations for employee and management efficiencies
  • What should be the best strategies to apply in the planning for consumer demand and responsiveness using data analytics
  • Analysis of the monitoring of manufacturing processes using IOT/AI
  • Critical analysis of the advancing digital manufacturing with artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) Data Analytics
  • Pyrolysis and Oxidation for Production and Consumption of Strongly Oxygenated Hydrocarbons as Chemical Energy Carriers: Explain
  • Explore the most effective strategies for fatigue-fracture and failure prevention of automotive engines and the importance of such prevention
  • Explore the turbomachinery performance and stability enhancement by means of end-wall flow modification
  • Production optimization, engine performance, and tribological characteristics of biofuels and their blends in internal combustion engines as alternative fuels: Explain

Civil Engineering Research Topics

  • The use of sustainable materials for construction: design and delivery methods.
  • State-of-the-art practice for recycling in the construction industry.
  • In-depth research on the wastewater treatment process
  • Building Information Modelling in the construction industry
  • Research to study the impact of sustainability concepts on organizational growth and development.
  • The use of warm-mix asphalt in road construction
  • Development of sustainable homes making use of renewable energy sources.
  • The role of environmental assessment tools in sustainable construction
  • Research to study the properties of concrete to achieve sustainability.
  • A high-level review of the barriers and drivers for sustainable buildings in developing countries
  • Sustainable technologies for the building construction industry
  • Research regarding micromechanics of granular materials.
  • Research to set up remote sensing applications to assist in the development of sustainable construction techniques.
  • Key factors and risk factors associated with the construction of high-rise buildings.
  • Use of a single-phase bridge rectifier
  • Hydraulic Engineering: A Brief Overview
  • Application of GIS techniques for planetary and space exploration
  •   Reengineering the manufacturing systems for the future.
  • Production Planning and Control.
  •   Project Management.
  •   Quality Control and Management.
  •   Reliability and Maintenance Engineering.

Environmental Engineering Research Paper Topics

  • Design and development of a system for measuring the carbon index of energy-intensive companies.
  • Improving processes to reduce kWh usage.
  • How can water conductivity probes help determine water quality and how can water be reused?
  • A study of compressor operations on a forging site and mapping operations to identify and remove energy waste.
  • A project to set up ways to measure natural gas flow ultrasonically and identify waste areas.
  • Developing a compact device to measure energy use for a household.
  • What are carbon credits and how can organizations generate them?
  • Production of biogas is from organic coral waste.
  • Analyzing the impact of the aviation industry on the environment and the potential ways to reduce it.
  • How can voltage reduction devices help organizations achieve efficiency in electricity usage?
  • What technologies exist to minimize the waste caused by offshore drilling?
  • Identify the ways by which efficient control systems using information systems can be introduced to study the energy usage in a machining factory.
  • The process mapping techniques to identify bottlenecks for the supply chain industry.
  • Process improvement techniques to identify and remove waste in the automotive industry.
  • In what ways do green buildings improve the quality of life?
  • Discussion on the need to develop green cities to ensure environmental sustainability
  • Process of carbon dioxide sequestration, separation, and utilization
  • Development of facilities for wastewater treatment

Environmental Engineering Research Topics

Read more topics: Outstanding Environmental Science Topics for You to Consider

Electrical Engineering Research Topics

  • Research to study transformer losses and reduce energy loss.
  • How does an ultra-low-power integrated circuit work?
  • Setting up a control system to monitor the process usage of compressors.
  • Integration of smart metering pulsed outputs with wireless area networks and access to real-time data.
  • What are the problems of using semiconductor topology?
  • Developing effective strategies and methodical systems for paying as-you-go charging for electric vehicles.
  • A detailed review and investigation into the key issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries.
  • Trends and challenges in electric vehicles technologies
  • Research to investigate, develop and introduce schemes to ensure efficient energy consumption by electrical machines.
  • What is meant by regenerative braking?
  • Smart charging of electric vehicles on the motorway
  • Research to study metering techniques to control and improve efficiency.
  • Develop a scheme to normalize compressor output to kWh.
  • Research to introduce smart metering concepts to ensure efficient use of electricity.
  • What is the most accurate method of forecasting electric loads?
  • Fundamentals of Nanoelectronics
  • Use of DC-to-DC converter in DC (Direct Current) power grid
  • Development of Microgrid Integration

Electronics and Communications Engineering Research Topics

  • Developing the embedded communication system for the national grid to optimize energy usage.
  • Improvement of inter-symbol interference in optical communications.
  • Defining the boundaries of electrical signals for current electronics systems.
  • The limitation of fiber optic communication systems and the possibility of improving their efficiency.
  • Gaussian pulse analysis and the improvement of this pulse to reduce errors.
  • A study of the various forms of errors and the development of an equalization technique to reduce the error rates in data.
  • Realizing the potential of RFID in the improvement of the supply chain.
  • Design of high-speed communication circuits that effectively cut down signal noise.
  • Radiation in integrated circuits and electronic devices.
  • Spectral sensing research for water monitoring applications and frontier science and technology for chemical, biological, and radiological defense.

Computer and Software Engineering Research Topics

  • How do businesses benefit from the use of data mining technologies?
  • What are the risks of implementing radio-controlled home locks?
  • To what extent should humans interact with computer technologies?
  • Are financial trading systems operating over the web putting clients at risk?
  • What challenges do organizations face with supply chain traceability?
  • Do chatbot technologies negatively impact customer service?
  • What does the future of computer engineering look like?
  • What are the major concepts of software engineering?
  • Are fingerprint-based money machines safe to use?
  • What are the biggest challenges of using different programming languages?
  • The role of risk management in information technology systems of organizations.
  • In what ways does MOOD enhancement help software reliability?
  • Are fingerprint-based voting systems the way of the future?
  • How can one use an AES algorithm for the encryption of images?
  • How can biological techniques be applied to software fault detection?

Read more: Creative Capstone Project Ideas For Students

Network and Cybersecurity Engineering Research Topics

  • Write about Cybersecurity and malware connection.
  • How to detect mobile phone hacking.
  • Discuss Network intrusion detection and remedies.
  • How to improve network security using attack graph models.
  • Explain Modern virus encryption technology.
  • Investigate the importance of algorithm encryption.
  • Discuss the role of a firewall in securing networks.
  • Write about the global cybersecurity strategy.
  • Discuss the Privacy and security issues in chatbots.
  • Write about Cloud security engineering specifics

Industrial Engineering Research Paper Topics

  • The application of lean or Six Sigma in hospitals and services-related industries.
  • The use of operation research techniques to reduce cost or improve efficiency.
  • Advanced manufacturing techniques like additive manufacturing.
  • Innovation as a Complex Adaptive System.
  • CAD-based optimization in any manufacturing environment.
  • Gap analysis in any manufacturing firm.
  • The impact of 3D printing in the manufacturing sector.
  • Simulating a real-life manufacturing environment into simulating software
  • The rise of design and its use in the developing world.
  • Building a network-based methodology to model supply chain systems.
  • Risk optimization With P-order comic constraint
  • Technology and its impact on mass customization
  • How project management becomes more complex with disparate teams and outsourced functions?
  • Scheduling problem for health care patients.

Biomedical Engineering Research Ideas

  • How does the use of medical imaging help patients with higher risks?
  • How can rehabilitation techniques be used to improve a patient’s quality of life?
  • In what ways can biomaterials be used to deliver medications more efficiently?
  • What impact does medical virtual reality have on a patient’s care?
  • What advancements have been made in the field of neural technology?
  • How does nanotechnology pave the way for further advancements in this field?
  • What is computational biology and how does it impact our lives?
  • How accurate are early diagnosis systems in detecting heart diseases?
  • What does the future hold for technology-fueled medications?
  • What are the guiding principles of biomedical engineering research?

Read more: Top Biology Research Topics for Academic Writing

Chemical Engineering Research Topics

  • How can epoxy resins withstand the force generated by a firing gun?
  • The use of software affected design aspects in chemical engineering.
  • What challenges are there for biochemical engineering to support health?
  • The advancements of plastic technology in the last half-century.
  • How can chemical technologies be used to diagnose diseases?
  • What are the most efficient pathways to the development of biofuels?
  • How can charcoal particles be used to filter water in developing countries?
  • Increased production of pharmacy drugs in many countries.
  • How do complex fluids and polymers create more sustainable machinery?

Miscellaneous Engineering Research Ideas

  • Sensing and controlling the intensity of light in LEDs.
  • Design and development of a pressure sensor for a solar thermal panel.
  • Development of microsensors to measure oil flow rate in tanks.
  • How can organizations achieve success by reducing bottlenecks in the supply chain?
  • Research to identify efficient logistics operations within a supply chain.
  • Developing frameworks for sustainable assessments taking into account eco-engineering measures.
  • Research to identify process improvement plans to support business strategies.
  • What can engineers do to address the problems with climate change?
  • The impact of training on knowledge performance index within the supply chain industry.
  • Research to introduce efficiency within information systems and support the timely transfer of knowledge and information.

Final Words

Out of the 150+ engineering research paper topics and ideas suggested in this blog, choose any topic that is convenient for you to conduct research and write about. In case, you have not yet identified a good topic for your engineering research paper, reach out to us immediately. We have numerous PhD-certified experts in various engineering branches to offer help with research paper topic selection, writing, and editing in accordance with your requirements.

Especially, with the support of our scholarly writers, engineering students of all academic levels can complete their assignments on time and achieve the highest possible grades. Furthermore, taking our engineering assignment help would aid you in submitting high-quality and plagiarism-free research papers with proper citations and supporting evidence.

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How to Find the Perfect Research Topic for Your Mechanical Engineering PhD Project?

Perfect Research Topic for Your Mechanical Engineering PhD Project

Embarking on a Mechanical Engineering PhD project is an exciting and challenging endeavor that requires careful consideration and selection of a research topic. Choosing the perfect research topic is a crucial step that sets the foundation for the entire project, shaping its direction and determining its significance. This blog aims to provide valuable insights and guidance on how to find the perfect research topic for your Mechanical Engineering PhD project. By exploring various strategies, considerations, and resources, aspiring researchers can embark on a fulfilling and impactful research journey, contributing to the advancement of the field and leaving a lasting mark on their academic and professional endeavors.

Finding the perfect research topic for your Mechanical Engineering PhD project requires careful consideration and exploration. Here are some strategies to help you in this process:

1. Stay updated with current trends: Read scientific journals, attend conferences, and engage with the latest research in mechanical engineering. Keeping up with the current trends and advancements in the field will give you insights into the areas that are gaining importance and need further exploration.

2. Consult with your advisor/professors: Seek guidance from your advisor or other knowledgeable professors in your department. Discuss your interests and potential research areas with them. They can provide valuable insights, suggest relevant literature, and help you identify research gaps that can be explored in your PhD project.

3. Brainstorm and conduct preliminary research: Conduct a brainstorming session where you generate a list of potential research topics based on your interests. Then, conduct preliminary research to assess the feasibility and availability of resources for each topic. This will help you evaluate the practicality and viability of different research directions.

4. Narrow down your research focus: Analyze the potential topics from your list and identify the ones that align with your research goals, feasibility, and available resources. Consider the novelty, relevance, and potential impact of each topic. It's crucial to choose a topic that allows you to make a significant contribution to the field.

5. Consider interdisciplinary approaches: Mechanical engineering often intersects with other disciplines such as materials science, robotics, thermodynamics, and biomedical engineering. Explore opportunities for interdisciplinary research to broaden your scope and find innovative research topics.

6. Collaborate with industry or research institutions: Collaborating with industry or research institutions can provide valuable insights into real-world problems and help you identify research topics that have practical applications. Such collaborations may also offer access to resources, funding, and specialized equipment.

7. Network and discuss with peers: Engage with fellow PhD students, researchers, and professionals in the field of mechanical engineering. Participate in seminars, workshops, and conferences to meet and discuss ideas with like-minded individuals. These interactions can provide fresh perspectives and lead to potential research collaborations or ideas.

8. Conduct a literature review: Perform a comprehensive literature review on potential research topics to understand the existing body of knowledge, identify research gaps, and refine your research questions. This will ensure that your research is unique and contributes to the existing knowledge.

9. Prioritize your research goals: Finally, consider your long-term career goals and the impact you want to make in the field of mechanical engineering. Choose a research topic that aligns with your aspirations and allows you to gain expertise in a specific area, which can be beneficial for your future career prospects.

Basic thermodynamics is a fundamental aspect of mechanical engineering that deals with studying energy and its transformations. It encompasses principles such as the laws of thermodynamics, properties of matter, and heat transfer. Exploring research topics related to basic thermodynamics can provide a solid foundation for your PhD project. You can delve into areas such as energy conservation, entropy generation, thermodynamic cycles, and the behaviour of gases and fluids. Investigating the optimization of energy systems, heat transfer enhancement techniques, or the development of novel energy storage technologies are just a few examples of potential research directions within basic thermodynamics.


When searching for the perfect research topic for your Mechanical Engineering PhD project, it's important to consider several key factors. Here are some considerations to keep in mind:

1. Significance and relevance: Choose a research topic that addresses a significant problem or research gap in the field of mechanical engineering. Consider the potential impact of your research on theory, practice, and real-world applications. Ensure that your topic aligns with current industry needs and societal challenges.

2. Feasibility and available resources: Assess the feasibility of your research topic in terms of time, resources, and expertise. Consider the availability of necessary equipment, facilities, and funding. It's important to choose a topic that can be realistically completed within the timeframe of your PhD program.

3. Research scope and novelty: Evaluate the scope of your research topic. Determine whether it is broad enough to provide substantial content for a PhD project, but not so broad that it becomes unmanageable. Aim for a topic that allows you to make a unique contribution to the existing knowledge base, either by addressing a research gap or by applying existing knowledge in a novel way.

4. Interdisciplinary opportunities: Explore interdisciplinary aspects within mechanical engineering or related fields. Consider how your research can benefit from collaboration with other disciplines such as materials science, robotics, computer science, or biomedical engineering. Interdisciplinary research can open up new possibilities and increase the impact of your work.

5. Potential for publications and future career prospects: Consider the potential for publishing your research findings in reputable scientific journals and conferences. Look for a topic that offers opportunities for disseminating your work and enhancing your academic profile. Additionally, evaluate how your chosen research topic aligns with your long-term career goals and aspirations within academia, industry, or other professional domains.

6. Advisor and department expertise: Choosing a topic that aligns with their areas of expertise can provide valuable guidance, support, and collaboration opportunities throughout your PhD project.

7. Ethical considerations: Ensure that your research topic adheres to ethical guidelines and regulations. Consider any potential ethical implications or risks associated with your research, such as human subject research, animal testing, or environmental impact. Seek guidance from your advisor and institutional review boards to ensure your research is conducted ethically.

8. Intellectual property and commercialization potential: Evaluate whether your research topic has the potential for intellectual property creation or commercialization. Consider if there are opportunities for patenting inventions, developing prototypes, or partnering with industry for technology transfer. This aspect can enhance the practical value of your research and its potential for wider impact.

When searching for resources to find the perfect research topic for your Mechanical Engineering PhD project, consider the following:

1. Academic Journals : Some well-known journals in mechanical engineering include the Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, and the Journal of Applied Mechanics.

2. Conferences and Proceedings: The conferences, symposiums, and workshops provide opportunities to learn about cutting-edge research, network with experts in the field, and gain insights into emerging research areas and challenges. Conference proceedings often include many research topics and can inspire new ideas.

3. Research Databases: IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar allow you to search for academic papers, conference proceedings, and technical reports related to mechanical engineering. Use keywords and filters to narrow down your search and find relevant literature on various research topics.

4. Professional Associations and Societies: Join professional associations and societies in mechanical engineering, such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) or the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE). These organizations often provide access to resources, publications, and research insights specific to the field. Additionally, they may offer networking opportunities and specialized interest groups that focus on specific research areas.

5. Institutional Resources: University libraries, research centers, and departmental websites often provide access to databases, journals, and research publications. Consult with librarians or research support staff who can assist you in finding relevant resources for your research topic exploration.

6. Research Funding Agencies: Research funding agencies and programs which support mechanical engineering research often publish calls for proposals, highlighting priority research areas and topics. By aligning your research topic with these funding opportunities, you can increase the chances of securing financial support for your PhD project.

7. Collaboration with Industry: Collaborating with industry professionals, companies, and research organizations in mechanical engineering can provide insights into real-world challenges and foster mutually beneficial research partnerships. Industry partners may also suggest research topics that align with their needs or offer access to specialized equipment and resources.

8. Online Research Communities: Platforms such as ResearchGate,, and professional networking sites like LinkedIn allow you to connect with researchers, exchange ideas, and explore potential research topics. Engaging in discussions and seeking feedback can help you refine your research interests.

9. Consult with Experts and Advisors: Seek guidance from your PhD advisor, professors, and experts in the field. Discuss your research interests, goals, and potential research topics with them. They can provide valuable insights, suggest relevant literature, and share their expertise to help you identify suitable research areas.

10. Interdisciplinary Collaboration: By collaborating with researchers from other disciplines, you can explore novel research topics that combine mechanical engineering with other fields such as materials science, computer science, or biomedical engineering.

Engineering thermodynamics expands upon the principles of basic thermodynamics and focuses on their practical application in engineering systems. This field of study involves the analysis and design of thermal systems and processes. When searching for a research topic in engineering thermodynamics, you can explore areas like power generation, refrigeration and air conditioning, combustion, and energy conversion. Investigating advanced thermodynamic cycles, improving energy efficiency in industrial processes, optimizing renewable energy systems, or developing novel cooling techniques are all viable research directions within engineering thermodynamics. By addressing real-world engineering challenges, your PhD project can contribute to the development of more sustainable and efficient energy systems, providing valuable insights and solutions to industry and society as a whole.

In conclusion, finding the perfect research topic for your Mechanical Engineering PhD project is a critical and exciting process that requires careful consideration and exploration. By following a systematic approach and considering various factors, you can identify a research topic that aligns with your interests, has significance in the field, and offers opportunities for impactful contributions. 

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Engineering Dissertation Topics – Selected Industry-Oriented Topics

Published by Owen Ingram at January 2nd, 2023 , Revised On August 18, 2023

Engineering is one of the most rewarding careers for students. With solid research, investigation and analysis, engineering students dig deep through different engineering ideas throughout the length of their degree programmes.

All undergraduate, Master and Phd engineering students must complete a dissertation on a topic that adds some value to their area of study.

Engineering is a branch of science that deals with the design and creation of products, machines, systems, and processes. Engineering students are responsible for the overall implementation of engineering projects, i.e., the invention of new products or services, the design of new products and systems, development of new processes, materials, or methods.

Here are some of the many responsibilities of an engineer.

  • Engineers design machines, buildings, and systems that help people do their jobs more quickly or efficiently.
  • They determine ways to make devices safer, faster, or more efficient.
  • Engineers create new technology to automate manual work and save time.

Engineering topics can be divided into different disciplines, such as civil, electrical, mechanical, and industrial. So without further delay, here are the engineering dissertation topics you have been looking for.

Engineering Dissertation Topics 

Civil engineering.

Civil engineers design and oversee construction projects such as roads, bridges, hospitals, water treatment plants, and airports.

Civil Engineering Dissertation Topics

The following list of civil engineering dissertation topics will help you with your next dissertation essay.

  • Bridges and Tunnels
  • Environment and Climate Change
  • Building Structure
  • Planning and management in the construction industry
  • Construction technology
  • Sustainable construction materials
  • Health, safety, and environment
  • Building information modelling (BIM)
  • Smart buildings
  • Construction management and project management
  • Sustainable design

Complete list of civil engineering dissertation topics

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineers design and develop complex electrical machines, electronic devices, and power systems. They also use their skills to solve problems in robotics, medical technology, computer engineering, and other technologies.

Electrical Engineering Dissertation Topics

There are many research topics in Electrical Engineering. Some of them are listed below:

  • Electrical circuits and devices
  • Electrical systems, devices, and components
  • Electrical power engineering
  • Power electronics and power generation
  • Power transmission
  • Power distribution
  • Control and automation
  • Transmission systems
  • Signal processing and communications
  • Electronic engineering system design

How Can ResearchProspect Help?

ResearchProspect writers can send several custom topic ideas to your email address. Once you have chosen a topic that suits your needs and interests, you can order for our dissertation outline service which will include a brief introduction to the topic, research questions , literature review , methodology , expected results , and conclusion . The dissertation outline will enable you to review the quality of our work before placing the order for our full dissertation writing service!

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers design and develop engines, cars, aeroplanes, and other machinery used in factories. They also help manufacturers improve product quality by creating processes that increase efficiency while reducing costs.

Mechanical engineering covers a wide range of topics, from the materials used in the design and construction of products to the analysis of complex systems and processes. The field is diverse, but some of the many fields of topics may include.

Mechanical Engineering Dissertation Topics

The following list includes some of the most common topics in mechanical engineering:

  • Human factors and systems engineering
  • Design for manufacturing
  • Machine design and control
  • Manufacturing systems
  • Materials science, engineering, and technology
  • Manufacturing process technology, product design, and development
  • Engineered materials and structures
  • Materials processing, fabrication, and inspection technologies
  • Mechanics of materials (including solid mechanics)
  • Thermodynamics and heat transfer in engineering systems

Complete list of mechanical engineering dissertation topics. 

Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineers work with manufacturing companies to improve efficiency by redesigning processes. An example to see how products move through production lines or how workers perform their jobs more effectively.

Industrial Engineering Dissertation Topics

  • Sustainable development and its impact on the environment
  • Design of products and services to meet the needs of the consumer
  • Industrial safety and health management systems
  • Energy-efficient products, processes, and buildings
  • Sustainable production systems
  • Environmental Management System (EMS) for manufacturing industries
  • Intelligent materials, devices, and systems
  • Managing natural resources in an environmentally responsible way

View chemical engineering dissertation topics here. 

Computer Engineering

Computer engineers are concerned with all aspects of information technology, including hardware, software, and systems. Computer engineers analyze problems in computer science and apply their knowledge to design new processes and devices. They may specialize in areas such as artificial intelligence or embedded systems.

Computer Engineering Dissertation Topics

  • Designing a system to provide an automated control system for an aircraft
  • Computer organization, software engineering, and programming languages
  • Design of a computer-based neural network controller for use in controlling an aircraft
  • Creation of a computer program to simulate the operation of a molecule in a given chemical reaction
  • Development of a real-time software package for the control of complex industrial machines
  • Development of an intelligent software system for controlling large-scale industrial processes

Computer engineering dissertation topics complete list. 

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Metallurgy Engineering

Metallurgy engineers are involved in designing and constructing equipment to extract metals from ores. They also develop processes for treating the ores to recover valuable metals and other materials sold at high prices because of their growing demands. Moreover, metallurgical engineers may specialize in producing steel by smelting iron ore or coal into pig iron (a low-grade form of steel). They may also work with other types of scarce metals in a limited quantity under the earth’s crust, such as aluminum or titanium.

Metallurgy Engineering Dissertation Topics

  • The use of Nickel and Nickel Alloys in the Manufacturing Industry
  • The Effect of Processing Techniques on the Properties of Ferrous Metals
  • Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels
  • Corrosion Behavior and Corrosion Inhibiting Mechanisms in Ferrous Metals
  • Corrosion and Corrosion Resistance Control in Cast Iron and Steel Castings and Forgings
  • Corrosion Control in High-Strength Low-Alloy Steels by Selective Annealing
  • Corrosion Behavior in Stainless Steels Used for Structural Applications
  • Mechanical Properties of Ferrous Metallics by Thermal Treatment and Chemical Modification Methods

Needless to say, engineering is a diverse field with a pool of opportunities for those looking to build a career in this booming field. If you’re still wondering which engineering topice is best for you, the choice will depend on your interests and abilities.

Therefore, it’s best to take some time and explore different options before choosing a topic Hopefully, the above engineering dissertation topics will help you write an appealing dissertation for your final year.

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How to find dissertation topics about engineering.

For engineering dissertation topics:

  • Research recent advancements.
  • Identify industry challenges.
  • Explore interdisciplinary areas.
  • Consult experts and professors.
  • Analyze practical applications.
  • Select a topic aligning with your passion and career goals.

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Mechanical engineering articles from across Nature Portfolio

Mechanical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with moving machines and their components. A central principle of mechanical engineering is the control of energy: transferring it from one form to another to suit a specific demand. Car engines, for example, convert chemical energy into kinetic energy.

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research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

A vision for sustainable additive manufacturing

Additive manufacturing is gaining growing attention as an alternative to conventional methods, but it can support more-sustainable manufacturing processes if developed through a system-level approach. This Perspective discusses how to achieve such a holistic development of additive manufacturing systems for sustainability.

  • Serena Graziosi
  • Jeremy Faludi
  • David W. Rosen

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

A methodology for image-based measurement of plate movement in disengaged wet clutches

  • Lukas Pointner-Gabriel
  • Simon Flamm
  • Karsten Stahl

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Emission and performance analysis of diesel engine running with CeO 2 nanoparticle additive blended into castor oil biodiesel as a substitute fuel

  • Samuel Tamrat
  • Venkata Ramayya Ancha
  • Yared Seifu

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Surface defect detection of hot rolled steel based on multi-scale feature fusion and attention mechanism residual block

  • Hongkai Zhang
  • Sixian Chan

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Optimal blade pitch control for enhanced vertical-axis wind turbine performance

Vertical-axis wind turbines offer untapped opportunities for energy generation but suffer from dynamic stall in strong winds. Here, authors implement individual blade pitch control to benefit from stall vortices instead of suppressing them, tripling the power coefficient and reducing load transients by 70%.

  • Sébastien Le Fouest
  • Karen Mulleners

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Quantitative, high-sensitivity measurement of liquid analytes using a smartphone compass

Smartphone cameras have been widely used for analysis purposes, but the use of magnetometers in smartphones is limited in this regard. In this study, the authors present a smartphone analyte sensor platform that utilizes the built in magnetometer to directly translate signals through analyte-responsive magnetic-hydrogel composites.

  • Mark Ferris


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research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Micro- and nanorobots for biofilm eradication

Micro- and nanorobots present a promising approach for navigating within the body and eliminating biofilm infections. Their motion can be remotely controlled by external fields and tracked by clinical imaging. They can mechanically disrupt the biofilm matrix and kill the dormant bacterial cells synergistically, thereby improving the effectiveness of biofilm eradication.

  • Staffan Kjelleberg

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Mechanism of plastic deformation in metal monochalcogenides

Metal monochalcogenides — a class of van der Waals layered semiconductors — can exhibit ultrahigh plasticity. Investigation of the deformation mechanism reveals that on mechanical loading, these materials undergo local phase transitions that, coupled with the concurrent generation of a microcrack network, give rise to the ultrahigh plasticity.

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Adaptable navigation of magnetic microrobots

An article in Nature Machine Intelligence presents an adaptable method to control magnetic microrobots’ navigation using reinforcement learning.

  • Charlotte Allard

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Soft sensing and haptics for medical procedures

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) lacks sufficient haptic feedback to the surgeon due to the length and flexibility of surgical tools. This haptic disconnect is exacerbated in robotic-MIS, which utilizes tele-operation to control surgical tools. Tactile sensation in MIS and robotic-MIS can be restored in a safe and conformable manner through soft sensors and soft haptic feedback devices.

  • Arincheyan Gerald
  • Sheila Russo

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Propelling the widespread adoption of large-scale 3D printing

3D printing can be used to automate the manufacturing of building elements for large-scale structures such as skyscrapers, aircraft, rockets and space bases without human intervention. However, challenges in materials, processes, printers and software control must first be overcome for large-scale 3D printing to be adopted for widespread applications.

  • Wouter De Corte
  • Viktor Mechtcherine

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Exploration of truss metamaterials with graph based generative modeling

Optimisation tasks in the inverse design of metamaterials with machine learning were limited due to the representations of generative models. Here the author comments a recent publication in Nature Communications which generates a latent space representation that unlocks non-linear optimisations.

  • Angkur Jyoti Dipanka Shaikeea

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research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

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Mechanical Engineering

How to Write a Project Proposal

Contents of proposal.

A recommended template for an MS project or thesis proposal is provided at the following link, from which you can make a Google Docs copy or download a Microsoft Word file:

ME 295 and ME 299 Proposal Template

Proposal Approval Process

The project proposal must be written so that it provides a strong evidence of a student’s thorough understanding of the topic and the capabilities to carry out the work successfully. There are three levels of approvals and signatures required to ascertain that the student in fact has the understanding and capabilities to complete the project successfully. First, the proposal is reviewed, evaluated, and signed by the advisory committee. Next, the signed Proposal Evaluation Form  is attached to the proposal, along with the completed Proposal Cover Sheet and submitted to the ME office for approval and signatures of the Graduate Advisor and the Department Chair. Refer to the Projects and Thesis tab for proposal deadline.

See our detailed instructions [pdf] for submitting the project proposal in DocuSign to help guide you through the process. 

Proposal Deadline

The proposal must be approved by the advisory committee, the Graduate Advisor, and the Department Chair prior to the university deadline for adding a course, usually the second week of February for the Spring semester and the second week of September for the Fall semester. The add-code for the first term project is issued by the ME office only after the approved project proposal has been received. Failure to meet the deadlines can delay your graduation.

Sample Proposals

The following are some representative examples of project proposals. Your proposal may have additional requirements depending on your project committee chair.

  • Sample 1 (Bicycle brake)
  • Sample 2 (Collapsible cup)
  • Sample 3 (Object detection)
  • Sample 4 (Metamaterial)
  • Sample 5 (Battery)

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Thesis Projects (last update November 24, 2023)

The Honours Thesis research projects listed below are available only to McGill Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate students in the Honours program and registered for MECH 403-404 courses .

If you are interested in one of the thesis projects, please send an expression of interest to the contact email provided. Although we do our best to keep this list up-to-date, some projects may no longer be available.

If you are a professor who would like to add or remove a thesis project, please complete the honours project posting form . 

Projects for Winter 2024 and Fall 2024:

Thesis project 2023-1.

Title: Development of a method for recycling fibreglass composite wind turbines Supervisor : Prof. Larry Lessard The term(s) to begin:  Fall 2023 or Winter 2024 Brief description: There is growing concern about recycling of end-of-life composite materials. Waste fiber and other materials cannot be put into landfills so recycling methods must be developed. Used wind turbine blades can be recycled to recover the fibers and these fibers can be re-used to make materials for 3D printing. So this project aims to solve two simultaneous problems: that of growing amounts of waste and the need for stronger/more high tech materials for the growing 3D printing industry. The project involves experimental manufacturing based on composite materials theory. Contact e-mail : larry.lessard [at]

Updated: May 2, 2023

Thesis Project 2023-2

Title: Multi-robot collaborative state estimation Supervisor : Prof. James Richard Forbes The term(s) to begin : Fall 2023, Winter 2024 Brief description : Autonomous vehicles, such as autonomous cars, trucks, and trains, must fuse various forms of sensor data together in order to ascertain their position, attitude, velocity, and angular velocity. Typical sensor data includes inertial measurement unit (IMU) data and some sort of position data, such as GPS data, or range data, such as optical camera, radar, or LIDAR data. In multi-robot systems, an individual robot can also utilize information from its neighbors by having the robots communicate their state estimates. However, the estimates of different robots are often correlated, and without properly modelling these cross-correlations, the performance of the estimator might be very poor. This project will then focus on modelling those cross-correlations for collaborative state estimation in multi-robot systems. The main task will involve the development and coding of a sigma point Kalman filter to enable multi-robot navigation; however, based on the student’s interests and background, alternatives to the sigma point Kalman filter could be considered. Students best fit for this project are those interested in using mathematical tools, such as linear algebra, numerical methods, probability theory, and numerical optimization, to solve problems found in robotics. Experience with Matlab and/or C programming is desired. Contact e-mail : james.richard.forbes [at]

Thesis Project 2023-3

Title:  Robot navigation Supervisor : Prof. James Richard Forbes The term(s) to begin : Fall 2023, Winter 2024 Brief description :  Autonomous vehicles, such as autonomous cars, trucks, and trains, must fuse various forms of sensor data together in order to ascertain their position, attitude, velocity, and angular velocity. Typical sensor data includes inertial measurement unit (IMU) data and some sort of position data, such as GPS data, or range data, such as optical camera, radar, or LIDAR data. This project will focus on sensor fusion for robot navigation. The first task will be the development and coding of a matrix Lie group integrator, in the spirit of a Runge-Kutta integrator, but tailor to matrix Lie groups. The second task will be the development and coding of a cascaded sigma point Kalman filter to enable multi-agent navigation (i.e., navigation of many robots). Students best fit for this project are those interested in using mathematical tools, such as linear algebra, numerical methods, probability theory, and numerical optimization, to solve problems found in robotics. Experience with python and/or C++ programming is desired. Contact e-mail : james.richard.forbes [at]

Posted: May 2, 2023

Thesis Project 2023-4

Title : Reconfigurable metamaterials for soft robotics Supervisor : Prof. Damiano Pasini The term(s) to begin : Fall 2023, Winter 2024 Brief description: Mechanical metamaterials are manmade materials, usually fashioned from repeating units, which are engineered to achieve extreme mechanical properties, often beyond those found in most natural materials. In this project, the student will use the lens of mechanics of materials to generate material concepts for soft robotics. Additive manufacturing techniques will be employed to fabricate prototypes and their performance will be examined through mechanical testing. Contact e-mail : damiano.pasini [at]

Updated: May 9, 2023

Thesis Project 2023-5

Title : Nonlinear dynamics/vibrations of architected materials for aerospace applications Supervisor : Prof. Damiano Pasini and Prof. Mathias Legrand The term(s) to begin : Fall 2023, Winter 2024 Brief description: When launched in space, satellites need to endure an explosive upright boost that generates extremely large vibrations throughout their bodies. If uncontrolled, these vibrations end up spoiling the performance of their components with the risk of making them nonfunctional. In this project we study the nonlinear vibrations of a satellite component made of ultralight weight architected materials of unprecedented performance. The goal is to model its dynamic behaviour and understand the geometric factors that control its highly nonlinear response at the onset of a launch in space. The work involves a combination of theoretical and computational analysis. Contact e-mail : damiano.pasini [at]

Thesis Project 2023-6

Title: Can you hear the shape of a robot? Supervisor : Prof. Audrey Sedal The term(s) to begin : Fall 2023, Winter 2024 Brief description : Unlike traditional robots, soft robots can take a variety of unusual 3D shapes. However, it is challenging to estimate the shape of a soft robot while it operates, which makes precise control difficult. Inspired by Mark Kac’s question, “Can one hear the shape of a drum?” Short answer: not all the time, due to the existence of isospectral manifolds. This project investigates fusion of acoustic sensing with other modes (e.g., cameras) to estimate the 3D shape of soft robots as they operate. You will build a variety of soft robot prototypes, develop sensing frameworks, and evaluate their performance. This project will involve fabrication, hardware development, programming, and a little bit of geometry.

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Contact e-mail : audrey.sedal [at]

Updated: May 22, 2023

Thesis Project 2023-7

Title : Development of a Digital Twin of a Mill Yard Supervisor : Prof. Inna Sharf The term(s) to begin : Winter 2024, Fall 2024 Brief description: Digital twin is an emerging technology that goes hand in hand with increasing automation of machines,processes and advances in IofT. Professor Sharf’s industrial collaborator, FPInnovations, is working on increasing autonomy and intelligence of log loading machines and transport vehicles operating in the mill yards. This will ultimately be followed by moving the operators from the seats in the machines into an office, i.e., where they can no longer directly observe their environment. Furthermore, other processes,  such as, measuring the size of piles, are already executed remotely, for example, with drones, and will soon be executed autonomously, thus producing information on the state of assets in the mill yard. Ultimately, it will be important to have a digital twin of the mill yard, which will provide digital and visual information on the state of the mill yard, in particular, location and size of log piles, the location and status of machines operating in it, incoming and outgoing log trucks, the status (e.g., traversability) of roads and other information. Professor Sharf is interested in beginning the development of such a digital twin. This will require identifying a suitable platform to house the twin, laying out the roadmap for building the twin in a sequence of phases sand developing the phase 0 of the digital twin. Contact e-mail : inna.sharf [at]

Updated: November 23, 2023

Projects for 2018-2019 school year: may or may not be still available - you may use contact e-mails to find out.

Thesis project 2018-11.

Title:  Dynamics of photon-driven lightsails for interstellar flight Supervisor : Prof. Andrew Higgins The term(s) to begin :Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019 Brief description : The use of lasers to propel sails via direct photon pressure has the potential to achieve very high velocity spaceflight, greatly exceeding traditional chemical and electric propulsion sources, and enables the serious consideration of interstellar flight.  However, the dynamics and stability of thin sails (lightsails) under intense laser illumination is an outstanding problem.  This project will examine the dynamics of very thin membranes both theoretically and experimentally.  The response of a lightsail to perturbation will be analyzed both analytically and via computer simulation. Use of gasdynamic loading techniques (shock tube) will enable the same driving load to be applied in the laboratory, but without the use of megawatt-class lasers.  Experimental diagnostic techniques (photonic doppler velocimetry, 3-D digital image correlation) will be developed to study the lightsail dynamics that will eventually be applied to a laser-driven sail proof-of-concept facility. Personnel sought:  Student should have a strong interest in advanced space exploration concepts, with general background in physical optics, numerical simulation, and experimental techniques. Skills involved:  Experience with photography and high-speed data acquisition would be helpful.  Completion of Mech 321 (Mechanics of Deformable Solids) and Mech 430 (Fluids 2) is required for the project. Contact e-mail : andrew.higgins [at]

Posted: September 12, 2018

Thesis Project 2018-12

Title:  Dynamic soaring on a shock wave Supervisor : Prof. Andrew Higgins The term(s) to begin :Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019 Brief description : Dynamic soaring is a technique exploited by birds and sailplanes to increase their flight speed by exploiting differences in airspeed of different masses of air.  This project will explore this approach by examining dynamic soaring of a hypersonic glider on a shock wave.  In essence, the technique consists of “bouncing” back and forth from either side of a shock wave via a high lift-to-drag turn, increasing the net velocity of the glider.  The ability to “surf” on a very strong blast wave (such as resulting from a thermonuclear blast or asteroid impact) from ground all the way to space will be explored. The use of the technique on shock waves that occur in interplanetary space (coronal mass ejections, etc.) that might enable spacecraft to be accelerated to very high velocities “for free” will also be explored. Personnel sought:  Student should have a strong interest in advanced space exploration concepts and flight dynamics, with general background in numerical simulation. Skills involved:  Completion of Mech 430 (Fluids 2) is required for the project. Contact e-mail : andrew.higgins [at]

Thesis Project 2018-13

Title:  Rapid transit within the solar system via directed energy: laser thermal vs. laser electric propulsion Supervisor : Prof. Andrew Higgins The term(s) to begin :Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019 Brief description : Directed energy in the form of a ground or space-based laser providing power to a spacecraft is a disruptive technology that could enable a number of rapid-transit missions in the solar system and interstellar precursor missions.  This project will compare two different approaches for a spacecraft to utilize beamed laser power:  (1) laser thermal propulsion, wherein a laser is focused into a chamber to heat propellant that is expanded through a nozzle and (2) laser electric propulsion, wherein a laser  directed onto a photovoltaic array generates electricity to power electric propulsion (ion engine, etc.).  These two concepts will be compared for a number of missions of interest, as defined by NASA:  (1) Earth orbit to Mars orbit in no more than 45 days and (2) Traversing a distance of 125 AU in no more than ten years. Personnel sought:  Student should have a strong interest in advanced space exploration concepts, with general background in physical optics and numerical simulation. Skills involved:  Prior exposure to spacecraft mission design (e.g., experience with ‎Kerbal Space Program, etc.) would be helpful.  Completion of Mech 430 (Fluids 2) and Mech 346 (Heat Transfer) is required for the project. Contact e-mail : andrew.higgins [at]

Thesis Project 2018-14

Title:  Impact of dust grain on lightsails for interstellar flight Supervisor : Prof. Andrew Higgins The term(s) to begin :Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019 Brief description : Laser-driven lightsails are a promising technique for interstellar flight, however, sails will experience impacts of dust grains in the interplanetary and interstellar medium.  The impact of a sub-micron grain can deposit as much as 1 J of energy into the sail when travelling at speeds necessary for interstellar flight.  This project will examine the subsequent dynamics of the sail and the damage incurred.  This problem will be modelled both analytically and numerically, and experiments will be performed in the lab with gas gun-launched particles onto candidate thin-film materials. Personnel sought:  Student should have a strong interest in advanced space exploration concepts, with general background in materials and stress/strain, numerical simulation, and experimental techniques. Skills involved:  Experience with ANSYS would be very enabling for the project. Experience with photography and high-speed data acquisition would be helpful.  Completion of Mech 321 (Mechanics of Deformable Solids) is required for the project. Contact e-mail : andrew.higgins [at]

Thesis Project 2018-15

Title:  Percolation model for detonation in a system of discrete energy sources Supervisor : Prof. Andrew Higgins The term(s) to begin :Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019 Brief description : Detonation waves propagating in combustible gas mixtures exhibit very complex dynamics, with transverse and longitudinal shock waves that sweep across the front.  This project will attempt to model this process by treating detonation as an ensemble of interacting blast waves.  Approximate, analytic solutions of blast waves will be used to treat the problem.  Results will be interpreted with the assistance of percolation theory, a branch of statistical physics.  Results will also be compared to reactive Euler simulations using supercomputing resources. Skills required:  Strong coding skills (language of your choice) and awareness in advanced mathematics is of interest. Personnel sought:  Completion of Mech 430 (Fluids 2) is required for this project. Interest in nonlinear physics and pattern formation in nature would provide helpful motivation for this project. Exposure to concepts in statistical physics (Ad. Thermo) is also desirable. Contact e-mail : andrew.higgins [at]

Thesis Project 2018-16

Title:  Pellet stream propulsion for interstellar flight Supervisor : Prof. Andrew Higgins The term(s) to begin :Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019 Brief description : A promising approach to deep space propulsion that may enable interstellar flight is pellet stream propulsion, wherein high velocity pellets (with velocity exceeding that of the spacecraft) are used to impart momentum onto a spacecraft.  Such a pellet stream may be able to be collimated and focused over much greater distances than a laser beam, making it an attractive alternative to laser-driven directed energy.  This project will examine the ability of a charged particle to be steered and re-directed via a static magnetic field (e.g., quadrupole beam steering, etc.), both via computer simulation and experimental testing in the lab.  The ability to steer a small (mm to cm scale) pellet via magnetic field of rare earth magnets at speeds of ~1 km/s would be a significant validation of the concept. Personnel sought:  Student should have a strong interest in advanced space exploration concepts, with strong background in electromagnetism and physics. Interest in or familiarity with conventional, fundamental particle accelerators would be desirable. Skills involved:  Basic coding skills (language of your choice) and numerical simulation is required. Experience with basic electronics and microcontrollers (Arduino, etc.) and 3-D printing would be very helpful for the project. Contact e-mail : andrew.higgins [at]

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The field of Materials Science & Engineering is evolving dramatically as we enter the 21st Century. What began as the study of metals and ceramics in the 1960s has broadened in recent years to include semiconductors and soft materials. With this evolution and broadening of the discipline, current research projects span multiple materials classes and build on expertise in many different fields. As a result, current research in Materials Science and Engineering is increasingly defined by materials systems rather than materials classes.

At Cornell, the Department of Materials Science & Engineering (MS&E) has adopted this new systems-based vision of the field by defining four strategic areas which are considered to be critical for today’s emerging research. The four strategic research areas are Energy Production and Storage, Electronics and Photonics, Bioinspired Materials and Systems, and Green Technologies.

Materials Science & Engineering is an exciting and vibrant interdisciplinary research field. Cornell MS&E draws upon its world-class faculty, innovative researchers, state-of-the-art facilities and highly collaborative research environment to respond to challenging technological and societal demands both in the present and the future.

Energy Production

Energy Production and Storage

Energy research will prove to be the most prosperous growth area for the department, the College and the University. The inevitability of an energy crisis and global climate change has intensified efforts in alternative energy research around the world. The excitement building around this sector is reminiscent of the early years of the information technology revolution. Among the many possible sources of alternative energy, the following areas are particularly aligned with the current materials research at Cornell as they play to our existing strengths:  photocatalysis, photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, phononics, batteries  and  supercapacitors .

Relevant Research Areas: 

  • Energy Systems
  • Advanced Materials Processing
  • Materials Synthesis and Processing
  • Nanotechnology
  • Nonlinear Dynamics
  • Polymers and Soft Matter
  • Semiconductor Physics and Devices

Electronics & Photonics

Electronics & Photonics

The use of semiconductor devices and circuits will continue to play a major role in modern life. Therefore electronics and photonics are considered premier growth areas. As feature sizes decrease, incremental research based on current methods and materials is unlikely to enable Moore's Law to continue. New materials and processing techniques are needed. Advances in nanoscale fabrication have led to recent advances in this field. We have targeted the following areas: oxide semiconductors, 3D integration, materials beyond silicon, high K and low K dielectrics, plasmonics, spintronics, and multiferroics.

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Computational Solid Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter and Material Science
  • Surface Science

Bioinspired Materials and Systems

Bioinspired Materials and Systems

Scientists and engineers are increasingly turning to nature for inspiration. The solutions arrived at by natural selection are often a good starting point in the search for answers to scientific and technical problems. Designing and building bioinspired devices or systems can tell us more about the original animal or plant model. The following areas are particularly aligned with the current materials research at Cornell:  bioinspired composites, engineered protein films for adhesion, lubrication and sensing applications , molecular tools for in-vitro and in-vivo imaging (C-Dots, FRET), as well as biomaterials for tissue engineering and drug delivery.

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomechanics and Mechanobiology
  • Biomedical Imaging and Instrumentation
  • Biotechnology
  • Drug Delivery and Nanomedicine
  • Mechanics of Biological Materials
  • Nanobio Applications

Green Technologies

Green Technologies

The 21st century has been called the "century of the environment." Neither governments nor individual citizens can any longer assume that social challenges such as pollution, dwindling natural resources and climate change can be set aside for future generations. Strategies for clean and sustainable communities need to be established now, community by community. A dawning era of creativity and innovation in "green technology" (also known as "clean technology") is bringing the promise of a healthier planet (as well as the prospect of growing businesses) that can sustain its health.  We have targeted green composites and new systems for CO2 capture and conversion as areas of future growth .

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

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research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

55 Engineering Research Paper Topics Worth Your Attention

Stuck with engineering research topics for your proposal? Have a look at ours and get inspired effectively!

research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Let’s Pick up the Most Exciting Engineering Research Topics

The main feature of engineering topics for research paper and related projects is that they mostly offer practical solutions to a specific problem. Purely theoretical engineering research is less common and is usually done only to challenge existing knowledge, theories & concepts. Which topic to choose is up to you. However, our seasoned experts would like to share some insights on how to write an engineering proposal to help you create papers that will not only earn excellent reviews from your academic advisors but also inspire you to make breakthroughs in your field.

Some Expert Insights on How to Write an Engineering Proposal

The proposal is a paper representing your project from a research angle. It should include as much information about your investigations as possible, including study plans, methods, expected outcomes, etc. Regarding revealing engineering topics, experts from our proposal writing services often recommend focusing on their impact on the current field knowledgebase and practicality if it comes to engineering application solutions development.

engineering research topics

Important note! Adding graphics, schemes, images, and any other visuals will be especially beneficial in your engineering research project papers. It helps you reveal more topic details and add value to your PhD research proposal engineering.

How to Reveal Engineering Research Paper Topics With a Paper Structure

Remember also to stick a paper to a given structure:

  • Introduction. Review the engineering topic you choose and reveal its importance. Here, you can also give a short overview of what is included in the proposal.
  • Qualifications. This section is set to show you have the required skills and capabilities to conduct your research successfully. For example, if it’s a research proposal in mechanical engineering, you may mention some physical aspects of objects you will investigate.
  • The background is where you discuss the topic and the problem motivating you to take it. Show how you understand the issue, its impact & causes. If it’s a research proposal for mathematics or another theoretical one, your investigation will probably be based on a theory or concept.
  • The schedule section informs paper readers about the time frame you set to complete the work so they understand when to expect the result and what milestones you should go through in revealing your engineering research paper topics.
  • The proposal statement is the section where you tell what exactly you are proposing regarding the topic and what you aren’t, giving readers additional information about your work. This is especially valuable if you plan to join engineering research in Princeton University or other prestigious institutions.
  • Costs. This paper section shows how many resources your project requires (especially vital if it needs additional funding). The best way to do it is to divide expenses into categories and calculate the totals for each category. E.g., hardware & software, auxiliary tools, etc., if it comes to working on PhD topics in computer science or other application solutions.
  • Research methodology. In PhD research proposal mechanical engineering, you present how exactly you will complete the work, discussing steps you take during the working process.
  • The results section is aimed at showcasing the proposal’s outcomes. For example, if you work with research proposal topics in mechanical engineering, you can present a concept of an electronic device or offer a problem solution.

Research Proposal Topics in Electronics Engineering

It’s time to get more specific and actual topic samples. First, we will go with research proposal topics in electronics engineering.

  • Understanding Effective Power Electronics Using Circuit Simulation
  • Redesign of AC Electrical Motors
  • Electric Vehicle Motors and Gearbox
  • Benefits of Optimization in Electrical Engineering
  • Electric Vehicles – A Solution to Global Pollution
  • Effects of Standard Deviation on Time and Frequency Response of Gaussian Filter
  • Impact of Surface on Nano-Beam Mechanical Behaviors
  • Maximum Power Point Tracking Based on Differential Conductance
  • Analyzing Mechanical Property of Electrically Assisted Friction Stir Welding
  • High Throughput Droplet Actuation Platform
  • Numerical Analysis of Mechanical Characteristics of Joint Structure of Steel Pipe Sheet Pile Foundation
  • Implementation of an Improved Automatic DC Motor Speed Control Systems Using Microcontrollers
  • Automated Hybrid Smart Door Control System
  • Comprehensive Review of Smart Grid Ecosystem
  • Solar Simulators’ Trends Overview
  • Intelligent Voice Controlled Wheel Chair: Design and Implementation
  • Comparative of Field Effect Transistor (FET) and Bipolar Power Transistor Performance in Amplifiers
  • Development of a Low-Cost Automatic Internet of Things Extension System
  • Mechanical Analysis of Thin-Walled Cylindrical Shells With Cracks

17 Great Research Proposal Topics for Civil Engineering

The civil engineering field focuses on improving infrastructure and environmental sustainability. By discovering new research ideas and presenting unique research proposal topics for civil engineering, civil engineers are able to resolve problems people couldn’t deal with before.

  • Studying the Effects of Urbanization on Biodiversity
  • Analyzing the Effects of Water Scarcity on Infrastructure and the Environment
  • Evaluating the Feasibility of Using Drones in Construction
  • Assessing the Feasibility of Using Prefabrication in Construction
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Public Transportation Systems in Reducing Carbon Emissions
  • The Impacts of Infrastructure on Local Economies
  • Investigating the Use of Big Data in Civil Engineering
  • Impact of Ripe and Unripe Plantain Peel Ash on Strength Properties of Concrete
  • The Effects of Water Scarcity on Infrastructure and the Environment
  • The Effects of Natural Disasters on Transportation Infrastructure
  • Evaluating the Feasibility of Using Robots in Construction
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Sustainable Transportation Infrastructure
  • Investigating the Use of Blockchain Technology in Civil Engineering
  • Structural Characteristics of Soilcrete Blocks
  • The Use of Augmented Reality (AR) In Civil Engineering
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Sustainable Drainage Systems (SUDs)
  • Analyzing the Effects of Climate Change on Infrastructure Materials

Some Good Research Proposal Topics in Mechanical Engineering

With a solid number of topics for engineering research papers in mechanics, choosing the central theme for your research will be easier. Even if you already know what area to investigate, having several research paper topics for engineering allows you to decide from which angle you will approach the issue.

  • Energy and Exergy Analysis of Boiler Systems
  • Effect of Delay Period on Performance of Compression Engine Running on Jatropha Fuel
  • Optimum Buckling Response Model of Grp Composites
  • Experimental Performance Evaluation of Charcoal-Stove
  • The Detail Fabrication of a Candle Moulding Machine
  • Fabrication of Metal Panel Door
  • Electricity Generation Using Propeller Shaft
  • The Cavitation Effect in Centrifugal Pumps
  • Development of a Gas Propelled Rocket Engine
  • Research on Methods for Recycling Spent Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines
  • Study of Changes in the Characteristics of the Al-6’1/OCU Alloy after Annealing Process
  • The Development of a Pumping Machine for Water Distribution in a High-Rise Building
  • 3D Printing in the Construction of Water Supply Systems
  • Repair and Rehabilitation of Faulty Air Condition
  • Design and Analysis of a Microsatellite Structure in Lowearth Orbit
  • A Study of Cavitation in Pumps and Flow Systems
  • Design and Construction of a Digital Clock
  • Effect of Injector Nozzle Holes on Diesel Engine
  • Effect of Vortex in Kaplan Turbine-Using Cfd a Case Study: Rosseries Power Plant

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Get help working on engineering topics for research paper.

Working on some engineering research topics may be challenging for students needing a lot of time and effort to present qualitative proposals when they often have many other responsibilities. And this is where hiring qualified proposal writers may save them much effort. Delegating the work on your research topics to an expert makes your student’s life much easier, allowing quality outcomes with minimal time.

Specialists also know what topic information should be added to your paper and how it should be formatted. Just specify your needs and requirements and mention the main purpose for writing engineering proposal. Everything will be done well at the appointed time, so there will be no need to worry about anything. Check the list of our proposal topics and ensure you choose the most interesting one.

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What are Some Simple Research Topics for Mechanical Engineering Graduates

simple research topics for mechanical engineering

If you are a student or graduate student looking for simple research topics in mechanical engineering we hope this article will provide some pointers and help.

Mechanical Engineering is the branch of engineering that is focused on designing, analysing, manufacturing and maintaining mechanical systems. It has elements of design, physics, mathematics and material science.

The research topic you settle for will depend on your major area of focus or interest in mechanical engineering study. You Can see a full List of Topic Here

For instance in your study you may have interest or focus on cooling systems, combustion engines, power generation/renewable energy, automobiles, etc.

So here are some samples of mechanical engineering research topics suitable for project work, dissertations, thesis or a research paper;

– The Cavitation Effect in Centrifugal Pumps

– Performance Of A Modified Vehicle Drive System In Generating Hydropower

– Synthesis And Characterization Of Biofuels From Various Nigerian Crops For Internal Combustion Engines

– Experimental Investigation Of Upflow Bioreactors With Central Substrate Dispenser

– Development Of A Gas Propelled Rocket Engine

– Comparative Analysis Of Renewable Energy Sources For Power Generation In Nigeria

– Design, Simulation Of Solar Refrigator Of Adsorption Principle

– Development Of Automobile Brake Linings Using Local Materials

– Development Of A Pedal Powered Washing Machine

– Development Of A Low Cost Biomass Briquetting Machine For Rural Communities

You can find more simple, interesting research topics for mechanical engineering HERE

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Home > Engineering > MIE > ME_THESES

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Masters Theses Collection

Theses from 2024 2024.


Heat Transfer Enhacement of Latent Heat Thermal Enery Storage , Joe Hatem T. Saba, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2023 2023

Device Design for Inducing Aneurysm-Susceptible Flow Conditions Onto Endothelial Cells , hans f. foelsche, Mechanical Engineering

Thermal Conductivity and Mechanical Properties of Interlayer-Bonded Graphene Bilayers , Afnan Mostafa, Mechanical Engineering

Wind-Wave Misalignment Effects on Multiline Anchor Systems for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines , Doron T. Rose, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2022 2022

A Simplified Fluid Dynamics Model of Ultrafiltration , Christopher Cardimino, Mechanical Engineering

Local Nanomechanical Variations of Cold-sprayed Tantalum Coatings , Dhrubajyoti Chowdhury, Mechanical Engineering

Aerodynamically Augmented Air-Hockey Pucks , Madhukar Prasad, Mechanical Engineering

Analysis of Low-Induction Rotors for Increased Power Production , Jack E. Rees, Mechanical Engineering

Application of the New IEC International Design Standard for Offshore Wind Turbines to a Reference Site in the Massachusetts Offshore Wind Energy Area , Samuel C. Roach, Mechanical Engineering

Applications of Thermal Energy Storage with Electrified Heating and Cooling , Erich Ryan, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2021 2021

Design and Testing of a Foundation Raised Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter , Jacob R. Davis, Mechanical Engineering

Wind Turbine Power Production Estimation for Better Financial Agreements , Shanon Fan, Mechanical Engineering

Finite Element Analysis of Impact and Cohesion of Cold Sprayed Particles onto Non-Planar Surfaces , Zhongkui Liu, Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Design and Analysis: High-Precision Microcontact Printhead for Roll-to-Roll Printing of Flexible Electronics , Mehdi Riza, Mechanical Engineering

Jet Breakup Dynamics of Inkjet Printing Fluids , Kashyap Sundara Rajan, Mechanical Engineering

Ground Source Heat Pumps: Considerations for Large Facilities in Massachusetts , Eric Wagner, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2020 2020

Modeling of Electrical Grid Systems to Evaluate Sustainable Electricity Generation in Pakistan , Muhammad Mustafa Amjad, Mechanical Engineering

A Study on Latent Thermal Energy Storage (LTES) using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) 2020 , Ritvij Dixit, Mechanical Engineering

SunDown: Model-driven Per-Panel Solar Anomaly Detection for Residential Arrays , Menghong Feng, Mechanical Engineering

Nozzle Clogging Prevention and Analysis in Cold Spray , Alden Foelsche, Mechanical Engineering

Short Term Energy Forecasting for a Microgird Load using LSTM RNN , Akhil Soman, Mechanical Engineering

Optimization of Thermal Energy Storage Sizing Using Thermodynamic Analysis , Andrew Villanueva, Mechanical Engineering

Fabrication of Binder-Free Electrodes Based on Graphene Oxide with CNT for Decrease of Resistance , Di Zhang, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2019 2019

Computational Fluid Dynamics Models of Electromagnetic Levitation Experiments in Reduced Gravity , Gwendolyn Bracker, Mechanical Engineering

Forecasting the Cost of Electricity Generated by Offshore Wind Turbines , Timothy Costa, Mechanical Engineering

Optical-Fiber-Based Laser-Induced Cavitation for Dynamic Mechanical Characterization of Soft Materials , Qian Feng, Mechanical Engineering

On the Fuel Spray Applications of Multi-Phase Eulerian CFD Techniques , Gabriel Lev Jacobsohn, Mechanical Engineering

Topology Network Optimization of Facility Planning and Design Problems , Ravi Ratan Raj Monga, Mechanical Engineering

The Promise of VR Headsets: Validation of a Virtual Reality Headset-Based Driving Simulator for Measuring Drivers’ Hazard Anticipation Performance , Ganesh Pai Mangalore, Mechanical Engineering

Ammonia Production from a Non-Grid Connected Floating Offshore Wind-Farm: A System-Level Techno-Economic Review , Vismay V. Parmar, Mechanical Engineering

Calculation of Scalar Isosurface Area and Applications , Kedar Prashant Shete, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2018 2018

Electroplating of Copper on Tungsten Powder , Richard Berdos, Mechanical Engineering


Streamwise Flow-Induced Oscillations of Bluff Bodies - The Influence of Symmetry Breaking , Tyler Gurian, Mechanical Engineering

Thermal Radiation Measurement and Development of Tunable Plasmonic Thermal Emitter Using Strain-induced Buckling in Metallic Layers , Amir Kazemi-Moridani, Mechanical Engineering

Restructuring Controllers to Accommodate Plant Nonlinearities , Kushal Sahare, Mechanical Engineering

Application and Evaluation of Lighthouse Technology for Precision Motion Capture , Soumitra Sitole, Mechanical Engineering

High Strain Rate Dynamic Response of Aluminum 6061 Micro Particles at Elevated Temperatures and Varying Oxide Thicknesses of Substrate Surface , Carmine Taglienti, Mechanical Engineering

The Effects of Mechanical Loading and Tumor Factors on Osteocyte Dendrite Formation , Wenbo Wang, Mechanical Engineering

Microenvironment Regulates Fusion of Breast Cancer Cells , Peiran Zhu, Mechanical Engineering

Design for Sustainability through a Life Cycle Assessment Conceptual Framework Integrated within Product Lifecycle Management , Renpeng Zou, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2017 2017

Improving the Efficiency of Wind Farm Turbines using External Airfoils , Shujaut Bader, Mechanical Engineering

Evaluation Of Impedance Control On A Powered Hip Exoskeleton , Punith condoor, Mechanical Engineering

Experimental Study on Viscoelastic Fluid-Structure Interactions , Anita Anup Dey, Mechanical Engineering

BMI, Tumor Lesion and Probability of Femur Fracture: a Probabilistic Biomechanics Approach , Zhi Gao, Mechanical Engineering

A Magnetic Resonance Compatible Knee Extension Ergometer , Youssef Jaber, Mechanical Engineering

Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms in Turbulence Simulation , Aditya M. Kulkarni, Mechanical Engineering


Effects of Malformed or Absent Valves to Lymphatic Fluid Transport and Lymphedema in Vivo in Mice , Akshay S. Pujari, Mechanical Engineering

Electroless Deposition & Electroplating of Nickel on Chromium-Nickel Carbide Powder , Jeffrey Rigali, Mechanical Engineering

Numerical Simulation of Multi-Phase Core-Shell Molten Metal Drop Oscillations , Kaushal Sumaria, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2016 2016

Cold Gas Dynamic Spray – Characterization of Polymeric Deposition , Trenton Bush, Mechanical Engineering

Intent Recognition Of Rotation Versus Translation Movements In Human-Robot Collaborative Manipulation Tasks , Vinh Q. Nguyen, Mechanical Engineering

A Soft Multiple-Degree of Freedom Load Cell Based on The Hall Effect , Qiandong Nie, Mechanical Engineering

A Haptic Surface Robot Interface for Large-Format Touchscreen Displays , Mark Price, Mechanical Engineering

Numerical Simulation of High Velocity Impact of a Single Polymer Particle during Cold Spray Deposition , Sagar P. Shah, Mechanical Engineering

Tunable Plasmonic Thermal Emitter Using Metal-Coated Elastomeric Structures , Robert Zando, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2015 2015

Thermodynamic Analysis of the Application of Thermal Energy Storage to a Combined Heat and Power Plant , Benjamin McDaniel, Mechanical Engineering

Towards a Semantic Knowledge Management Framework for Laminated Composites , Vivek Premkumar, Mechanical Engineering


Optimal Topological Arrangement of Queues in Closed Finite Queueing Networks , Lening Wang, Mechanical Engineering

Creating a New Model to Predict Cooling Tower Performance and Determining Energy Saving Opportunities through Economizer Operation , Pranav Yedatore Venkatesh, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2014 2014

New Generator Control Algorithms for Smart-Bladed Wind Turbines to Improve Power Capture in Below Rated Conditions , Bryce B. Aquino, Mechanical Engineering


Design and Control of a Two-Wheeled Robotic Walker , Airton R. da Silva Jr., Mechanical Engineering

Free Wake Potential Flow Vortex Wind Turbine Modeling: Advances in Parallel Processing and Integration of Ground Effects , Nathaniel B. Develder, Mechanical Engineering

Buckling of Particle-Laden Interfaces , Theo Dias Kassuga, Mechanical Engineering

Modeling Dynamic Stall for a Free Vortex Wake Model of a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine , Evan M. Gaertner, Mechanical Engineering

An Experimental Study of the C-Start of a Mechanical Fish , Benjamin Kandaswamy Chinna Thambi, Mechanical Engineering

Measurement and Verification - Retro-Commissioning of a LEED Gold Rated Building Through Means of an Energy Model: Are Aggressive Energy Simulation Models Reliable? , Justin M. Marmaras, Mechanical Engineering

Development of a Support Structure for Multi-Rotor Wind Turbines , Gaurav Murlidhar Mate, Mechanical Engineering

Towards Accessible, Usable Knowledge Frameworks in Engineering , Jeffrey Mcpherson, Mechanical Engineering

A Consistent Algorithm for Implementing the Space Conservation Law , Venkata Pavan Pillalamarri Narasimha Rao, Mechanical Engineering

Kinetics of Aluminization and Homogenization in Wrought H-X750 Nickel-Base Superalloy , Sean Reilly, Mechanical Engineering

Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport , Bradley J. Shields, Mechanical Engineering

CFD Simulation of the Flow around NREL Phase VI Wind Turbine , Yang Song, Mechanical Engineering

Selection of Outputs for Distributed Parameter Systems by Identifiability Analysis in the Time-scale Domain , Teergele, Mechanical Engineering

The Optimization of Offshore Wind Turbine Towers Using Passive Tuned Mass Dampers , Onur Can Yilmaz, Mechanical Engineering

Design of a Passive Exoskeleton Spine , Haohan Zhang, Mechanical Engineering


Theses from 2013 2013

Optimization of Mixing in a Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor with a Center Feeding Tube , Michael T. Blatnik, Mechanical Engineering

Continued Development of a Chilled Water System Analysis Tool for Energy Conservation Measures Evaluation , Ghanshyam Gaudani, Mechanical Engineering

Application of Finite Element Method in Protein Normal Mode Analysis , Chiung-fang Hsu, Mechanical Engineering

Asymmetric Blade Spar for Passive Aerodynamic Load Control , Charles Mcclelland, Mechanical Engineering

Background and Available Potential Energy in Numerical Simulations of a Boussinesq Fluid , Shreyas S. Panse, Mechanical Engineering

Techno-Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Systems Used as an Electricity Storage Technology in a Wind Farm with Large Amounts of Intermittent Energy , Yash Sanghai, Mechanical Engineering

Multi Rotor Wind Turbine Design And Cost Scaling , Preeti Verma, Mechanical Engineering

Activity Intent Recognition of the Torso Based on Surface Electromyography and Inertial Measurement Units , Zhe Zhang, Mechanical Engineering

Theses from 2012 2012

Simulations of Non-Contact Creep in Regimes of Mixed Dominance , Maija Benitz, Mechanical Engineering

Techniques for Industrial Implementation of Emerging Semantic Technologies , Jay T. Breindel, Mechanical Engineering

Environmental Impacts Due to Fixed and Floating Offshore Wind Turbines , Micah K. Brewer, Mechanical Engineering

Physical Model of the Feeding Strike of the Mantis Shrimp , Suzanne M. Cox, Mechanical Engineering

Investigating the Relationship Between Material Property Axes and Strain Orientations in Cebus Apella Crania , Christine M. Dzialo, Mechanical Engineering

A Multi-Level Hierarchical Finite Element Model for Capillary Failure in Soft Tissue , Lu Huang, Mechanical Engineering

Finite Element Analysis of a Femur to Deconstruct the Design Paradox of Bone Curvature , Sameer Jade, Mechanical Engineering

Vortex-Induced Vibrations of an Inclined Cylinder in Flow , Anil B. Jain, Mechanical Engineering

Experimental Study of Stability Limits for Slender Wind Turbine Blades , Shruti Ladge, Mechanical Engineering

Semi-Active Damping for an Intelligent Adaptive Ankle Prosthesis , Andrew K. Lapre, Mechanical Engineering

A Finite Volume Approach For Cure Kinetics Simulation , Wei Ma, Mechanical Engineering

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200+ Mechanical Engineering Research Topics List

200+ Mechanical Engineering Research Topics List

How to choose mechanical engineering research topics?

1. start with your interests, 2. consider the latest trends, 3. look for gaps in current research, 4. choose a topic that aligns with your career goals, 5. consult with your professor, 6. brainstorm with your peers, list of 200+ mechanical engineering research topics, final words:.

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Second round of seed grants awarded to MIT scholars studying the impact and applications of generative AI

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Last summer, MIT President Sally Kornbluth and Provost Cynthia Barnhart issued a call for papers to “articulate effective roadmaps, policy recommendations, and calls for action across the broad domain of generative AI.” The response to the call far exceeded expectations with 75 proposals submitted. Of those, 27 proposals were selected for seed funding .

In light of this enthusiastic response, Kornbluth and Barnhart announced a second call for proposals this fall.

“The groundswell of interest and the caliber of the ideas overall made clear that a second round was in order,” they said in their email to MIT’s research community this fall. This second call for proposals resulted in 53 submissions.

Following the second call, the faculty committee from the first round considered the proposals and selected 16 proposals to receive exploratory funding. Co-authored by interdisciplinary teams of faculty and researchers affiliated with all five of the Institute’s schools and the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing, the proposals offer insights and perspectives on the potential impact and applications of generative AI across a broad range of topics and disciplines.

Each selected research group will receive between $50,000 and $70,000 to create 10-page impact papers. Those papers will be shared widely via a publication venue managed and hosted by the MIT Press under the auspices of the MIT Open Publishing Services program.

As with the first round of papers, Thomas Tull, a member of the MIT School of Engineering Dean’s Advisory Council and a former innovation scholar at the School of Engineering, contributed funding to support the effort.

The selected papers are:

  • “A Road-map for End-to-end Privacy and Verifiability in Generative AI,” led by Alex Pentland, Srini Devadas, Lalana Kagal, and Vinod Vaikuntanathan;
  • “A Virtuous Cycle: Generative AI and Discovery in the Physical Sciences,” led by Philip Harris and Phiala Shanahan;
  • “Artificial Cambrian Intelligence: Generating New Forms of Visual Intelligence,” led by Ramesh Raskar and Tomaso A. Poggio;
  • “Artificial Fictions and the Value of AI-Generated Art,” led by Justin Khoo;
  • “GenAI for Improving Human-to-human Interactions with a Focus on Negotiations,” led by Lawrence Susskind and Samuel Dinnar;
  • “Generative AI as a New Applications Platform and Ecosystem,” led by Michael Cusumano;
  • “Generative AI for Cities: A Civic Engagement Playbook,” led by Sarah Williams, Sara Beery, and Eden Medina;
  • “Generative AI for Textile Engineering: Advanced Materials from Heritage Lace Craft,” led by Svetlana V. Boriskina;
  • “Generative AI Impact for Biomedical Innovation and Drug Discovery,” led by Manolis Kellis, Brad Pentelute, and Marinka Zitnik;
  • “Impact of Generative AI on the Creative Economy,” led by Ashia Wilson and Dylan Hadfield-Menell;
  • “Redefining Virtuosity: The Role of Generative AI in Live Music Performances,” led by Joseph A. Paradiso and Eran Egozy;
  • “Reflection-based Learning with Generative AI,” led by Stefanie Mueller;
  • “Robust and Reliable Systems for Generative AI,” led by Shafi Goldwasser, Yael Kalai, and Vinod Vaikuntanathan;
  • “Supporting the Aging Population with Generative AI,” led by Pattie Maes;
  • “The Science of Language in the Era of Generative AI,” led by Danny Fox, Yoon Kim, and Roger Levy; and
  • “Visual Artists, Technological Shock, and Generative AI,” led by Caroline Jones and Huma Gupta.

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research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Office of Research update for April 2024

See whose work is getting funded, browse new funding opportunities, learn about services that can advance your work and check out april's research events., external awards received.

The Office of Research is pleased to announce and would like to congratulate our Dearborn faculty members on receipt of the following external funding:

U-M Principal Investigator:  Xuan (Joe) Zhou, Associate Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering Project Title:  Electrical architecture design and testing for automotive lighting system Direct Sponsor:  HVA Electronics, Inc. Awarded Amount:  $51,841

Dr. Zhou received additional funding to continue the work of his project with HVA Electronics to improve electrical architecture design and testing for automotive lighting systems.   


Campus Grants Update

Campus Grants Panel Discussion: The Provost’s Office and the Office of Research are excited to invite you to attend today's (April 2) Panel Discussion on Campus Grants. All are welcome to attend and learn about internal funding opportunities available to Dearborn faculty. This event will be held in person on Tuesday, April 2 from 3-4:30 p.m. in Kochoff Hall C. Refreshments will be provided.

Competitive : The Office of Research is currently reviewing Competitive Campus Grant Applications submitted prior to the Feb. 15, 2024 deadline. Award decisions are anticipated in mid-May. If you submitted an application, we appreciate your patience as we go through our review process. 

Open Invitation : Funding has been exhausted for the FY24 cycle of  Open Invitation Campus Grants . Funding for the next fiscal year is anticipated to be announced in July 2024. For more information about all of our Campus Grants programs (competitive and open invitation) and eligibility information, please visit our  Campus Grants webpage .

Connect : We are currently in the process of retiring the  [email protected] address that has previously been used for campus grant-related inquiries. Going forward emails will start to include our new email address:  [email protected] and we are in the process of transitioning our InfoReady site to this new email.  Bold Challenges Accepting Boost Applications

The  Bold Challenges’ Boost program supports new and early-stage multidisciplinary teams whose ambitious, transdisciplinary projects have substantial potential for significant large-scale funding. Boost teams receive dedicated research development support on topics like team building, effective communication for team science, and a wide range of facilitation and ideation activities toward competitive grant proposals.

Each team also receives $75,000 for activities that strengthen its capacity to conduct groundbreaking research and better position its work for future proposals from organizations like NIH and NSF. Funding can be used to purchase materials, conduct tests and hire undergraduate and graduate researchers.

Looking for collaborators? Share ideas with peers across campus at the remaining  Bold Challenges pollination events in April.  Boost applications are due May 13.

Call for submissions: OVPR Anti-Racism Grants

Applications are open for OVPR's  Anti-Racism Grant program, which launched in 2021 to advance knowledge around complex societal racial inequalities that can inform actions toward equity and justice. Grants will be awarded up to $100,000. Read the  OVPR Anti-Racism Grant Guidelines . Applications are due by June 3.

MIDAS Data Science Summer Academies 2024

Applications are now open for the  MIDAS Data Science Summer Academies 2024 . These summer academies equip researchers with the essential skills required to apply advanced data science techniques to their respective fields of study and integrate these methodologies into their grant proposals. All academies will take place in-person on the Ann Arbor campus, location TBA.  Three academies are available:

  • Introduction to Data Science and AI Summer Academy   introduces the basics of data science and AI methods to researchers (especially faculty).  Date: June 3-7.  Application deadline: April 18.
  • Biomedical Data Science Summer Academy   introduces trainees to essential data science and AI concepts, demonstrating how they can be applied in biomedical research and incorporated into grant proposals.  Date: July 8–12.  Application deadline: May 9.
  • MIDAS-ICPSR Social Data Science Summer Academy , hosted collaboratively by MIDAS and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) is designed for both ICPSR members and U-M researchers. This intensive academy will provide a practical overview of essential data science techniques and how they can be applied to advance social science research in domains like political science, sociology, public health and epidemiology, communications, economics, and more.  Date: Aug. 12–16.  Application Deadline: August 8.

NSF Grants Conference: Spring 2024

Registration is now open for the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) Spring 2024 NSF Grants Conference from June 3-5, 2024, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This conference is hybrid and designed to give new faculty, researchers, and administrators key insights into a wide range of current issues at NSF. NSF program officers representing each NSF directorate will be on hand to provide up-to-date information about specific funding opportunities and to answer attendee questions.  Learn more and register . 

Mardigian Library Support for Data Management Plans 

Data management plan support available from the UM-Dearborn Mardigian Library. Data management planning is often required by funders in the form of a document called a Data Management Plan (DMP) that will describe the handling (collection, storage and archiving) of data collected during your project. A DMP may also need to include plans for the dissemination of your data, (sometimes referred to separately as a Data Sharing Plan). To help faculty navigate data management planning, the UM-Dearborn Mardigian Library offers both a subject guide on Research Data Management as well as a DMP review service. 

The UM-Dearborn Mardigian Library’s Research Data Management subject guide covers definitions, online tools for creating a DMP, guidance from ICPSR, example plans and more.  Read the Research Data Management subject guide to learn more about DMPs.

UM-Dearborn librarians are also available to help answer questions and offer support to faculty improving their DMPs as a part of their DMP review service. To contact a librarian for a DMP review, fill in their  DMP review request form .

Reminder: Resources for Using SciENcv

Effective Oct. 23, 2023 NSF requires all biosketch and current & pending support documents for senior personnel to be prepared using SciENcv. The fillable pdf forms are no longer accepted. We recommend that you take the time to register with ScieENcv and begin to create your documents in that system if you expect to be involved in a proposal to NSF in the near future.

U-M Library Services has put together this guidance page to help you get started. You can also request a one-on-one Zoom session with Dearborn Office of Research staff to walk you through this process. Science Experts Network Curriculum Vitae ( SciENcv ) is a researcher profile system for all individuals who apply for, receive or are associated with research investments from federal agencies. SciENcv allows researchers to document their education, employment, research activities, publications, honors, research grants, & other professional contributions to create multiple SciENcv profiles in official biographical sketch formats funding agencies such as the  National Institutes of Health (NIH), the  National Science Foundation (NSF), and the  Institute of Education Sciences (IES). In addition, the SciENcv application can be used to create the official NSF Current and Pending Support document.

Any researcher can  register for SciENcv and create multiple biosketches, for different research projects or different funding agencies. You can find much more information about how to use SciENcv on  their FAQs page . The central Office of Research and Sponsored Programs and U-M Library have resources and previous workshops available on how to create a biosketch in SciENcv specifically focused on NSF and NIH. These resources are available linked below:

  • U-M Library SciENcv Guide (including step-by-steps for creating NSF and NIH biosketches)
  • Slide Deck (MLibrary Presentation)
  • NSF Biosketch Webinar Transcript
  • How to Create Your NSF Biosketch in SciENcv Step-by-step (MLibrary Handout)
  • NIH Biosketch Webinar Transcript
  • Biosketch and SciENcv Step-by-Step   (MLibrary Handout)

If you have questions about SciENcv, need additional support, or would like to schedule one-on-one assistance with setting up your SciENcv profile and documents, please email our office at [email protected] .

Research Events in April

  • Provost’s Office & Office of Research, “Panel Discussion on Campus Grants” - Tuesday, April 2, 3-4:30 p.m.,  in-person: Kochoff Hall C
  • Improving Lives through Next Generation Infrastructure - Friday, April 5, 10 a.m.-12 p.m., in-person: Hussey Room, Michigan League 911 N University Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109
  • Building Trust and Strengthening Social Connections - Friday, April 12, 10 a.m.-12 p.m.,  in-person: Pond Room, Michigan Union  530 S State St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109
  • IRB-HSBS, “ IRB On-the-Road Drop-In Session ” - Wednesday, April 17, 2-3:30 p.m.,  virtual
  • CoE NSF CAREER Seminar, " Proposal Project Description - Education/ Outreach Plan, " hosted by a former NSF Program manager - Thursday, April 25, 2024, 11:30 a.m.-1:00 p.m.,  in person: Johnson Rooms, Lurie Engineering Building, AA Campus. Registration Deadline : April 17, 2024 by 3 p.m.

*Note:  The Dearborn 2023-2024 parking permit is valid on the Ann Arbor campus, in the blue permit lots ONLY, and only if you are on official Dearborn business Monday through Friday. UM-D permits do not allow parking in restricted areas. Ann Arbor lots and structures require faculty and staff to swipe their UMID card for entry. You must have a valid UM-D parking permit to gain access. If you need your card activated for Ann Arbor lots, please call the Parking Office at 313-593-5480.

The Office of Research website is also updated regularly with research-related  events and  announcements , so we would encourage you to bookmark our landing page and  subscribe to our Research News email list . 

Research Resource Highlight: Michigan Research Cores

Every month, the Office of Research features a resource and/or tool that is available for researchers. This month we are featuring  Michigan Research Cores . 

The University of Michigan Research Cores website provides a catalog of equipment available in core facilities across campus that are available for use by a researcher or investigator. The Medical School Office of Research, in partnership with the University of Michigan Biosciences Initiative, developed this university-wide research core services directory in response to feedback from research faculty that the University offers rich core infrastructure but it is hard to easily identify the breadth of cores available that can support their research. 

To learn more about the Research Cores, sign up for the quarterly  At The Core Newsletter , delivering news, events, and more directly to your inbox.

Upcoming Funding Opportunities

The Office of Research publishes a list of selected funding opportunities, organized by college, every month on our website under  Announcements . In addition, yearly grant calendars organized by subject area provided by Hanover Research are available there as well. 

Use the updated  U-M Research Commons to look up internal (to U-M) funding opportunities and Limited Submission opportunities open to Dearborn researchers.

Contact the UM-Dearborn Office of Research if you would like more information about submitting a proposal to any of the programs. 

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research proposal topics in mechanical engineering

Alumnus’ support advances student research

A generous gift from Robert Dybdal, ’64, ‘68, is empowering students at the ElectroScience Laboratory (ESL) to pursue discoveries in electromagnetics.

Alumnus Robert Dybdal


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    When searching for the perfect research topic for your Mechanical Engineering PhD project, it's important to consider several key factors. Here are some considerations to keep in mind: 1. Significance and relevance: Choose a research topic that addresses a significant problem or research gap in the field of mechanical engineering. Consider the ...

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    The following list of civil engineering dissertation topics will help you with your next dissertation essay. Bridges and Tunnels. Environment and Climate Change. Building Structure. Planning and management in the construction industry. Construction technology. Sustainable construction materials. Health, safety, and environment.

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    Are You Searching Research Topics For Mechanical Engineering, Topics For Mechanical Engineering Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering Research Topics For Students, Research Topics Ideas For Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Research Topics For Phd, Mechanical Engineering Phd Topics. So You are at right place. At this website you can get lots of Mechanical Engineering Research ...

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    Industrial Engineering Research Paper Topics. Lean Manufacturing: Principles and Applications in the 21st Century. The Role of Industrial Engineers in Sustainable Development. Ergonomics in the Workplace: Designing for Human Health and Efficiency. Supply Chain Optimization: Strategies for Global Competitiveness.

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  19. What are Some Simple Research Topics for Mechanical Engineering

    So here are some samples of mechanical engineering research topics suitable for project work, dissertations, thesis or a research paper; - The Cavitation Effect in Centrifugal Pumps. - Performance Of A Modified Vehicle Drive System In Generating Hydropower. - Synthesis And Characterization Of Biofuels From Various Nigerian Crops For ...

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    This event will be held in person on Tuesday, April 2 from 3-4:30 p.m. in Kochoff Hall C. Refreshments will be provided. Competitive: The Office of Research is currently reviewing Competitive Campus Grant Applications submitted prior to the Feb. 15, 2024 deadline. Award decisions are anticipated in mid-May.

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