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Importance Of Politeness (Essay Sample)

Table of Contents


Being polite means being respectful towards the feelings, actions, and opinions of people around you. It’s human nature that they are less considerate of positive behaviors like politeness and notice rudeness fairly quickly. Therefore it’s important to always be calm and polite towards other things and people so they don’t mark you as rude or disrespectful. A rude person always spreads negativity therefore people like to be around those who are polite and respectful. Polite people quickly make new friends and steer society towards optimistic behaviors. There are many benefits of polite behavior but it’s not easy to control anger and emotions. In this essay, I will discuss why it’s very important to be calm and polite to other people.

Importance Of Politeness Essay – 700 Word Long Essay


Being polite means being respectful and forgiving to people around you. Politeness is a great virtue and provides the highest moral standard to society. Polite behavior is always admired and appreciated by everyone. People usually like to be around those who are calm, polite, and respectful. A great man once said that “Be the change you want to see in this world” being calm and polite is a step towards being that change. However, being calm and polite is not easy. The person has to develop a forgiving nature so that he does not become angry even in very bad situations.

Nowadays everyone is just rude and disrespectful towards other people. Everyone just yells and shouts as people are becoming less civilized every day. People are becoming more impatient and ready to play the blame game. They no longer respect other people’s thoughts and are quick to disapprove of their actions. Politeness and patience are what our society needs at this time, however, it’s not easy to be polite. The most important thing to being polite is learning how to forgive. A forgiving person is rarely overtaken by anger and evil thoughts.

Mostly, people show courtesy to senior personnel, which is a very good trend in a civilized world. In the world today, we should support and appreciate everyone around us. For example, class civility should be shown between students and their professors. We’re to learn that every senior person is to be respected and approached politely. Being rude and judgemental towards other people is a dangerous trend and causes problems for everyone.


There is always a major difference between a polite and rude person. We should be polite in the way we act, the way we speak, and in our thinking. Politeness is a great virtue that will help you achieve your objectives in life. Showing politeness to other people enlightens and brightens their day. It’s a skill that shows humility and everyone admires a humble person because people believe them to be logical and insightful. People will always like working with calm and polite people which also secures your career.

Politeness is also important because it reduces stress and improves mental health. When people learn that you are a polite and calm person and they can talk to you without being judged then even introverts will start opening up to you. politeness will improve the productivity of a person both at a personal and organizational level as they will feel valued and respected. Polite words in an office environment can help boost the morale and performance of everyone.

Being polite to others puts you and others in a good mental health condition. Instead of always thinking about your bad encounters you can instead think of the positive ones. Thinking of good things will keep your mind in good health as it will make you forget about your bad encounters. Bad encounters can be traumatizing and at times lead to mental health problems. Therefore, finding a polite person will make your mind stay in a healthy condition.

In conclusion, everyone should learn to be polite and welcoming to other people. Politeness is not just a virtue it’s a way of leading a healthy and productive life.

The Importance of Politeness in Our Daily Life – 300 Word Short Custom Essay


Politeness is behaving in a respectful and considerate manner towards other people. You must have heard about the famous proverb that says “Give Respect Take Respect”. Politeness is a great virtue that helps you live your life as per this proverb. Every person wants to hear good things about themselves which is only possible if we give respect to others first. Therefore it’s important to behave in a polite and pleasing way towards others. Being polite does not mean that you only include kind words towards others but when, where, why, and how you deliver those words is more important. In this short essay, I will discuss how politeness is important in our daily lives.

Good manners, appropriate language, good communication skills, good interpersonal skills, and forgiving nature are basic things that make a person polite. Rudeness only results in one’s downfall no matter what they do. A kind and polite person is always welcomed and admired by everyone. There is a great importance of politeness in our daily lives. For instance, as a parent being polite to your children will make them respect you. As a teacher, being kind and polite to your students will motivate them to learn and improve. As an elder sibling, being polite and loving to your younger sibling will make them love you even more. This shows that everyone can be caring and polite in their own way. This is the importance of politeness in our daily lives.

Small things count and add up to reflect a person’s personality. Remember to practice patience and develop a forgiving nature if you want to become calm and polite. I know being polite is a hard task, but you should also know that good things don’t come cheap!

Do you like these sample essays about The Importance of Politeness? Reach out to Essay Basics to get a professionally written plagiarism-free and unique custom essay on any topic in less than 3 hours.

FAQ About I Am A Caring and Kind Person Essay Sample

What is being polite.

Politeness is to become forgiving, respectful, caring, and loving to people, the environment, and animals. A polite person is loved and admired by all.

What Are Advantages Of Politeness?

A polite person is loved and admired by everyone around him/her. People listen more to people who are polite and no one disrespects them.

politeness essay in 200 words

Essay on Politeness

English , Essays 0

Last Updated on July 27, 2020

5 Lines about politeness :

  • Politeness is an important virtue for everyone.
  • A polite person is always respected and loved by all.
  • Politeness means being civilized and cultured.
  • Teaching children to be polite and considerate for others’ feelings is a good manner.
  • Polite behavior is a social manner that costs nothing, but brings a lot to a successful life.

Short essay :

Politeness, as a great virtue, needs to be practiced by all. A polite person is always respected and loved by everyone in society. Showing polite behavior is a good manner and helps a person get the honor. Politeness means being civilized and cultured in a society. One has to be polite and considerate of the feelings of others. This means you have to put the feelings of others first than yours. You have to understand them without hurting them with your words. Speaking rudely will offend them but being polite with please them. Being polite is a responsibility for all of us to maintain good social relationships. In school, at home, or in the community, politeness is a behavior that demands superior heart and gentle words. In short, politeness costs nothing but adds much to the person’s personality and behavior.

Long essay :

Politeness is a necessary virtue for all. Being gentle and polite is good behavior that is required by everyone to follow. In order to live a good social life, polite behavior is important. You should not hurt or offend others with rude words but be gentle and polite by all means. Politeness is an outcome of understanding other’s feelings and showing empathy to them. We should be courteous enough to others who express their discomfort. Politeness will leave a positive impression about oneself and will bring respect and honor at all times.

In society, being polite with others is a duty. You should stay calm and graceful even when others are showing tantrums. Talking about the deeds and achievements of oneself will make people get annoyed. When you avoid boasting about yourself in public, you will get a subtle charm that adds to your character. Students should learn politeness right from their childhood. They have to respond to situations appropriately and practice polite conversations with peers. Polite students respond thoughtfully to various situations.

All in all, politeness is an essential character of a civilized person. Politeness is equal to benevolence. A polite person is desired by all and leads a happy life. Politeness might cost nothing but adds lots of value to one’s character and personality.

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Paragraph on Importance Of Politeness

Students are often asked to write a paragraph on Importance Of Politeness in their schools. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 200-word, and 250-word paragraphs on the topic.

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Paragraph on Importance Of Politeness in 100 Words

Politeness is very important. It’s like a key that opens all doors. When we say “please” and “thank you”, it shows we are kind. It helps us make friends easily. Even if we are upset, we should not shout or be rude. We should talk nicely. When we are polite, people like to be around us and they respect us. Politeness is not just in words, but also in our actions. We should help others, share our things, and wait for our turn. Remember, being polite makes us better people. So, always be polite!

Paragraph on Importance Of Politeness in 200 Words

Politeness is a key part of how we behave with others around us. It is like a soft feather that makes people feel good. When we say ‘please’, ‘thank you’, ‘sorry’, and ‘excuse me’, we show respect and kindness. These words are like magic keys that open doors to people’s hearts. If you drop your friend’s toy and say ‘sorry’, they feel better and forgive you. If you say ‘thank you’ when someone gives you a gift, they feel happy that you liked it. When you say ‘excuse me’ to pass by someone, they don’t feel disturbed. Politeness also helps you make new friends because everyone likes nice and kind people. Imagine if everyone in the world was polite, there would be fewer fights and more smiles. When you grow up, politeness helps you in your job too. People like to work with polite people because they make the place pleasant. So, remember, being polite is not just about using magic words, but also about treating people with respect and kindness. Politeness is a small thing that makes a big difference in our lives and the world.

Paragraph on Importance Of Politeness in 250 Words

Politeness is a key social skill that helps us to live in harmony with others. It is a way of treating others with respect and consideration, making them feel valued and comfortable. Politeness is more than just saying ‘please’ and ‘thank you’; it’s about showing kindness and understanding to everyone, regardless of their age, status, or background. When we are polite, we listen to others, avoid harsh words, and show patience. This encourages people to open up to us, resulting in better communication and stronger relationships. Politeness also shows that we are thoughtful and well-mannered, which can leave a positive impression on others. This can be especially helpful in school, where it can lead to better relationships with classmates and teachers. Good manners can also have a big impact on our future. In job interviews, for example, employers often favor candidates who are polite and respectful. Politeness is also important for our personal growth. It teaches us to be humble, empathetic, and respectful – qualities that can help us become better people. Despite being a simple act, politeness can have a big impact on our lives and the lives of those around us. So, let’s always remember to be polite, because a little politeness can go a long way.

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politeness essay in 200 words

How To Be Polite

Vikram and Vinod were best friends. They did everything together–they played the same games and they had the same group…

How To Be Polite

Vikram and Vinod were best friends. They did everything together–they played the same games and they had the same group of friends. It was hard to tell one from the other.

Even so, everybody liked Vinod but barely tolerated Vikram. Why? The answer is simple: politeness and manners. Vinod was always polite and took everyone’s feelings into consideration. Vikram, on the other hand, tended to be rude. He often spoke without thinking and hurt other people’s feelings.

While Vikram teased his friends when they got low marks, Vinod asked them how he could help them study better. As a result, when Vikram scored goals in a football match, his teammates were indifferent to his success, while Vinod’s missed goal would be met with smiling faces and comforting remarks. 

American writer and philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson said, “Life is short, but there is always enough time for courtesy.”  To be better human beings, we should constantly ask ourselves how we can be more polite. Politeness means being empathetic, good-hearted, and, most important of all, humble. 

Definition of polite 

The Cambridge Dictionary defines ‘polite’ as “behaving in a way that is socially correct and shows an understanding of and care for other people’s feelings”. The meaning of politeness is simply treating people the way you would want to be treated. Who would like it if they were talked down to? Whenever you interact with someone, focus on how to be polite and courteous.

How to be polite

It’s easy, really. If you want to know how to be humble and polite, think about the people you love dearly. How do they talk? What do they say that makes you feel good? Here are a few tips you can use to be more polite. 

Always saying ‘Thank you’ and ‘Please’ is the best example of politeness. These two magic words are the answer to your question of how to speak politely to others. 

Appreciation is an important part of politeness. Everyone likes to be appreciated. So whenever someone does something nice for you, no matter how small, always be ready with a ‘Thank you’ and a smile. It will make the person feel good about themselves and you as well. 

Another way of being polite is to say ‘please’ before making any request. It does not matter if the person is just doing their job by helping you. If you want someone to make  some kind of effort to make your life easier, you should always request them to do so by saying ‘please.’

How to show politeness?

Always greet people with a smile and a hello. Make sure that the people around you feel comfortable around you. Do not use crass or rude language. Do not do or say anything that might offend someone. Even if you think you are joking, think before you say something that could offend or upset the other person. Choose your words carefully. What seems funny to you might hurt a lot of people.

Politeness examples

Here are some ways of being polite when interacting with others:

1. Make small talk: You could ask others about their day, ask if they need any help, or ask if you could do something for them. 

2. Show courtesy:  Say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ when asking someone to do something for you.

3. Respect your elders:  Consider your elders’ opinions.

4. Congratulate others on their achievements: When you applaud other people’s success, they will do the same for you.

5. Avoid swearing and using rude language: If you are upset or angry, avoid making a scene or using foul language.

6. Take other people’s feelings into consideration:  If something makes you feel bad, make it a point to avoid saying or doing so yourself.

Former US President Theodore Roosevelt once said, “Politeness is a sign of dignity, not subservience.” Politeness dictates you shouldn’t impose your opinion on others. 

We all have different opinions, and being polite means respecting everyone’s view. Don’t pressure people into doing or saying something they would rather not.

One needs to be polite to thrive. German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer described the importance of being polite in this famous quote: “It is a wise thing to be polite; consequently, it is a stupid thing to be rude. To make enemies by unnecessary and willful incivility is just as insane a proceeding as to set your house on fire. For politeness is like a counter—an avowedly false coin, with which it is foolish to be stingy.”

Harappa Education’s Interpreting Self course will help you gather tools to assess your values and reflect on life-changing experiences in an exercise called the ‘River of Life’. It will also equip you to understand how you work and deal with people. Unleash the power of politeness by learning to interpret yourself. 

Explore blogs on topics such as  leadership qualities ,  leadership lessons ,  leadership strengths ,  how to handle criticism , and how to motivate your team in our Harappa Diaries section to hone your leadership skills.



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Being polite means being aware of and respecting the feelings of other people.  We may not always notice politeness but we usually notice rudeness or inconsiderate behaviour.

This page takes a step back and covers some of the fundamentals of building and maintaining relationships with others.  We provide examples of the most common behaviours that are considered polite.

Politeness can and will improve your relationships with others, help to build respect and rapport, boost your self-esteem and confidence, and improve your communication skills.

Many of the points raised on this page may seem obvious (in most cases they are common-sense) but all too often social manners are overlooked or forgotten.  Take some time to read through the following points and think about how being polite and demonstrating good social etiquette can improve your relationships with others.

It is easy to recognise when people are rude or inconsiderate but often more difficult to recognise these traits in yourself. Think carefully about the impressions you leave on others and how you can easily avoid being considered ill-mannered or ignorant.

Politeness Guidelines

You can apply the following (where appropriate) to most interactions with others – friends, colleagues, family, customers, everybody!

Always use common sense and try to behave as appropriately as possible, taking into account any cultural differences.

Say hello to people – greet people appropriately, gain eye contact and smile naturally, shake hands or hug where appropriate but say hello, especially to colleagues and other people you see every day. Be approachable. Do not blank people just because you’re having a bad day.

Take time to make some small talk - perhaps mention the weather or ask about the other person’s family or talk about something that is in the news. Make an effort to engage in light conversation, show some interest, but don’t overdo it. Remain friendly and positive and pick up on the verbal and non-verbal signals from the other person.

Try to remember things about the other person and comment appropriately – use their spouse’s name, their birthday, any significant events that have occurred (or are about to occur) in their life.  Always be mindful of others’ problems and difficult life events.

Always use ‘please’ and ‘thank you’.   Make sure you thank people for their input or contribution and always include ‘please’ when asking for something. If somebody offers you something use ' Yes please ' or ' No thank you '.

Praise and/or congratulate others on their achievements.  Praise needs to be seen as genuine – this can be difficult if you feel jealous or angry.

At work be polite and helpful to your subordinates as well as your bosses.  Respect and acknowledge the positions, roles and duties of others.

Use appropriate language – be respectful of gender, race, religion, political viewpoints and other potentially controversial or difficult subjects.  Do not make derogatory or potentially inflammatory comments.

Learn to listen attentively - pay attention to others while they speak – do not get distracted mid-conversation and do not interrupt. (See our pages on Listening Skills for more.)

Respect other people's time.   Try to be precise and to-the-point in explanations without appearing to be rushed.

Be assertive when necessary but respect the right of others to be assertive too.  (See our pages on Assertiveness for more.)

Avoid gossip.  Try to have positive things to say about other people.

Apologise for your mistakes.  If you say or do something that may be considered rude or embarrassing then apologise, but don’t overdo your apologies. (See our page: Apologising | Saying Sorry )

Avoid jargon and vocabulary that may be difficult for others to understand – explain complex ideas or instructions carefully.  Do not appear arrogant.

Respect , and be prepared to listen to, the ideas and opinions of others.

Dress appropriately for the situation.  Avoid wearing revealing clothing in public and avoid staring at others who are wearing revealing clothing. Avoid being dressed too casually for the situation. (See our page: Personal Appearance )

Use humour carefully.   Aim not to cause any offence and know the boundaries of appropriate language for different situations. (See our page: Developing a Sense of Humour )

Practise good personal hygiene.   Wash and brush your teeth regularly, change your clothes and use deodorant. Avoid strong perfumes, after-shaves or colognes.

Be punctual.   If you have arranged to meet somebody at a certain time make sure you are on time, or even a few minutes early.  If you are going to be late let the other person/people know as far in advance as you can.  Do not rely on feeble or exaggerated excuses to explain lateness.  Respect other people’s time and don’t waste it. (See our page: Time Management for more information.)

Always practise good table manners. When eating around others avoid foods with strong odours, do not talk with your mouth full or chew with your mouth open, and eat quietly.

Do not pick your nose or ears, chew on your fingers or bite your fingernails in public. Also avoid playing excessively with your hair.

Good manners cost nothing but can make a big difference to how other people feel about you, or the organisation you are representing. When you’re polite and show good manners others are more likely to be polite and courteous in return.

You can improve your face-to-face or interpersonal relationships with others in many different ways – SkillsYouNeed has numerous pages providing in-depth advice and discussion on specific topics related to interpersonal skills.

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The Art of Being Polite: Your Ultimate Guide to Social Etiquette

  • By Garry Evans
  • Published November 7, 2023
  • Updated November 7, 2023
  • 7 mins read

Politeness is an important aspect of effective communication in English. It can help you build positive relationships, avoid misunderstandings, and convey your thoughts and feelings in a respectful manner. Here are 10 ways to express yourself politely in English, along with explanations and examples:

Explanation: “Please” is a simple and effective way to make a request or ask for something politely. It shows that you respect the other person’s time and effort.

Example: “Could you please pass me the salt?”

Explanation: Expressing gratitude is a fundamental aspect of politeness. It shows appreciation for someone’s help or actions.

Example: “Thank you for helping me with this project.”

Explanation: “Excuse me” is used to get someone’s attention or to apologise for interrupting. It is a courteous way to initiate a conversation or correct a mistake.

Example: “Excuse me, I didn’t mean to interrupt you.”

I’m sorry:.

Explanation: Apologising is crucial when you’ve made a mistake or unintentionally hurt someone’s feelings. It demonstrates empathy and responsibility.

Example: “I’m sorry for the misunderstanding; I didn’t mean to upset you.”

Explanation: “May I?” is a polite way to request permission. It acknowledges that you respect the other person’s authority or consent.

Example: “May I use your phone to make a quick call?”

Could you please:.

Explanation: This phrase is a more formal and polite way to make a request. It conveys politeness and a sense of deference.

Example: “Could you please send me the report by the end of the day?”

If you don’t mind:.

Explanation: This phrase is often used to seek permission or confirm that a suggestion is acceptable to the other person. It shows consideration for their preferences.

Example: “I’d like to sit here if you don’t mind.”

I was wondering if…:.

Explanation: This is a polite way to introduce a request or ask a question. It softens the tone and makes the interaction more courteous.

Example: “I was wondering if you could give me some advice on this matter.”

Could you possibly…:.

Explanation: Using “could you possibly” adds an extra layer of politeness to your requests. It implies that you understand the person’s willingness may be limited.

Example: “Could you possibly spare a few minutes to discuss this issue?”

I’d appreciate it if…:.

Explanation: This phrase is a gracious way to ask for assistance or a favour. It clearly communicates your gratitude in advance.

Example: “I’d appreciate it if you could help me with this task.”

At English Al Fresco we try to help you learn when it’s best to use these phrases in real life situations. It could be at home, in the shop or at the local restaurant. Why not test your skills in the birthplace of being polite and join one of our courses!

Additional Tips for Politeness:

Use titles and names: Addressing people by their titles and last names (e.g., Mr. Smith or Dr. Johnson) is a sign of respect, especially in formal settings.

Be mindful of tone: Politeness is not just about the words you use but also the tone of your voice. Maintain a friendly and respectful tone in your conversations.

Avoid negative language: Instead of saying, “You’re wrong,” try “I see what you’re saying, but I have a different perspective.” This helps in presenting your point without causing offence.

Wait your turn: In group conversations, wait for an appropriate moment to speak rather than interrupting. This demonstrates respect for others’ contributions.

Listen actively: Being a good listener is a polite and considerate behaviour. It shows that you value the other person’s thoughts and feelings.

Say “please” and “thank you” sincerely: These phrases should be used genuinely. Empty or insincere politeness can be perceived as artificial.

Give and receive feedback with care: Constructive criticism should be delivered politely. Instead of saying, “This is terrible,” try “I think there might be room for improvement in this area.”

Use non-verbal cues: Politeness is not limited to words; your body language and facial expressions also play a significant role. Maintain eye contact, smile, and use open postures to appear approachable.

Consider cultural differences: Different cultures have varying norms for politeness. What’s polite in one culture may not be in another, so it’s essential to be aware of cultural sensitivities.

Be patient: Sometimes, people may not respond positively, and that’s okay. Be patient and give them space to react or respond to your polite communication.

In conclusion, expressing yourself politely in English is an essential skill for effective communication. Politeness not only helps you convey your thoughts and feelings respectfully but also fosters positive interactions with others. By using phrases like “please,” “thank you,” “excuse me,” and employing additional tips for politeness, you can enhance your ability to connect with people and navigate social and professional situations successfully.

Politeness Importance:

Politeness plays a significant role in our daily interactions and relationships. It is a fundamental aspect of effective communication, ensuring that our conversations are respectful, considerate, and harmonious. Being polite not only reflects well on the speaker but also contributes to a more positive and pleasant atmosphere in social, professional, and personal settings.

How to Be More Polite:

To enhance one’s politeness, it’s essential to understand how to be more polite. This involves learning how to speak formally and developing polite language skills. Speaking formally involves using appropriate titles, addressing people respectfully, and adhering to established social conventions. Polite language skills encompass using courteous phrases, such as “please,” “thank you,” and “excuse me,” to express oneself with respect and consideration.

Polite Examples:

Learning from polite examples is a valuable way to grasp the nuances of politeness. When we see or hear others using polite language and behaviour, it provides a clear illustration of what politeness looks like in practice. For instance, phrases like “May I please have your attention?” and “Thank you for your assistance” demonstrate how to communicate politely in various situations.

How to Talk Nicely:

Talking nicely is a core element of politeness. This involves maintaining a friendly and warm tone while interacting with others. Politeness extends beyond just the words we use; it includes how we say them. By speaking with kindness, empathy, and a pleasant demeanour, we create an environment where people feel respected and valued.

How to Be More Diplomatic:

Diplomacy is another crucial aspect of politeness. It involves carefully choosing words and phrases to navigate sensitive topics or disagreements. Being diplomatic means addressing issues with tact and sensitivity, often by finding common ground and avoiding confrontation. This approach not only promotes a harmonious atmosphere but also helps to resolve conflicts more effectively.

How to Talk Formally:

Speaking formally is necessary in certain situations, such as business meetings, interviews, or official interactions. It includes using titles, addressing people respectfully, and adhering to established norms of communication. Mastering the skill of speaking formally allows one to convey professionalism and respect for others.

How to Speak Politely:

Speaking politely involves using courteous expressions and phrases that show respect for others. Phrases like “Could you please?” or “I would appreciate it if” are examples of speaking politely. It demonstrates a considerate attitude and can help avoid misunderstandings and conflicts.

Speaking Politely:

Speaking politely means consistently using respectful language and behavior in all conversations. It’s a habit that leads to better relationships and more effective communication. It’s about making a conscious effort to consider the feelings and perspectives of others while expressing your thoughts and ideas.

How to Be Polite in English:

Politeness transcends language, but when communicating in English, it’s essential to be aware of cultural and linguistic nuances. Being polite in English involves using phrases like “please” and “thank you,” understanding when to use formal language, and respecting the conventions of the English-speaking world.

In conclusion, politeness is a cornerstone of effective communication and positive relationships. It encompasses speaking formally, diplomatically, and nicely, using examples to learn, and applying polite language skills. By consistently speaking politely and being aware of cultural and linguistic considerations, one can create an environment of respect and consideration in English and beyond.

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200 Words Essay Examples & Topic Ideas

How long is 200 words? A 200-word text is perfect for conveying concise and focused thoughts on a topic. It takes less than one double-spaced or 0.4 single-spaced pages , so it requires you to prioritize the most crucial points while preserving clarity and consistency. This word count is typical for abstracts, annotated bibliography entries, discussion board posts, position papers, and book reports.

In this article, we will discuss how to structure a 200-word essay to make it compelling and engaging. As a bonus, you will also receive a list of interesting topics, writing prompts, and practical samples. You can check out IvyPanda free essays for more inspiration!

  • 🔝 Best Essay Topics
  • 📝 Obesity Essay Examples
  • 💡 Essay about Myself
  • 🤰 Pregnancy Essay Examples
  • ✍️ How to Write a 200-Word Essay
  • ⚡ Alternative Energy Essay
  • 📱 Social Media Prompts
  • 🖊️ Essay Examples on Life after Covid-19
  • 📋 Sample Essay Prompts
  • 🖥️ Essay about ICT: Samples

🔝 Best 200 Words Essay Topics

  • Why is it important to recycle?
  • The significance of education in society.
  • How does social media influence teenagers’ mental health?
  • My role model for my career.
  • What are the benefits of being bilingual?
  • Effective ways to decrease depression among youth.
  • My first trip abroad.
  • Modern technology: the key drawbacks.
  • People should protect the environment.
  • How does fashion impact self-expression?
  • Teenage abortion: for or against.
  • The value of time management.
  • Gambling should be banned in the United States.
  • Why is it crucial to forgive?
  • The benefits of a positive mindset.

📝 Causes and Effects of Obesity Essay 200 Words: Examples

  • Extreme Obesity as a Risk Factor of Respiratory Disability One of the most widespread risk factors that perturb the prevalence of respiratory impairment is extreme obesity. In conclusion, extreme obesity is a dangerous condition that may pose as a threat to the life of […]
  • “Childhood and Adolescent Obesity”: Article Review In the article “Childhood and adolescent obesity: A review,” the authors examine the different treatment options for obesity and argue that current medication is the most effective approach to addressing this issue.
  • Obesity Problem in Medical Cardiology My preceptor advised me to concentrate on the visual part while presenting the prevalence of obesity globally and emphasizing the importance of preventing this condition.
  • Obesity Problem and Community Initiatives Increasing the availability of healthier food choices and improving the access to these healthier foods within the community will help reduce obesity.
  • “Obesity, Physical Activity, and the Urban Environment” by Lopez Additionally, the study had proved that suburban areas’ features could not be connected to the higher risks of obesity since the inner-city population has higher rates of illness.
  • Epidemiology Discussions: Childhood Obesity Disease Obesity is a serious disease among children of Chicago. As a rule, it is measured by the use of a Body Mass Index.
  • Disseminating Evidence: Childhood Obesity The attendees at the meeting will also publish the proposed solutions and results of the research study. It is also vital to mention that researchers of the study will be expecting feedback after the convention.
  • Management of Obesity and Social Issues That Emerge With Its Development The article by Omole focuses on recent shift in the management of obesity and the social issues that emerge with its development, namely, the culture of fat-shaming, by considering some of the alternatives toward evaluating […]
  • Obesity Among the Elderly People in Warren Township Obesity among the elderly people living in Warren Township could be a result of different measures of socioeconomic status which may include; the family, cultural factors, biological pathways as well as ethical and sociopolitical factors […]
  • Obesity Cure in Children The purpose of the research will focus on examining the effectiveness of the medicines introduced, usage, and any associated side effect.
  • Obesity as a Health Challenge in Starr County, Texas It has been declared that this county is the most obese in the state. However, the government and county leaders can contribute to the development of proper lifestyles.

💡 Prompts for a 200 Words Essay about Myself

Here are some helpful 200-word essay example prompts that you can use to reveal your personality or talk about your life experience:

  • Autobiography about yourself 200 words. In your essay, you can describe your place of birth, childhood, or major life events that have shaped your worldview.
  • Who am I: essay 200 words. Write about your bad and good habits, values, and hobbies. Also, you can describe your personality traits and preferences.
  • 200-word essay about the importance of research to you as a student. Provide the benefits you get from conducting research. Examples include acquiring new knowledge, clarifying complicated concepts, understanding research methods , and balancing between collaborative and individual work.
  • How will counseling help you get through with your problems: 200 words essay. Discuss how counseling may be a beneficial resource in dealing with personal issues that prevent you from achieving your ambitions.
  • My first job essay — 200 words. Describe your first employment, the lessons you learned from it, and how it shaped your outlook on work and responsibilities.

🤰 Adult & Teenage Pregnancy Essay 200 Words Examples

  • Substance Use During Pregnancy as a Crime Personally, I believe that the system where healthcare workers must report drug abuse is the most effective method to help pregnant women get rid of addiction and protect the health of their babies.
  • Should Pregnant Women Be Subject to Criminal Prosecution? The research shows that criminalizing pregnant women who use or misuse drugs is harmful to both them and their unborn children.
  • Interrelation of Ramadan Fasting and Pregnancy Therefore, the principal aim of this research is to investigate and analyze the long-term effects of Ramadan fasting among pregnant Muslim women on unborn babies.
  • The National Campaign End Teenage Pregnancy in Ohio The dream of most parents is to ensure their children lead to a successful future which may be affected by the occurrence of unplanned teenage birth.
  • Adolescent Pregnancy and School Dropout After COVID-19 in Kenya The article of Zulaika presents the impact of COVID-19 lockdowns on adolescent pregnancy and school dropout among secondary school girls in Kenya.

✍️ How to Write a 200 Word Essay

Writing an essay in 200 words may be difficult since you must present a logical and convincing point in a limited number of words. It requires you to be precise and selective in choosing the information you want to cover, making every word count.

In the following paragraphs, we will discuss the structure of a 200-word essay in detail!

This image shows the 200-word essay structure.

What Does 200 Words Look Like?

A 200-word essay usually consists of 3 parts:

  • Introduction (2-3 sentences)
  • Main body (4-5 sentences)
  • Conclusion (2-3 sentences)

A 200-word essay’s main body should be focused and clearly address your chosen topic. Each sentence should efficiently express your point of view while staying within the word limit.

Try our outline generator to create a compelling 200-words example outline!

200 Word Essay Introduction

The introductory paragraph of a 200-word essay is about 50 words in length. Since the paper is short, you can begin your opening paragraph with a strong thesis statement. After the thesis, summarize the points you want to reveal in the body paragraph.

To make the process of writing the introduction easier, use our hook sentence generator , thesis statement tool , and research introduction maker .

200 Word Essay Conclusion

The conclusion of the 200-word article, like the introduction, should be about 50 words. It must briefly outline the main thoughts and restate the thesis statement. Also, the last paragraph should provide the reader with a sense of closure and emphasize the importance of the topic.

We also recommend you use our concluding sentence generator to write your essay’s conclusion quickly and effectively!

How Many References in a 200 Word Essay?

The number of sources depends on the type of work and your teacher’s requirements. On average, for 150 words, you need to include 1 reference. As a result, for a 200-words paragraph, you will need 1-2 sources.

Our citation generator is a helpful online tool that can assist you in creating the reference list for your essay within several seconds.

⚡ Alternative Sources of Energy Essay 200 Words: Examples

  • Energy: Types and Conversion Process This process is called energy conversion, and it is one of the most important concepts in understanding energy. An example of energy conversion in daily activities is the shift from electric energy to heat in […]
  • ExxonMobil: Shaping the Future of Energy Through Innovation and Responsibility ExxonMobil, one of the world’s major publicly-listed energy suppliers and chemical manufacturers, manufactures and deploys next-generation technologies to help fulfill the world’s expanding demand for energy consumption and high-quality chemical products safely and responsibly.
  • Technology and Wind Energy Efforts by the elite members of the society enlightened the global countries about the benefits of renewable energy sources in conserving the environment prompting the need to consider wind energy.
  • Non-Renewable Energy and Gross Domestic Product of China The use of non-renewable energy in China has the negative impact on the GDP, as indicated by the negative values of DOLS and CCR coefficients. The generation of renewable energy has a negligible negative impact […]
  • Building Energy Assessment and Rating Tools Houses are rated prior to building them or after building them and the rating depends on the dwelling’s plan; the erection of its roof, walls, windows and floor; and the direction of its windows relative […]
  • The Nuclear Power Passages: Rhetorical Analysis At that, the writer also provides some data utilized by the former vice president and some information to show the negative side of power plants.

📱 Essay of 200 Words on Social Media: Prompts

Writing an essay on social media? We have prepared for you good writing prompts that can be helpful when crafting a 200-word paragraph on social media. Find a suitable 200-words sample prompt below:

  • The advantages and disadvantages of Facebook: paragraph 200 words. Discuss the pros and cons of Facebook. Its benefits can include networking, access to new information, and dating. Among the disadvantages are privacy issues , addiction, unnecessary criticism, etc.
  • The impact of social media on mental health: essay 200 words. Explore how social media might damage mental health. You can also come up with possible solutions.
  • Impact of social media on youth: essay 200 words. Investigate the effects of social media on young people, emphasizing the benefits and risks social platforms may have for teenagers’ behavior and development.
  • Facebook should be banned: essay 200 words. Provide arguments for or against banning Facebook. Support your opinion by sharing your experience using this social media platform.
  • 200 words essay on social media addiction. In your essay, you can focus on a specific aspect of social media addiction . For example, you can dwell on its major signs, risks of developing, or ways to deal with it.
  • Virtual life and real-life paragraph 200 words. Compare and contrast virtual life with real life, highlighting differences and possible intersections. Discuss how virtual life can make you less social.

🖊️ Essay on Life after COVID-19: 200 Words Examples

  • The Recovery of the US Economy After the Pandemic One of the key issues that the United States is currently facing is the recovery of its economy after the pandemic.
  • Post-COVID-19 Pandemic Policy Changes The case of COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the necessity for governments to institute new policies swiftly in order to address the spread of infections.
  • Unemployment Rate After COVID-19 However, there is a visible disparity between the national unemployment rate and that of the Hispanic or Latino demographic group, which was 12.
  • The Healing Wings Project After COVID-19 The pandemic of COVID-19 did not only pose a threat to the physical health of the population but also put many people in a position in which they had to deal with the loss of […]
  • The Issue of Gender Inequality after Covid-19 To date, the role of women in society has increased many times over, both in the economic, social, and political spheres of public life.
  • Curriculum Trends in Schools After COVID-19 It is especially relevant in an era of the pandemic because distance education is a reality the whole world is facing. That is, the curriculum should be flexible and meet the needs of learners.
  • Future of Public Health After the COVID-19 The pandemic acted as a detonator of the problems of the key sphere of life support of the population. In my opinion, public medical institutions will improve themselves under the influence of factors such as […]
  • Digital Economy After the COVID-19 Pandemic With the spread of COVID-19 in the world, more and more people work remotely using video conferencing services and instant messengers.
  • World Medical Relief After COVID-19 In conclusion, patients’ needs for healthcare equipment and supplies are critical, and the failure to receive the appropriate medication might be life-threatening.

📋 Essay 200 Words: Sample Prompts

Check our writing prompts for a 200-word essay now to receive some more fresh ideas:

  • Online classes vs traditional classes essay 200 words. In your 200-words text, you can provide several reasons why online courses can be better than traditional ones. Support your opinion with a real-life example.
  • Should smoking be banned: essay 200 words. Examine both sides of the issue while discussing the health, economic, and societal effects of smoking prohibition .
  • Essay on Pythagoras in 200 words. You can start by providing a biography of Pythagoras and the most memorable events of his life. Then, dwell on the contribution he made to the philosophy.
  • Coping with stress: essay 200 words. Discuss ideas and strategies for efficiently managing stress and preserving mental well-being.
  • A trip to Mars essay 200 words. You can describe the fictitious expedition to Mars. Try to provide details about preparation, challenges you may face, and your emotions about such an experience.
  • Outdoor activities essay 200 words. Emphasize the physical and mental advantages of participating in outdoor activities and spending time in nature. Then, write more about your favorite outdoor activity.
  • You are what you eat: essay 200 words. Discuss how food choices affect general health and well-being. You can also highlight the importance of nutrition in daily life.

🖥️ Essay about ICT 200 Words: Best Samples

  • How My Organization Uses Technologies for Communication In addition, new forms of communication are constantly being improved, enhanced, and updated, allowing one to optimize the existing work in the right direction.
  • The Role of Health Information Technologies In the summarized study, the authors explored the role of Health Information Technologies for health improvement through the safe integration of primary care and behavioral health.
  • Health Information Technology: The Main Benefits The promising functionality of HIT has attracted media attention, but its eventual implementation faced obstacles such as a lack of technological resources or inability to understand which types of HIT must be used. Thus, HIT […]
  • Health Information Technology: Aims and Applications In general, health information technology aims to improve care coordination and delivery by providing remote access to patient data and other necessary information for clinicians, allowing asynchronous communication, and improving legibility.
  • Evaluation of Health Information Technology Since most data will be categorical, this can be a terrifically effective technique of analyzing data because it will also be immensely useful to this project.
  • Information Technology as a Competitive Advantage In as much as IT gives firms a competitive advantage, the main factor in business growth is the value that consumers attach to the products offered. Integration of IT and other resources is the key […]
  • Relevance and Significance of Communication Technology In the view of the fact that there are diverse clients, companies should customize their means of communication to meet unique desires of their clients.

📌 200 Word Essay: Answers to the Most Pressing Questions

📌 how many pages is 200 words double spaced.

How many pages are 200 words of academic text? According to the guidelines of all the key citation styles, one page should contain approximately 250 words (12-point Times New Roman, double-spaced). If you follow these guidelines, your 200-word essay will be one page. If you make it single-spaced, it will take half a page.

📌 How Much Is 200 Words in Paragraphs?

How many paragraphs is a 200-word essay? Since a typical paragraph in academic writing contains 50-100 words, an essay of 200 words will consist of 2 to 4 paragraphs.

📌 How Many Sentences Is 200 Words?

How many sentences is a 200-word essay? A typical sentence in academic writing consists of 15-20 words. So, 200 words are not less than 10-13 sentences.

📌 How to Outline a 200-Word Essay?

When you write a 200-word essay, proper planning is the key to success. Such a short piece will consist of three to five concise paragraphs. A 200-word paper outline can contain a short introduction with background information, 1-3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

📌 How Long Does It Take to Write 200 Words?

How long does it take to write a 200-word essay? It will take you 4-8 minutes to type 200 words on your keyboard (the total time will depend on your typing speed). Writing an academic paper will take more time because you’ll have to research, make an outline, write, format, and edit your text. It would be best if you planned to spend not less than 40 minutes for a 200-word paper.

📌 How to Reduce Word Count in a 200-Word Essay?

The easiest way to do that is to get rid of the less important arguments you consider in your 200-word essay. Rank your arguments and eliminate those weaker. Another idea is to edit your paper in order to make sentences shorter. For instance, you can remove some of the adverbs.

  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

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British Council India

How to be polite in english, by sheekha lodaria, 10 september 2021 - 6:43pm.

Two women smiling and talking to a man

While learning a language, it’s common to struggle with vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation. Students often fear making mistakes and are anxious about ‘sounding right’ while speaking. Before I started teaching, I worked in sales and marketing. My job involved dealing with customers from across the globe. I was surprised to find that a few customers sounded rude during a friendly discussion. Others sounded very polite even while talking about difficult situations like a delayed delivery or quality issues. I always wondered how these people managed to think of the right words at the right time and most importantly say them the in right way! Before I became a teacher, I thought that simply adding the word ‘please’ to sentences made them polite. But once I started teaching, I realised that there is a lot more to sounding polite in English.

It is actually very simple, people who sound polite don’t change the message, they simply change the way the message is delivered. Instead of being direct and upfront, a slight change in the choice of words and expressions helps package the message far more politely and professionally.

Let’s look at some common situations where you may need to use polite language. We’ll also look at how you can sound more polite in these situations.

Giving opinions

We all find ourselves in situations where we need to present our point of views politely and respectfully E.g. in meetings at work, a family discussion or even a conversation with friends. In such situations, we may need to present our  personal points of view. So, we can use polite expressions like the ones listed below before stating an opinion:

  • Personally, I think that...
  • It seems to me that...
  • In my opinion, ...
  • I feel that…
  • I believe that…

TIP: Don’t say ‘According to me’ when you wish to express your personal point of view. ‘According to’ is used to refer to someone else’s opinion, generally in official context. You can read more about it here  https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/according-to

Sometimes in a discussion, you might need to express a point of view that represents what is thought by people in general. Maybe you read it in the news or heard it from somewhere and you want to refer to it during the discussion. In that case, you can use these expressions:

  • (Some) people say that...
  •   I’ve heard that...
  • It’s a fact that…
  • According to…

Making requests

This is a very common situation that we encounter in our personal and professional lives. We need people to support us and do things for us, and sometimes they have nothing to gain from it. So, it is very important that when we make requests, we sound as polite as we can. Imagine a friend telling you “Turn the fan on, it’s hot!” and another one saying “It’s hot. Could you please turn the fan on?” . I’m sure you’ll agree that the second one sounds more polite. So, use expressions before requests to make them sound polite

  • Could you please…
  • Would you please….
  • Would you mind….

TIP: You can use can or could to make polite requests. However, could is more formal and polite than can .

Making s uggestions and giving feedback

I remember having a conversation with a student ‘Ravi’ on a business English course that I taught. Ravi had a job at a senior level in the logistics department of a multinational company and managed a team of six executives. His job involved dealing with difficult situations, sudden change of plans and he had to immediately make a lot of suggestions to his team to get the work done. Ravi was very helpful and he did get the job done. But when the Human Resources department gathered peer feedback, he was shocked to learn that many of his team had said that he was rude and they felt like he gave them orders! This got him worried and he wanted to know how to sound more polite.

 A role play task helped me understand how Ravi gave suggestions to his team. A fellow student played the role of his colleague and approached Ravi with an issue. During the role play Ravi said things like ‘Call the clearing agent.’ Or ‘The billing details are wrong!’ and ‘Check the product code.’ I recorded the role play and we looked at it together. Ravi realised that in the role play, his colleague was asking for suggestions and ideas on how to get things done. But the way Ravi gave those suggestions, it sounded like an order and could seem rude. We worked on making suggestions in a different way by using some expressions like:

  • You could call the clearing agent.
  •   How about going over the billing details once more?
  • What about checking the product code in the invoice?
  • Let’s  double check the details on the invoice before we process the shipment.

You can use also these phrases to politely extend an invitation to someone. For example, “How about meeting tomorrow for dinner at my place?”.   OR “Let’s go jogging tomorrow morning.”

You can also use these expressions to give feedback, if your role requires you to do so. The next time a colleague asks for some feedback on a presentation they made or a meeting that they organised, you can use these expressions. Begin with something positive or something that they did well, then give your feedback and after that add a suggestion. For instance, you could say ‘That was a very well-structured presentation. You had all the facts in place. You could work on handling the questions from the audience. How about telling them at the beginning that you’ll take all questions after the presentation?’

TIP: Add these expressions before your suggestions to present them more politely. When you make suggestions, people are free to accept those ideas or reject them.  Remember to ‘sandwich’ your feedback – first give praise, then add your feedback and a helpful suggestion for improvement as applicable.

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Asking questions

Imagine it’s a bright and lovely Sunday morning, you are sitting on your cozy sofa with a warm cup of coffee and reading the newspaper. Just then a house guest, who stayed overnight, walks up to you and asks, ‘Where’s my coffee?’ How would you feel? Well, I don’t know about you, but I’d probably get upset by the directness of the question, which to a fluent speaker of English can sound quite rude. But if the same person came up to me and said ‘Good morning. I was wondering if there’s any coffee for me?’ I would smile and bring that cup of coffee from the kitchen counter and hand it over to my guest.

The first question was not incorrect, it was just too direct. It’s sometimes okay to use these direct questions with close friends and family. But with people you’ve just met or with your colleagues it is better to use indirect questions, which are more formal and polite. You can make questions indirect by adding these expressions to the beginning of the question:

  • I was wondering if/whether…..
  • Would it be possible to……?
  • Do you mind if……..?  

  TIP: Drop your voice at the end of the indirect question to make it sound more polite. Remember, indirect questions follow the structure of positive statements – subject before the verb!

→Rising→                                                        →Falling→ 

I was wondering if you could share some more tips with me?

myenglish workplace

Saying ‘no’

Like many others, I find it hard to say no to people. I’m sure a lot of you will agree with me. But over time I’ve realised that it is okay to say no politely. In a lot of cultures around the world, it is considered rude or even offensive to refuse to do something if someone makes a request. However, these days where we handle a lot of personal and professional responsibilities, it is not possible to do everything and please everyone. Based on our priorities we can choose to say yes or no. If you struggle to say no politely, you’ll find the below list useful.  

You can use these phrases to politely decline an invitation:

  • I'm afraid  I'm busy on... (day).  How about  next... (day)?
  • I'm sorry I can't.
  • I'd love to, but...
  • Not this time, thanks.  

Use these words and phrases to refuse permission to do something:

  • I'm afraid not.
  • I'm sorry it's not possible...
  • I'm afraid you can't.

So, the next time someone wants you to do something and you really can’t, simply say ‘ I’m afraid that’s not possible ’ or while you read this blog, you get a phone call from a friend asking you to chat, then you could say ‘ I’d love to, but I’ve got to read this blog right till the end! ’

TIP:  The expression ‘ I’m afraid… ’ doesn’t’ mean that you are scared. It is a polite way of apologising or even disagreeing with someone. You can read more about it here  https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/im-afraid .

Asking for help and discussing problems

I’m sure you must be wondering how best to be polite when asking for help. We approach people for help when we have a problem. At times, we are upset and maybe even frustrated because a solution is not easily available. As a result, we get emotional and carried away and at that point of time language is the last thing on our mind! We just need HELP!

The way we ask for help matters, particularly in cultures where politeness in making requests is highly valued. Let’s imagine that you have just joined a new place of work. The IT department has sent you all the login details. But for some reason you are not able to access your mailbox, you are expecting an important email from the human resources department. Calling the IT team and saying  ‘My login details don’t work!’  might seem a bit rude and unprofessional. But you would sound far more polite if you said  ‘I need some help. I’ve got some issues with my login details and I can’t access my mailbox. I’m expecting a very important email. Could you please help me with that?’

I used a simple structure that makes me sound very polite and of course professional when I ask for help. Here it is!

TIP : Be clear and concise when you explain the problem!  Remember KISS – Keep It Short and Simple.

All these polite phrases sound even more polite when said in the correct tone. Drop your voice at the end of your polite requests, suggestions, opinions or questions.

I hope this blog post was helpful. A lot of these phrases and expressions can be recycled and reused in different contexts. The best way to incorporate them in your spoken language is to start using them right away. Initially you might find it difficult or even awkward. You may think ‘ Hey, this is not me!’  OR ‘ I don’t think I’m doing it correctly! ’ You could overcome this by practicing these expressions several times. How about watching podcasts or videos where these expressions are used and observing how the speakers use it in their language. Then, why don’t you copy the speakers and record your voice, listen to it and compare it with the original recording.

We’d love to hear from you if you found these tips useful!

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politeness essay in 200 words

Writing a Great 200-Word Essay (Tips & Examples)

While some students often struggle to write longer essays and come up with enough words to hit the required word count, others are challenged to write shorter ones. In fact, 200-word essays are among the toughest to write as students must convey a complicated message in four short paragraphs. In this article you will find effective tips on how to write a great 200-word essay, as well as some examples.

Here’s How to Write a 200-Word Essay

  • Step 1: Understand the Prompt : Clearly understand what the essay is asking. Identify the key points or questions you need to address. Jot down your thoughts, facts, or arguments related to the topic. This step is about gathering content, not worrying about the word limit.
  • Step 2: Create a Thesis Statement : Develop a clear thesis statement that encapsulates the main idea of your essay. This statement will guide the direction of your essay.
  • Step 3: Plan Your Essay Structure : Organize your thoughts and knowledge on the topic into an introduction, body, and conclusion. Given the word limit, plan for a brief introduction and conclusion (about 40-50 words each) and a more substantial body (100-120 words).
  • Step 4: Write the Introduction : Start with a hook to grab attention, then briefly introduce your topic and end with your thesis statement.
  • Step 5: Write the Body : Focus on 1-2 key points that support your thesis. Provide evidence or examples for each point, explain your ideas. Be concise and avoid over-elaborating.
  • Step 6: Write the Conclusion : Summarize the main points and restate your thesis in a new way. Avoid introducing new information.
  • Step 7: Edit and Revise : Review your essay. Ensure each word serves a purpose. Check for clarity, coherence, and conciseness. Remove any unnecessary words or phrases. Check for grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors. Ensure you’ve met the word count requirement. Read your essay aloud to ensure it flows well and makes sense. Make any last adjustments.

If you’re looking for some inspiration, check our 200-word essay templates and examples below. These will help you create your paper by giving you an idea of the format and writing style to use.

Here are Some 200-Word Essay Examples

Essay example #1 (the impact of technology on modern education), essay example # 2 (the power of music in cultural unification), essay example #3 (the meaning of friendship), general essay writing tips, ✅ brainstorm ideas.

Take another look at the prompts for the essay to gain a deeper understanding of the topic at hand. Make sure you fully understand what your teacher expects before starting to write. Don’t jump into writing an essay blindly without understanding what the paper is supposed to be about. The document may be 200 words, but it still needs a compelling structure like any other essay. Take advantage of all the other fundamentals of essay writing, you know. Create an attention-grabbing introduction and introduce a new idea with each paragraph.

✅ Choose an Appropriate Topic

Choosing a topic you know about and familiar with is vital for any essay, especially a short one. Write your paper on something that means something to you or is otherwise essential to you. Choosing an appropriate subject helps you create an authentic and excellent piece. Your essay reflects your familiarity with the issue. A perfect quality paper increases your chances of achieving your goal, such as landing a scholarship.

✅ Do Some Research

Be sure to dedicate some time to researching the subject. Understand the topic at hand. Doing research gives you the information you can use to write a better essay backed up with facts and figures to convince the audience to your way of thinking.

✅ Give Yourself Enough Time

Be sure to take your time when writing the essay and think about the prompt. Create a plan and draft and revise them to put together the best possible paper. Essays and personal statements that you take the time to write correctly are sure to stand out and improve your chances of success.

You don’t have much room to play with for a 200-word essay. As such, you should keep things brief and avoid using jargon and complicated terminology. Stick to direct and efficient language to send your message.

✅ Have a Thesis Statement

The thesis statement covers the main themes of an essay. The statement introduces readers to what they should expect from the piece. You can develop a short, two-sentence statement after creating an outline for the paper. This statement should introduce the purpose of the essay, so having an outline in mind helps to create one. This statement also gives you something to refer back to when writing the essay.

✅ Write the Introduction

Once you’ve created a thesis statement and written the body of the essay, go back and write a compelling introduction. The introduction fascinates readers and encourages them to keep reading. Busy openings discourage people from reading and send the wrong message. Use an exciting story, quote, summary, revelation, or other hooks to start your paper and introduce the topic. Your hook should tie into the thesis statement.

✅ Write the Essay Body

The essay body is the bulk of the text. This is where you describe your topic and make your arguments. The body is where you discuss the main ideas identified in your outline. Each paragraph in the body introduces one new concept or idea. Don’t forget to give each section an introductory sentence and ensure they serve a purpose.

Explaining the themes and ideas of the essay comes after this introductory sentence. Be sure to back up your claims with credible sources and information. Cite any material you reference or quotes you use according to the assigned essay format.

✅ Stick to the Word Count

The desired word count is one of the most essential parts of writing an essay. If your piece comes with a word limit, then make sure that you respect that word count and convey your message in an appropriate number of words. Slight deviations are acceptable, but don’t severely under-write or over-write your essay. Also, avoid repeating information covered in companion pieces, such as a resume. The paper should be brief and written with perfect grammar. Go through the essay and correct grammar and spelling mistakes.

✅ Write a Conclusion and Proofread the Essay

Make sure the points of your essay are appropriately organized. Avoid writing too much in the paper, or you risk losing control of the writing. Your essay conclusion summarizes the paper and the main points covered. The conclusion should be no more than five sentences long.

Don’t introduce any new ideas during the closing statements. With that said, you can restate your thesis statement. Some people like to write conclusions by restating the introduction. When finished, go through the paper and correct any mistakes or other issues you find.

The Key Features of a Short Essay

  • Thesis Statement . The thesis statement is crucial to any essay, no matter how long it is. However, how you formulate that statement can change. This statement should be placed in the first three sentences of the essay. Ensure that your thesis statement appears at the start of the essay.
  • Opening Sentences . Each new paragraph must begin with a topic phrase. Approach the topic sentences from different angles and choose the most persuasive argument to create the most substantial opening sentences in a 200-word essay.
  • Supporting Phrases . Writing such a short essay means ensuring each paragraph has supporting evidence that backs up the main arguments. However, avoid using over-long sentences or wordy facts to save room in the piece. Remove quotes that don’t add to the paper.
  • Conclusion . Cover the thesis statement in the conclusion and provide a summary of the paper.

How to Reduce Word Count For a 200-Word Essay

Writing a 200-word essay is a challenge for students and professionals. Summarizing a complex idea in 200 words is a challenge for anyone. One way to approach the issue is to write a longer essay and then remove words to bring it down to 200. If your paper is longer than 200 words, you need to go through it and remove unnecessary words and sentences. Here are some tips on how to reduce the word count in a 200-word essay.

  • Highlight key sentences you need in the essay and remove ones that aren’t.
  • Single out and remove unnecessary words to ensure the essay only contains essential data.
  • Evaluate the essay to see if sentences are connected to your main point or not. Delete any unnecessary sentences.
  • Simplify long and complex sentences into simpler and shorter ones.

Writing a 200-word essay is more complicated than it sounds. We hope you understand how to write such a short essay correctly with our advice. Please don’t hesitate to reach out and contact the best essay writing services if you still need help writing essays of any length, not just 200-word essays.

  • Paragraph Writing
  • Good Manners Paragraph

Good Manners Paragraph - Check Samples for 100, 150, 200, 250 Words

Your behaviour and the way of presenting yourself describe your personality. What job you have, your annual income, the properties you own, etc., do not add any extra value to your personality. It is your behaviour and good manners that matter the most. Good manners are, therefore, taught in schools and at home so that a child is brought up as a good human being.

Table of Contents

Good manners paragraph in 100 words, paragraph on good manners in 150 words, paragraph on good manners in 200 words.

  • Good Manners Paragraph in 250 Words

Frequently Asked Questions on Good Manners Paragraph

When you meet a person with a lot of knowledge and wisdom but has an arrogant attitude towards everyone, you will not remember the person. On the contrary, if you meet a person who behaves well, you will remember the person for the rest of your life, irrespective of their status or background.

Let us look at how to write a paragraph on good manners. Go through the following samples and try writing one on your own.

Good manners and ethics are a product of one’s upbringing. No one can teach you how to behave in every situation. It is up to your own conscience to show good behaviour towards people. When you put others before yourself, it shows your selfless qualities, and you get genuine good behaviour in return. You would be considered a good human being or a good-mannered person if you know how to respect everyone’s feelings, are real and genuine, understand the emotions of others, and always have a humble attitude towards everyone around you. It can be seen when a guest visits you — your behaviour towards them will be a reflection of your manners. Showing respect and good manners to others does not harm anyone, so be well-mannered always.

When you respect others and their feelings, you will be respected. You would have come across the famous saying, ‘You reap what you sow’. It is the same in the case of respect too. You earn respect only when you respect everyone else and their opinions, thoughts and emotions. When you keep others before you and your happiness, you will be appreciated. These ethics are not taught to anyone; they should come from genuine kindness. Having a polite attitude to people shows what kind of a person you are. A good-mannered person makes the people around them comfortable and spreads positivity. There might be times when you feel you get nothing in return even though you only do good to others. The most important fact that you have to teach yourself is to be kind no matter what. Make sure that you never forget your manners and that you treat everyone well, irrespective of each other’s social and cultural status.

A wise person knows their own integrity and ethics.  They help others even without them asking for it. When a person reaches a high status in society, they might forget everyone who stood by their side. Only the respectable ones will always remain grateful to the ones who stood by their side. If people are polite and respect others for what they are, they will earn the respect that they deserve. Good manners do not have any fixed definition. Being thankful, polite, kind, generous, considerate and respectful are some qualities of a good-mannered person. It leaves a positive impact on everyone around. Even if one has achieved everything in life, they have to continue being the well-mannered person one has been all along.  Earn respect, it can never be purchased with money or bribe. Make sure to follow all that has been taught; carry it forward to future generations. One’s ethics and integrity can be reflected in the way one conducts oneself. Having a polite and humble attitude towards others would not harm anyone; it would, in fact, only create a positive outlook.

Good Manners Paragraph in 250 Words

Dignity is attained when we maintain peace and harmony with people. We should dedicate ourselves diligently to building a good and healthy equation in the community. We should cultivate polite behaviour towards others and must have ears to listen to others with patience. This is how we will be loved by the people and remain in their hearts and minds. We should have a positive effect on the society we live in. Maintaining a strong connection with others is the key to achieving this favourable outcome. It is not only in our community, in fact, it is also in all the people around us. These motivations are formed in us as a result of our upbringing by our parents. Our behaviour is shaped by our good upbringing. Human ideals and good and bad manners – all play a role in moulding our character. These behavioural traits have an impact on our ability to achieve our goals. Having a respectful attitude towards others demonstrates good manners. A well-mannered individual helps others feel at ease and creates a positive impression. They understand how to be grateful to everyone and how to respect others’ feelings. As a result, even if you achieve a certain level of success, remember the support and efforts of your parents, family, and friends, as well as all those who stood by your side. Money or bribes will never buy you respect. Whatever values our parents, elders, and teachers instilled in us as children, we must pass them on to future generations. The manner in which we conduct ourselves reflects our ethics and integrity. Having a courteous and polite attitude toward others will not damage anyone; in fact, it will foster a positive and respectful attitude towards others.

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Article contents

Politeness in pragmatics.

  • Dániel Z. Kádár Dániel Z. Kádár English Language and Linguistics, University of Huddersfield
  • https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.218
  • Published online: 29 March 2017

Politeness comprises linguistic and non-linguistic behavior through which people indicate that they take others’ feelings of how they should be treated into account. Politeness comes into operation through evaluative moments—the interactants’ (or other participants’) assessments of interactional behavior—and it is a key interpersonal interactional phenomenon, due to the fact that it helps people to build up and maintain interpersonal relationships. The operation of politeness involves valences: when people behave in what they perceive as polite in a given situation, they attempt to enactment shared values with others, hence triggering positive emotions. The interactants use valenced categories as a benchmark for their production and evaluation of language and behavior, and valence reflects the participants’ perceived moral order of an interactional context/event, that is, their perceptions of ‘how things should be’ in a given situation. Thus, the examination of politeness reveals information about the broader in-group, social, and cultural values that underlie the productive and evaluative interactional behavior of individuals. As politeness is a social action that consists of both linguistic and non-linguistic elements and that embodies a social practice, the research of politeness also provides insights into the social practices that surround individual language use.

Pragmatics-based research on politeness started in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and has become one of the most popular areas in pragmatics. The field has undergone various methodological and theoretical changes. These include the “first wave” of politeness research, in the course of which researchers either attempted to model politeness across languages and cultures by using universal frameworks, or engaged in culture-specific criticism of such frameworks. In the “second wave” of politeness research, researchers attempted to approach politeness as an individualistic, and often idiosyncratic, interactionally co-constructed phenomenon. A key argument of the second wave is that politeness can only be studied at the micro-level of the individual, and so it may be overambitious to attempt to model this phenomenon across languages and cultures. In the “third wave” of politeness research, scholars attempt to model politeness across languages and cultures, without compromising the endeavour of examining politeness as an interactionally co-constructed phenomenon.

Key phenomena studied in politeness research include, among others, impoliteness, intercultural interaction, cross-cultural similarities and differences of politeness, the gendered characteristics of politeness behavior, and convention and ritual. Politeness research is a multidisciplinary field that is engaged in the examination of a wide variety of data types.

  • interaction
  • intercultural interaction
  • cross-cultural pragmatics
  • the moral order

1. The Field of Politeness Research

Politeness research is the study of the interactional ways through which people build up and maintain their interpersonal relationships. Politeness covers behaviors through which people indicate that they take others’ feelings of how they should be treated into account, and it comes into operation through evaluative moments. While productive intention is important in politeness behavior (Ruhi, 2008 ), and both the production and the evaluation of politeness tend to follow conventionalized and mutually agreed patterns by default (see Section 2.2), it cannot be taken for granted that the producer and the recipient of an utterance perceive its politeness value on common grounds (Enfield, 2006 ), and so ultimately the operation of politeness cannot be separated from evaluative moments (Eelen, 2001 ).

Politeness is one of the most popular areas in pragmatics (Culpeper, 2011a ), with a history dating back to the 1970s. It is worth noting that, in many cultures, such as the Chinese and Roman, politeness was subject to proto-scientific research (Dickey, 2012 ; Pan & Kádár, 2011 ), as academic inquiries carried out in historical societies. The modern pragmatic research of politeness started under the influence of the language philosopher Paul Grice’s ( 1975 ) Cooperative Principle (henceforth CP). The CP stipulates that, in meaning making interactants tend to collaborate with each other, by following the four Maxims set out by the CP: Quality, Quantity, Relevance, and Manner. Politeness sets into operation if one or more of these Maxims are flouted with the intention of triggering polite inferences. For example, one may inform one’s speech partner about some bad news by being more verbose than usual, in order to make the other perceive one’s sympathy. In this way, one will flout the Maxim of Quantity by saying more than what is needed, but this flout may be perceived by the other as serving polite means. There are two key theories in the field that have utilized this means-to-ends approach to the operation of politeness, including Brown and Levinson ( 1987 ) and Leech ( 1983 ).

Brown and Levinson’s framework has had an unprecedented impact on the field up to the present day, as it provides a universal(istic) model to capture politeness across languages and cultures. Brown and Levinson approach politeness behavior as a highly rational phenomenon; it is claimed to come into operation if the speaker needs to threaten the hearer’s face, their public self-image. Politeness comes into existence with the other’s face needs in mind: a speech act can threaten the other’s “negative face,” their wish to be left unimpeded, or “positive face,” their wish to be appreciated; the speaker chooses politeness “strategies” according to the other’s perceived face needs. According to Brown and Levinson, while there is cultural variation in terms of interactional behavior, this model—based on the concept of face—is valid to capture the logic of politeness in any language and culture. While less explicitly universal in scope, Leech’s theory models politeness in terms of Maxims of Politeness, which work in parallel with the Maxims of Grice’s CP: whenever the speaker observes a Maxim of Politeness (s)he flouts a Maxim of the CP, and the hearer may draw inferences accordingly. A fundamental argument of both Brown and Levinson, and Leech is that people observe the CP in means-to-ends ways across cultures.

Along with their extraordinary impact, Brown and Levinson ( 1987 ), and Leech ( 1983 ) have generated a significant amount of criticism. In particular, scholars who are native speakers of languages other than English (or Western languages in a broader sense) have pointed out that these theories rely too heavily on the Western concept of individual mean-to-ends rationality behind the operation of politeness—the notion that an individual freely chooses a certain form of behavior in order to achieve a desired interpersonal effect in a given context. Since in some cultures, such as Japanese, the use of a form of politeness may not be bound to individual choices (Ide, 1989 ), but rather it is regulated by strict interactional norms, frameworks that operate with Grice’s CP are thus claimed to be unsuitable for studying politeness in a universal way. In addition, various researchers have pointed out that the concept of face in Brown and Levinson’s work does not coincide with various culture-specific understandings of this notion, which invalidates the applicability of Brown and Levinson to these languages and cultures (see for example, Gu, 1990 ; and Mao, 1994 ). The above-discussed high-impact universalistic frameworks and their criticisms are often referred to in the field as the “first wave” of politeness research (see Culpeper, 2011a ).

The first wave of politeness research has been thoroughly criticized in the second wave or “discursive turn” within the field, which gained momentum in the 2000s. While various elements of second wave politeness research were present in the field earlier, it received significant academic attention after Eelen’s ( 2001 ) seminal monograph, which was followed by Watts ( 2003 ), Mills ( 2003 ), and the Linguistic Politeness Research Group (Ed., 2011 ), to mention some representative works. The second wave of politeness research pointed out a fundamental problem with the first wave, namely, that universalistic theories (and, in fact, their criticisms as well) are based on invented utterances; using such examples assumes that the effect of politeness on the hearer is predictable. However, politeness comes into operation in a co-constructed way within longer stretches of interaction, often in idiosyncratic ways, and so its in-depth examination presumes the use of naturally occurring data. In addition, due to its interactions of its co-constructed nature, politeness comes into existence through the evaluative moments of the hearer, and so it is insufficient to focus on the speaker’s productive intention, in the manner of Brown and Levinson ( 1987 ), and Leech ( 1983 ).

While the second wave of politeness research has brought groundbreaking ideas into the field, it has left politeness research in a state of limbo: while second wave research points out the weaknesses of universalistic frameworks, it has not provided any alternative framework by means of which politeness could be examined on the macro-level. Due to the importance of idiosyncratic behavior in the second wave, this research trend has tended to focus on politeness as a puntuated phenomenon—a form of behavior without long-term interactional trajectories and constraints, which is co-constructed in a relatively free-flowing way. Various researchers argued that, while there is no doubt that politeness can come into existence in a punctuated or isolated form—and as such, second wave research has addressed a key knowledge gap—this does not invalidate the possibility of describing politeness on the macro-level, by attempting to create models that capture practices of the production and evaluation of politeness. Thus, there is a third wave within the field—even though the label “third wave” has not been widely used—which is represented by a number of recent publications, such as Haugh ( 2007 ), Culpeper ( 2011b ), Kádár and Haugh ( 2013 ), and Kádár ( 2017 ).

Politeness research has developed into a multidisciplinary field, with a journal dedicated to it ( Journal of Politeness Research ), and another journal with a strong interface with it ( Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict ). In addition, the first handbook dedicated to the field, edited by Culpeper, Haugh, and Kádár ( 2017 ) is due to be published soon after the appearance of the present article.

2. Key Topics

2.1. face and politeness.

Face—a person’s public self-image—has been a key topic in politeness research since Brown and Levinson’s ( 1987 ) seminal work. Brown and Levinson borrowed face, and the concept of politeness as an interpretation of face-work, from Erving Goffman’s ( 1967 , p. 12) work, in which the concept of “facework” refers to “the actions taken by a person to make whatever he is doing consistent with face.” In Goffman’s theory, face-work thus includes a wide variety of practices, including among others, corrective face-work and avoidance face-work. Universalist theories of politeness gave pre-eminence to these (corrective and avoidance) forms of face-work, but in doing so excluded many other aspects of face-work originally noted by Goffman. In addition, the concepts of addressing others’ face needs and protecting one’s own face have been approached primarily through the concept of rationality that is assumed as part of the modus operandi of the CP, even though Goffman himself emphasizes that face-work has a strong emotive element. It is worth noting that emotions are also rational, as social psychologists such as Haidt ( 2012 ) argue, but their rationality differs from the calculated nature of ‘rationality’ in Brown and Levinson’s ( 1987 ) sense.

After the emergence of the second wave of politeness research, various scholars questioned the straightforward connection between face and politeness. More specifically, while perhaps no researcher has denied that face and politeness are strongly interrelated phenomena, it has been broadly agreed that the operation of face and face-work cannot simply be drawn under the politeness umbrella, as groundbreaking research by Bargiela-Chiappini ( 2003 ) has illustrated. In fact, it is even possible to conduct face research without venturing into the realm of politeness, as a recent edited collection by Bargiela-Chiappini and Haugh ( 2010 ) has shown in an insightful way. The following example, cited from Kádár and Haugh ( 2013 , pp. 51, 52) illustrates the reason why researchers argue that face and politeness should be treated as different, albeit interrelated, phenomena:

  • Chris: Well, can I please wear something else?
  • Julius: As long as I don’t have to pay for it.
  • Rochelle: Just find something to wear and I’ll take a look at it, okay?
  • Chris: I don’t have anything special.
  • Julius: When I was a kid we didn’t need any special clothes. Just having clothes was special.
  • Narrator: The only way I was going to get my mom to spend money on me was if not doing it would embarrass her .
  • Chris: Mom, I’m the only black kid in the whole school. They already think I’m a crack baby. Wearing this sweater they’ll probably think we’re on welfare.
  • Rochelle: Who said we were on welfare? Be home from school on time tomorrow. We’re gonna go shopping.
  • Julius: I thought you said we didn’t have the money?
  • Rochelle: Oh, I’ll get it. Not havin’ people think we on welfare. (“Everybody Hates Picture Day,” Everybody Hates Chris , Season 1, Episode 13, 2006 )

This interaction is cited from the American comedy series Everybody Hates Chris . Here, Chris is trying to convince his parents, Rochelle and Julius, to buy some new clothes for him to wear to the school picture day. After pleading to wear something other than what his mother has picked out, his father indicates that he is not allowed to buy anything new. His mother suggests that he find something else (i.e., that he already owns or can borrow from his brother). It is at this point that the narrator (the grown-up version of Chris) comes up with a strategy, namely, alluding to the potential embarrassment, or threat to his family’s and thus his mother’s face , if people were to think they are too poor to buy new clothes. Rochelle reacts strongly to this potential face threat, and decides they will buy new clothes for Chris in spite of protests from Julius. However, despite the obvious salience of face in this interaction, it is quite clear that evaluations of politeness (or impoliteness) are not at issue here. Rochelle does not decide to get new clothes for Chris because it would be polite to do so, but because she wants to avoid having others think badly of their family. In other words, she wants to protect their face.

It is pertinent to note that academic interest in the concept of face has generated some noteworthy research on equivalents of the English ‘face’ across modern languages and cultures, such as Thai (Ukosakul, 2005 ), and Chinese and Japanese (Haugh & Hinze, 2003 ), and also in historical cultures (Ruhi & Kádár, 2011 ). Such metalexical research helps scholars to tease out culture-specific understandings of this notion. Such explorations have revealed that cultures and times have varying conceptions of face, and these differences also influence the ways in which politeness behavior—which has a strong intersection with face, in particular in popular culture—is conceptualized across language and cultures. In addition, face continues to be in the center of cutting-edge research on the interactional formation of interpersonal relationships (see Arundale, 2006 ; Spencer-Oatey, 2008 ). Recent research has also explored face beyond its understanding on the individual level (see e.g., Kádár, 2013 ).

2.2. Valency and the Moral Order

The rationale for politeness to operate is the existence of valence, which the interactants use as a benchmark for their production and evaluation of politeness. As Haugh argues,

[e]valuations in interpersonal settings […] involve the casting of persons and relationships into particular valenced (i.e., positive-neutral-negative) categories according to some kind of perceived normative scale or frame. (Haugh, 2014 , p. 159)

The notion of valenced categories, which plays a key in the politeness theory of Kádár and Haugh ( 2013 ), reveals that (im)politeness as a situated interactional phenomenon cannot exist in a vacuum; its operation presupposes the existence of some common ground between the interactants as regards the value of interactional messages. On the operational level, the enactment of a valenced category showcases the interactants’ polite intentions situated in a particular context. To illustrate the way in which valency operates, let us refer to an interaction, which has been analysed in Kádár ( 2017 ):

A couple is arguing in the park. Bystanders overhear the argument but seem conflicted over intervention. An elderly female bystander decides to intervene.

Boyfriend: Stop crying. Shut up!

Elderly female: Hey buddy ! Cool it!

Boyfriend: Ma’am, can you just let us do my own thing? It’s my girlfriend. Can you just leave us alone?

Elderly female: No. That’s not how you treat someone. How about I call the cops?

This interaction occurs in the reality show Primetime: What Would You Do? The scene features public abuse, which triggers intervention from an elderly woman who draws the attention of the wrongdoer with “Hey buddy ! Cool it!”, the inclusion of “buddy” with an accentuated and ironic prosody is clearly conflictive in that it conveys the opposite of its literal meaning: the person addressed is not a friend of the intervener. While “buddy” is not necessarily used to belittle, it is pragmatically appropriate to signal disagreement or opposition, and this meaning is even stronger in this interaction due to the emotive context and also to the age gap between the wrongdoer and the intervening person. In order for the elderly woman’s evaluative utterance “That’s not how you treat someone” to take place, she needs to have a valenced category of the fair treatment of others; reference to this category implies that a) the wrongdoer is behaving in an unacceptable (and, as such, impolite) way, and b) the intervening person has the right to intervene, and so her interruption is not impolite. Observers of this interaction may understand clearly why the woman makes this evaluative utterance—which illustrates that valence tends to entail a common ground either between the participants of an interaction, or a participant and an observer of an interaction, or both.

Valenced categories are not only shared by certain individuals: their operation assumes that they reflect the interactants’ undelaying perceptions of what counts as (in)appropriate in an event in a communal sense. Such perceptions can be defined through the concept of the “moral order.” The moral order is often approached in the field by following Garfinkel’s ( 1964 ) study of routinized activities (see an overview in Kádár & Haugh, 2013 ). That is, the moral order tends to be interpreted as a set of conventions in the form of valenced categories that become visible if and when they are violated. For example, if someone’s greeting is not responded to, this person is likely to notice this lack and voice it in terms that reflect his understanding of the other’s behavior as inappropriate. Along with this definition of moral order, recent research by Kádár and Marquez Reiter ( 2015 ) and by Kádár ( 2017 ) use the moral order in Douglas’ ( 1999 ; see this concept also in Douglas, 1968 , 1986 , 1991 ) and Whutnow’s ( 1989 ) social anthropological and sociological sense, as a collective term for the normative flow of events and perceived social good, which are often animated and maintained by communal actions (see rituals in Section 3.5). As Douglas ( 1999 , p. 299) argues, “people all over the world contrive to incorporate nature into the moral order”; in terms of interaction this implies that any individual is surrounded by a cluster of perceived of moral orders, and uses or evaluates language according to the moral order that a given context or interpersonal relationship triggers. These moral orders count as normative from the perspective of the language user, and they are moral in the most common sense of the word: if someone violates the moral order, this violation triggers the feeling that something is inappropriate, and this sense of inappropriateness tends to be voiced in some form on the evaluative level. For example, in the interaction studied above, the intervening person’s valenced category reflects the belief that the on-going event would be perceived as immoral by the broader society (which provides the right for this person to intervene), and as such the act of intervention is needed in order to restore the normative flow of things. Importantly, politeness often co-occurs with moralizing comments even in non-conflict scenarios, as moral orders underlie norms of politeness (Terkourafi, 2011 ); that is, the moral order tends to be referenced even in cases when it is not breached.

Note that moral orders reflect situated (inter)personal values, and the studying of this notion helps researchers to examine culture-specific politeness values. For example, as Kádár and Marquez-Reiter ( 2015 ) argue, the moral order in the interaction above reflects the Judeo-Christian importance of being a good Samaritan and treating others fairly.

2.3. Politeness as a Social Action and Practice

Politeness is a social action (Goodwin, 2000 ), which embodies a social group’s practice. The operation of politeness involves evaluations prompted by social actions and meanings that are recognizable to participants (Haugh, 2013 ). Being associated with a certain practice does not imply that a certain social action is predestined to be interpreted in a certain way. Rather, it suggests that the act’s contextually situated evaluation may be influenced by the recipient’s perception of the social practice that the given action embodies, and the relationship between this social practice and the perceived moral order.

Approaching politeness as a social action helps analysts to go beyond the boundaries of language, which is key when it comes to politeness, as politeness phenomena often come into existence in interaction through a combination of linguistic, paralinguistic and nonlinguistic behavior (Arndt & Janney, 1985 ). The need to avoid limiting politeness to the boundaries of language has been emphasized since the 1980s; for instance, Ambady, Koo, Lee, and Rosenthal ( 1996 ) illustrates this point by the following narrative example:

Consider the following scenario (familiar to some): Mary, a graduate student getting ready to face a dismal job market, receives a letter informing her that a paper coauthored with her advisor, a fellow graduate student, and a senior undergraduate has just been accepted by a prestigious journal with very few revisions. Mary rushes to share the good news with her coauthors. Consider another alternative: Mary reads that the article has been rejected. She knows that the paper will need major revisions if it is to be accepted in any journal. She has the unpleasant task of conveying the news to her coauthors. How will Mary convey the good and bad news? And how will she convey the news differently to her advisor, to her peer, and to the undergraduate? […] She might say, “Well, guess what? The editors said ‘no’—looks like it’s back to square one!” with a confident vocal tone, directly gaze at the listener, shrug her shoulders, and smile, or she could say the same thing with a downcast gaze, a hesitant tone of voice, and no smile. Even though the linguistic content is the same, the two scenarios will be interpreted quite differently. ( 1996 , pp. 996, 997)

As this example shows, language is just one, albeit important, element of politeness behavior.

2.4. Interactional Co-Construction

Although politeness is a social action that embodies social practices, hence animating the perceived moral order(s) of the interactants, this does not mean that the production and evaluation of politeness always follow regular and predictable patterns—interactants may agree or disagree about what counts as polite, and interpersonal politeness may come into existence in the form of interactional negotiations, as a co-constructed outcome of an interaction. The study of co-construction has gained momentum in the second wave of politeness research, as a criticism of the universalistic frameworks that operate with straightforward and invented utterances (e.g., Mills, 2003 ). Yet, it is pertinent to note that the concept of co-construction is present in third wave frameworks that do not limit their focus to the micro-level of interpersonal behavior. On the one hand, experts of interactional style, perhaps most notably the works of Cook ( 2006 , 2008 ) have pointed out that switches between interactional styles, which are associated with different types of politeness behavior, tend to follow the dynamics of interactions. For example, in a Japanese academic consultation, lecturers and students may continuously make switches between formal (honorific) and informal styles, in order to index distance and sympathy at the same time; according to Cook, this kind of behavior is the norm rather than the exception; that is, the interactional co-construction of politeness is not necessarily an idiosyncratic form of behavior. On the other hand, third wave theories, such as Kádár’s ( 2013 ) recent framework, argue that co-construction can be observed even in recurrent and seemingly straightforward practices associated with politeness—it is a phenomenon that should be incorporated into theories that aim to capture politeness on both the macro and the micro levels. Politeness, as it unfolds in interaction, tends to operate with the interactional features of incrementality and sequentiality. Incrementality refers to the way in which speakers’ adjust or modify their talk in light of how the progressive uttering of units of talk is received by other participants. In other words, the fact that social actions and meanings are produced incrementally in interaction means they are inevitably subject to ongoing evaluation as they are produced, and so can be adjusted accordingly in real time. Sequentiality, on the other hand, refers to the way in which current turns or utterances are always understood relative to prior and subsequent talk, particularly talk that is contiguous (i.e., immediately prior to or subsequent to the current utterance). This means that next turns are a critical resource for participants in reaching understandings of the evaluations of others, including inferences of one’s interactant’s understandings of one’s own evaluations (see also Kádár and Haugh, 2013 ). Another aspect of sequentiality is that certain recurrent form of interaction are expected to follow strict sequential characteristics, and deviations from these characteristics tend to be sanctioned by default. This does not imply that incrementality does not operate in such interactions, but rather that it is more constrained than in punctuated and relatively free-flowing interactions (see Kádár, 2017 ).

Note that the first, second, and third waves do not necessarily follow a temporal order. Ideas of the second wave have been present within the first wave of politeness research, and the same applies to the third wave.

2.5. Understandings of Politeness

A key criticism that second wave politeness research has made about the first wave is that researchers impose their own understandings of politeness onto the data studied. As Eelen ( 2001 ) has pointed out, politeness can be divided into first-order and second-order types, the first including the language users’ understandings of politeness, with the latter covering theoretical/the theoretician’s understandings of it. This essential distinction—which recurs in various forms in various politeness theories, such as Watts ( 2003 ), Locher ( 2004 ), and Locher and Watts ( 2005 ), just to mention a few representative examples—is key to disentangling the interactants’ evaluative moments from the theoretician’s own evaluations. This distinction becomes particularly important if researchers focus on longer chunks of interaction. In the second-order conceptualization of politeness, researchers have used various technical terms, such as politic behaviour (Watts, 2003 ) and rapport management (Spencer-Oatey, 2000 ) to distinguish their own academic definitions and understandings from that of popular ones.

This bipartite approach has been further elaborated by Kádár and Haugh ( 2013 ), who propose a more complex approach to various understandings of politeness. As they argue, from a user perspective, there are four inter-related perspectives from which the nature of politeness, as an assumed part of our social reality, can be understood:

The notion of ‘meta-participant’ includes participants who do not actively engage in an interaction, but who may contribute to evaluations of (im)politeness behavior. The concept of ‘emic’ refers to insider understandings, while ‘etic’ refers to outsider understandings of (im)politeness.

From an observer perspective, there are four inter-related ways by which we can account for how we evaluate something to be polite, not polite, impolite, and so on in the first place.

Thus, there are four important loci, not just two as commonly thought, that constitute the first-second-order distinction, namely, participation (participant/meta-participant) and expectancies (emic/etic), which are first-order loci of understanding, and observation (analyst/lay observer) and conceptualization (theoretical/folk theoretic), which are second-order loci of understanding.

3. Key Areas of Politeness Research

3.1. politeness and impoliteness.

In first wave approaches, impoliteness plays only a small role, supposedly due to the focus of these works on rational behavior and conflict avoidance through facework. Research on impoliteness in pragmatics was started by Culpeper’s ( 1996 ) groundbreaking paper, which models impoliteness behavior through pragmatic lenses. With the emergence of second wave approaches to politeness, impoliteness has gained momentum in the field, and a number of high-impact studies have been published on this area, including Culpeper, Bousfield, and Whichmann ( 2003 ), Culpeper ( 2005 ), Bousfield ( 2008 ), Bousfield and Locher ( 2008 ), and Culpeper ( 2011b ).

Impoliteness research has brought a large number of key innovations into the field. For example, it has brought fresh blood into academic discussions on the concept of intentionality, which has been a recurring theme in politeness research. It is clear that a range of impoliteness behavior comes into existence when someone intends to offend the other; however, as Culpeper ( 2011b ) points out, (full) intentionality is not necessarily a precondition for impoliteness to operate. It is possible to be impolite unintentionally. Impoliteness has also contributed to research on emotions (see Kienpointer, 2008 ; Locher & Langlotz, 2008 )—an emerging and important area within the field—due to researchers’ focus on the reactions (usually: the feeling of being upset) triggered by impoliteness behavior (see Işık-Güler & Ruhi, 2008 ). Impoliteness has also generated interest in culture-specific behavior: at the moment, researchers know relatively little about impoliteness behavior in certain languages and cultures, such as Chinese and Arabic, and it can be rightly supposed that a variety of high-impact studies are yet to appear on this area in the near future. The study of impoliteness has also triggered research on phenomena, like abuse and bullying, that have been relatively ignored in pragmatics in spite of their importance in other fields such as social psychology (see Kádár, 2013 ). Finally, impoliteness research has generated some noteworthy interest in metapragmatics: on the one hand, researchers have pursued interest in metapragmatic behavior triggered by impoliteness (see e.g., Ferenčík, 2015 ), and on the other hand they have undertaken thought-provoking research on metalexemes, words that are used about politeness (e.g., rudeness vs. impoliteness; see Culpeper, 2011b ).

It can be argued that impoliteness research is an area with importance beyond its own borders because it is challenging to study politeness without discussing impoliteness, and vice versa. Due to this fact, researchers in the field often use the label (im)politeness when they discuss politeness phenomena in general.

3.2. Intercultural Politeness

When it comes to the concept of culture, it is not far-fetched to argue that politeness research at the moment is a heavily cross-cultural rather than intercultural field: while a large number of studies have explored politeness across cultures in a comparative way, relatively few studies have been engaged in the examination of how people from different cultural backgrounds interact with each other. In addition, since Eelen’s ( 2001 ) seminal study, culture has been treated in the field as a problematic term, due to the fact that first wave theories tend to associate culture with national culture (see a detailed discussion in Spencer-Oatey & Franklin, 2009 ). Yet, the exploration of intercultural politeness is a key task, considering the importance of politeness behavior in intercultural interactions.

The existing key studies within this area mostly focus on politeness in interaction between native speakers of English and speakers of exotic languages such as Chinese (Chang & Haugh, 2011 ; Pan & Kádár, 2011 ), Japanese (Nakane, 2006 ), and Korean (Murphy & Levy, 2006 ). A characteristic of these studies is that analysts usually focus on the difficulties that arise from intercultural communication, that is, they implicitly interpret culture on the national level, as a potential barrier of communication. While works such as Sifianou ( 2013 ) have shown in a powerful way that this is not necessarily the case, and culture is often an addition to many factors that influence interpersonal interaction in the globalized world, it remains a task for future research to integrate intercultural communication—in which culture tends to be interpreted in more complex ways than in pragmatics—with politeness research. The recent project by Spencer-Oatey & Kádár ( 2016 ) aims to address this knowledge gap. It is hoped that future studies will contribute to the development of this area by examining intercultural politeness in a wide range of naturally occurring interaction types across various languages and cultures.

An additional area of interest is the relationship between politeness, intercultural communication, and English as a lingua franca. For instance, in recent work on politeness in English as a lingua franca, House ( 2008 ) found convincing evidence that challenges the view that intercultural interactions inevitably give rise to perceptions of impoliteness, as participants of interactions tend to strategically reinterpret utterances that may cause misunderstandings and that would thus trigger impolite inferences.

3.3. Cross-Cultural Politeness

Cross-cultural politeness has played a central role in the field since its foundation: in Brown and Levinson ( 1987 ) and other high-impact theories, the notion of culture has been present as a starting point for conducting comparative analyses of politeness behavior. Various frameworks, perhaps most importantly Sifianou ( 1992 ), have tested the applicability of Brown and Levinson on culture-specific data. Cross-cultural politeness has become one of the most high-profile areas in the field due to Blum-Kulka, House, and Kasper ( 1989 ) Cross-Cultural Speech Act Realization Project , which compares requests and apologies across cultures with the aid of discourse completion tasks. Along with publications of pragmatic theoretical scope, a number of works have engaged in the empirical mapping of politeness across cultures; a most representative example is Hickey and Stewart ( 2005 ).

Cross-cultural research has also played some role in second wave politeness research. A mainstream publication is Kádár and Mills ( 2011 ), which compares politeness behavior across East Asian cultures by using a strictly second wave approach to politeness. Yet, culture has remained a relatively low-key issue in the second wave of the field, due to researchers’ focusing on politeness as a co-constructed and idiosyncratic form of behavior: as the volume of Bargiela-Chiappini and Kádár ( 2010 ) has found, it is challenging to conduct a large-scale cross-cultural politeness research project by rigorously following the methodologies of second wave politeness research. This might be the reason why the bulk of theoretical research that was published in the first decade of the 2000s is heavily English-centred (although this has always been the case in the field to some extent).

Conceptualizing culture as a rigorous notion to be used in cross-cultural analysis remains key in politeness research, including third wave approaches such as Culpeper ( 2011b ) and Kádár and Haugh ( 2013 ). It is pertinent to note that the examination of culturally-situated politeness is significant beyond the realm of politeness research, namely, that the examination of culturally situated understandings of politeness can contribute to attempts to extend pragmatic theory beyond Anglo-academic conceptualizations and debates; such attempts tend to be defined within the scope of emancipatory pragmatics (see Hanks, 2014 ). It is pertinent to note that, while in-depth pragmatic research on politeness has been carried out in various languages such as Spanish and Chinese, it is very often the case that research in these languages still utilizes notions that come from the Anglo-academia.

3.4. Historical Politeness

If culture is a suitable testing ground for politeness theory, the same can be argued about historical data: by exploring temporally (and spatially) different cultures, researchers can explore the validity of frameworks that reflect modern understandings of interpersonal politeness. History has been present in the field throughout its development. Some works, such as Gu ( 1990 ), have attempted to link modern norms of politeness behavior with historical ones, while others such as Watts ( 1999 ) have examined historical data in order to illustrate the validity of politeness frameworks. Furthermore, in historical pragmatics, historical politeness has been studied for its own sake: key topics of such inquiries include historical terms of address (see e.g., Taavitsainen & Jucker, 2003 ), ideological understandings of politeness (see e.g., Klein, 1994 ), the historical sociology of politeness (see e.g., Carter, 2001 ), and so on. In addition, Ehlich’s ( 1992 ) noteworthy study has examined historicity—the concept that all actions and understandings of politeness are situated in time—as a philosophical concept in politeness theory.

Historical politeness research has recently been established as an independent field, with the appearance of the two books that Culpeper and Kádár ( 2010 ), and Bax and Kádár ( 2012 ) dedicated to this theme. These books attempt to promote the use of historical data in politeness theorization, and they propose methodologies by means of which researchers can bridge the seeming gaps between modern and historical politeness research (in particular, in terms of methodology). Since many modern practices of politeness have roots in history, it is perhaps not too ambitious to argue that no theory of politeness can be complete without engaging in some form of historical research. In addition, the concept of historicity also plays a key role in the examination of politeness in modern narrated and mediated data, such as news reports on peoples’ (im)politeness behavior.

Recent key areas of historical politeness research include historical metapragmatic research on politeness related terms (see Kádár & Paternoster, 2015 ) and the examination of politeness in ancient languages (see Ridealgh, 2016 ).

3.5. Politeness, Convention, and Ritual

Politeness often comes into existence in recurrent forms of behavior, which are referred to in the field as convention and ritual. As Terkourafi and Kádár ( 2017 ) argue, convention and ritual differ in a number of ways:

Audience: Convention is primarily carried out for the benefit of the interactants, while rituals are designed to be carried out in front of an audience other than the interactants themselves; that is why ritual is a performance that constitutes one’s face for either a real or imaginary audience.

Salience: Conventions tend to be salient (or marked) only for those who are outside of the group or culture in which the convention operates. Rituals, on the other hand, are salient primarily to those who perform them or take part in them as an audience, while culture or group outsiders may or may not perceive their salience.

Time and place: Conventions are only loosely constrained by context, while rituals can only take place at certain times and places. In addition, a ritual interaction has limitations of length, as it triggers intense emotions and affect. Consequently, conventions operate within a minimal context (Terkourafi, 2009 ); that is, they are latently present in any interaction, whereas rituals require maximal (or enriched) contexts (Kádár, 2017 ), as they can only operate in specific interactions and for a restricted period of time.

Ratification: Usually, ratification (in the sense of Goffman, 1979 ) is not an issue when it comes to convention, as it occurs implicitly when all interactants follow situated conventional practices (and there are no formal consequences when it does not). Ritual, on the other hand, can only be operationalized by ratified (official) personae, and non-ratified performance of a ritual tends to be sanctioned (Bell, 1997 ).

At the same time, the two phenomena have a number of shared characteristics, including the following:

Recurrence: Both convention and ritual are recurrent practices.

Normativity: Both carry penalties in case of non-compliance or defective performance; these penalties can range from negative evaluation to more serious ones.

Formality and sequentiality: Both convention and ritual have certain formal and sequential properties, which make them recognizable and differentiate them from other practices.

Due to these shared characteristics, convention and ritual play key roles in politeness behavior.

Convention has been broadly studied in the field since Grice’s work, while ritual has only been examined by a limited number of researchers, perhaps the most outstanding one being Bax ( 2010 ) (see an overview in Terkourafi & Kádár, 2017 ). The recent monograph of Kádár ( 2017 ) models the relationship between interpersonal (im)politeness and ritual from the perspective of ‘mainstream’ politeness theory.

3.6. Politeness and Society

As politeness is a socially situated phenomenon, it may not be surprising that social variables have received significant attention in the field. Such variables include, for example, age (He, 2012 ) and social class (Deutschmann, 2003 ; Mills, 2003 ). However, the most broadly studied social variable in the field has been gender, which has been studied since the formation of politeness research. First wave research tends to approach gender and politeness in categorical ways, by clearly distinguishing masculine and feminine forms of politeness behavior (see e.g., Holmes, 1988 ; Ide, 1982 ); while such research reflects a stereotypical and overgeneralized view of gendered language, it is important to emphasize that politeness research at the time followed broader trends in gender and language research (see e.g., Tannen, 1993 ). In the second wave of politeness research, gendered politeness received significant attention, following Mills’ ( 2003 ) monograph: a number of studies, including Mullany ( 2004 ), Mills ( 2005 ), and others have pointed out that gendered language is subject to interactional negotiations, instead of being a pre-existing phenomenon. Yet, various researchers such as Holmes ( 2005 , 2006 ) have maintained that, while gendered language is subject to negotiations and interactional co-construction to some extent, the gender of the interactants tends to define politeness behavior at least to some extent. Along with mapping gendered language, research on gender has also contributed to understandings of the relationship between language and ideology in terms of politeness (see e.g., Okamoto, 2016 ).

4. Methodology and Data

4.1. methods of data collection and data types.

The first wave of politeness research has devoted much attention to the utterance level of interaction. This focus brought along with it certain preferred methods of data collection: in order to obtain data that is as illustrative as possible, various studies use carefully selected pieces of either (allegedly) naturally occurring or, more often than not, elicited data; the former refers to utterances that arise in spontaneous interaction, and the latter refers to utterances that arise in discourse or interaction facilitated through intervention by the researcher. Careful selection of data refers to the fact that many researchers set out with the methodological assumption that certain naturally occurring utterances can and must be excluded from the analysis on theoretical grounds. In practice this means, for example, that the analyst can ignore an utterance that deviates from what is defined as the standard usage of politeness. This methodology of data collection also presupposes reliance on a certain analytical stance—namely, observer (analyst) coding of linguistic politeness. It is pertinent to note that elicited data continues to be regarded as important in certain areas of politeness research, such as research on speech acts (see Marti, 2006 ), even though in theoretical research on politeness this methodology is generally regarded as problematic (Eelen, 2001 ).

Since the 2000s, a large body of politeness research has explored politeness in naturally occurring interaction, by focusing on both the production and the evaluation of politeness. Data types include face-to-face interaction (e.g., Pan, 2000 ; Watts, 2003 ), computer-mediated communication (e.g., Graham, 2015 ; Locher, 2010 ), and written texts such as news items (e.g., Neurauter-Kessels, 2011 ); note that current scholarship does not usually set up strict borderlines between written and spoken communications, and so this listing primarily aims to indicate that politeness research examines a wide variety of data types. It can be argued that, in terms of data, politeness is a broad church: politeness researchers with discourse analytic backgrounds have examined various datasets, spanning family data (e.g., Locher, 2004 ), through reality shows (Blitvich, Bou-Franch, & Lorenzo-Dus, 2013 ), to business letters (e.g., Pilegaard, 1997 ); critical discourse analysts have studied politeness in a range of institutional scenarios, such as political speeches (e.g., Harris, 2001 ), care homes (Backhaus, 2009 ), and police interviews (e.g., Thornborrow, 2002 ); conversation analysts such as Hutchby ( 2008 ) tend to examine politeness in data types preferred in their field such as counselling sessions and phone calls. While it is beyond the scope of this article to overview all data types studied in the field, the present discussion might have illustrated the variety of data involved in politeness research. One concept that keeps all these various datasets and research methodologies together is the interpretation of politeness as an interactional phenomenon. It is pertinent to note that the interactional view of politeness can be extended to the analysis of monologic texts, such as letters, by setting claiming that a monologue is a dialogue in a broader context (see several studies in Culpeper & Kádár, 2010 ). Thus, the interactional analysis of politeness can, in principle, include any text type.

4.5. Politeness and Metapragmatics

Politeness is not only important on the level of production, but also in the way in which interactants reflect on it; language that reflects upon language use is metapragmatics (see an overview in Lucy, 2004 ). There are three metapragmatic areas that are particularly relevant to politeness research:

Metalexicon/metalanguage: words and expressions that interactants use about politeness;

Metacommunication: Reflections on politeness that take place within a given interaction;

Metadiscourse: Post-event discourses on politeness.

Focusing on metapragmatics helps researchers to tease out perceptions and understandings that underlie politeness behavior.

Metapragmatic research on politeness started relatively early (see Blum-Kulka, 1992 ), and is one of the key research methodologies (see e.g., Meyer, 1995 ; Spencer-Oatey, 2011 ).

4.6. Units of Analysis

As Eelen ( 2001 ) explains, first wave approaches tend to use the individual as a unit of analysis to make projected descriptions of politeness in languages, societies, or cultures. This is a top-down approach, in the sense that it does not analyze politeness behavior on the level of localized individuals and smaller groups, and then build up their macro-views on cultures and societies on the basis of this. Instead, it is usually assumed that politeness phenomena associated with the given culture or society manifest themselves in the language use of the individuals. Most commonly, first wave theories have adopted culture as the key notion for explaining differences in politeness forms and strategies. As Eelen notes,

in Brown and Levinson’s discussion of ‘cultural variation’… the terms ‘culture,’ ‘society,’ and ‘group’ are used interchangeably. Sometimes the term ‘subculture’ is also encountered, although it is not clear how it relates to the other three. ( 2001 , pp. 159–160)

The problem with this approach is its normative characteristics, that is, an essentialist approach to culture and politeness presupposes that members of a certain culture tend to share these claimed values. This concept has often been criticized by second wave politeness scholars.

Due to this problem, various alternative units of analysis have been proposed. Perhaps most important among these units is the concept of “community of practice” (see Wenger, 1998 ); this refers to a group of people, who are brought together through engagement in a joint (often but not always professional) activity or task. A recurrent issue in the field, however, is that community of practice is a concept that has been created for the analysis of organizational discourse, and so it cannot be used to describe politeness behavior in all kinds of interaction. An alternative unit has been relational networks. This refers to sets of intersecting social links between persons who collectively form the basis of an identifiable group, such as pupils at a certain school, or residents of a certain area (see Milroy and Milroy, 1992 ).

In current politeness research, particularly in third wave approaches, politeness tends to be approached in a bottom-up manner, as researchers attempt to capture the regularities of politeness production and evaluation by examining large datasets of interpersonal interaction. Focus on individual productive and evaluative moves in interaction does not entail that the object of politeness research can only be individualistic behavior: as politeness is often situated in organizations and institutions (Harris, 2003 ), by examining politeness behavior, researchers can gain insight into norms of power and other sociopragmatic factors that motivate situated interactional behavior, and, as a next step, the cultural and social understandings that underlie the operation of such norms (see e.g., Schnurr, Marra, & Holmes, 2007 ).

Focusing on politeness situated in relational networks, organizations, and other situated settings also motivates research to go beyond analyzing politeness within the speaker–hearer dyad. Certain interactions operate within complex participation frameworks (Goffman, 1981 ); because of this, the production and evaluation of politeness comes into existence through a) the involvement of participants beyond the dyad of the speaker and the hearer, and b) with awareness of the presence of such participants (see an overview in Kádár, 2017 ). For example, someone’s interpersonal behavior tends to change significantly if this person is aware of the presence of bystanders, eavesdroppers, etc.

4.7. Politeness Beyond Pragmatics

While politeness is predominantly a pragmatics-related field, it has emerged in other fields as well, and it can be argued that politeness research has an essentially multidisciplinary nature. To mention a few key examples, politeness has been studied through the lenses of language acquisition and socialization (see e.g., Ochs & Schieffelin, 2009 ), cognition (see e.g., Escandell-Vidal, 1996 ), social psychology (see e.g., Holtgraves, 2005 ), and sociolinguistics (see e.g., Morand, 1996 ).

Links to Digital Materials

The Linguistic Politeness Research Group .

Jonathan Culpeper’s academic website, Impoliteness: Using and Understanding the Language of Offence , is dedicated to impoliteness.

The Historical Politeness Network for Ancient Languages .

TEDxSussexUniversity—Lyne Murphy: American and British Politeness . Lynne Murphy’s lecture on British and American politeness reflects a noteworthy, popular insight into politeness behavior.

University of East Anglia Autumn 2015 Public Lecture Series, Linguistic (Im)Politeness Research: the State of Art , Daniel Kadar’s public lecture at the University of East Anglia.

From Monty Python’s Flying Circus , Episode 18: The Man Who Is Alternately Rude And Polite .

Further Reading

  • Bargiela-Chiappini, F. , & Kádár, D. (Eds.), (2010). Politeness across cultures . Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Brown, P. , & Levinson, S. (1987). Politeness: Some universals in language usage . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Culpeper, J. (2011). Impoliteness: Using language to cause offence . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Culpeper, J. , Haugh, M. , & Kádár, D. (Eds.), (2017). The Palgrave handbook of linguistic politeness . Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Eelen, G. (2001). A critique of politeness theories . Manchester, U.K.: St. Jerome.
  • Holmes, J. (1995). Women, men, and politeness . London: Longman.
  • Kádár, D. , & Haugh, M. (2013). Understanding politeness . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kádár, D. (2017). Politeness, impoliteness, and ritual: Maintaining the moral order in interpersonal interaction . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Leech, G. (1983). Principles of pragmatics . London: Longman.
  • Locher, M. (2004). Power and politeness in action . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Watts, R. (2003). Politeness . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ambady, N. , Koo, J. , Lee, F. , & Rosenthal, R. (1996). More than words: Linguistic and nonlinguistic politeness in two cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 70 , 996–1011.
  • Arndt, H. , & Janney, R. (1985). Politeness revisited: Cross-modal supportive strategies. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching , 23 , 281–300.
  • Arundale, R. (2006). Face as relational and interactional: A communication framework for research on face, facework, and politeness. Journal of Politeness Research , 2 , 193–216.
  • Backhaus, P. (2009). Politeness in institutional elderly care in Japan: A cross-cultural comparison. Journal of Politeness Research , 5 , 53–71.
  • Bargiela-Chiappini, F. (2003). Face and politeness: New (insights) for old (concepts). Journal of Pragmatics , 35 , 1453–1469.
  • Bargiela-Chiappini, F. , & Haugh, M. (Eds.). (2010). Face, communication, and social interaction . Sheffield, U.K.: Equinox.
  • Bargiela-Chiappini, F. , & Kádár, D. (Eds.), (2010). Politeness across cultures . Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Bax, M. (2010). Rituals. In: A. Jucker , & I. Taavitsainen (Eds.), Handbook of pragmatics: Vol. 8. Historical pragmatics (pp. 483–519). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Bax, M. , & Kádár, D. (Eds.), (2012). Understanding historical (im)politeness . Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Bell, C. (1997). Ritual: Perspectives and dimensions . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Blitvich, P. , Bou-Franch, P. , & Lorenzo-Dus, N. (2013). Identity and impoliteness: The expert in the talent show Idol . Journal of Politeness Research , 9 , 97–121.
  • Blum-Kulka, S. (1992). The metapragmatics of politeness in Israeli society. In R. Watts , S. Ide , & K. Ehlich (Eds.), Politeness in language: Studies in its history, theory and practice (pp. 255–281). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Blum-Kulka, S. , House, J. , & Kasper, G. (1989). Cross-cultural pragmatics: Requests and apologies . London: Ablex.
  • Bousfield, D. (2008). Impoliteness in interaction . Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Bousfield, D. , & Locher, M. (Eds.), (2008). Impoliteness in language: Studies on its interplay with power in theory and practice . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Brown, P. (1993). Politeness and confrontation in Tenejapa. In D. Tannen (Ed.), Gender and conversational interaction (pp. 144–155). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Carter, P. (2001). Men and emergence of polite society, Britain, 1660–1800 . London: Longman.
  • Chang, W. M. , & Haugh, M. (2011). Evaluations of im/politeness of an intercultural apology. Intercultural Pragmatics , 8 , 411–442.
  • Cook, H. M. (2006). Japanese politeness as an interactional achievement: Academic consultation sessions in Japanese universities. Multilingua , 25 , 269–291.
  • Cook, H. M. (2008). Style shifts in Japanese academic consultations. In K. Jones & T. Ono (Eds.), Style shifting in Japanese (pp. 9–38). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Culpeper, J. (1996). Towards an anatomy of impoliteness. Journal of Pragmatics , 25 , 349–367.
  • Culpeper, J. (2005). Impoliteness and entertainment in the television quiz show: The Weakest Link . Journal of Politeness Research , 1 , 35–72.
  • Culpeper, J. (2011a). Politeness and impoliteness. In K. Ajimer & G. Andersen (Eds.), Pragmatics of Society: Vol. 5. Handbook of pragmatics (pp. 391–436). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Culpeper, J. (2011b). Impoliteness: Using language to cause offence . Cambridge. U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Culpeper, J. , Bousfield, D. , & Whichmann, A. (2003). Impoliteness revisited: With special reference to dynamic and prosodic aspects. Journal of Pragmatics , 35 , 1545–1579.
  • Culpeper, J. , Haugh, M. , & Kádár, D. (Eds.), (2016, forthcoming). The Palgrave handbook of linguistic politeness . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Culpeper, J. , & Kádár, D. (Eds.), (2010). Historical (im)politeness . Berne, Switzerland: Peter Lang.
  • Deutschmann, M. (2003). Apologising in British English . Doctoral thesis, Umeå University.
  • Dickey, E. (2012). ΚΥΡΙΕ, ΔΕΣΠΟΤΑ ‎, Domine . Greek politeness in the Roman Empire. The Journal of Hellenic Studies , 121 , 1–11.
  • Douglas, M. (1968). The social control of cognition: Some factors in joke perception. Man , 3 (3), 361–376.
  • Douglas, M. (1986). How institutions think . Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
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Related Articles

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50 Polite Words: Mastering English Language Etiquette – A Comprehensive Guide

July 9, 2023

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Derek Cupp

By Derek Cupp

Politeness goes a long way , especially when it’s peppered into our everyday language. I’m here to help you master the art of being courteous with words, introducing you to 50 polite expressions that’ll elevate your English etiquette.

In this digital age, it’s easy to forget the importance of politeness in communication. But trust me, using polite words can often be the difference between a bland interaction and one that leaves a positive lasting impression.

Ready to take your conversational skills up a notch? Let’s dive right into these phrases which are not only sophisticated but also steeped in good manners. Stay tuned as we navigate through the nuances of English language etiquette together!

Understanding Polite Words in English Language Etiquette

When I delve into the world of linguistics, particularly the English language, it’s clear that politeness plays a significant role. Polite words are those that show respect and courtesy when we interact with others. They’re not just about etiquette; they reflect our character and how we perceive other people.

In English, there’s an array of polite words to use, making conversations more pleasant and respectful. For instance, simple courtesies like ‘please’, ‘thank you’, and ‘excuse me’ go a long way in exhibiting good manners. These expressions are universally acknowledged as markers of politeness.

A distinguishing feature is the indirectness often associated with polite language. We tend to pose requests or orders as questions or suggestions instead of direct commands. We might say “Could you pass me the salt?” rather than “Pass me the salt.” Here’s a comparison:

Other forms include deferential language such as using titles (Mr., Mrs., Dr., etc.) before names, or employing honorifics in professional settings – for example – using ‘Sir’ or ‘Madam’.

It’s important to note that word choice can greatly affect how our messages are received by others. Even slight changes can alter tone significantly:

Finally, let’s tackle conditional phrases which express hypothetical situations or polite requests: ‘If you could…’, ‘Would it be possible…’, ‘I’d appreciate if…’. These soften potential demands thus maintaining harmony during interactions.

To sum it up: mastering polite words enhances communication skills significantly while promoting respectfulness between interlocutors.

Remember learning these 50 polite words isn’t about following strict rules but adopting social norms that make interactions more enjoyable for everyone involved. As I explore this topic further, my aim is to help shed light on each one of them in subsequent sections.

Fueling Conversations with 50 Courtesy Phrases

Let’s dive into the world of polite language! Utilizing courteous phrases can elevate your English conversations and make a strong impression. I’m here to guide you through 50 polite words that’ll enrich your vocabulary.

First off, let’s tackle greetings – they’re the first impressions in any conversation. It’s important to acknowledge others warmly and respectfully. Here are some examples:

  • Good morning/afternoon/evening
  • How do you do?
  • Pleased to meet you.

Responding politely is just as essential as initiating conversations courteously. You might find these phrases handy:

  • You’re very kind.
  • That’s very thoughtful of you.

Now, it’s not all about direct communication; our actions speak volumes too. Apologizing for mistakes and expressing gratitude are crucial aspects of maintaining respectful relationships. These phrases can assist in such situations:

  • I apologize.
  • Please accept my apologies.
  • I’m grateful for…

Sometimes we need help or want to offer assistance ourselves, and there’s a polite way to express this too:

  • Could I possibly…?
  • May I help you with…?

And finally, ending a conversation well leaves a lasting positive image in people’s minds. Consider using these closing phrases:

  • Have a great day!

Remember, being polite isn’t solely about the words we use; it also involves how we use them – tone plays an integral part too!

To sum up this section: politeness goes beyond ‘please’ and ‘thank you’. There are abundant ways to express courtesy in English, each suited for different situations yet carrying the same underlying message – respect for one another.

So why not give these expressions a try? They could be just what you need to spice up your English conversational skills!

Roundup: Mastering Your English Language Etiquette

Now that we’ve dug deep into understanding the importance of polite words and how they can influence your communication, let’s round up everything we’ve learned. With careful selection of words, you’ll be on your way to mastering English language etiquette.

First off, I’d like to remind you about the power of “please”, “thank you”, and “sorry”. They’re simple words but their impact is profound. These are what I call the “golden trio” in polite conversation.

Next up is addressing people respectfully. This includes titles such as Mr., Mrs., Miss, or Dr., followed by their surname. It’s an age-old tradition that still holds water today and speaks volumes about your manners!

Now, let’s talk about making requests politely. Softening your language using phrases like “Could you…”, “Would it be possible…” or even just adding a simple “please” at the end of your request shows consideration for others.

In addition to these tips:

  • Remember to use appropriate greetings depending on time of day
  • Always show gratitude when someone has done something for you
  • Avoid using slang or colloquial terms in formal situations

While this list isn’t exhaustive, it gives a good starting point for anyone looking to improve their English language etiquette. Keep practicing these points and soon enough they’ll become second nature!

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Short Paragraph on Politeness (500 Words)

Politeness is nothing but good manners. Behaving with others, not rudely or harshly, but in a courteous manner, be the person a wealthy man or a street beggar, is politeness. A readiness to oblige others by doing small acts of courtesy is the essential factor of this quality.

One who is lacking in this quality and is unwilling to do a good turn to another, however trifling it might be, is guilty of rudeness, which is just the opposite of politeness. If we are asked for some information by a person, who is badly in need of it, it should be our duty to help him by supplying him with the required information if possible. Even if we cannot supply him with the information, we should not turn our backs upon him rudely, but should tell him courteously that we are not in a position to help him. This is the essence of politeness.

Politeness presupposes the qualities of modesty and humility. To be polite, it is essential that one should oneself be modest. One who has a high notion of one’s own self and looks upon others with contempt cannot possibly be polite. The reason is that he considers it beneath his dignity to help someone, considered inferior to him, by so much as a word. It is very easy to be polite.[the_ad id=”17141″]

Politeness does not cost one anything, nor does it demand any great sacrifice. A slight exertion on one’s part, or it may be some inconvenience, will be all that is necessary for a man to be polite. Opportunities for the exercise of politeness present themselves to us every moment of our life and in every place, whether on the street, in a train, on board a steamer, or in a market place.

Politeness is a quality which lends charm to a person. Just as one likes to look at a beautiful thing. so one likes to mix intimately with a polite man. Politeness is even more valuable than beauty, for while the latter is not permanent, the former lasts as long as a polite man is alive. Good and refined manners make such an impression upon our minds that long after the person in whom we noticed them has gone away from our presence, we retain a vivid recollection of his manners and feel eager to have him in our company again.

A man may be very learned, but if he is not polite his educational qualifications are as good as useless, for he cannot be agreeable to those with whom he comes in contact. On the other hand, an illiterate person, if he is polite in his behavior and is of an obliging disposition, wins the love and affection of his fellowmen such is the magic influence of good manners. A man who is polite by nature finds joy and delight in acting politely towards others for he is conscious that by so doing he adds something, however little it might be, to the comfort and convenience of another in need of these.

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✍️Essay on Kindness: Samples in 100, 150 and 200 Words

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  • Nov 2, 2023

Essay on kindness

Research says that being kind to someone or vice versa can positively rewire your brain. Kindness is when one is generous to another person. Well, in today’s world, it is very difficult. We can hardly find anyone. Do you wish to bring a change in your lifestyle ? Well, you have come to the right place. Today, we will be talking about kindness in depth. Here, in this article, we have compiled several sample essays on kindness which describe this topic in depth. 

This Blog Includes:

Importance of kindness, essay on kindness in 100 words, essay on kindness in 150 words, essay on kindness in 200 words.

Kindness is an effortless yet powerful gesture which put a very positive impact on someone’s life. In the academic community, this gesture is seen as an attitude that can create a huge impact on one’s achievement. 

Speaking in a bit of a medical language, being kind to someone boosts serotonin and dopamine. These brain chemicals, known as neurotransmitters, are what light up your reward and pleasure centres and give you a sense of fulfilment.

This doesn’t end here. Kindness has been shown to have cardioprotective effects. It can lower blood pressure and the stress hormone cortisol, which in turn affects stress levels. 

Speaking of which, here, we have compiled an essay on kindness which will provide you with more information on this topic. Let’s dive in. 

Also Read: Essay on the Importance of the English Language for Students

Being kind is a basic virtue which is very important for humankind to create a world that is more peaceful and compassionate. It is one of the most straightforward acts which can be shown by anyone to others without expecting anything in return. When it comes to showing kindness, there are many ways by which one can show it. These include opening doors for others giving your time to support a good cause or simply being with them during their hard times. 

Always remember that even showing a tiny act of kindness can create a huge impact in someone’s life or simply make their day better. 

Also Read: Essay on Save Environment: Samples in 100, 200, 300 Words

Kindness is a feeling of being generous, friendly and considerate. In a world full of hatred and cruelty, kindness is what one can spread. You never know whom you might someone from a having bad day. One can simply start spreading kindness in the community they are living in. 

One of the best examples to describe the word kindness would be Mother Teresa . She devoted her entire life to caring for the destitute and dying in the slums of Calcutta (Kolkata). She is considered to be one of the greatest humanitarians the world has ever produced.

Speaking of kindness, doing little things such as opening a door for someone. Helping an elderly person cross the street, or holding things of someone are some basic things which can be done.

To conclude, kindness is contagious. It can spread like wildfire. Therefore, in a world where there is so much hatred, and cruelty, where people are fighting. One can be kind which will provoke others to do the same. 

Also Read: Essay on Unity in Diversity in 100 to 200 Words

Kindness is one of the most important qualities which people should have. This is very important to create a more compassionate and harmonious world. The simple act of being considerate towards others and not expecting anything in return is kindness. The word ‘kindness’ can be expressed in many different ways. From helping someone during tough times to helping an old lady cross the street is what best describes this word. 

Other than this, kindness is also beneficial for our well-being. Studies show that people who are kind to people around them tend to be more happy than others. This is because of the endorphins which are released. They contribute towards mood-boosting and pain-relieving effects. Not only this, kindness has also proved to have reduced stress levels and improved cardiovascular health.

To conclude, I would like to leave you all with a thought. In today’s times, we hardly come across kind people. Consider ourselves, we may feel for others around us going through the bad phase but how often do we reach out and assist them? It is our responsibility to nurture kindness in ourselves before we can ask others to do the same for us.

Related Articles 

We hope after reading some of these essays on kindness, your perspective on kindness would have changed. Always remember, everyone is fighting their own battles, so the best you can do is be a little kind and bring a smile to their face. Signing off!

There are certain advantages to our happiness and general well-being for those of us who are kind and caring. Perhaps we will live longer. Additionally, kindness lowers stress and enhances mental health.

These expressions describe persons who are kind, considerate, and considerate of others’ feelings.

Kindness belongs to the human virtue category and is one of the 24 universal character strengths.

For more information on such interesting topics, visit our essay-writing page and follow Leverage Edu ! 

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Malvika is a content writer cum news freak who comes with a strong background in Journalism and has worked with renowned news websites such as News 9 and The Financial Express to name a few. When not writing, she can be found bringing life to the canvasses by painting on them.

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Essay On Politics - 100, 200, 500 Words

Politics has always been a hot topic of discussion among people. The common man is eager and ready to chat or even debate about politics. It is a hugely important domain in the world since it has an impact on every person living in the country. Here are some sample essays on “Politics” .

  • 100 Words Essay On Politics

This topic has never been a clearly-defined genre. Politics can simply refer to the activities surrounding the governance and parties of a country. If we talk about large democratic a country like India, which is also the largest democracy in the world having different cultures and religions, politics becomes complicated. Politics is not restricted only to the ruling party. It also has the role of the other parties who are in the race to achieve the position of the ruling party. When the government of the country and its opposition both are working for the country's development, it is said to be good politics.

200 Words Essay On Politics

500 words essay on politics.

Essay On Politics - 100, 200, 500 Words

If I say the word 'politics' , your mind will probably define it as the way in which countries are governed and the way any government takes decisions. Politics is a part of our everyday life. We all see certain politics going on in some common places like companies, clubs, schools, etc. Politics is closely related to the concept of power. Politicians will not be able to enforce their opinion on the people if they don't have power and respect.

Politicians are the people that come together to form a political party and, eventually, those parties lead to the formation of the government. Some examples of parties are the Liberal party, the Labor Party, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Greens. There are certain responsibilities of the government for the betterment of the country, such as:

Deciding about the division of land.

Creating a hierarchical system of decision-making.

Decide whether to have war with another country and other foreign policies.

Create money to increase the GDP.

Build things for the public, such as roads, hospitals, libraries, and docks.

Educate people about the removal of illiteracy.

Ensuring good medical supplies to the people.

Manage the welfare of the country and the money available for spending on services.

Whenever you hear the term politics, you might think of the government, politicians and political parties. But in an actual sense, the exercise of authority, the science of governance, the making of unified decisions, the distribution of resources wisely, and the art of duplicity and exploitation, are all terms that can be used to describe politics.

Politics refers to the ways in which individuals and groups make decisions about the distribution of power and resources in society. It involves the study of governments, political systems, and ideologies, as well as the ways in which people participate in the political process.

We require an organisation for our country to work as per guidelines. This is where the government is required, and eventually, politics comes. Countries, groups and organisations use politics in many ways for their events, prospects and many other things. Politics is not only limited to those who are in power. Every other person who is in the race of achieving a target is a part of politics.

Elements Of Politics

One of the key elements of politics is the concept of power, which refers to the ability of individuals or groups to control resources and make decisions that affect others. In democratic societies, power is typically dispersed among a variety of institutions, such as the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government.

Another important aspect of politics is the role of interest groups, which are organisations that represent specific groups of people and advocate for their interests. These groups can play a significant role in shaping public policy and influencing the political process.

In addition, politics is also concerned with the study of ideologies, which are sets of beliefs and values that inform political decision-making. Some common ideologies include conservatism, liberalism, and socialism.

Ultimately, politics is a complex and dynamic field that plays a crucial role in shaping society and determining the distribution of resources and power. Whether through the electoral process, activism, or simply participating in public discourse, it is important for citizens to engage with politics in order to ensure that their voices are heard and their interests are represented.

If we look at any random country, we can see so many non-deserving candidates get into power and then misuse it for their purpose, leading to the root cause of corruption. Because of this corruption, the deserving person lacks behind, and the one with money gets what they want.

We are required to save our country from corruption and dirty politics. It is just like a parasite eating away the development and growth of the country and its resources. All of us must unite to work for the prosperous future of our country.

Life of Politicians

Politics seems very fascinating because of the life of politicians we witness. We are attracted to the authority they have in decision-making. Once in our lifetime, you must have dreamt of being a politician, maybe because you are not satisfied with the policies of the government or simply wanted the luxurious life of politicians, which is just one side of the coin. They also have to work all the time for the country's betterment and development to maintain their position. Though it may seem easy to be a politician, it is way harder and more challenging than it looks.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

  • Construction
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Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Water Manager

A career as water manager needs to provide clean water, preventing flood damage, and disposing of sewage and other wastes. He or she also repairs and maintains structures that control the flow of water, such as reservoirs, sea defense walls, and pumping stations. In addition to these, the Manager has other responsibilities related to water resource management.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 

Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Finance Executive

A career as a Finance Executive requires one to be responsible for monitoring an organisation's income, investments and expenses to create and evaluate financial reports. His or her role involves performing audits, invoices, and budget preparations. He or she manages accounting activities, bank reconciliations, and payable and receivable accounts.  

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance , and  Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.


An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Commercial Manager

A Commercial Manager negotiates, advises and secures information about pricing for commercial contracts. He or she is responsible for developing financial plans in order to maximise the business's profitability.

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Naval Architect

A Naval Architect is a professional who designs, produces and repairs safe and sea-worthy surfaces or underwater structures. A Naval Architect stays involved in creating and designing ships, ferries, submarines and yachts with implementation of various principles such as gravity, ideal hull form, buoyancy and stability. 

Field Surveyor

Are you searching for a Field Surveyor Job Description? A Field Surveyor is a professional responsible for conducting field surveys for various places or geographical conditions. He or she collects the required data and information as per the instructions given by senior officials. 

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Conservation Architect

A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist


Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.


The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Cardiothoracic Surgeon

Cardiothoracic surgeons are an important part of the surgical team. They usually work in hospitals, and perform emergency as well as scheduled operations. Some of the cardiothoracic surgeons also work in teaching hospitals working as teachers and guides for medical students aspiring to become a cardiothoracic surgeon. A career as a cardiothoracic surgeon involves treating and managing various types of conditions within their speciality that includes their presence at different locations such as outpatient clinics, team meetings, and ward rounds. 

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.


Careers in videography are art that can be defined as a creative and interpretive process that culminates in the authorship of an original work of art rather than a simple recording of a simple event. It would be wrong to portrait it as a subcategory of photography, rather photography is one of the crafts used in videographer jobs in addition to technical skills like organization, management, interpretation, and image-manipulation techniques. Students pursue Visual Media , Film, Television, Digital Video Production to opt for a videographer career path. The visual impacts of a film are driven by the creative decisions taken in videography jobs. Individuals who opt for a career as a videographer are involved in the entire lifecycle of a film and production. 

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Advertising Manager

Advertising managers consult with the financial department to plan a marketing strategy schedule and cost estimates. We often see advertisements that attract us a lot, not every advertisement is just to promote a business but some of them provide a social message as well. There was an advertisement for a washing machine brand that implies a story that even a man can do household activities. And of course, how could we even forget those jingles which we often sing while working?


Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager

A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

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The procurement Manager is also known as  Purchasing Manager. The role of the Procurement Manager is to source products and services for a company. A Procurement Manager is involved in developing a purchasing strategy, including the company's budget and the supplies as well as the vendors who can provide goods and services to the company. His or her ultimate goal is to bring the right products or services at the right time with cost-effectiveness. 


A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying. 

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ITSM Manager

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Big Data Analytics Engineer

Big Data Analytics Engineer Job Description: A Big Data Analytics Engineer is responsible for collecting data from various sources. He or she has to sort the organised and chaotic data to find out patterns. The role of Big Data Engineer involves converting messy information into useful data that is clean, accurate and actionable. 

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Student Essays


Paragraph on Politeness, Meaning & Importance in Life [ 2024 ]

Politeness is the greatest human quality. It talks about humbleness, humiliation and humble behavior in life. This paragraph on Politeness talks about Meaning, Purpose & Importance of Politeness in Life in every sphere of our Life.

List of Topics

Paragraph on Politeness, Meaning, Importance of Politeness in Personal & Professional Life

Politeness is related to one’s character and his behavior. It is a custom to behave politely in different cultures. Politeness is an act of respect that one shows to others. It is a way of communicating with people in a way that is respectful and considerate. There are many ways to be polite, and it can vary depending on the culture or situation.

Politeness is defined as “behavior that shows respect for other people and consideration for their feelings.” It is a way of communicating with others that is respectful and considerate. There are many ways to be polite, and it can vary depending on the culture or situation.

Importance of Politeness in personal & Professional Life

Politeness is important because it helps to maintain good relationships with others. It shows that we care about other people’s feelings and that we are considerate of them. Politeness can also make others feel comfortable around us, and it can create a positive impression.

There are many additional benefits of being polite, and it is important to consider the impact that our words and actions have on others. Politeness is a way of showing respect for others, and it is an important part of communication. There are many ways to be polite, and it can vary depending on the culture or situation.

>>> Related Post:  ” Essay on Population Explosion ”

Being polite can help to maintain good relationships with others, and it can create a positive impression. In personal life, politeness can help to resolve conflicts peacefully. In professional life, politeness is often essential for success. It can help to build trust and relationships with co-workers, clients, and customers. Politeness can also make a positive impression on potential employers and business partners.

It is important to be aware of the different ways that politeness can be expressed, and to be sure to use polite language and manners in all aspects of life. Politeness is a sign of respect, and it is an important part of communication . There are many ways to be polite, and it can vary depending on the culture or situation. Being polite can help to maintain good relationships with others, and it can create a positive impression.

Therefore, Politeness is an act of respect that is shown to others and it has a lot of benefits in personal and professional life. It is important for everyone to be polite in their interactions with others and to use polite language and manners in all aspects of their lives. By doing so, we can create a positive impression, maintain good relationships, and resolve conflicts peacefully.

What is Politeness?

Politeness is a small word that encompasses a lot of meaning. It refers to the act of being respectful, considerate and well-mannered towards others. In simpler terms, it means being nice to people.

But why is politeness important in life, especially for students? The answer lies in the fact that our interactions with others shape our relationships and ultimately determine our success in life.

Why Politeness is Important ?

Being polite shows that you value and respect the people around you, whether they are your peers, teachers or other individuals. It creates a positive atmosphere and fosters good relationships with others. As a student, this is crucial because it can lead to better communication and collaboration with classmates, which can greatly benefit your academic journey.

Moreover, practicing politeness also helps in building your character and personality. It shows that you are a well-rounded individual who possesses social skills and is capable of handling diverse situations with grace and maturity.

In today’s fast-paced world, where people are often caught up in their own lives, small gestures of politeness can make a big difference. Simply saying “please” and “thank you” or holding the door for someone can brighten someone’s day and create a ripple effect of positivity.

Politeness also plays a significant role in building a positive reputation. People remember those who are kind, respectful and considerate towards them. This can have long-term benefits, as it can open doors to new opportunities and help you build a strong network of connections.

Lastly, being polite also reflects well on your upbringing and values. It shows that you have been raised with good manners and are conscious of how your actions affect others. This is an essential quality to have in any professional setting, where first impressions matter.

10 Sentences about Politeness:

  • Politeness is a way of showing respect and consideration towards others.
  • Saying “please” and “thank you” are basic examples of polite words that we use in our everyday communication.
  • To show politeness, we should also use kind words like “excuse me”, “sorry” and “may I”.
  • We should always treat others the way we want to be treated, and being polite is one way of doing that.
  • It’s important to remember that being polite doesn’t mean you have to agree with everything someone says or does. It just means treating them with kindness and respect.
  • Using good manners, like saying “please” when asking for something, can make people more likely to help you.
  • Politeness can also be shown through body language, like making eye contact and smiling when speaking to someone.
  • It’s important to teach children about politeness from a young age, as it helps them develop social skills and build positive relationships with others.
  • In different cultures, there may be different ways of showing politeness. For example, in some cultures, it is considered polite to take off your shoes before entering someone’s home.
  • Being polite not only makes others feel good, but it also makes us feel good about ourselves. So let’s remember to always be kind and polite towards others!

Paragraph on Politeness in 150 Words:

Politeness is an important aspect of human interaction that involves showing respect, appreciation and consideration towards others. It is often expressed through words and actions such as using kind language, showing good manners, and being considerate of others’ feelings.

In today’s society, politeness plays a crucial role in maintaining positive relationships with others. This could be in personal or professional settings. When people are polite towards each other, it creates a sense of harmony and cooperation, leading to better communication and understanding.

Politeness is also essential in avoiding conflict and promoting mutual respect. It allows individuals to express their opinions without causing offense or disrespecting others’ beliefs. It can also help diffuse tense situations and prevent misunderstandings.

In addition, being polite can have a positive impact on one’s personal and professional life. It reflects one’s character and can leave a lasting impression on others. Politeness is a universal language that transcends cultural barriers, making it an important skill to possess in our diverse world.

Paragraph on Politeness in 100 Words

Politeness is a fundamental aspect of human communication that involves showing consideration, respect, and kindness towards others. It is an essential social skill that helps to create positive relationships and build trust among individuals. Politeness can be expressed through verbal and non-verbal cues such as using please and thank you, maintaining eye contact, smiling, and offering help or compliments.

Being polite not only makes others feel valued and appreciated, but it also reflects positively on oneself. In today’s fast-paced world, where people are often preoccupied and stressed, a simple act of politeness can go a long way in making someone’s day brighter. So let’s all try to be a little more polite and make the world a kinder place.

Q: What is a short paragraph on politeness?

A: Politeness is the act of showing consideration and respect towards others. It involves using courteous language, manners, and behaviors to create a more harmonious and respectful social environment.

Q: What is the importance of politeness?

A: Politeness is important as it fosters positive interactions, reduces conflicts, and builds strong, respectful relationships in both personal and professional settings.

Q: Why is politeness important in life paragraph?

A: Politeness is a fundamental aspect of a well-functioning society. It helps individuals communicate effectively, resolve conflicts, and show empathy. Politeness cultivates a more pleasant and respectful world where people can coexist harmoniously.

Q: What is politeness in your own words?

A: Politeness is the practice of showing consideration and respect to others through our words, actions, and behavior. It involves being mindful of the feelings and comfort of those around us and using language and gestures that promote positive and respectful interactions. Politeness is a key element of good manners and social harmony

Paragraph on Politeness

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politeness essay in 200 words

Social Discourse: The Importance of Politeness and Discretion in 200 Words

politeness essay in 200 words

  • I. Outline of Social Discourse on Politeness and Discretion (Standard)
  • II. Sample Essay on Social Discourse: Politeness and Discretion in 200 Words

1. Social Discourse: Politeness and Discretion in 200 Words, Model 1 (Standard)

2. social discourse: politeness and discretion in 200 words, model 2 (standard).

Topic: Social Discourse: Politeness and Discretion in 200 Words

politeness essay in 200 words

Social Discourse: The Essence of Politeness and Discretion in 200 Words

I. Outline of Social Discourse on Politeness and Discretion (Standard)

1. Introduction:

- Introducing the topic for discussion: Politeness and discretion.

a. Explanation of Politeness and Discretion: - 'Politeness' is the manner of behaving courteously, gracefully in social interactions, having actions, words appropriate to the moral traditions of the nation. - 'Discretion' is the skillfulness in behavior, being attentive to the emotions of everyone around to provide reasonable conduct in different situations. - Politeness and discretion are important behavioral rules that everyone must learn to become well-rounded individuals.

b. Discussion on Politeness and Discretion: - Polite, discreet individuals are adept in communication, exhibit proper behavior, show respect, gentleness to everyone around. - Politeness and discretion are essential virtues for everyone, polite, discreet individuals will gain the affection of many, be loved and respected by everyone, thereby establishing many good relationships in society.

c. Critique: - Criticizing those who do not know how to 'respect superior and defer to inferior', refuse to learn manners leading to uncouth, misguided behaviors. - Criticizing those who live indifferent lives, do not care about others.

d. Lesson Learned: - It is necessary to learn proper etiquette rules from books or people around to enhance communication skills for oneself. - It is necessary to integrate but not assimilate to preserve the beauty of Vietnamese cultural etiquette.

3. Conclusion:

- Summarize the importance of politeness and discretion in every individual's life.

II. Sample Essay on Social Discourse: Politeness and Discretion in 200 Words

Politeness and discretion are among the 'golden keys' that everyone should possess to reach the pinnacle of success. 'Politeness' is the manner of behaving courteously, gracefully in social interactions, having actions, words appropriate to the moral traditions of the nation. 'Discretion' is the skillfulness in behavior, being attentive to the emotions of everyone around to provide reasonable conduct in different situations. Polite, discreet individuals are adept in communication, exhibit proper behavior, show respect, gentleness to everyone. They will gain the affection of many, be loved and respected by everyone, thereby establishing many good relationships in society. However, in life, we need to criticize those who do not know how to 'respect superior and defer to inferior', refuse to learn manners leading to uncouth, misguided behaviors. Therefore, to possess the golden key named politeness and discretion, each of us needs to learn proper etiquette rules from books or from people around to enhance communication skills for ourselves. We need to integrate but not assimilate to preserve the beauty of Vietnamese cultural etiquette.

'Well-spoken words will win over the world'; hence, politeness and discretion always play a crucial role in everyone's communication skills. Politeness and discretion are refined gestures, actions, showing respect to others during communication. Polite, discreet individuals are cautious in their words and actions, are cultured and knowledgeable in communication. Therefore, polite, discreet individuals always maintain good relationships with those around them and become more confident when communicating with strangers. That's why there's a saying: 'Bite your tongue seven times before speaking' because once spoken, words cannot be retracted. A word of comfort, encouragement from you can 'save' a person, but it can also be a double-edged sword to kill a person when you cannot control your words in anger. To become polite and discreet individuals, each of us needs to strive for good learning, alongside practicing soft skills daily to achieve desired goals. We need to criticize those who live selfishly, indifferently, and those who abuse discretion to turn them into flattery for personal gain.

politeness essay in 200 words


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    1 Comment Politeness is the greatest human quality. It talks about humbleness, humiliation and humble behavior in life. This paragraph on Politeness talks about Meaning, Purpose & Importance of Politeness in Life in every sphere of our Life. List of Topics Paragraph on Politeness, Meaning, Importance of Politeness in Personal & Professional Life

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