Environmental Issues Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on environmental issues.

The environment plays a significant role to support life on earth. But there are some issues that are causing damages to life and the ecosystem of the earth. It is related to the not only environment but with everyone that lives on the planet. Besides, its main source is pollution , global warming, greenhouse gas , and many others. The everyday activities of human are constantly degrading the quality of the environment which ultimately results in the loss of survival condition from the earth.

Environmental Issues Essay

Source of Environment Issue

There are hundreds of issue that causing damage to the environment. But in this, we are going to discuss the main causes of environmental issues because they are very dangerous to life and the ecosystem.

Pollution – It is one of the main causes of an environmental issue because it poisons the air , water , soil , and noise. As we know that in the past few decades the numbers of industries have rapidly increased. Moreover, these industries discharge their untreated waste into the water bodies, on soil, and in air. Most of these wastes contain harmful and poisonous materials that spread very easily because of the movement of water bodies and wind.

Greenhouse Gases – These are the gases which are responsible for the increase in the temperature of the earth surface. This gases directly relates to air pollution because of the pollution produced by the vehicle and factories which contains a toxic chemical that harms the life and environment of earth.

Climate Changes – Due to environmental issue the climate is changing rapidly and things like smog, acid rains are getting common. Also, the number of natural calamities is also increasing and almost every year there is flood, famine, drought , landslides, earthquakes, and many more calamities are increasing.

Above all, human being and their greed for more is the ultimate cause of all the environmental issue.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

How to Minimize Environment Issue?

Now we know the major issues which are causing damage to the environment. So, now we can discuss the ways by which we can save our environment. For doing so we have to take some measures that will help us in fighting environmental issues .

Moreover, these issues will not only save the environment but also save the life and ecosystem of the planet. Some of the ways of minimizing environmental threat are discussed below:

Reforestation – It will not only help in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem but also help in restoring the natural cycles that work with it. Also, it will help in recharge of groundwater, maintaining the monsoon cycle , decreasing the number of carbons from the air, and many more.

The 3 R’s principle – For contributing to the environment one should have to use the 3 R’s principle that is Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Moreover, it helps the environment in a lot of ways.

To conclude, we can say that humans are a major source of environmental issues. Likewise, our activities are the major reason that the level of harmful gases and pollutants have increased in the environment. But now the humans have taken this problem seriously and now working to eradicate it. Above all, if all humans contribute equally to the environment then this issue can be fight backed. The natural balance can once again be restored.

FAQs about Environmental Issue

Q.1 Name the major environmental issues. A.1 The major environmental issues are pollution, environmental degradation, resource depletion, and climate change. Besides, there are several other environmental issues that also need attention.

Q.2 What is the cause of environmental change? A.2 Human activities are the main cause of environmental change. Moreover, due to our activities, the amount of greenhouse gases has rapidly increased over the past few decades.

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Environmental Issues Essay

Climate change is happening because of human activity. We're releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, trapping heat and causing the Earth to warm up. This is called global warming, and it's a huge problem. Here are some sample essays on environmental issues.

  • 100 Words Essay On Environmental Issues

Our environment is changing due to disruption. These are small steps you can take on an individual level that together can have a huge impact on the environment. And if enough individuals start taking such steps, we could make huge strides towards preserving the environment for future generations. As an individual, you can:

200 Words Essay On Environmental Issues

500 words essay on environmental issues.

Environmental Issues Essay

Reduce your energy consumption by changing to LED or CFL light bulbs and unplugging electronic devices when not in use;

Use public transport or carpool instead of driving;

Buy locally produced food and products as much as possible;

Separate your waste for composting and recycling instead of sending it all to landfills; and

Plant trees in your yard.

In the past several centuries, humans have altered land use in order to accommodate growing populations and economic development needs. This has led to a range of environmental issues such as habitat destruction, soil erosion, pollution, species extinction and water scarcity.

How Changes in Land Use Can Lead to Environmental Issues

As a result of the disruption due to growing population, the global climate has been thrown off balance, leading to more frequent and intense natural disasters like floods, hurricanes and droughts.

One of the most pressing environmental issues caused by changes in land use is deforestation. Trees are vital for storing carbon dioxide, as well as providing habitats for wildlife. Unsustainable logging practices have led to extreme cases of deforestation that result in global warming and habitat loss. Additionally, when trees are removed from ecosystems it can lead to soil erosion which contributes to water pollution and scarce resources for the surrounding wildlife.

In addition to deforestation there are many other activities that can disrupt land use such as oil drilling, urbanization or different types of agriculture. It’s important for us to be aware of how our behaviors can cause harm to our environment so that we can take steps towards improving land management practices in order to ensure our planet remains healthy for future generations.

You sit down to dinner, and suddenly you're confronted with a difficult decision. You can either have a steak that's been raised on a factory farm, where the animal has been exposed to antibiotics and growth hormones, or you can choose something that's organic and humanely raised.

The same dilemma confronts us when we shop for groceries, clothes, or anything else. Do we want to buy something that's bad for the environment, or do we want to make a conscious choice to purchase something that will help sustain it?

It's not always easy to make the right decision, but it's important that we try. Why has the climate been changing, and why do people think it's a problem?

Examining the Effects of Pollution

Pollution is having a devastating effect on the environment. Pollution is causing irreversible damage to our planet, and it's happening on a scale that is unprecedented in human history.

The effects of pollution are far-reaching and complex. They can be felt in every corner of the globe, from the air we breathe to the water we drink. Pollution is making our planet uninhabitable, and if we don't take action now, we will be facing a very uncertain future.

Impact of Deforestation on the Environment

Deforestation is a major issue that is contributing to climate change and has a serious impact on the environment.

When trees are cut down, it not only reduces the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere, but it also leads to the release of carbon dioxide. This, in turn, accelerates climate change and contributes to the greenhouse effect. Deforestation also affects water systems, contributing to floods and droughts.

Exploring Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Environmental Impact

One of the biggest things you can do to reduce your environmental impact is to make lifestyle changes. This can mean anything from reducing your consumption to changing the way you travel and even altering your diet.

Reducing consumption means buying less, reusing and repurposing items, and recycling more. It also means being mindful of what you throw away.

When it comes to transportation, try switching to public transport or carpooling when possible. Or, if you’re looking for something a bit more sustainable, why not try walking or cycling?

Lastly, food is another area where you can make changes. Eating locally sourced food that’s in season reduces your carbon footprint and helps local farmers.

So, what do we need to do?

To start, it’s important to realize that individuals can make a difference. There is no single answer to this question; it will require action from all of us. But if we each take small steps in our own lives, we can make a big difference. Here are a few ideas to get started:

Reduce your consumption, and choose products that are environmentally friendly

Reuse and recycle whenever possible

Educate yourself and others about environmental issues

Support organizations that are working to protect the environment

Together, we can make a difference. Let's work together to create a more sustainable future for our planet.

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Landscape Architect

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Speech Therapist


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Healthcare Social Worker

Healthcare social workers help patients to access services and information about health-related issues. He or she assists people with everything from locating medical treatment to assisting with the cost of care to recover from an illness or injury. A career as Healthcare Social Worker requires working with groups of people, individuals, and families in various healthcare settings such as hospitals, mental health clinics, child welfare, schools, human service agencies, nursing homes, private practices, and other healthcare settings.  

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Fashion Blogger

Fashion bloggers use multiple social media platforms to recommend or share ideas related to fashion. A fashion blogger is a person who writes about fashion, publishes pictures of outfits, jewellery, accessories. Fashion blogger works as a model, journalist, and a stylist in the fashion industry. In current fashion times, these bloggers have crossed into becoming a star in fashion magazines, commercials, or campaigns. 


Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Fashion Journalist

Fashion journalism involves performing research and writing about the most recent fashion trends. Journalists obtain this knowledge by collaborating with stylists, conducting interviews with fashion designers, and attending fashion shows, photoshoots, and conferences. A fashion Journalist  job is to write copy for trade and advertisement journals, fashion magazines, newspapers, and online fashion forums about style and fashion.

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

Production Manager

Quality controller.

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.


You might be googling Metrologist meaning. Well, we have an easily understandable Metrologist definition for you. A metrologist is a professional who stays involved in measurement practices in varying industries including electrical and electronics. A Metrologist is responsible for developing processes and systems for measuring objects and repairing electrical instruments. He or she also involved in writing specifications of experimental electronic units. 

Production Worker

A production worker is a vital part of any manufacturing operation, as he or she plays a leading role in improving the efficiency of the production process. Career as a Production Worker  requires ensuring that the equipment and machinery used in the production of goods are designed to meet the needs of the customers.

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

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Essay on Environmental Pollution: 100 Words, 200 Words

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  • Aug 31, 2023

essay on environmental pollution

One of the biggest risks to life as we know it is environmental degradation. The water we drink, the air we breathe, and the ecosystems on which we depend are all impacted by pollution. People, animals, and plants will decline if pollution levels continue to rise since they won’t be able to adapt to a significantly altered environment. Are you struggling to write an essay on environmental pollution? If the answer is yes, then this blog will help you get some ideas to write an effective essay. Keep reading further to know more!

This Blog Includes:

Essay on environmental pollution – 100 words , essay on environmental pollution – 250 words , essay on environmental pollution – 500 words .

The presence of contaminants in the environment is referred to as pollution. Gases like Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO), among others; solid pollutants like plastic, sewage, etc.; and chemicals like fertilisers, as well as those produced as byproducts in manufacturing, transportation, etc., are a few examples of polluting substances.

The immediate result of pollution is that it makes the world’s natural resources useless or toxic to use, as well as leads to the extinction of species and ecological imbalance. To stop more harm from occurring to the earth and its inhabitants due to environmental pollution, it is imperative to take proactive precautions.

Also Read: Essay on Pollution in Hindi 

When undesired elements, or pollutants, are present in the environment, it is said to be polluted. The environment is severely harmed by pollution, which poses a direct threat to it. Although the world has begun to understand the importance of addressing pollution if the planet and its biodiversity are to be conserved there is still a long way to go.

Everything that makes up the environment, including the air, water bodies, flora, and wildlife, is impacted by pollution in one way or another. There are four main types of pollution – Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Noise Pollution and Soil or Land Pollution . Additionally, pollution contributes to global issues including acid rain, global warming, and greenhouse gas consequences. A rise in the planet’s average surface temperature is referred to as global warming, and it causes starvation, floods, and droughts.

Environmental pollution has a wide-ranging impact. In addition to the current effects of pollution, a lack of effective pollution prevention measures also imperils the future of various species. The pollution is causing harm at a far faster rate than it can be healed. Reversing the environmental harm we have caused could take generations, and even then, it won’t be simple. It will require tight discipline and commitment to stop pollution.

The best ways feasible are being used by various nations to respond to these catastrophes. More efforts are being launched to raise public awareness about the dangers of pollution and the importance of preserving our ecosystem. Greener lifestyles are gaining popularity; examples include using wind and solar energy, new climate-friendly cars, and energy-efficient lighting. 

Also Read: Environmental Conservation

Pollution is the term used to describe the entry of pollutants into the environment. Noise, water, and air pollution are only a few of the several types of pollution. There is a direct relationship between the rise of pollution levels and illnesses among people. Therefore, it is important for everyone to be knowledgeable about pollution, its impacts, and effective ways to eliminate it. Our environment needs a balanced combination of all components, just like our body requires a balanced diet. The environment is polluted by any substance that is present above that limit for example rise in the levels of nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere causes harm to human health due to poor air quality. 

All forms of pollution, whether in the air, water, soil, or noise, have a negative impact on living things. Deadly diseases that are brought on by the contamination of soil, water, air, or sound affect organisms.

Among the most common disorders brought on by air pollution are acute lower respiratory infections in children, ischemic heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. Air pollution is a major contributor to a number of ailments in India, including strokes, bronchitis, heart attacks, lung diseases, cancer, and early mortality from heart disorders. The most pressing issue in the world now is global warming, which is caused by air pollution.

Around the world, poor drinking water quality is the reason behind 50% of child deaths and 80% of illnesses, including more than 50 different diseases. Water pollution causes diarrhoea, skin diseases, malnutrition, and even cancer, as well as other issues that are related to it.

 Every day, noise pollution has an effect on millions of people. The most frequent result of this is noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Loud noises have the potential to cause stress, high blood pressure, heart disease, and sleep difficulties. Children in particular are prone to these health issues across the board in terms of age groups. Noise pollution is extremely harmful, and it’s especially deadlier for people with heart issues. 

Use of the 3Rs, or reduce, reuse, and recycle, is the first step in reducing pollution. People should use air conditioners less since they generate noxious gases, such as ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons, which will minimise air pollution.

Reducing the number of vehicles on the road will also help to clean up the planet’s air. The more often cars are used, the more dangerous chemicals like sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons that contribute to major air pollution are released into the atmosphere.

Increasing public awareness is a further means of reducing pollution on Earth. Through programmes like the “Go Green” campaign, which urges people to plant more trees and use recyclable materials in their daily lives, awareness can be raised about the significance of eliminating pollution on Earth. The “Earth Hour” is another globally recognised event that calls for everyone to turn off all lights for one hour in order to raise awareness of the significance of reducing electricity usage in order to minimise pollution on Earth.

The government’s obligation to maintain national laws is one way to reduce pollution on Earth. Offenders should be subject to harsh penalties, such as increased fines and longer prison terms, which will force them to reconsider their influence on the environment and serve as a message to those who are not currently involved but who might be in the future.

Must Read: Essay on Pollution: Elements, Type, Format & Samples

Light Pollution  Radioactive Pollution  Soil Pollution  Water Pollution  Air Pollution  Thermal Pollution  Noise Pollution 

Mentioned below are some of the ways to control environmental pollution:  Walk or ride a bicycle to work instead of driving. While replacing a car go for a fuel-efficient vehicle.  When leaving the room turn off the lights and television to save energy.  Buy energy-efficient appliances. 

There are many things that cause pollution such as by-products of coal-fueled power plants, vehicle emissions, fumes from chemical production, etc.  

We hope you got some ideas to write an effective essay on environmental pollution. To read more informative articles like this one, keep following Leverage Edu . 

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Prachi has 1.5 yrs of experience in Content & Copywriting. Her skills entail SEO, researching, brainstorming marketing campaigns, suggesting content ideas, graphic designing, Keyword research, understanding user intent etc. She thrives on a work culture that helps her unlearn redundant ways of thinking. Besides this, she always has her binoculars on looking for good books and music recommendations, cocktails and world history.

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Environmental Problems And Solution Essay : IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample & Tips

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Updated on 31 January, 2024

Mrinal Mandal

Mrinal Mandal

Study abroad expert.

Mrinal Mandal

Attempting the IELTS writing task 2 environmental problems and solutions essay? A minimum word count of 250 is compulsory, and you should complete this task in 40 minutes. You will get an essay topic to give an opinion, summarize information, outline major issues or identify solutions for relevant problems. 

While writing the problem of pollution IELTS essay, it must be accompanied by examples, arguments, and logical reasons. Read your instructions carefully before starting. Structure your essay beforehand and decide what you wish to say about the topic. Be clear about the paragraph count that you want and your conclusion. Here are some samples to help you.

Table of Contents

Ielts writing task 2 environmental problems essay samples - 1, download e-books for ielts preparation, download ielts sample papers, environmental problems and solutions essay samples - 2, important study abroad articles, frequently asked questions, learn more about study abroad, popular study abroad destinations.

Go through some samples that will help you frame a good essay:  

Question:   Many people think that environmental problems are too big for individual citizens to fix. In contrast, others feel that the government cannot solve them unless individuals take constructive actions. Discuss both perspectives, and let us know what you think.  


There are pressing environmental problems that the world faces today. Some believe that they are outside the ambit of individuals to solve, while others believe that unless people step up, the governments will be unable to solve them either. This essay will discuss both these views before concluding. 

The argument is heavily tilted towards individual citizens lacking the material resources and social networks to fix long-standing environmental problems. There are several facets towards solving environmental issues, notably those concerning the administrative, governmental, regulatory, authoritative, law and order, and legal domains. For instance, manufacturing units keep releasing poisonous gases into the atmosphere while polluting rivers with toxic materials. Individuals cannot possibly combat these instances. People may argue that every stakeholder can step up and pressure the authorities and companies to take proactive steps. However, this is not a feasible solution since these companies are largely under the ownership of businesses and funds that only seek profits and do not prioritize the environment. 

It leads to the natural deduction that solving environmental problems is the joint responsibility of public stakeholders and the government. The authorities should offer legal and administrative support towards curbing pollution and other environmental issues. If any individual wishes to notify the authorities of something harmful in their region, then steps should be taken to streamline this provision as much as possible. Governments may consider setting up pollution control bodies, desks in every administrative office, random environmental inspections at manufacturing units, fines and legal provisions for a rule violation, and similar steps. 

Hence, the above premise supports the argument that the government can't fix everything unless there is sustained pressure from a section of society and individuals. The responsibility seems to veer directly towards individual actions collectively harnessed to pressure legislative and administrative mechanisms to fix prevalent issues. The combined initiatives of citizens and authorities will be the most effective solution for solving environmental problems. However, this does not mean that individual responsibility takes a backseat until there is government support. Individuals can contribute in numerous smaller ways towards ecological preservation. (Words: 360)


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Question:   Some citizens feel that the biggest environmental issue currently is the loss of animal and plant species. Some think that there are bigger ecological issues worth addressing. Discuss both perspectives, and let us know what you think.  

Many people feel that there are bigger environmental issues and potential disasters that should be tackled first. In contrast, others believe that the loss of particular animal and plant species is the biggest threat at the moment. Despite the first argument having some merits, I agree that the loss of biodiversity through the vital plant and animal species is the biggest environmental issue we face today. 

Natural disasters have increased worldwide, and scientists cite climate change as the major reason. Many experts argue that the temperature increase, especially across oceans, has led to a higher risk of blizzards, hurricanes, cyclones, and tsunamis. There are multiple natural disasters, including the devastating cyclones  Aila and  Amphan,  which struck India periodically over the last two decades. The biggest tragedy of the entire century was arguably the 2004 tsunami that destroyed Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia, causing innumerable deaths, serious injuries, loss of property and homes, livelihood risks, and unimaginable damages. 

The key reason animal and plant species have to be safeguarded are the growing number of endangered species on the planet over the last few decades. Take the example of polar bears, who mostly reside in the Arctic, where they currently face threats due to the prolonged melting of the ice caps. Polar bears may completely become extinct by 2100, as per forecasts. It will have a chain effect on the Arctic ecosystem and other animals in the endangered category, such as narwhals and seals. It is only a single example of global warming and how it impacts the lives of plant and animal species. 

In my opinion, biodiversity loss is the biggest threat faced by the environment today. Citizens, action groups and governments, should find ways to collaborate and take positive steps towards preserving endangered wildlife and plants along with their ecosystems. It is because biodiversity is the bedrock of natural growth, maintenance, and evolution. Governments should simultaneously look at ways to lower carbon emissions, the usage of fossil fuels, and other factors causing climate change and deadly natural consequences. (Words: 353)

In conclusion, addressing environmental problems requires a comprehensive understanding of the issues at hand and a commitment to implementing practical solutions. Essays on environmental problems and solutions for IELTS Writing Task 2 should not only highlight the urgency of these issues, such as climate change, pollution, and biodiversity loss, but also emphasize the effectiveness of solutions like renewable energy adoption, conservation efforts, and sustainable practices. By critically analyzing these topics, candidates can demonstrate their awareness, analytical abilities, and language proficiency. Furthermore, such essays encourage a global discourse on environmental stewardship, underscoring the need for collective action and innovative approaches to safeguard our planet for future generations. As we move forward, it is imperative that we all contribute to these solutions, embodying the change needed to address the environmental challenges that face us today.

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How to keep our environment clean essay?

As human beings, we are blessed with a beautiful and nurturing environment. However, it is fast being reduced to shreds owing to the negative impact of our destructive and careless actions. Out of our greed, selfishness and carelessness, we are steadily destroying the environment brick by brick. The rising incidence of natural calamities throughout the world and growing emissions are only two indicators of what is to come if we do not mend our ways. I strongly feel that communities, Governments and individuals should take more concrete steps towards keeping their immediate environments clean and in good shape. 

We should enhance our environments by planting more trees and encouraging others to do the same, especially the future generations. We should also advocate legal regulations that ban usage of plastic in order to preserve our future ecosystems and oceans. We should reuse our plastic bags and not dispose them. We should gradually switch towards paper bags as well. 

We should also use more public transportation and reduce electricity and water consumption. I believe that with responsible steps, we can ensure a cleaner and healthier environment for the upcoming generations.

How to protect the environment essay?

Our environment refers to our ecosystems, communities, surroundings and our living conditions. However, it is now on its way towards being endangered owing to the callous actions of Man for greed and profit. Milking natural resources to the point of exhaustion, we have already been chipping away at the natural environment bit by bit. I believe that all is not lost however and we can start taking pro-active steps towards safeguarding our environment. 

We can start with more tree plantation since green cover is the only solution towards combating the impact of natural calamities, flooding and reducing the artificial  heat island effect that major global cities are suffering from. More oxygen will also ensure better quality of life in the bargain. We can also endeavor to protect natural habitats, urban forests and other natural ecosystems including water bodies. We should also conserve forests with dedicated initiatives and awareness programs. A lot has to be done at the Government level in this regard. 

Other measures include waste management, zero-tolerance policies for littering, soil conservation and preventing pollution. In this way, we can all work together to protect what is left of our environment in order to combat future calamities and destructive occurrences, while ensuring the sustainability of life itself on the planet.

How to save our environment essay?

Saving the environment is imperative in the current scenario. The word  save assumes immense significance here, since we have already managed to destroy large parts of our environments and natural habitats owing to greed, conspicuous consumption and politics. 

We can start by emphasizing more tree plantation and conservation of existing natural habitats and ecosystems. We should take steps towards reducing carbon emissions and footprints, while switching to electric mobility, cutting down on water waste and managing solid waste carefully. We should eliminate plastic usage in order to save our oceans. 

Forest and soil conservation are also essential for saving the environment for the future. Solar and wind energy should be promoted as the new-age formula for environmental conservation. Recycling and reusing is also the way to go with regard to conserving natural resources. With these positive steps being implemented by environmental organizations and authorities worldwide, we can attempt to save our environment, leaving it intact and sustainable for future generations.

How I care for the environment everyday essay?

As human beings, we are all governed by a set of fundamental duties and responsibilities to ourselves, our families, society and the environment. We are all entrusted with responsibilities to leave behind a sustainable environment for upcoming generations instead of defiling it and leaving behind the planet in a hazardous state. 

At my end, I try to take various pro-active steps towards caring for my environment. I try and plant trees as often as I can, not just in proximity to my residence, but also throughout my community, by organizing tree plantation drives. I gift saplings to my loved ones and acquaintances. I also reuse plastic bags at home while avoiding the usage of new ones. I use paper bags for my shopping as much as possible. I regularly volunteer for beach and park clean-up drives in my locality while also spreading awareness amongst children and younger generations. I try and use lesser water and encourage my family members to do the same. I also buy sustainable seafood and have cut down on my consumption of electricity. 

These are some small ways through which I care for my environment. I firmly encourage others to do the same. We only have one planet and it is time that we stopped taking it for granted.

How do humans affect the environment essay?

Over centuries, human beings have adversely impacted the environment, especially with a rapid growth in population, housing and societal requirements, along with widespread urbanization and industrialization. 

Human beings have contributed towards large-scale deforestation and elimination of precious forest cover throughout the world for housing, industries, profitable enterprises and other purposes. Industrialization and consumerism have become a lethal cocktail that has led to increasing usage of plastic that chokes up our oceans and causes pollution, more toxic emissions with an increase in vehicles and burning of fossil fuels and contamination of soil and water through harmful chemicals. 

As human beings, we have also managed to destroy the tender ecological balance through misuse and exploitation of natural resources for profits. Littering and careless waste disposal have also hurt the environment along with wildlife extinction and biodiversity losses. Last but not the least; we have also contributed towards soil erosion, higher radiation and noise pollution. These are the catastrophic ways in which we have harmed the environment. Decades of restorative measures are required to reverse these damages to an extent.

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Mrinal Mandal is a study abroad expert with a passion for guiding students towards their international education goals. He holds a degree in mechanical engineering, earned in 2018. Since 2021, Mrinal has been working with upGrad Abroad, where he assists aspiring students in realizing their dreams of studying abroad. With his expertise and dedication, he empowers individuals to navigate the complexities of international education, making their aspirations a reality.

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Essay on Environmental Issues

Students are often asked to write an essay on Environmental Issues in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Environmental Issues

Understanding environmental issues.

Environmental issues refer to harmful effects on the environment due to human activities. These issues include pollution, deforestation, and climate change.

Pollution is the contamination of air, water, and soil. It’s caused by industrial waste, vehicle emissions, and littering. This harms wildlife and affects human health.


Deforestation is the cutting down of trees to make way for agriculture or construction. This leads to loss of habitats for animals and reduces the earth’s capacity to absorb carbon dioxide.

Climate Change

Climate change is the long-term shift in weather patterns. It’s caused by greenhouse gas emissions, leading to global warming. This affects ecosystems and causes sea levels to rise.

Also check:

  • Paragraph on Environmental Issues
  • Speech on Environmental Issues

250 Words Essay on Environmental Issues


Environmental issues are becoming increasingly significant due to their profound impact on human life and the planet’s survival. These problems, predominantly caused by human activities, range from pollution to climate change, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity.

Pollution, both air and water, is a pressing environmental issue. Industrialization and urbanization have led to the release of harmful pollutants, causing severe health issues and environmental degradation. The advent of plastics has further exacerbated the problem, leading to ocean pollution and threatening marine life.

Climate change, primarily due to the increase in greenhouse gases, is causing global warming. The consequences are far-reaching, including rising sea levels, extreme weather conditions, and threats to wildlife. It’s an issue requiring immediate attention and global cooperation.

Deforestation and Loss of Biodiversity

Deforestation for urban development and agriculture is leading to loss of biodiversity. This loss is not only about species extinction but also about the disruption of ecosystems and the services they provide.

Addressing environmental issues requires a comprehensive approach that includes policy changes, technological advancements, and individual actions. It is crucial for us to understand the gravity of these issues and work towards sustainable living to ensure the well-being of our planet.

500 Words Essay on Environmental Issues

As the world continues to evolve, environmental issues increasingly take center stage, highlighting the urgent need for sustainable solutions. The environment, our life-support system, is under threat from various angles, including pollution, deforestation, and climate change.

Climate change, primarily caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases, is arguably the most pressing environmental issue. The earth’s average temperature is rising, resulting in melting polar ice caps and rising sea levels, which threaten coastal communities. The frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as hurricanes, floods, and droughts, have also increased, causing significant human suffering and economic loss.

Pollution, another major environmental issue, takes many forms, including air, water, and soil pollution. Industrialization, urbanization, and modern agriculture practices have led to the release of harmful substances into the environment. For instance, burning fossil fuels releases pollutants that contribute to air pollution and acid rain. Similarly, industrial waste and agricultural runoff can contaminate water bodies, leading to water pollution.

Deforestation, primarily driven by agriculture, logging, and urbanization, is causing extensive damage to the world’s forests. This not only leads to loss of biodiversity but also contributes to climate change, as forests are vital carbon sinks that absorb CO2 from the atmosphere.

Biodiversity Loss

The loss of biodiversity is another critical environmental issue. Human activities, such as habitat destruction, pollution, overexploitation of species, and climate change, are driving an unprecedented rate of species extinction. This loss of biodiversity threatens ecosystem stability and the provision of ecosystem services upon which human societies depend.

Sustainable Solutions

Addressing these environmental issues requires sustainable solutions. Transitioning to renewable energy sources can help mitigate climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Implementing stricter pollution controls can help reduce pollution levels. Sustainable land management practices can help curb deforestation and promote biodiversity conservation.

Role of Education and Awareness

Education and awareness are crucial for promoting environmental sustainability. By understanding the causes and consequences of environmental issues, individuals can make informed decisions and adopt sustainable practices in their daily lives. Moreover, education can inspire people to advocate for environmental policies and initiatives that address these issues at the systemic level.

In conclusion, the environmental issues we face today are complex and interconnected, requiring comprehensive and sustainable solutions. While the challenges are significant, the opportunity for change is immense. Through collective action, informed by education and awareness, we can address these issues and ensure a sustainable future for generations to come.

That’s it! I hope the essay helped you.

If you’re looking for more, here are essays on other interesting topics:

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Apart from these, you can look at all the essays by clicking here .

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344 Environmental Essay Topics & Ideas

18 January 2024

last updated

Environmental essay topics explore people’s interconnection with nature. Some themes may range from examining the escalating effects of climate change, biodiversity loss, and pollution to the promotion of sustainable practices and green technologies. These subjects invite in-depth discourse on the ethical dimensions of environmental conservation, touching on issues, such as eco-justice and the rights of indigenous communities. They also encompass the analysis of environmental policies, the role of global governance in environmental preservation, and the economic implications of environmental degradation. By offering a diverse landscape for discussion, these environmental essay topics provide a valid platform to not only raise awareness but also generate solutions for the ongoing environmental crises. Each topic is an invitation to deep, critical thinking, encouraging individuals to take an active role in understanding and protecting the planet.

Best Environmental Essay Topics

  • Climate Change: Consequences and Possible Solutions
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  • Environmental Education: Key to Creating Sustainable Societies
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  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Role of the Transport Sector
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  • Evolution of Environmental Policies: A Global Perspective
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  • The Importance of Soil Conservation in Farming Practices
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  • Urbanization: Balancing Development With Environmental Sustainability
  • Genetically Modified Crops: Environmental Benefits and Risks
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Easy Environmental Essay Topics

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  • Geothermal Energy: Potential and Environmental Impacts
  • Oil Spills: Evaluating Long-Term Environmental Effects
  • Conservation of Endangered Species: Success Stories and Lessons Learned
  • Green Architecture: Implications for Urban Planning
  • Rethinking Waste: The Circular Economy Model
  • Desertification: Causes, Impacts, and Prevention Strategies
  • Environmental Justice: Disproportionate Impacts of Pollution on Communities
  • Landfills: Innovations in Waste Management
  • The Influence of Lifestyle Choices on Carbon Footprint
  • Climate Refugees: The Rising Humanitarian Crisis
  • Melting Polar Ice: The Far-Reaching Environmental Impacts
  • Impacts of Invasive Species on Native Ecosystems
  • Noise Pollution: An Underestimated Environmental Hazard
  • Restoration of Wetlands: An Ecological Imperative
  • Understanding the Role of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems
  • Biofuels: A Green Energy Source or Environmental Pitfall?
  • Impacts of the Fashion Industry on Freshwater Depletion
  • Challenges and Successes of Wildlife Corridors
  • Indoor Air Quality: The Unseen Environmental Risk
  • Satellite Technology: Monitoring Environmental Change from Space
  • The Role of Green Spaces in Urban Ecosystems

Environmental Essay Topics & Ideas

Interesting Environmental Essay Topics

  • Carbon Sequestration: Understanding Its Role in Climate Mitigation
  • Health Risks of Air Pollution: A Global Perspective
  • Fracking: Evaluating the Environmental and Health Risks
  • Hydroelectric Power: Balancing Energy Needs and Ecosystem Impact
  • The Environmental Impact of Single-Use Plastics
  • Ecological Footprint: Measurement and Global Comparisons
  • Sustainable Agriculture: The Power of Permaculture
  • The Link Between Deforestation and Disease Outbreaks
  • Roles of Bees in Maintaining Biodiversity
  • Ecological Impacts of Major Oil Pipeline Projects
  • Effects of Light Pollution on Wildlife
  • Algal Blooms: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions
  • Fast Fashion: The Environmental Cost of Disposable Clothing
  • The Future of Electric Vehicles: Environmental Benefits and Challenges
  • Ozone Layer Depletion: Causes and Repercussions
  • Sustainable Forestry: A Path to Climate Resilience
  • Technology’s Role in Alleviating Water Scarcity
  • Population Growth: Implications for Global Sustainability
  • Pesticides: Balancing Crop Protection With Environmental Health
  • Impacts of War on the Environment: A Case Study
  • Microgrid Technology: Implications for Renewable Energy Use
  • Bioengineering: Potential Solution to Climate Change?

Environmental Essay Topics for High School

  • Impacts of Global Warming on Polar Ecosystems
  • Harnessing Solar Energy: A Sustainable Solution
  • The Consequences of Deforestation: Amazon Rainforest Case Study
  • Biodiversity Loss: The Silent Extinction
  • Strategies for Water Conservation in Arid Regions
  • Plastic Pollution: Tackling the Global Crisis
  • Urbanization’s Effect on Green Spaces
  • Sustainable Agriculture: Balancing Human Needs and Nature
  • Coral Reefs: Challenges and Conservation Efforts
  • Air Quality and Health: The Underestimated Link
  • Climate Change: Influences on Global Migration Patterns
  • Overfishing: A Threat to Marine Ecosystems
  • Electric Vehicles: A Solution to Air Pollution
  • E-Waste Management: Ethical and Environmental Challenges
  • Oceans as Carbon Sinks: Role and Vulnerabilities
  • Consumerism and Its Environmental Footprint
  • The Significance of Indigenous Knowledge in Conservation Efforts
  • Acid Rain: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
  • The Role of Green Buildings in Reducing Environmental Impact
  • Fashion Industry: Analyzing Its Environmental Costs
  • Nuclear Energy: Environmental Risks and Rewards

Environmental Essay Topics for College Students

  • Evaluating the Impacts of Deforestation on Global Climate
  • Greenhouse Gases: Understanding Their Sources and Implications
  • Sustainable Agriculture: Future Pathways for Food Security
  • Examining the Consequences of Urban Sprawl
  • Ocean Acidification: A Silent Crisis
  • The Rising Problem of Electronic Waste: Solutions and Challenges
  • Species Extinction: Assessing the Role of Human Activities
  • Wetlands Conservation: Why Is It Critical for Biodiversity?
  • Renewable Energy: The Path to a Sustainable Future
  • Fast Fashion and Its Environmental Implications
  • Impacts of Air Pollution on Urban Environments
  • Conserving Endangered Species: The Role of Zoos and Sanctuaries
  • Marine Pollution: The Threats to Our Oceans and Seas
  • Analyzing the Pros and Cons of Nuclear Energy
  • Challenges in Water Conservation: A Global Perspective
  • The Critical Role of Bees in Ecosystems
  • Understanding the Threat of Invasive Species
  • Melting Polar Ice: The Consequences for Marine Life
  • Ecotourism: An Environmental and Economic Boon or Bane?
  • Discussing the Causes and Effects of Soil Erosion
  • Dams: Balancing Human Needs and Environmental Consequences
  • Evaluating the Environmental Impact of Meat Production

Environmental Essay Topics for University

  • Urban Green Spaces: Their Importance and Conservation
  • The Relationship Between Overpopulation and Environmental Degradation
  • Examining the Environmental Impact of Tourism
  • The Potential of Solar Energy in Mitigating Climate Change
  • Influence of Population Growth on Water Resources
  • The Critical Role of Mangrove Forests in Coastal Protection
  • Oil Spills: Consequences and Cleanup Techniques
  • The Impact of Mining on Natural Ecosystems
  • Relevance of Rainforest Preservation to Climate Stability
  • Challenges and Opportunities in Wind Energy
  • Impacts of Industrialization on Air Quality
  • Effectiveness of International Treaties in Protecting the Environment
  • Desertification: Causes, Effects, and Solutions
  • The Role of Public Transportation in Reducing Carbon Emissions
  • Strategies for Reducing Plastic Pollution in Oceans
  • Sustainable Cities: Measures to Improve Urban Sustainability
  • The Role of Green Buildings in Urban Sustainability
  • Biomass Energy: Prospects and Challenges
  • Organic Farming: Impact on Soil Health and Biodiversity
  • Pesticides and Their Impact on Non-Target Species
  • Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture: A Path Forward
  • Impacts of Climate Change on Coral Reefs
  • Carbon Capture: A Potential Solution to Climate Change?

Argumentative Environmental Essay Topics

  • Adoption of Renewable Energy: A Necessity for a Sustainable Future
  • Implications of Overpopulation on Global Biodiversity
  • Forest Conservation: An Essential Strategy Against Climate Change
  • Measures to Control Industrial Pollution: A Policy Perspective
  • Implementing Strict Regulations on Plastic Usage: Is It Effective?
  • Roles of Urbanization in Escalating Air Quality Concerns
  • Genetically Modified Crops: Solution or Threat to Biodiversity?
  • Governments Should Mandate Sustainable Practices in Corporations: A Debate
  • Ocean Acidification: Consequences and Mitigation Techniques
  • Impacts of Fast Fashion on Environmental Sustainability
  • Ecotourism: A Sustainable Economic Model or Environmental Exploitation?
  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Carbon Taxation Policies
  • Overfishing: A Global Crisis and Its Impacts on Ecosystems
  • Impacts of Climate Change on Global Agriculture: A Comprehensive Analysis
  • Mitigating Deforestation: Evaluating the Effectiveness of REDD+ Initiatives
  • Nuclear Energy: An Environmentally-Friendly Power Source or Potential Hazard?
  • Sustainable Farming Practices: Are They Really Beneficial?
  • Environmental Ethics: Assessing Our Responsibility Toward Future Generations
  • Veganism and Its Potential Impact on Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Landfill Waste Management: Strategies for Reducing Environmental Impact
  • The Threat of Microplastics in Aquatic Ecosystems: Causes and Solutions

Controversial Environmental Essay Topics

  • Examining the True Cost of Fossil Fuels: Environmental Damage vs. Economic Development
  • Debating the Efficacy of Carbon Capture Technology: Promising Solution or Futile Endeavour?
  • Impact of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) on Biodiversity: Progress or Peril?
  • Harnessing Nuclear Power: Environmental Savior or Silent Killer?
  • Climate Change’s Influence on Global Politics: Cooperation or Conflict?
  • Gauging the Ecological Footprint of Digital Technologies: Is Green IT Possible?
  • Geoengineering and Climate Intervention: Responsible Management or Playing God?
  • Ecotourism’s Paradox: Protecting or Exploiting Nature?
  • Meat Consumption’s Role in Environmental Degradation: Time for a Dietary Revolution?
  • Urban Sprawl and Ecosystem Fragmentation: Can Smart Cities Reverse the Trend?
  • Plastic Waste Management: Effective Recycling or Biodegradable Solutions?
  • Implications of Overpopulation: Is Population Control Ethically Justifiable?
  • Are Renewable Energy Sources Truly Sustainable? Unveiling Hidden Environmental Costs.
  • Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity: A Looming Crisis?
  • Deforestation and Indigenous Rights: A Clash of Interests?
  • Deciphering the Economic Viability of Green Energy: Profitability or Philanthropy?
  • Invasive Species and Ecosystem Balance: Is Human Intervention Necessary?
  • Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking): Energy Solution or Environmental Nightmare?
  • Industrial Agriculture’s Role in Soil Degradation: Need for Agroecological Methods?
  • Chemical Pesticides vs. Organic Farming: Which Ensures Food Security?

Environmental Essay Topics on Air Pollution

  • Analyzing the Health Impacts of Industrial Air Pollution
  • Air Quality Index: An Essential Tool for Monitoring Air Pollution
  • Measures for Mitigating Vehicular Air Pollution in Urban Centers
  • The Role of Wildfires in Exacerbating Global Air Pollution
  • Climate Change: The Direct Consequences of Increasing Air Pollution
  • The Intricate Relationship Between Air Pollution and Respiratory Diseases
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Air Quality Regulations in Developed Countries
  • Industrialization’s Impacts on Air Pollution: A Case Study of China
  • Strategies for Reducing Household Air Pollution in Developing Countries
  • Air Pollution in Megacities: The Case of New Delhi
  • Policy Analysis: International Efforts to Control Air Pollution
  • The Silent Killer: Long-Term Effects of Exposure to Air Pollution
  • Proliferation of Plastic Waste: A Significant Contributor to Air Pollution
  • Impacts of Agriculture-Related Air Pollution on Rural Communities
  • E-Waste and Its Contribution to Toxic Air Pollution
  • The Dangers of Radioactive Air Pollution: A Deep Dive Into Chernobyl
  • The Unseen Consequences of Military Conflicts on Air Pollution
  • Understanding the Global Disparity in Air Pollution Standards
  • Dissecting the Impact of Air Pollution on Biodiversity
  • A Critique of Current Air Purification Technologies
  • The Effect of Deforestation on Air Pollution Levels

Environmental Essay Topics on Water Pollution

  • Investigating the Impact of Industrial Effluents on Groundwater Quality
  • Analysis of Microplastic Contamination in Marine Ecosystems
  • Unveiling the Truth: The Health Effects of Drinking Polluted Water
  • Dead Zones in the Ocean: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions
  • Pharmaceutical Pollution in Waterways: The Unseen Threat
  • Heavy Metal Contamination in Freshwater Bodies: A Silent Crisis
  • Acid Rain and its Detrimental Effects on Aquatic Life
  • Understanding the Role of Agriculture in Nutrient Pollution
  • The Consequences of Oil Spills on Marine Wildlife and Coastal Communities
  • The Menace of Eutrophication: Lake and River Ecosystems at Risk
  • Sewage Disposal: Unraveling Its Environmental and Health Implications
  • The True Cost of Fracking: Contaminated Water Supplies
  • Algal Blooms: Understanding Their Causes and Ecological Impacts
  • Plastic Waste in Oceans: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch
  • Microorganisms and Water Pollution: Unseen Invaders
  • Unearthing the Impact of Mining Activities on Water Quality
  • Radioactive Waste Disposal in Oceans: A Lurking Danger
  • Landfills Leaching: Assessing Its Impact on Groundwater Pollution
  • Tackling Water Pollution: Emerging Technologies and Innovations
  • Ship Wrecks and Underwater Munitions: The Forgotten Water Pollutants

Environmental Essay Topics on Ecosystem Pollution

  • Analyzing the Impact of Oil Spills on Marine Ecosystems
  • Investigating Agricultural Runoff’s Role in Eutrophication of Freshwater Bodies
  • Exploring the Detrimental Effects of Air Pollution on Forest Ecosystems
  • Revealing the Long-Term Consequences of Acid Rain on Soil Ecosystems
  • Scrutinizing the Influence of Industrial Waste on Wetland Ecosystems
  • Discussing the Impact of Microplastics on Aquatic Ecosystems
  • Evaluating the Effects of Heavy Metal Contamination in River Ecosystems
  • Assessing the Interplay Between Deforestation and Biodiversity Loss
  • Elucidating the Consequences of Landfills on Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Debating the Ramifications of Climate Change on Arctic Ecosystems
  • Investigating Urbanization and Its Effect on Local Ecosystems
  • Pondering the Effects of Light Pollution on Nocturnal Ecosystems
  • Highlighting the Impact of Persistent Organic Pollutants on Ecosystem Health
  • Examining the Influence of Noise Pollution on Wildlife Ecosystems
  • Interpreting the Effects of Overfishing on Oceanic Ecosystems
  • Unraveling the Role of Radioactive Contamination on Ecosystem Dynamics
  • Detailing the Impacts of Pesticide Drift on Non-Target Ecosystems
  • Illustrating the Detrimental Effects of E-Waste on Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Clarifying the Implications of Chemical Fertilizers on Soil Microbial Ecosystems
  • Delving Into the Consequences of Greenhouse Gases on Global Ecosystems
  • Weighing the Impact of Tourism on Fragile Ecosystems

Environmental Essay Topics on Waste Management & Utilization

  • Sustainable Methods for Waste Management and Utilization
  • Innovative Approaches to Recycling and Waste Reduction
  • The Role of Technology in Waste Management and Utilization
  • Maximizing Resource Recovery Through Effective Waste Management
  • Promoting Circular Economy: Waste Management and Utilization
  • Waste-to-Energy Solutions: Harnessing the Power of Waste
  • Effective Strategies for Hazardous Waste Management and Utilization
  • The Importance of Community Engagement in Waste Management
  • Exploring Biodegradable Alternatives for Waste Management
  • Enhancing Public Awareness of Waste Management and Utilization
  • Economic Benefits of Efficient Waste Management Systems
  • Sustainable Packaging Solutions: Waste Management and Utilization
  • Addressing E-Waste: Challenges and Solutions for Proper Management
  • Innovative Methods for Organic Waste Management and Utilization
  • Waste Management in the Construction Industry: Best Practices
  • The Role of Legislation and Policy in Waste Management and Utilization
  • Waste Management and Utilization in Developing Countries: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Waste Minimization Strategies for a Greener Future
  • The Impact of Consumer Behavior on Waste Management and Utilization
  • Effective Strategies for Industrial Waste Management and Utilization

Environmental Essay Topics on Depletion of Natural Resources

  • Renewable Energy Sources and Their Role in Resource Depletion
  • Urbanization and Loss of Natural Habitats
  • Preservation of Endangered Species
  • Responsible Mining Practices and Environmental Protection
  • Sustainable Forestry for Timber Production
  • Managing Water Scarcity in Arid Regions
  • Control of Erosion and Land Degradation
  • Impacts of Overconsumption on Resource Depletion
  • Sustainable Fishing Practices and Aquatic Resource Management
  • Recycling and Waste Management for Resource Conservation
  • Soil Conservation and Nutrient Depletion
  • Conservation of Coral Reefs and Marine Biodiversity
  • Alternative Materials for Reducing Resource Depletion
  • Sustainable Tourism and Protection of Natural Resources
  • Strategies for Sustainable Water Management
  • Energy Efficiency and Reduction of Resource Depletion
  • Preservation of Natural Carbon Sinks
  • Environmental Impacts of Extractive Industries
  • Conservation of Rainforests and Tropical Biodiversity
  • Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in Agriculture
  • Renewable Energy Transition and Resource Preservation
  • Management of Non-Renewable Resource Depletion
  • Sustainable Consumption Patterns and Resource Conservation

Environmental Essay Topics About Human Impact

  • Technology’s Role in Environmental Conservation
  • Overfishing: Consequences for Oceanic Ecosystems
  • Promoting Sustainable Economic Development Through Ecotourism
  • Addressing the Water Crisis: Sustainable Management and Conservation
  • Urbanization’s Impacts on Natural Habitats
  • The Power of Education in Promoting Environmental Awareness
  • International Environmental Agreements: Effectiveness and Implications
  • Sustainable Transportation: Reducing Carbon Emissions
  • Wetlands: Ecological Importance and Preservation Efforts
  • Consumer Choices: Driving Environmental Conservation
  • Recycling Programs: Benefits, Challenges, and Innovations
  • Protecting Endangered Species: Successful Conservation Strategies
  • Green Architecture: Designing Sustainable Buildings
  • Sustainable Fashion: Ethical and Eco-Friendly Practices
  • Mining Activities: Impacts on Land and Water Resources
  • Forest Restoration: Carbon Sequestration and Importance
  • Climate Change and Natural Disasters: Understanding the Connection
  • Pesticides and Herbicides: Effects on Ecosystems and Human Health
  • Environmental Regulations: Controlling Industrial Pollution
  • Rural Electrification: Harnessing the Potential of Renewable Energy
  • Sustainable Consumption: Reducing Waste and Carbon Footprints

Essay Topics About Nature and Environment

  • Sustainable Urban Development: Green Infrastructure and Efficient Resource Management
  • Ecosystem Restoration: Rehabilitating Degraded Landscapes and Habitats
  • The Significance of Coral Reefs for Marine Biodiversity and Coastal Protection
  • Promoting Sustainable Waste Management: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle
  • The Impacts of Overfishing on Oceanic Food Chains and Fisheries
  • Climate Change Adaptation Strategies for Vulnerable Communities
  • The Relationship Between Human Health and Environmental Quality
  • The Role of Environmental Education in Shaping Sustainable Mindsets
  • Protecting Water Resources: Conservation and Efficient Use
  • Impacts of Urbanization on Wildlife Habitats and Ecological Connectivity
  • Promoting Green Buildings and Energy-Efficient Infrastructure
  • Biodiversity Hotspots: Protecting Regions of Exceptional Natural Value
  • The Role of International Agreements in Environmental Conservation
  • Addressing Plastic Pollution: Towards a Plastic-Free Future
  • The Importance of Soil Health for Sustainable Agriculture
  • Promoting Sustainable Transportation: From Electric Vehicles to Public Transit
  • Benefits and Challenges of Implementing Renewable Energy Sources
  • The Role of Environmental NGOs in Advocacy and Conservation Efforts
  • Preserving Natural Landscapes: National Parks and Protected Areas
  • The Impacts of Industrialization on Air Quality and Human Health

Environmental Law Essay Topics

  • Addressing Deforestation: Strategies for Forest Conservation
  • Regulating Fracking: Assessing Environmental and Health Risks
  • Managing Water Resources in a Changing Climate: Legal Challenges
  • The Role of Environmental NGOs in Shaping Policy and Law
  • Examining Legal Implications of Genetically Modified Organisms
  • Balancing Conservation and Indigenous Rights: A Legal Perspective
  • Waste Management and Recycling: Legal Approaches
  • Evaluating Wildlife Protection Laws and Enforcement Mechanisms
  • Analyzing Climate Change Litigation: Legal Implications
  • Air Pollution: Legal Frameworks and Mitigation Strategies
  • Ensuring Environmental Compliance in Extractive Industries
  • Controlling Pollution From Industrial Activities: Legal Mechanisms
  • Promoting Sustainable Urban Development: Legal Strategies
  • Liability and Compensation in Environmental Damage Cases
  • Legal Frameworks for Environmental Education and Awareness
  • Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital Valuation: Legal Perspectives
  • Regulating Agricultural Practices for Sustainable Farming
  • Protecting Marine Biodiversity: Legal Frameworks for Conservation
  • Promoting Renewable Energy Investments: Legal Incentives
  • International Trade Law and Environmental Considerations
  • Combating Illegal Wildlife Trade: Legal Strategies
  • Integrating Indigenous Traditional Knowledge Into Environmental Law

To Learn More, Read Relevant Articles

207 climate change essay topics & ideas, 389 expository essay topics & good ideas.

111 Environmental Issues Essay Topics

🏆 best essay topics on environmental issues, ✍️ environmental issues essay topics for college, 👍 good environmental issues research topics & essay examples, 🎓 most interesting environmental issues research titles, 💡 simple environmental issues essay ideas, ❓ research questions about environmental issues.

  • Environmental Issues in Educational Institutions
  • Environmental Issues and Human Health
  • Environmental Issues in The Lorax Movie
  • Environmental Issues in the Hospitality Industry
  • Environmental Issues in the Hospitality Industry: An Actual Trend
  • The United Arab Emirates: Environmental Issues
  • Environmental Issues in the Third World Countries
  • Modern Environmental Issues: Climate Change Climate change had taken place before humans evolved, but the issue lies in the one, which is caused by direct human intervention.
  • Global Environmental Issue in the 21st Century The environmental issue is perhaps the greatest of the global challenges and will still remain a challenge even in the 21st century.
  • Environmental Issues in the United Arab Emirates This paper overviews the main environmental issues, ecological problem trends in the United Arab Emirates and which these trends will be in the future.
  • Environmental Ethical Issues: History, Current Events, and Significance Environmental ethics exerts its influence on several disciplines such as sociology, law, theology, economics, geography and ecology.
  • Environmental Issues: Plastics in the Ocean The circular economy encourages recycling and reuse and this approach could be used effectively to mitigate the problem of plastic marine pollution in the long term.
  • Environmental Issues: Intensive Farming Intensive farming as an issue involves factors such as overgrazing, inappropriate methods during the preparation of land for farming for example slashing of bushes, etc.
  • Environmental Issues: Biodiversity Loss The loss of biodiversity is an environmental problem that needs urgent intervention since it threatens livelihoods.
  • Microplastics as an Environmental Safety Issue One of the priorities of today’s ecologists, biotechnologists, community activists, and environmentalists is the problem of microplastic pollution.
  • Waste Disposal: Environmental Issue Environmental issues are a common occurrence worldwide, with new patterns emerging every day. It is important to note that humans are the main actors in environmental issues.
  • The 2010 Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico: Environmental and Policy Issues The paper argues oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 was a large-scale man-made environmental disaster that had a disruptive impact on wildlife and ecosystems.
  • Environmental Issues and Protecting the Environment Protection of our environment should be a huge concern for people because our population is doubling, no, tripling faster than our environment can keep up.
  • Global Awareness of Environmental and Moral Issues Global awareness entails the aspect of making people, the society, have an understanding of various life issues that is based on knowledge of global perspectives.
  • The Issue of Environment Pollution in Peru For their scavenger habits, the Peruvians use black vultures, or coragyps atrarus. This species is extensive in population and does not fall under special protection.
  • Environmental Issues: Air Pollution One of the central environmental problems in today’s world is air pollution. With the development of cities, people expand the reach of their technology.
  • Environmental Issues in Namibia Due to Rössing Uranium Mine The study focuses on the Rössing uranium mine, as uranium is one of the most toxic substances and its mining significantly worsens the standard of living of the population.
  • Food Insecurity and Associated Environmental Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa The paper argues Africa is the poorest continent in many aspects, including gross domestic product per capita.
  • Flood Environmental Issues in the Netherlands With the current constantly rising sea levels, the Netherlands is at constant risk of floods, and those calamities were harsh incentives for the country’s development.
  • Environmental Justice Issues in Miami The paper focuses on the environmental justice issue in Miami, Florida, which has always had questions associated with the unfair distribution of environmental burdens.
  • Environmental Issues: Problems of Climate Change The paper states that climate change poses a threat to the planet in various forms, including vital impacts on health, food, water, and air.
  • The Environmental Issues Significant Impact on Health Factors such as natural hazards, air pollution, poor quality of water, and favorable conditions for the development of the incurable viruses are hazardous.
  • The Patient Safety Issues in Today’s Diverse Global Environment This paper thus evaluates various solutions that can be utilized in solving the patient safety issues in today’s diverse global environment.
  • The Importance of Solving a Social Issue of Environmental Plastic Pollution Plastic single-use cheap objects constitute a large volume of all waste globally, forming big plastic patches in the oceans, seas, and land, thus harming the marine and land wildlife.
  • Globalization and Related Environmental Issues Globalization supports the flow of raw materials, wastes, and pollutants from one region to another. The wave of industrialization does not care much about environmental issues.
  • Food and Sustainable Environmental Issues in Campus This paper aims to explore the environmental knowledge of the campus community and foster an understanding of how students use resources (food, water,) and energy-related issues.
  • Environmental Ethical Issues and Current Situation This paper seeks to address the challenge of environmental ethics to human centeredness which is embedded in global thinking, the current situation in environmental ethics.
  • Coffee Firm: Environmental and Social Issues We take a critical look into some of the environmental and social concerns that may be associated with this Coffee firm in the United Kingdom.
  • Questions on Environmental Ethics Concerns It’s quite possible that under a bureaucratic and rigidly enforced system, the priorities over environment may not be as efficiently monitored as under a private enterprise system.
  • Environmental Issues and Ethics: The Questions Environmental ethics concerns itself with “the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its nonhuman contents.”
  • Lack of Water in California as an Environmental Issue California can run out of water because of technological and social problems that affected the region. Defining water resources’ “development” is critically important.
  • World Environmental Politics: Biocentric and Anthropocentric Views on Environmental Issues Environmental issues have been in the spotlight for decades but it is clear that people are still reluctant to pay the necessary attention to the matter.
  • Environment and Legislation Issues This work examines private action on polluters as a deterrent to the degradation of the environment and the response of Texas to the regulations of Federal Regulatory Agencies.
  • Human Factors Issues in Virtual Environment Human factors engineering is a field that employs a systems methodology to fit tasks to human abilities and skills while boosting technology and human interfaces.
  • Pollution and Noise as Environmental Health Issues This paper explores the concept of environmental health and the issues related to its use. On the whole, a detailed explanation of the term “environmental health” is provided.
  • Richmond Plastics Products and Environmental Issue Richmond Plastics will be motivated by the increased environmental sustainability call in the US. The company will benefit from the waste to make their products.
  • Water Scarcity Issue and Environment The paper answers the question why to be worried about running out of drinking water even though the earth’s surface is mostly made of water.
  • Agriculturally Related Environmental Issues in Free Trade Agreements
  • Environmental Issues, Climate Changes, and Energy Security in Developing Asia
  • Computable General Equilibrium Modeling of Environmental Issues in Australia
  • Environmental Issues Facing Future of the European Car Industry
  • Mongolia’s Economy Trapped Between Mining Precious Metals and Environmental Issues
  • Long-Term Energy-Related Environmental Issues of Copper Production
  • Conflicting Interests and Property Rights in Environmental Issues
  • Innovative Monitoring Tool for Environmental Issues Within Project Management
  • Health and Environmental Issues in the Middle East and Third World Countries
  • Economic and Environmental Issues Involved With Farming Practices That Increase Productivity
  • Political Discourses and Ethical Approaches That May Impact Environmental Issues
  • Hydrological and Environmental Issues of Interbasin Water Transfers in India
  • The Environmental Issues Start Piling Up: Overpopulation, Fracking, Increased Ozone Levels, and Pollution
  • How Companies Have Responded to Environmental Issues Over the Last 10 Years
  • Environmental Issues That Affect the Five Main Business Functions
  • Why Japanese Firms Choose to Certify: Managerial Responses to Environmental Issues
  • Developing Countries and Their Development of Human, Archaeological, and Environmental Issues
  • Malaysia’s Maritime Environmental Issues and Their Impact on Naval Operations
  • Environmental Issues Affecting the Border Between the United States and Mexico
  • An Investigation of Perception, Attitudes, and Awareness of Environmental Issues in Zambia
  • The Environmental Issues Raised by the Disturbance of the Natural Balance in the Level of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
  • Environmental Issues Associated With Conventional Power
  • China: Environmental Issues and Mitigation Strategies
  • Pollution and Environmental Issues in Agriculture and the Livestock Industry
  • Energy and Environmental Issues for the Midwest Economy
  • Shale and Tight Gas in Poland: Legal and Environmental Issues
  • India: The Unfortunate Correlation Between Poverty and Environmental Issues
  • What Causes Our Environmental Issues and How Can We Avoid Further Damages?
  • Democrats and Republicans’ Influences on Environmental Issues Since 1965
  • Royal Dutch Shell: Company Strategies for Dealing With Environmental Issues
  • Environmental Issues and the Importance of Connecting With Nature
  • Combining Economic Reasoning With Environmental Issues
  • Will Environmental Issues Increasingly Dominate Foreign Policy in Coming Years?
  • Environmental Issues and Farming in Developing Countries
  • Overpopulation: The Underlying Cause of Most Environmental Issues
  • Ford Motor Company’s Success With Environmental Issues
  • Environmental Issues: Company’s Perspective and Government Policies
  • Current Environmental Issues: UAE Environment Policy
  • Environmental Issues That Impact The Tourism Industry: Global Warming Causes
  • How Public Pressure Can Affect Environmental Issues
  • Ethical and Environmental Issues of International Marketing
  • International Relations and the Influences of Environmental Issues
  • Policy Measures Addressing Agri-environmental Issues
  • Social and Environmental Issues in Corporative Management: A Romanian Story
  • What Are the Major Environmental Issues Facing Society?
  • How Did Environmental Issues Start?
  • Will Environmental Issues Increasingly Dominate Foreign Policy in the Coming Years?
  • How Can We Solve the Environmental Issues?
  • What Is the Main Cause of All Environmental Issues on Earth Today?
  • How Can the Government Reduce Environmental Issues?
  • What Environmental Issues Is Society Facing Today?
  • Do Environmental Issues Affect Business?
  • Why Is Ethics Important in Environmental Issues?
  • What Are the Biggest Environmental Issues?
  • How Can Businesses Solve Environmental Issues?
  • What Is the Environmental Issue of Water Pollution?
  • How Does Trade Affect Environmental Issues?
  • What Are the Most Important Environmental Issues of the 21st Century?
  • Why Are Environmental Issues Important?
  • Does Tourism Development Impact Environmental Issues?
  • What Are Global Environmental Issues?
  • Who Is Responsible for Environmental Issues?
  • Is There a Relationship Between Social Work and Environmental Issues?
  • What Actions Do We Need to Take to Reduce the Environmental Issues?
  • Should Social Workers Be Involved in Environmental Issues?
  • What Environmental Issues Does the United Kingdom Have?
  • How Can Ethics Be Applied to Environmental Issues?
  • What Are the Major Environmental Problems in the United States?

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StudyCorgi . "111 Environmental Issues Essay Topics." June 5, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/environmental-issues-essay-topics/.

StudyCorgi . 2022. "111 Environmental Issues Essay Topics." June 5, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/environmental-issues-essay-topics/.

These essay examples and topics on Environmental Issues were carefully selected by the StudyCorgi editorial team. They meet our highest standards in terms of grammar, punctuation, style, and fact accuracy. Please ensure you properly reference the materials if you’re using them to write your assignment.

This essay topic collection was updated on December 28, 2023 .

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The 15 Best Argumentative Essay Topics On Environmental Issues

Many people are passionate about various environmental issues. Therefore, it is often a fantastic theme to use as the basis for argumentative essay. However, with so many topics related to environmental issues, it can sometimes be difficult to narrow down the perfect title for your paper.

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In order to help you think of a good title for your argumentative essay on environmental issues, the following will explain some techniques that you can use to think of ideas. Furthermore, at the bottom of this article, there is a list of 15 of the best argumentative essay topics for environmental issues, which you can either use verbatim, or as further inspiration for your own unique title.

One of the best ways to choose a title that you would like to write about is to note down any ideas you have off the top of your head. Some of these ideas may be useless; however, you will most likely be to think of some that you can use or, at the very least, some of the ideas will then inspire you to think of better topics and titles to write about. Essentially, you can use these brainstorming techniques to come up with a range of ideas, which can then be whittled down into you have the ideal title to use.

  • The government should do more to end the reliance on non-renewable energy sources
  • Should car owners pay more in taxes as a result of the environmental damage caused by pollution?
  • Should all future cars be hybrid vehicles to minimise environmental damage and pollution?
  • Should individuals face stricter penalties as a result of littering?
  • Should companies that are found guilty of dumping toxic waste and materials be shut down?
  • Should individual households do more to recycle any rubbish that they produce?
  • Is the United States doing enough to reduce CO2 emissions?
  • Are humans responsible for climate change?
  • Are cheap goods worth it considering the environmental damage caused to produce them?
  • Are hybrid cars as environmentally friendly as they are portrayed to be?
  • Should the United States set a good example for the rest of the world when it comes to reducing pollution?
  • Is the nuclear waste produced by nuclear submarines and nuclear power stations disposed of safely enough?
  • Are people overly concerned about the environmental effects of nuclear power?
  • Should all people travel by public transport?
  • Should the government make public transport free in order to reduce the polluting effect caused by individuals travelling by cars?

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Home — Essay Samples — Environment — Environmental Issues — Environmental Problems: Challenges and Solutions


Environmental Problems: Challenges and Solutions

  • Categories: Ecology Environmental Issues

About this sample


Words: 1427 |

Published: May 17, 2022

Words: 1427 | Pages: 3 | 8 min read

Table of contents

Introduction, environmental problems, global climate change (greenhouse effect), energy conservation, renewable energy sources, sustainable energy.

  • Greenhouse gas emissions must be balanced or reduced, with the help of RES and energy conservations.
  • Energy conservation is vital to sustainable development and, although it has its limitations, it must be performed in all possible ways. This is necessary not only for us but for the next generation as well.
  • Renewable energy sources and technologies should be used more to prevent upcoming energy shortages and environmental problems.
  • Energy, environment and sustainable development Ibrahim Dincer a, *, Marc A. Rosen
  • A review of renewable energy sources, sustainability issues and climate change mitigation
  • Perman R, Ma Y, McGilvray J. Natural resource and environmental economics. London: Longman, 1996.
  • Dincer I. Energy and environmental impacts: present and future perspectives. Energy Sources 1998;20(4-5):427-53.
  • Aebischer B, Giovannini B, Pain D. Scienti®c and technical arguments for the optimal use of energy. Geneva: IEA, 1989.
  • Anon. Global energy perspectives to 2050 and beyond. London: World Energy Council Technical Report, 1995

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116 Environmental Sustainability Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

🏆 best environmental sustainability topic ideas & essay examples, 👍 good essay topics on environmental sustainability, ✅ interesting topics to write about environmental sustainability, 📌 simple & easy environmental sustainability essay titles, ❓ environmental sustainability questions.

  • The Concept of Environmental Sustainability in the Hotel Industry In the quest of the players in the hospitality industry to achieve sustainability in their operations, it is important that the environmental sustainability is made part of the plans for the businesses.
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  • The Components of Environmental Sustainability On page 6, Sutton, is of the opinion that there is a great connection between environmental damage, industrialisation and urbanisation; he observes that human beings have altered the natural environment and resulted to living in […]
  • The Environmental Sustainability Concept in the Hospitality Industry Environmental sustainability refers to the responsible management of natural resources in order to preserve the lives of human beings and other organisms in the ecosystem.
  • The Trends, Opportunities and Challenges of Environmental Sustainability The environmental issues on earth have extended radically in the past decades and are currently among the main threats and challenges which have impacts on people lifestyles and organizations processes around the world.
  • Wind Energy for Environmental Sustainability Production of this energy is important to the survival and enhancement of lives of people in a society. It refers to the role of that business or a corporate towards the society.
  • Impact of Economic Growth on Environmental Sustainability Because of constant development of the richest economies, such as the United Kingdom, and United States, the consumption levels of the global population surpass the actual amount of natural resources that the Earth has prepared […]
  • Sustainability in Canada and the Impact of Coca-Cola Company on Environmental Protection This paper is an in-depth analysis of sustainability in Canada and the impact of the Coca-Cola Company on environmental protection. In addition to this, the Canadian government has established the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, which […]
  • Learning of Environment Sustainability in Education Humans pay much attention to satisfying their needs but they do not bother to reserve the resources because they do not understand that the resources they are using today are not replaced when they are […]
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  • Managing Environmental Sustainability With reference to the above purpose, the scope of the report will be around the stakeholders as well as the reasons behind managerial consideration of stakeholders’ views, the monetary and non monetary incentives for going […]
  • “Clarke: Transformation for Environmental Sustainability” by Laszlo, McCabe, Aheam and Ghatde Dissatisfaction among the staff due to the lack of comfort in transportation; Drops in the speed of the product delivery, as well as the transportation of raw materials and, thus, the overall reduction in the […]
  • Effectiveness of Carbon Tax in Environmental Sustainability This research will seek to achieve the following objectives: To investigate the extent to which assessing the social cost of carbon is valuable in enhancing environmental sustainability To find out the effectiveness of assessing carbon […]
  • Managing For Environmental Sustainability The website also summarises some of the projects that the company has engaged in as well as the strategic decisions that it has made.
  • Environmental Studies: Transforming Cultures From Consumerism to Sustainability The trade fair portrayed the potential of the then and future civilizations to deploy technology, creativity, and innovation to create more consumables to boost the life of future generations.
  • Capitalism Versus Environmental Sustainability Free market refers to a market where prices are derived through competition among the individual businesses and not under the regulation of the government.
  • Environmental Education for Sustainability There are several characteristics that can be associated with environmental education as a learning process, with the most significant being the unit’s predisposition to enhance the knowledge and responsiveness of individuals about the environment and […]
  • Environmental Sustainability in the African American Community Sustainability is one of the complex concepts as it entails different activities that aim at achieving the wants of the current generation without violating the potential interests of the future generation to meet their needs.
  • Sustainability Principles of the Natural Environment This is one of the points that can be made. This is one of the issues that can be distinguished.
  • Environmental Sustainability in Clean City Organization Furthermore, our organization will give preference to those projects that involve the students of the school because it is important to make sure that young people attach the importance to protecting the environment of the […]
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  • Environmental Sustainability in the Construction Sector This paper aims at exploring the evidence of climate change in the UK, the contributing factors, and the potential consequences of it, including the floods.
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  • Information Technology and Environment Sustainability The aim of this research paper is to analyze the available literature in order to obtain the information on the possible effects of IT on environmental sustainability and corporate social responsibility, determine its validity, locate […]
  • China’s Emissions and Environmental Sustainability As the largest consumer of natural resources and emitter of greenhouse gasses, China is expected to implement innovations in the environmental field to ensure its own sustainable development.
  • Strategic Environmental Sustainability It is apparent that the world has focused on targeting big companies and industries in the quest to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and the pollution of the environment.
  • Sustainability Against Environmental Degradation This is because the technological solutions are also covered by sustainability and form part of the other things that ought to be handled by sustainability above the technical fixes.
  • Personal Environmental Sustainability Action Plan Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion and contamination of resources such as air, water, and soil, which leads to the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife.
  • Environmental Geology and Sustainability Taking soil as an example, one will have to admit that the changes in the soil will necessarily pose a threat of extinction to several plants. The carbon cycle can be referred to as an […]
  • Environmental Sustainability Understanding In May 2001 126 countries and the EU agreed and adopted the text of this global treaty, referred to as the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants How can you prevent water pollution?
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  • Environmental Globalization and Sustainability Laws Politicizing the environment is a term used to mean the collaboration of micro and macro players in an economy, with the support of governments and international bodies to conserve the environment.
  • Sustainability: Future Environments and Economies The authors suggest that the role of sustainability management in organizations and its contribution to the overall sustainability of society and the environment is well-recognized by the researchers.
  • China’s Economy and Environmental Sustainability The critical problem that the authors are attempting to address in the article is the effect of economic growth on pollution.
  • Green Meetings: Environmental Impact and Sustainability The author argues that Green meetings can have positive environmental impact by engaging in certain practices from the beginning to the end of the Green meetings and events.
  • Global Warming Issues Review and Environmental Sustainability Whether it is the melt down of Arctic ice, the damage of the Ozone layer, extra pollution in developing countries; all sums up to one thing in common and that is global warming.
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  • Environmental Sustainability and Businesses The Amazon rainforests, which are also called the “lungs of the planet,” produce 20% of the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • The Role of Food for Sustainability in the Built Environment Sustainability refers to a movement that attempts to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the capability of the subsequent generations to meet the needs of the future.
  • Environmental Sustainability of Veja First of all, this organization strives to gain the loyalty of ethical consumers who are concerned about the practices of manufacturers.
  • Customer-oriented Environmental Sustainability Customer-oriented environmental sustainability would also help evaluate the environmental impacts of activities, products as well as processes on the environment and human health.
  • Greenwashing: Full Environmental Sustainability? For companies, to be 100% sustainable and ethical would mean that each time they are presented with a decision, they would make people or nature their priority.
  • Cruise Liners’ Environmental Management and Sustainability According to GAO, the number of vessels and the number of passengers docking at a port at one time definitely may have a strain on the marine environment. Growth of algae in the marine environment […]
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  • Climate Change: Sustainability Development and Environmental Law The media significantly contributes to the creation of awareness, thus the importance of integrating the role of the news press with sustainability practices.
  • Achieving Environmental Sustainability Consequently, it causes a tremendous decline in the number of trees available globally, and the trees are viewed to be of significance towards the reduction of the amount of carbon dioxide available in the atmosphere.
  • Attaining Sustainability in the Environment In fact, the treatment of waste is among the first aspects that need to change for a sustainable future to be possible. Therefore, in a sustainable future, the use of plastic will be reduced to […]
  • Coates Chemicals: Environmental, Sustainability, and Safety Improving the safety of chemical production, use, and disposal is a critical component of activities to safeguard human health and the environment.
  • Sustainability and Environmentally-Friendly Practices The crucial ideas are that the term “tree justice” is far from “yes, we can” in terms of effective political rhetoric, but it is a reference to research showing that more canopies can save lives.
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  • India’s Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability: What Are the Tradeoffs
  • Innovation and Environmental Sustainability: Analysis of the Brazilian Metal-Mechanic Industry
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  • International Linkages and Environmental Sustainability: The Effectiveness of the Regime Network
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  • What Will Happen if Environmental Sustainability Is Not Achieved?
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  • What Is the Biggest Threat to Environmental Sustainability?
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IvyPanda. (2023, October 26). 116 Environmental Sustainability Essay Topic Ideas & Examples. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/environmental-sustainability-essay-topics/

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IvyPanda . "116 Environmental Sustainability Essay Topic Ideas & Examples." October 26, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/environmental-sustainability-essay-topics/.

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  • Environmental Pollution Essay


Essay on Environmental Pollution

The environment is the surrounding of an organism. The environment in which an organism lives is made up of various components like air, water, land, etc. These components are found in fixed proportions to create a harmonious balance in the environment for the organism to live in. Any kind of undesirable and unwanted change in the proportions of these components can be termed as pollution. This issue is increasing with every passing year. It is an issue that creates economic, physical, and social troubles. The environmental problem that is worsening with each day needs to be addressed so that its harmful effects on humans as well as the planet can be discarded.

Causes of Environmental Pollution 

With the rise of the industries and the migration of people from villages to cities in search of employment, there has been a regular increase in the problem of proper housing and unhygienic living conditions. These reasons have given rise to factors that cause pollution. 

Environmental pollution is of five basic types namely, Air, Water, Soil, and Noise pollution. 

Air Pollution: Air pollution is a major issue in today’s world. The smoke pouring out of factory chimneys and automobiles pollute the air that we breathe in. Gases like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulphur dioxide are emitted with this smoke which mixes with air and causes great harm to the human body, flora, and fauna. The dry-farm waste, dry grass, leaves, and coal used as domestic fuels in our villages also produce harmful gases. Acid rain occurs due to an excess of sulphur dioxide in the air.

The Main Sources of Air Pollution are as Follows:  

Automobile pollution 

Industrial air pollution 

Burning garbage 

Brick kilns 

Indoor air pollution 

Decomposed animals and plants 

Radioactive elements

Water Pollution: Water pollution is one of the most serious environmental issues. The waste products from the growing industries and sewage water are not treated properly before disposing of the wastewater into the rivers and other water bodies, thus leading to water pollution. Agricultural processes with excess fertilizers and pesticides also pollute the water bodies. 

The Main Sources of Water Pollution as Follows:  

Marine commerce. 

Industrial effluents joining seas and oceans. 

Dumping of radioactive substances into seawater. 

Sewage is disposed of into the sea by rivers. 

Offshore oil rigs. 

Recreational activities. 

Agricultural pollutants are disposed of into the water bodies.


Soil or Land Pollution: Soil pollution or land pollution results from the deposition of solid waste, accumulation of biodegradable material, deposition of chemicals with poisonous chemical compositions, etc on the open land. Waste materials such as plastics, polythene, and bottles, cause land pollution and render the soil infertile. Moreover, the dumping of dead bodies of animals adds to this issue. Soil pollution causes several diseases in man and animals like Cholera, Dysentery, Typhoid, etc.

The Main Causes of Soil Pollution are as Follows:  

Industrial waste 

Urban commercial and domestic waste 

Chemical fertilizers 

Biomedical waste 

Noise Pollution: With an increasing population, urbanization, and industrialization, noise pollution is becoming a serious form of pollution affecting human life, health, and comfort in daily life. Horns of vehicles, loudspeakers, music systems, and industrial activities contribute to noise pollution. 

The Main Sources of Noise Pollution as Follows:  

The machines in the factories and industries produce whistling sounds, crushing noise, and thundering sounds. 

Loudspeakers, horns of vehicles. 

Blasting of rocks and earth, drilling tube wells, ventilation fans, and heavy earth-moving machinery at construction sites.

How Pollution Harms Health and Environment

The lives of people and other creatures are affected by environmental pollution, both directly and indirectly. For centuries, these living organisms have coexisted with humans on the planet. 

1. Effect on the Environment

Smog is formed when carbon and dust particles bind together in the air, causing respiratory problems, haze, and smoke. These are created by the combustion of fossil fuels in industrial and manufacturing facilities and vehicle combustion of carbon fumes. 

Furthermore, these factors impact the immune systems of birds, making them carriers of viruses and diseases. It also has an impact on the body's system and organs. 

2.  Land, Soil, and Food Effects 

The degradation of human organic and chemical waste harms the land and soil. It also releases chemicals into the land and water. Pesticides, fertilisers, soil erosion, and crop residues are the main causes of land and soil pollution. 

3. Effects on water 

Water is easily contaminated by any pollutant, whether it be human waste or factory chemical discharge. We also use this water for crop irrigation and drinking. They, too, get polluted as a result of infection. Furthermore, an animal dies as a result of drinking the same tainted water. 

Furthermore, approximately 80% of land-based pollutants such as chemical, industrial, and agricultural waste wind up in water bodies. 

Furthermore, because these water basins eventually link to the sea, they contaminate the sea's biodiversity indirectly. 

4. Food Reaction

Crops and agricultural produce become poisonous as a result of contaminated soil and water. These crops are laced with chemical components from the start of their lives until harvest when they reach a mass level. Due to this, tainted food has an impact on our health and organs. 

5. Climate Change Impact 

Climate change is also a source of pollution in the environment. It also has an impact on the ecosystem's physical and biological components. 

Ozone depletion, greenhouse gas emissions, and global warming are all examples of environmental pollution. Because these water basins eventually link to the sea, they contaminate the sea's biodiversity indirectly. Furthermore, their consequences may be fatal for future generations. The unpredictably cold and hot climate impacts the earth’s natural system. 

Furthermore, earthquakes, starvation, smog, carbon particles, shallow rain or snow, thunderstorms, volcanic eruptions, and avalanches are all caused by climate change, caused entirely by environmental pollution.

How to Minimise Environmental Pollution? 

To minimise this issue, some preventive measures need to be taken. 

Principle of 3R’s: To save the environment, use the principle of 3 R’s; Reuse, Reduce and Recycle. 

Reuse products again and again. Instead of throwing away things after one use, find a way to use them again.  Reduce the generation of waste products.  

Recycle: Paper, plastics, glass, and electronic items can be processed into new products while using fewer natural resources and lesser energy. 

To prevent and control air pollution, better-designed equipment, and smokeless fuels should be used in homes and industries. More and more trees should be planted to balance the ecosystem and control greenhouse effects. 

Noise pollution can be minimised by better design and proper maintenance of vehicles. Industrial noise can be reduced by soundproofing equipment like generators, etc.  

To control soil pollution, we must stop the usage of plastic. Sewage should be treated properly before using it as fertilizers and as landfills. Encourage organic farming as this process involves the use of biological materials and avoiding synthetic substances to maintain soil fertility and ecological balance. 

Several measures can be adopted to control water pollution. Some of them are water consumption and usage that can be minimized by altering the techniques involved. Water should be reused with treatment. 

The melting icebergs in Antarctica resulted in rising sea levels due to the world's environmental pollution, which had become a serious problem due to global warming, which had become a significant concern. Rising carbon pollution poses a risk for causing natural disasters such as earthquakes, cyclones, and other natural disasters. 

The Hiroshima-Nagasaki and Chernobyl disasters in Russia have irreversibly harmed humanity. Different countries around the world are responding to these calamities in the most effective way possible. 

Different countries around the world are responding to these calamities in the most effective way possible. More public awareness campaigns are being established to educate people about the hazards of pollution and the importance of protecting our environment. Greener lifestyles are becoming more popular; for example, energy-efficient lighting, new climate-friendly autos, and the usage of wind and solar power are just a few examples. 

Governments emphasise the need to plant more trees, minimise the use of plastics, improve natural waste recovery, and reduce pesticide use. This ecological way of living has helped humanity save other creatures from extinction while making the Earth a greener and safer ecology. 


It is the responsibility of every individual to save our planet from these environmental contamination agents. If preventive measures are not taken then our future generation will have to face major repercussions. The government is also taking steps to create public awareness. Every individual should be involved in helping to reduce and control pollution.


FAQs on Environmental Pollution Essay

1. What do you understand by ‘Environmental Pollution’?  

Environmental pollution is the contamination of the environment and surroundings like air, water, soil by the discharge of harmful substances.

2. What preventive measures should be taken to save our environment?

Some of the preventive measures that should be taken to save our environment are discussed below. 

We can save our environment by adopting the concept of carpooling and promoting public transport to save fuel. Smoking bars are public policies, including criminal laws and occupational safety and health regulations that prohibit tobacco smoking in workplaces and other public places.  

The use of Fossil fuels should be restricted because it causes major environmental issues like global warming.  

Encourage organic farming to maintain the fertility of the soil.

3.  What are the main sources of soil pollution?

The main sources of soil pollution as follows:

Industrial waste

Urban commercial and domestic waste

Chemical fertilizers

Biomedical waste

4. What is organic farming?

 It is a farming method that involves growing and nurturing crops without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.

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15 Biggest Environmental Problems of 2024

15 Biggest Environmental Problems of 2024

While the climate crisis has many factors that play a role in the exacerbation of the environment, some warrant more attention than others. Here are some of the biggest environmental problems of our lifetime, from deforestation and biodiversity loss to food waste and fast fashion.

1. Global Warming From Fossil Fuels

2023 was the hottest year on record , with global average temperatures at 1.46C above pre-industrial levels and 0.13C higher than the eleven-month average for 2016, currently the warmest calendar year on record. The year was marked by six record-breaking months and two record-breaking seasons.

What’s more, carbon dioxide (CO2) levels have never been so high . After being consistently around 280 parts per million (ppm) for almost 6,000 years of human civilisation, CO2 levels in the atmosphere are now well above 420 ppm, more than double what they were before the onset of the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. According to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator Rick Spinrad, the steady annual increase is a “direct result of human activity,” mainly from the burning of fossil fuels for transportation and electricity generation but also from cement manufacturing, deforestation , and  agriculture .

This is undoubtedly one of the biggest environmental problems of our lifetime: as greenhouse gas emissions blanket the Earth, they trap the sun’s heat, leading to global warming.

Monthly mean carbon dioxide CO2 measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. Image: Global Monitoring Laboratory

Monthly mean carbon dioxide (CO2) measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. Image: Global Monitoring Laboratory

Increased emissions of greenhouse gases have led to a rapid and steady increase in global temperatures, which in turn is  causing catastrophic events all over the world – from Australia and the US experiencing some of the most devastating bushfire seasons ever recorded, locusts swarming across parts of Africa, the Middle East and Asia, decimating crops, and a heatwave in Antarctica that saw temperatures rise above 20C for the first time. S cientists are constantly warning that the planet has crossed a series of tipping points that could have catastrophic consequences, such as  advancing permafrost melt in Arctic regions, the Greenland ice sheet melting at an unprecedented rate, accelerating sixth mass extinction , and increasing deforestation in the Amazon rainforest , just to name a few.

The climate crisis is causing tropical storms and other weather events such as hurricanes, heatwaves and flooding to be more intense and frequent than seen before. However, even if all greenhouse gas emissions were halted immediately, global temperatures would continue to rise in the coming years. That is why it is absolutely imperative that we start now to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions, invest in renewable energy sources, and phase our fossil fuels as fast as possible.

You might also like: The Tipping Points of Climate Change: How Will Our World Change?

2. Poor Governance

According to economists like Nicholas Stern, the climate crisis is a result of multiple market failures .

Economists and environmentalists have urged policymakers for years to increase the price of activities that emit greenhouse gases (one of our biggest environmental problems), the lack of which constitutes the largest market failure, for example through carbon taxes, which will stimulate innovations in low-carbon technologies.

To cut emissions quickly and effectively enough, governments must not only massively increase funding for green innovation to bring down the costs of low-carbon energy sources, but they also need to adopt a range of other policies that address each of the other market failures. 

A national carbon tax is currently implemented in 27 countries around the world , including various countries in the EU, Canada, Singapore, Japan, Ukraine and Argentina. However, according to the 2019 OECD Tax Energy Use report, current tax structures are not adequately aligned with the pollution profile of energy sources. For example, the OECD suggests that carbon taxes are not harsh enough on coal production, although it has proved to be effective for the electricity industry. A carbon tax has been effectively implemented in Sweden ; the carbon tax is U$127 per tonne and has reduced emissions by 25% since 1995, while its economy has expanded 75% in the same time period. 

Further, organisations such as the United Nations are not fit to deal with the climate crisis: it was assembled to prevent another world war and is not fit for purpose. Anyway, members of the UN are not mandated to comply with any suggestions or recommendations made by the organisation. For example, the Paris Agreement , a historic deal within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), says that countries need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly so that global temperature rise is below 2C by 2100, and ideally under 1.5C. But signing on to it is voluntary, and there are no real repercussions for non-compliance. Further, the issue of equity remains a contentious issue whereby developing countries are allowed to emit more in order to develop to the point where they can develop technologies to emit less, and it allows some countries, such as China, to exploit this. 

3. Food Waste

A third of the food intended for human consumption – around 1.3 billion tons – is wasted or lost. This is enough to feed 3 billion people. Food waste and loss account for approximately one-quarter of greenhouse gas emissions annually ; if it was a country, food waste would be the third-largest emitter  of greenhouse gases, behind China and the US. 

Food production accounts for around one-quarter – 26% – of global greenhouse gas emissions. Our World in Data

Food production accounts for around one-quarter – 26% – of global greenhouse gas emissions. Our World in Data

Food waste and loss occurs at different stages in developing and developed countries; in developing countries, 40% of food waste occurs at the post-harvest and processing levels, while in developed countries, 40% of food waste occurs at the retail and consumer levels. 

At the retail level, a shocking amount of food is wasted because of aesthetic reasons; in fact, in the US, more than 50% of all produce thrown away in the US is done so because it is deemed to be “too ugly” to be sold to consumers- this amounts to about 60 million tons of fruits and vegetables. This leads to food insecurity , another one of the biggest environmental problems on the list. 

You might also like: How Does Food Waste Affect the Environment?

4. Biodiversity Loss

The past 50 years have seen a rapid growth of human consumption, population, global trade and urbanisation, resulting in humanity using more of the Earth’s resources than it can replenish naturally. 

A 2020 WWF report found that the population sizes of mammals, fish, birds, reptiles and amphibians have experienced a decline of an average of 68% between 1970 and 2016. The report attributes this biodiversity loss to a variety of factors, but mainly land-use change, particularly the conversion of habitats, like forests, grasslands and mangroves, into agricultural systems. Animals such as pangolins, sharks and seahorses are significantly affected by the illegal wildlife trade, and pangolins are critically endangered because of it. 

More broadly, a recent analysis has found that the sixth mass extinction of wildlife on Earth is accelerating. More than 500 species of land animals are on the brink of extinction and are likely to be lost within 20 years; the same number were lost over the whole of the last century. The scientists say that without the human destruction of nature, this rate of loss would have taken thousands of years. 

In Antarctica, climate change-triggered melting of sea ice is taking a heavy toll on emperor penguins and could wipe out entire populations by as early as 2100 , according to 2023 research.

You might also like: The Remarkable Benefits of Biodiversity

5. Plastic Pollution

In 1950, the world produced more than 2 million tons of plastic per year . By 2015, this annual production swelled to 419 million tons and exacerbating plastic waste in the environment. 

plastic packaging waste; plastic pollution; beverage single-use plastic bottles in landfill. Photo: PxHere

The world generates 300 million tonnes of plastic waste on average each year.

A report by science journal, Nature, determined that currently, roughly 14 million tons of plastic make their way into the oceans every year, harming wildlife habitats and the animals that live in them. The research found that if no action is taken, the plastic crisis will grow to 29 million metric tons per year by 2040. If we include microplastics into this, the cumulative amount of plastic in the ocean could reach 600 million tons by 2040.

Shockingly, National Geographic found that 91% of all plastic that has ever been made is not recycled, representing not only one of the biggest environmental problems of our lifetime, but another massive market failure. Considering that plastic takes 400 years to decompose, it will be many generations until it ceases to exist. There’s no telling what the irreversible effects of plastic pollution will have on the environment in the long run. 

You might also like: 8 Shocking Plastic Pollution Statistics to Know About

6. Deforestation

Every hour, forests the size of 300 football fields are cut down. By the year 2030, the planet might have only 10% of its forests; if deforestation isn’t stopped, they could all be gone in less than 100 years. 

The three countries experiencing the highest levels of deforestation are Brazil, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Indonesia. The Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest – spanning 6.9 million square kilometres (2.72 million square miles) and covering around 40% of the South American continent – is also one of the most biologically diverse ecosystems and is home to about three million species of plants and animals . Despite efforts to protect forest land, legal deforestation is still rampant, and about one-third of global tropical deforestation occurs in Brazil’s Amazon forest, amounting to 1.5 million hectares each year . 


The world has been chopping down 10 million hectares of trees every year to make space to grow crops and livestock, and to produce materials such as paper.

Agriculture is the leading cause of deforestation, another one of the biggest environmental problems appearing on this list. Land is cleared to raise livestock or to plant other crops that are sold, such as sugar cane and palm oil . Besides for carbon sequestration, forests help to prevent soil erosion, because the tree roots bind the soil and prevent it from washing away, which also prevents landslides. 

You might also like: 10 Deforestation Facts You Should Know About

7. Air Pollution 

One of the biggest environmental problems today is outdoor air pollution .

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that an estimated 4.2 to 7 million people die from air pollution worldwide every year and that nine out of 10 people breathe air that contains high levels of pollutants. In Africa, 258,000 people died as a result of outdoor air pollution in 2017, up from 164,000 in 1990, according to UNICEF . Causes of air pollution mostly comes from industrial sources and motor vehicles, as well as emissions from burning biomass and poor air quality due to dust storms. 

According to a 2023 study, air pollution in South Asia – one of the most polluted areas in the world – cuts life expectancy by about 5 years . The study blames a series of factors, including a lack of adequate infrastructure and funding for the high levels of pollution in some countries. Most countries in Asia and Africa, which together contribute about 92.7% of life years lost globally due to air pollution, lack key air quality standards needed to develop adequate policies. Moreover, just 6.8% and 3.7% of governments in the two continents, respectively, provide their citizens with fully open-air quality data.

In Europe, a recent report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) showed that more than half a million people living in the European Union died from health issues directly linked to toxic pollutants exposure in 2021.

More on the topic: Less Than 1% of Global Land Area Has Safe Air Pollution Levels: Study

8. Melting Ice Caps and Sea Level Rise

The climate crisis is warming the Arctic more than twice as fast as anywhere else on the planet. Today, sea levels are rising more than twice as quickly as they did for most of the 20th century as a result of increasing temperatures on Earth. Seas are now rising an average of 3.2 mm per year globally and they will continue to grow up to about 0.7 metres by the end of this century. In the Arctic, the Greenland Ice Sheet poses the greatest risk for sea levels because melting land ice is the main cause of rising sea levels.

Representing arguably the biggest of the environmental problems, this is made all the more concerning considering that last year’s summer triggered the loss of 60 billion tons of ice from Greenland, enough to raise global sea levels by 2.2mm in just two months . According to satellite data, the Greenland ice sheet lost a record amount of ice in 2019: an average of a million tons per minute throughout the year, one of the biggest environmental problems that has cascading effects. If the entire Greenland ice sheet melts, sea level would rise by six metres .

Meanwhile, the Antarctic continent contributes about 1 millimetre per year to sea level rise, which is one-third of the annual global increase. According to 2023 data, the continent has lost approximately 7.5 trillion tons of ice since 1997 . Additionally, the last fully intact ice shelf in Canada in the Arctic recently collapsed, having lost about 80 square kilometres – or 40% – of its area over a two-day period in late July, according to the Canadian Ice Service .  

Over 100,000 images taken from space allowed scientists to create a comprehensive record of the state of Antarctica’s ice shelves. Credit: 66 North/Unsplash

Antarctica has lost approximately 7.5 trillion tons of ice since 1997

Sea level rise will have a devastating impact on those living in coastal regions: according to research and advocacy group Climate Central, sea level rise this century could flood coastal areas that are now home to 340 million to 480 million people , forcing them to migrate to safer areas and contributing to overpopulation and strain of resources in the areas they migrate to. Bangkok (Thailand), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), Manila (Philippines), and Dubai (United Arab Emirates) are among the cities most at risk of sea level rise and flooding.

You might also like: Two-Thirds of World’s Glaciers Set to Disappear by 2100 Under Current Global Warming Scenario

9. Ocean Acidification

Global temperature rise has not only affected the surface, but it is the main cause of ocean acidification . Our oceans absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide that is released into the Earth’s atmosphere. As higher concentrations of carbon emissions are released thanks to human activities such as burning fossil fuels as well as effects of global climate change such as increased rates of wildfires, so do the amount of carbon dioxide that is absorbed back into the sea. 

The smallest change in the pH scale can have a significant impact on the acidity of the ocean. Ocean acidification has devastating impacts on marine ecosystems and species, its food webs, and provoke irreversible changes in habitat quality . Once pH levels reach too low, marine organisms such as oysters, their shells and skeleton could even start to dissolve. 

However, one of the biggest environmental problems from ocean acidification is coral bleaching and subsequent coral reef loss . This is a phenomenon that occurs when rising ocean temperatures disrupt the symbiotic relationship between the reefs and algae that lives within it, driving away the algae and causing coral reefs to lose their natural vibrant colours. Some scientists have estimated coral reefs are at risk of being completely wiped by 2050. Higher acidity in the ocean would obstruct coral reef systems’ ability to rebuild their exoskeletons and recover from these coral bleaching events. 

Some studies have also found that ocean acidification can be linked as one of the effects of plastic pollution in the ocean. The accumulating bacteria and microorganisms derived from plastic garbage dumped in the ocean to damage marine ecosystems and contribute towards coral bleaching.

10. Agriculture 

Studies have shown that the global food system is responsible for up to one-third of all human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, of which 30% comes from livestock and fisheries. Crop production releases greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide through the use of fertilisers . 

60% of the world’s agricultural area is dedicated to cattle ranching , although it only makes up 24% of global meat consumption. 

Agriculture not only covers a vast amount of land, but it also consumes a vast amount of freshwater, another one of the biggest environmental problems on this list. While arable lands and grazing pastures cover one-third of Earth’s land surfaces , they consume three-quarters of the world’s limited freshwater resources.

Scientists and environmentalists have continuously warned that we need to rethink our current food system; switching to a more plant-based diet would dramatically reduce the carbon footprint of the conventional agriculture industry. 

You might also like: The Future of Farming: Can We Feed the World Without Destroying It?

11. Food and Water Insecurity

Rising temperatures and unsustainable farming practices have resulted in increasing water and food insecurity.

Globally, more than 68 billion tonnes of top-soil is eroded every year at a rate 100 times faster than it can naturally be replenished. Laden with biocides and fertiliser, the soil ends up in waterways where it contaminates drinking water and protected areas downstream. 

Furthermore, exposed and lifeless soil is more vulnerable to wind and water erosion due to lack of root and mycelium systems that hold it together. A key contributor to soil erosion is over-tilling: although it increases productivity in the short-term by mixing in surface nutrients (e.g. fertiliser), tilling is physically destructive to the soil’s structure and in the long-term leads to soil compaction, loss of fertility and surface crust formation that worsens topsoil erosion.

With the global population expected to reach 9 billion people by mid-century, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) projects that global food demand may increase by 70% by 2050 . Around the world, more than 820 million people do not get enough to eat. 

The UN secretary-general António Guterres says, “Unless immediate action is taken, it is increasingly clear that there is an impending global food security emergency that could have long term impacts on hundreds of millions of adults and children.” He urged for countries to rethink their food systems and encouraged more sustainable farming practices. 

In terms of water security, only 3% of the world’s water is freshwater , and two-thirds of that is tucked away in frozen glaciers or otherwise unavailable for our use. As a result, some 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to water, and a total of 2.7 billion find water scarce for at least one month of the year. By 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may face water shortages. 

You might also like: Global Food Security: Why It Matters in 2023

12. Fast Fashion and Textile Waste

The global demand for fashion and clothing has risen at an unprecedented rate that the fashion industry now accounts for 10% of global carbon emissions, becoming one of the biggest environmental problems of our time. Fashion alone produces more greenhouse gas emissions than both the aviation and shipping sectors combined , and nearly 20% of global wastewater, or around 93 billion cubic metres from textile dyeing, according to the UN Environment Programme.

What’s more, the world at least generated an estimated 92 million tonnes of textiles waste every year and that number is expected to soar up to 134 million tonnes a year by 2030. Discarded clothing and textile waste, most of which is non-biodegradable, ends up in landfills, while microplastics from clothing materials such as polyester, nylon, polyamide, acrylic and other synthetic materials, is leeched into soil and nearby water sources. Monumental amounts of clothing textile are also dumped in less developed countries as seen with Chile’s Atacama , the driest desert in the world, where at least 39,000 tonnes of textile waste from other nations are left there to rot.

fast fashion waste

Of the 100 billion garments produced each year, 92 million tonnes end up in landfills.

This rapidly growing issue is only exacerbated by the ever-expanding fast fashion business model, in which companies relies on cheap and speedy production of low quality clothing to meet the latest and newest trends. While the United Nations Fashion Industry Charter for Climate Action sees signatory fashion and textile companies to commit to achieving net zero emission by 2050, a majority of businesses around the world have yet to address their roles in climate change.

While these are some of the biggest environmental problems plaguing our planet, there are many more that have not been mentioned, including overfishing, urban sprawl, toxic superfund sites and land use changes. While there are many facets that need to be considered in formulating a response to the crisis, they must be coordinated, practical and far-reaching enough to make enough of a difference. 

You might also like: Fast Fashion and Its Environmental Impact

13. Overfishing

Over three billion people around the world rely on fish as their primary source of protein. About 12% of the world relies upon fisheries in some form or another, with 90% of these being small-scale fishermen – think a small crew in a boat, not a ship, using small nets or even rods and reels and lures not too different from the kind you probably use . Of the 18.9 million fishermen in the world, 90% of them fall under the latter category.

Most people consume approximately twice as much food as they did 50 years ago and there are four times as many people on earth as there were at the close of the 1960s. This is one driver of the 30% of commercially fished waters being classified as being ‘overfished’. This means that the stock of available fishing waters is being depleted faster than it can be replaced.

Overfishing comes with detrimental effects on the environment, including increased algae in the water, destruction of fishing communities, ocean littering as well as extremely high rates of biodiversity loss.

As part of the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 14) , the UN and FAO are working towards maintaining the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. This, however, requires much stricter regulations of the world’s oceans than the ones already in place. In July 2022, the WTO banned fishing subsidies to reduce global overfishing in a historic deal. Indeed, subsidies for fuel, fishing gear, and building new vessels, only incentivise overfishing and represent thus a huge problem. 

You might also like: 7 Solutions to Overfishing We Need Right Now

14. Cobalt Mining

Cobalt is quickly becoming the defining example of the mineral conundrum at the heart of the renewable energy transition . As a key component of battery materials that power electric vehicles (EVs), cobalt is facing a sustained surge in demand as decarbonisation efforts progress. The  world’s largest cobalt supplier is the Democratic Republic of Congo  (DRC), where it is estimated that up to a fifth of the production is produced through artisanal miners.

Cobalt mining , however, is associated with  dangerous workers’ exploitation and other serious environmental and social issues. The environmental costs of cobalt mining activities are also substantial. Southern regions of the DRC are not only home to cobalt and copper, but also large amounts of uranium. In mining regions, scientists have made note of high radioactivity levels. In addition, mineral mining, similar to other industrial mining efforts, often produces pollution that leaches into neighbouring rivers and water sources. Dust from pulverised rock is known to cause breathing problems for local communities as well.

15. Soil Degradation

Organic matter is a crucial component of soil as it allows it to absorb carbon from the atmosphere. Plants absorb CO2 from the air naturally and effectively through photosynthesis and part of this carbon is stored in the soil as  soil organic carbon (SOC). Healthy soil has a minimum of 3-6% organic matter. However, almost everywhere in the world, the content is much lower than that.

According to the United Nations, about 40% of the planet’s soil is degraded . Soil degradation refers to the loss of organic matter, changes in its structural condition and/or decline in soil fertility and it is often the result of human activities, such as traditional farming practices including the use of toxic chemicals and pollutants. If business as usual continued through 2050, experts project additional degradation of an area almost the size of South America. But there is more to it. If we do not change our reckless practices and step up to preserve soil health, food security for billions of people around the world will be irreversibly compromised, with an estimated 40% less food  expected to be produced in 20 years’ time despite the world’s population projected to reach 9.3 billion people.

Featured image by Roy Mangersnes (Earth.Org Photographer)

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Environment Essay Titles

Below are examples of IELTS Environmental writing task 2 questions.

Human activity has had a negative impact on plants and animals around the world. Some people think that this cannot be changed, while others believe actions can be taken to bring about a change. Discuss both and give your opinion. (Reported 2017, Academic Test)
It is often said that governments spend too much money on projects to protect wildlife, while there are other problems that are more important? Do you agree or disagree? (Reported 2017, GT Test)
Some people think the best way to solve global environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Reported 2017, Academic Test)
Some people think an international car-free day is an effective way to reduce air pollution. Others think there are more effective ways do to this. Discuss both sides and give your opinion. (Reported 2017, Academic Test)
While some people consider global warming to be the most pressing environmental problem which we have at the moment, others believe that deforestation has a more devastating impact on our world. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
The government should reduce the amount of money spent on local environmental problems and instead increase funding into urgent and more threatening issues such as global warming. To what extent do you agree?
With increasing populations and ever growing urban centers, many countries are losing their natural beauty spots. What benefits are there to protecting places of natural beauty? How can this be solved?
Although many people value their public parks, this space could be better used for other purposes such as residential areas for the ever growing population or to develop business and boost economies. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?
With deforestation, urban development and illegal hunting, many animal species are becoming endangered as they lose their habitat and some are even threatened to the point of extinction. Do you think it is important to protect animals? What measures can be taken to deal with this problem?
Global warming is one of the biggest threats to our environment. What causes global warming? What solutions are there to this problem?
Both governments and individuals are spending vast amounts of money protecting animals and their habitat. This money could be better spent dealing with fundamental issues in society such as poverty and health care. To what extent do you agree?
As a result of growth in some urban centers, the environment in those cities is deteriorating. How could this issue be tackled by both the government and individuals?
Some people think that current environmental issues are global problems and should therefore be dealt with by the government while others believe that these problems can only be tackled by individuals. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
Global environmental issues are the responsibility of rich nations not of poorer nations. Do you agree with this opinion?
Many people believe that global environmental problems should be dealt with internationally rather than domestically. What is your opinion?
 Many animals are being hunted to the brink of extinction in order to fulfil the demand and greed of mankind for decorative purposes as well as for other reasons, such as traditional medicine. How can this issue be tackled?
Restricting air travel is the only way to prevent air pollution. Do you agree?

Reported essay questions are from students who have taken their IELTS test. These questions may vary slightly in wording from the original question. 

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Environmental Problems And Its Solutions (Essay Sample)

Table of Contents

Environmental problems and its solutions

The globe is rampantly getting affected by climate impacts. The problems are ranging from prolonged water shortages to damaging coastal floods and wildfires. Ecologists studying the environmental variations are excited and eager to have their intellectual dispensation utilized in adaptive decision making. To enhance productive environmental management, community and science must engage productively within complex management as well as the policies issues. Environmental problems are depicted as issues within the entire ecosystem developed from either human interference or total mistreatment of the universe. The problems could either be in the water, soil, air or the three components of the atmosphere. It is unfortunate over four decades after the first Earth Day; the world is still struggling to various environmental concerns. In regards to various environmental concerns, this paper will address the most pressing environmental problems affecting the globe. Similarly, it will highlight the potential solutions help to restore ecological balance.

Global warming

The greenhouse gas emissions have been the primary contributors to global warming. The gas is released from burning of fossils fuels and other unsustainable forms of energy. The environmental consequences of this emission are calamitous in the developing countries. These ranges from heat waves, wildfires, flooding and prolonged droughts. According to the researchers, there is low political will to initiate a massive policy to restrict fossils fuels. Moreover, the effects of carbon emission are not only limited to the atmosphere, but it contributes to other health hazards. Public awareness and participation against carbon emission are essential than pressuring the policymakers for prompt actions.

Potential solution to global warming

The menace of global warming encompasses both the population well-being and ecosystem. The collective approach to ending the vice imperative and obligatory. The transportation industries are the key emitters of greenhouse gas. The second potential contributor is the home energy. Regarding this, certified home energy audit is necessary at the residential home for more efficient energy utilization. Moreover, for the transportation industries, walking or biking is recommended. However, with the modernization and improvement of technology, going electric can help to reduce global warming.

Air, water and soil pollution

Carbon emission creates the smoggy conditions in major cities and towns. Air pollution in the city is associated with various public health concerns. Chinese cities like Beijing and Shanghai are leading in the air pollution from industries and plants. Despite the public underestimation of water and soil contamination, they are also significant public health concerns. The health effects of consuming dirty water are severe according to Clean Water Act. Finally, soil pollution is a great concern to food security. The use of farms inputs like pesticides and fertilizers are the major factors in soil contamination in the modern world.

Potential solution to air, water and soil pollution

Managing air pollution is important to reduce respiratory infection cases. People should make a concerted effort to drive less but commute using a bicycle, skating or walking. The efforts of switching over to green energy should be motivated and supported by the government. Meanwhile, soil and water pollution can be reduced through organic farming. Pests and insects should be controlled mechanically rather than excessive use of inorganic chemicals.


Forests are essential natural resources in mitigating adverse climate change. According to scientists, forests are carbon sinks which enhance the absorption of emitted carbon gases from the factories. Clearing trees for settlement purposes or otherwise allows the greenhouse gases to escape into the environment thus causing the environmental problems. Other human activities like ranching may also cause deforestation. However, cattle flatulence is a primary source of methane gas, responsible for short term environmental challenges.

Proposed solution to deforestation

Planting trees to support the environment is an essential approach in promoting the clean and safe environment. Secondly, the consumers should avoid using paper towels but instead adopt washable clothes. Finally, the public should be encouraged to boycott products made by Palm Oil companies. This company has contributed to deforestation in many parts of Indonesia and Malaysia.

environmental problems easy essay

environmental problems easy essay

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IELTS Essay, topic: Environmental problems

  • IELTS Essays - Band 7

Nowadays environmental problems are too big to be managed by individual persons or individual countries. In other words, it is an international problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

environmental problems easy essay

Lately, many presentations, conferences and international summits are held to deal with waste treatment, recycling, and soil and water contamination. joint efforts and consolidation can only help in the mutual war the ongoing environmental disaster. For instance, governments should offer support to companies and organizations, involved in manufacturing, industry or agriculture in order to find environment-friendly approaches. These could be special law regulations, recycling programs, helping courses in order to implement ISO certificates and many more.

However, the influence of individuals over environment should not be ignored. If we do not that our planet is our home, we will never be able to take care of it. We have to contribute every day to the preservation of nature and environment. For example, always remember to save energy by switching off lamps, computers and everything that we do not use. Our next obligation is to separate waste and throw bulk only in the designated areas. Driving vehicles can also be environment friendly. For example, we have to avoid accelerating the engines too rapidly or using the air conditioning in the country, where it would be better to save energy and simply open the windows.

To sum up, environmental problems should be handled by local and international authorities as well as individuals. Every single person should take care of the environment, moreover we have to bring up our children to be conscious citizens of a clean and preserved planet.

This is a very good essay, a Band 7+ candidate. The structure of this essay and sentences is correct as well as the spelling and punctuation. Good job!

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    To sum up, environmental problems should be handled by local and international authorities as well as individuals. Every single person should take care of the environment, moreover we have to bring up our children to be conscious citizens of a clean and preserved planet. This is a very good essay, a Band 7+ candidate.